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Oct. 2, 1837.)
National Bank-Adjournment of Congress.
(H. OF R.
In answer to the fourth inqniry, “ what will be, as near Mr. HAYNES, of Georgia, moved to amend this resoly as he can estimate it, the annual expense of the system Jution by striking out “ Monday, the 9th,' and inserting what the salaries to be paid to the officers-or what will " Thursday, the 12th." be the commissions to which they will be entitled ?”—the Mr. JOHNSON, of Maryland, said he was opposed to following statement is presented :
the resolution in its original or its amended form. When As the bill now stands, in the fourth section an allow- the House had discharged its duties to the country, those ance exists which covers all the additional expenses au duties for which it had been convened so suddenly, it would thorized by its provisions.
be time enough to consider this question. At present, it That allowance is not considered as sanctioning any was one with which the House can have nothing to do. commissions, or any new salaries to any of the keepers of It is prematurely urged, and ought not to be persisted in. the public money.
Assembled here for special purposes, what is expected of But if independent commissioners or agents had been Congress by the people of this country ? For this whcle authorized, as proposed in one of the plans submitted by people are keenly alive to the anxious inquiry-what is the Department for consideration, it was estimated that Congress to do for our relief? And, Mr. Johnson would their number need be only from four to ten, and their sal-ask, what had been done ? One bill only had been passed, aries not exceed on an average $2,000 annually, without and that not originating with us. No. Coming, as we commissions.
have done, “ fresh from the people," in the midst of unThat plan not being adopted, the only additional expen- equalled public distress and suffering, and being supposed ses of the system annually, as permitted by the above sec to understand fully the peculiar exigency which has called tion in the present bill, would be “ for clerks, fire-proof us together at this time, it is a startling fact, that we have chests,' or vaults, or other necessary expenses of safe-keep- not originated a single measure for the general relief. We, ing, transferring, and disbursing said moneys.”
said Mr. J., the representatives of the people, have been It is computed that, in all, from ten to twenty additional content to sit here and await the direction of the Senate as clerks may be necessary at the most important points of to the business before us; to take such bills as that body collection and disbursement. As the warrants paid at the may send us; and now, a proposition is made to adjourn, places of the greatest receipts and disbursements do not and go home and tell the country that we have adopted no generally exceed four or five per day, that number of measures for their relief, and, indeed, that there were none clerks will probably be amply sufficient.
such thought worthy of being presented to us for discusFfteen at $1,000 salary per year will be $15,000; and sion. it is not supposed that the compensation need, on an av Mr. J. said that there were several bills on the Speaker's erage, exceed that amount.
table of grave importance, designed to give to the Secretary At a similar number of places, additional iron chests, banking powers, and to establish a sub-Treasury system, safes, or vaults, may be necessary. But, as they now exist with all its ramifications. And it may be demanded of any at several ports and land offices, and the first cost of them gentleman on that floor, if subjects of so deep and rital imwill not have to be renewed annually, it is computed that the portance to the country can possilily be discussed and conyearly expense for these will not exceed the sum of $10,000. sidered as they should be, in the interval between this and
The only other additional expenses contemplated will the time proposed by this joint resolution for adjournment? be some small items for blank books, transfers, &c. But For one, he confessed his mind could not so readily jump the last will prolably not amount to any thing beyond, if to conclusions. He was not willing to close his eyes, and it equal, what is now paid for conveying money to the submit to be hoodwinked in that hall, when measures of banks from the land offices.
such deep consideration were to be acted upon. The memShould the Treasurer, as recommended in my recent re bers of that House owed it in justice to themselves as well port on the finances, be permitted to receive money in ad as to the people to act deliberately upon questions of such vance for lands, at such points as may be selected by him vital interest. The future business operations of the nafor public convenience, liitle or no expense whatever will tion were depending upon the action of this Congress, and occur in transfers.
if nothing is done to disembarrass and facilitate them, the The whole additional expense under the bill mentioned consequences must be disastrous. Mr. J. called on all, of is, therefore, computed not to exceed yearly the aggregate every party, whether for or against the administration, for of $25,000. Respectfully, yours,
or against a bank, for or against deposite banks or subLEVY WOODBURY,
treasuries, to come forward and act upon the different Secretary of the Treasury. measures which are or may be proposed. Hon. James K. Polk, Speaker,&c.
He referred to the point that had been made, in favor of On motion of Mr. PICKENS, of South Carolina, the adjourning on the score of economy of the money of the House adjourned until Monday. .
people. A gentleman from Virginia bad shown that an
adjournment so soon as had been proposed would be far Monday, Oct. 2.
from conducing to economy in this respect. The expenses NATIONAL BANK.
attendant on a new convention of Congress, and, of course,
a return home of the members of the present session, would The following resolution, reported by the chairman of
more than equal those attendant on a prolongation of the the Committee of Ways and Means, being the unfinished
session to the regular time of convening, and the consebusiness of the day, came up in order: “ Resolved, that it is inexpedient to establish a Na- time, if there are any gentlemen here whose private affairs
quent shortening of the usual long session. In the mean tional Bank
demand their return, leave of absence can easily be obtainMr. SERGEANT proceeled to address the House in
ed in such cases. Such applications, he would say, should continuation of his remarks left unfinished on Saturday,
ever receive his vote. But he was unwilling, because a and spoke till the hour arrived for taking up the special order. His whole speech has been given in the debates of portion desire to return to their homes, to abandon his post
in a crisis like this, while public expectation was on the the 26th inst.
tiptoe as to what Congress are to do. ADJOURNMENT OF CONGRESS.
The House bad been anzused by the prosser of gold and The joint resolution from the Senate, authorizing the ter silver coin in payment of its per diem ; and Mr. Johnson mination of the present session on Monday, the 9th October, suggested that if the House were now to adjourn, and leave came up as the special order of the day.
the public business unattended to, and separate, the impu
H. of R.]
Adjournment of Congress.
[Oct. 2, 1837.
tation of having adjourned so as to create another demand not believe the House would close the regular session at for mileage-constructive mileage, he would observe, as it any earlier period, in consideration of such an extension would be impossible for all gentlemen to return to their of the present one as was now proposed. As to the ques. homes, and come hither again before the next session-| tion of mileage, he had taken pains to obtain accurate inwould everywhere be raised. As we returned home to the formation on that point, and had ascertained that the averpeople, our pockets filled with the gold which they have age mileage of members of Congress amounted to about not and cannot obtain, shall we not be charged by the $110,000, while the smallest annount which it would cost country, said Mr. J., with having sought our own advan- the country to prolong the session until December would tage at the expense of the people? This, he aılmitted, be some $120,000 or $130,000. And so much (remarkmight seem somewbat ungenerous on his part, the imputa- ed Mr. H.) for this question of economy. tion, even by supposition, of motives like these to honor Mr. F. O. J. SMITH was surprised to perceive the able gentlemen. But, while he disclaimed entertaining willingness of the gentleman from Georgia (Mr. Harses) opinions so derogatory to the feelings of gentlemen on that and of the gentleman from New York (Mr. CAMBBELKNO) floor, he demanded if they were to leave that hall before to protract the present session beyond the period suggested the important subjects he had adverted to were acted on, to the House by the Senate. Nor could he agree with the they would not be obnoxious to such a charge ?
gentleman from Maryland (Mr. Johnson) as to the liabil. Mr. Jourson closed by moving to lay the resolution and ity of the House to such imputations on their motires for amendment on the table.
adjourning at the time proposed, as that gentleman had Mr. PICKENS requested the mover to withdraw the suggested were likely to be thrown out by the country. motion to allow him to offer some remarks on the resolu Mr. S. reminded that honorable gentleman that such imtion.
putation could not attach to him; his residence was so Mr. JOHNSON would cheerfully do so, if the gentlo. near the capital, and his superiority to motives so sordid man from South Carolina would renew it.
was so well known to his constituents, that he certainly Mr. PICKENS declining to do this, the question on need not apprehend any such iinputation in bis own case. laying the resolution and amendment on the table was As to the other gentlemen of the House, he would suggest taken and lost.
that it would be as well for them to be permitted to take Mr. PICKENS resumed the floor. He agreed with their own responsibilities in such matters with their own much that had fallen from the gentleman from Maryland, constituents. and believed it would be disastrous to adjourn without act Mr. S. said he did not believe that were Congress to reing definitively upon some of the great measures proposed solve to sit till the sub-Treasury bill were taken up, there to be acted on at the present session. Every in erest in could be any adjournment until next year. The House the land was grievously suffering. Agriculture was lean- could not possibly discuss that bill to the extent which it ing idly on her plough, and commerce was suspended and would be found necessary, if brought up for consideration, drooping. Congress had only to act and to speak into re without sitting weeks, and perhaps months, upon it alone. action the industry and enterprise of a free and wealthy He thought a speedy aljournment would be the best relief people. He would particularly advert to one great and the country could receive. Mr. 8. further remarked, that important measure yet to be acted on, which had come to private conversation with members of the Senate had con. that body from the Senate-the bill for the separation, the vinced him that were this resolution sent back to that body divorce, of banks from Government, the great and para with a single amendment, it would be entirely out of the mount measure of the session. There was, in reality, question to obtain any decision upon it until the opening already a virtual separation, and the struggle now was of the regular session of Congress. how to reunite those sundered interests. This bill would Mr. CAMBRELENG asked the gentleman from Maine settle that question, and prevent a renewal of that poiver [Mr. Smith) what authority, if any, he bad for that reof the banks by which this country had so long been borne mark. down and shackled.
Mr. SMITH rejoined, that it was the result of private For himself, he would like an adjournment at the ear intercourse with members of the other branch of Congress, liest day, if he consulted his own individual interests. Ile went on to express his belief, and to claim that such But he was unwilling to favor such a proposition until this belief was a legitimate ground of argument in that House, most important business were settled. He expressed the that no alteration, not even of a single day, should be made hope that the notion to adjourn might be modified so as in the joint resolution as it came from the Senate, if any to fix this dav two weeks as the day of adjournment. adjournment at all were expected to be obtained. It was
Mr. CAMBRELENG agreed with the gentleman who too late, he said, to settle such grave questions as those had preceded him as to the importance of the business yet involved in the important bill alluded to buy the gentleman before Congress; and in consideration of what had been from South Carolina, [Mr. Pickens,] at this session, said in several directions, le suggested to his friend from unless there shall be no recess at all; and those gentlemen Georgia (Mr. Haynes) the modification of his amendment who urge the introduction of that measure now, ought, in so as to meet the wishes of the House.
candor, to acknowledge that they do not expect any recese. Mr. HAYNES modified his amendment so as to insert Mr. ADAMS reminded the House that, when this joint “Monday, the 16th,” instead of “Thursday, the 12th, resolution first came up, he had endeavored to introduce an in place of the original proposition of "Monday, the 9th.” amendment, to strike out the 9th of October, and insert the Mr. H. expressed a general concurrence with the senti first Monday in April. It was objected to, and as it rements of Mr. Pickens, as to the necessity of carrying out quired the assent of the House to its introduction at that the great measures proposed to be adopted at this session time, it was not pressed. His object in offering it was to of Congress, before an adjournment should take place. have an opportunity of giving an opinion upon the inesper While on his feet, he would take occasion to advert briefly diency of this short session of Congress, and in favor
of to the question of economy which had been raised by the extending it into the regular session. He should now progentleman from Maryland, (Mr. Johnson ;] who, he re pose that amendment to the amendment of the gentleman marked, had informed the House of the additional expense from Georgia, (Mr. Harnes.)
He proposes by this which the country would incur by the payment of the in amendment to deduct three months from the end of the crease of mileage consequent on a separation before the long session, in consideration of the three at the beginning. regular session. As to the time which prolonging this ses This would give ample time to discuss the affairs of the sion until December would save next spring, Mr. H. did' country, and to do something for its permanent and solid
DEBATES IN THE SENATE.
Abolition of slavery, petitions for the, presented, 512. Duties, bill to remit, on certain goods destroyed by fire in Additional duties on public officers. (See Duties.)
New York, considered and ordered to third readAdjournment, proposition for, submitted, 250; agreed to,
ing, 269. 269; amendment by the House considered and Duty bonds, fees on renewal of, resolution of inquiry, 351;' adopted, 469; committee appointed to inform the
bill reported, 422 ; considered, 440; laid on the President of, 556.
table, 498; taken up, 512, 513, 514; amendAlabama, resolution to restore jurisdiction to district court
ments adopted, 515; ordered to third reading, in, 8; amended by including Arkansas, and
616; passed, 518. agreed to, 9.
Erie, memorial from, praying for M'Adamised turnpike, 5. Appropriation bill, (general,) received from the House, Express mail, resolution requiring payment in advance on amended, passed, and returned to H. R., 553;
all letters sent by taken up, and passed, 512. returned by H. R. with non-concureence in Fees of district attorneys, will regulating, reported, 422 ; amendment, 556; receded from, 556.
considered, 440; laid on the table, 498 ; taken up, Attorneys, district. (See Duty Bonds.)
513; amendments proposed and adopted, 513, Bank of United States, report of Committee of Finance on
514, 515 ; ordered to a 3d reading, 516 ; passed, sundry memorials for the establishment of a, 270 ;
518. amendments proposed, 270 ; motion to postpone, Finances, report of the Secretary of the Treasury on, extra 271 ; further amendments proposed, 271 ; reso
copies to be printed, 6. lution adopted, 282.
Finance, report of committee on, 7, 9, 10, 11, 50, 104, Banks. (See District.).
269. Bankruptcy, motion to discharge the committee from that notice of bill designating the funds to be received subject, 533 ; agreed to 551.
in payment of public dues. (See Public Dues.) Bonds. (See Duty Bonds.)
Fire, relief of sufferers by. (See New York.) Business of the session, the ordinary, to lie on the table, 8. Fourth instalment of deposite with the States, bill to postChaplain elected, 7.
pone, reported, 7; considered, 9, 10, 11 10 30; Chaplain, extra compensation to, 556.
amendments proposed, 30, 31 ; ordered to 3d Clay, Mr. C. C., credentials of presented, 2.
reading, 31 ; debate on its passage, 31 to 45 ; Coinmittees, motion to appoint standing, 3.
passed, 45; amendment by the House considered, announced, 6.
421; concurred in, 422. on Patents, 5.
Gales & Seaton's State Papers, resolution to supply memto inform the President of adjournment, 556.
bers with, 552. Congress, convocation of, by proclamation, 2.
Goods and merchandise, bill to authorize, to be deposited Courts, to restore jurisdiction to district, in Alabama and
in public stores, reported, 10; considered, 76, 77, Arkansas, 8, 9.
516, 518; motion to postpone negatived, 519; resolution to alter time for holding ninth judicial
amendment adopted, 519; again taken up, 522; district, 8.
motion to postpone negatived, 525; ordered to 3d Deposites with the States, bill to postpone fourth instalment
reading, 525; passed, 550. of. (See Fourth Instalment.)
Haight, Stephen, elected sergeant-at-arms, 2. Depozite banks, bill to adjust remaining claims on, report Indian hostilities, bill making provision for the suppression ed, 10; considered and amended, 76; passed,
of, considered and ordered to a third reading, 269. 77; returned by House with amendinents, 554 ; Indian hostilities, bill for the suppression of, received from amended and returned to H. R., 556 ; concurred
the House, 553; read the 3d time and passed, 554. in by House, 556.
King, Mr., of Alabama, elected president pro tem. of the Dickins, Asbury, elected Secretary of the Senate, 7.
Senate, 551. District banks, bill to force the, to resume specio payments, Madison Papers, bill relinquishing to Mrs. Madison the taken up and considered, 525; proposed amend
copy-right of, reported and ordered to a third ments agreed to, and bill ordered to be engrossed,
reading, 533; passed, 551 ; signed, 552. 53%, 533 ; passed, 550.
Mails, (see Express.) Doorkeeper elected, 2.
Meeting of the Senate, hour of, fixed, 11, 31, 250, 269, Duty bonds, bill authorizing the postponement of the pay
556. ment of, reported, 10; considered, 75, 76; or Merchants' bonds, (see Duly bonds.) dered to third reading, 77; passed, 77; amend. resolution proposed to inquire what fees are due by ment by House, 525; concurred in, 551.
law on the renewal of, 351, Duties, additional, as depositaries in certain cases, bill im Message of President of the United States at opening of posing, on public officers, reported, 11; consid
session, communicated, 3. ered, and amendment proposed, 105; debated, New York, memorial of merchants of, relating to exten105 to 269; motion to postpone negatived, 269 ;
sion of revenue bonds, 50. amendment proposed, 282, 310; debated, 310
memorial of merchants and citizens of, fór remis. to 422, 423 to 440, 441 to 469, 470 to 495 ;
sion of duties upon goods burnt in the fire of amendments adopted, and bill ordered to third
1835, 50. reading, 496, 497 ; read third time and passed, bill for the relief of sufferers by fire in the city of, 499, 511.
reported, 104 ; ordered to third reading, 269. Vol. XIV.--!
Officers of the Senate elected, 2.
extra pay to, 551.
to the chaplain, 556.
meeting of Congress, 2.
pro tempore of the Senate elected, 551.
ceived in payments of, 49; bill introduced, 77.
of the House announced, 3.
ot. (see Public dues.)
the prohibition of the sale of spirituous liquors at
the Capitol, made a standing, 50.
joint, suspended, 552.
hibition of, at the Capitol, 50,
Seaton's, considered and adopted, 552.
Texas, petitions against annexation of, presented, 160,
considered, 45 to 19; postponed, 49; again taken
dered to a third reading, 75 ; passed, 77.
the House, 517; read twice and referred 518,
tired 522 ; passed 522.
of fourth instalment to States, 30, 31; on en-
grossing the bill, 31 ; on passage, 45.
tablishing a national bank, 271, 282.
NAMES OF THE SPEAKERS IN THE DEBATES IN THE SENATE.
Allen, Mr., on national bank, 278.
Clay, Mr., on subscription to Gales and Seaton's State Pa
on Indian hostility bill, 553.
on adjusting claims on deposite banks, 555.
Clay, Mr., of Kentucky, on appointment of standing com-
on printing President's message, 3.
on Treasury note bill, 45, 46, 47, 521.
on bill to deposite merchandise in public stores, 76.
on sub-'Treasury bill, 251, 298.
on national bank, 270, 273.
on attorneys' fee bill, 497, 513, 514.
on warehouse bill, 516, 517, 518, 520, 52, 521,
Clayton, Mr., on District banks, 530.
on bankrupt law, 550.
on sub-Treasury bill, 310, 496.
on attorneys' fee bill, 515.
Davis, Mr., on annexation of Texas, 160.
Grundy, Mr., on amending rules, 5.
on restoring jurisdiction lo district courts, &.
on attorney's fee bill, 422, 440, 497, 514, 515.
on adjournment, 469.
on District banks, 532.
Hubbard, Mr., on appointment of standing committees, 4.
on sub Treasury bill, 310, 331.
en Districi banks, 531.
ou adjournment, 469.
King, Mr., of Georgia, on Treasury note bill, 46, 74.
on suh-Treasury bill, 208.
King, Mr., of Alabama, on Treasury note bill, 49.
King, Mr., on adjournment, 469.
on District banks, 530.
on extension of credit on merchants' bonds, 525.
on express mail postage, 512.
sub-Treasury bill, 103, 236.
Treasury note bill, 521.
District banks, 525, 529, 532.
Indian hostility bill, 553.
national bank, 270, 272, 275, 276.
slavery memorials, 406, 512.
bill, funds to be received for public dues, 49, 77.
Strange, Mr., on the sub-Treasury bill, 133, 148, 235,
on District banks, 529, 530, 531.
on the sub-Treasury bill, 160, 184.
on attorneys' fee bill, 498, 513, 514, 515.
on fourth instalment bill, 421.
on Treasury note bill, 48, 73, 75.
on District banks, 530.
13, 15, 25, 28.
on adjusting claims on deposite banks, 556.
on Treasury note bill, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 74, 520,
on general appropriation bill, 556.
op Gales & Seaton's State Papers and Debates, 552.
on district banks, 530.
on District banks, 533.
on bill adjustment claims, on deposite banks, 554.
on bankrupt law, 521.
DEBATES IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Abolition of slavery in the District, petitions for the, pre-
senied, 764, 1355.
motion to lay on the table, negatived 1167; amend-
ment to extend time of, to 16th October agreed
1174; resolution passed, 1174; committee to in.
form the President of, 1728.
proposed, 1712; concurred in, and bill read a
posed by the Senate, concurred in, 1718.
1715; laid aside, 1716; read a third time and
ate,) read three tinies and passed, 1406.
ana, for a, 697.
Bankrupt law, inexpediency of reporting a, at this ses-
on establishing, 801; motion to lay on the table,
1254; report concurred in, 1259.
pondence with, in relation to Treasury note bill,
1151; agreed to, 1152.
Great Britain in relation to the northeastern,
message in relation to, 993.
be taken up, 592 ; agreed to, 602.
1257, 1998, 1684.
pensation for, presented, 693.