Noam Chomsky's first book on syntactic structures is one of the first serious attempts on the part of a linguist to construct within the tradition of scientific theory-construction a comprehensive theory of language which may be understood in the same sense that a chemical, biological theory is understood by experts in those fields. It is not a mere reorganization of the data into a new kind of library catalogue, nor another specualtive philosophy about the nature of man and language, but rather a rigorus explication of our intuitions about our language in terms of an overt axiom system, the theorems derivable from it, explicit results which may be compared with new data and other intuitions, all based plainly on an overt theory of the internal structure of languages; and it may well provide an opportunity for the application of explicity measures of simplicity to decide preference of one form over another form of grammar.
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Այլ խմբագրություններ - View all
adequacy ambiguity analyzed apply arrive attempt auxiliary verb behavior boy studying Chomsky cognitive complex consider constituent analysis constituent structure constructional homonymity convert corpus corresponding defined derived describe determine devices diagram discovery procedure discussion elements example fact finite state language form NP form of grammar fundamental given gram grammatical sentences grammaticalness Hence Hockett intonation intuition investigation John kernel sentences level of phrase linguistic level linguistic structure linguistic theory logical structure LSLT Markov process meaning models morphemes morphological morphophonemic rules notion noun phrase NPsing obligatory transformations order of approximation particular passive transformation phonemic distinctness phrase structure grammar phrase structure rules problem procedure for grammars produce question Roman Jakobson semantic set of grammatical simple simplest Structural analysis Structural change structure of linguistic Syntactic Structures syntax terminal string theory of linguistic trans transformational analysis transformational grammar underlying verb phrase W. V. Quine words