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Southampton. A Council-Chamber.
Enter EXETER, BEDFORD, and WESTMORELAND. Bed. 'Fore God, his grace is bold, to trust these
traitors. Exe. They shall be apprehended by and by. West. How smooth and even they do bear them
selves ! As if allegiance in their bosoms sat, Crowned with faith, and constant loyalty.
Bed. The king hath note of all that they intend, By interception which they dream not of.
Exe. Nay, but the man that was his bedfellow?,
given them reason to expect a share. I have not therefore departed from the old punctuation. STEEVENS.
7 that was his BEDFELLOW,] So, Holinshed : “ The said Lord Scroop was in such favour with the king, that he admitted him sometime to be his bed fellow." The familiar appellation of bedfellow, which appears strange to us, was common among the ancient nobility. There is a letter from the sixth Earl of Northumberland, (still preserved in the collection of the present Duke,) addressed “ To his beloved cousyn Thomas Arundel,” &c. which begins, Bedfellow, after my most harté recommendacion.” So, in a comedy called A Knack to know a Knave, 1594 :
“ Yet, for thou wast once bedfellow to a king,
“ And that I lov'd thee as my second self,” &c. Again, in Look About You, 1600:
if I not err
“I am his ward, chamberlain, and bed fellow." Again, in Cynthia's Revenge, 1613 :
“ Her I'll bestow, and without prejudice,
“ On thee alone, my noble bedfellow." Steevens. This unseemly custom continued common till the middle of the last century, if not later. Cromwell obtained much of his intelligence during the civil wars from the mean men with whom he slept.-Henry Lord Scroop was the third husband of Joan Duchess of York, stepmother of Richard Earl of Cambridge.
MALONE. VOL. XVII.
Whom he hath cloy'd and grac'do with princely
Enter King Henry, SCROOP,
aboard. My lord of Cambridge,—and my kind lord of
Masham, And you, my gentle knight, —-give me your
thoughts : Think you not, that the powers we bear with us, Will cut their passage through the force of France; Doing the execution, and the act, For which we have in head assembled them? SCROOP. No doubt, my liege, if each man do his
best. K. HEN. I doubt not that: since we are well
persuaded, We carry not a heart with us from hence, That grows not in a fair concent with ours ? ;
CLOY'D and grac'd-] Thus the quarto. The folio reads—" dulld and cloy’d.” Perhaps dulld is a mistake for dold.
Steevens. to death and treachery !! Here the quartos insert a line omitted in all the following editions :
“ Exe. O! the lord of Masham!" Johnson. For which we have in head assembled them?] This is not English phraseology. I am persuaded Shakspeare wrote:
"For which we have in aid assembled them ?” alluding to the tenures of those times. WARBURTON.
It is strange that the commentator should forget a word so eminently observable in this writer, as head for an army formed.
JOHNSON. In head seems synonymous to the modern military term in force. MALONE.
2 That grows not in a fair consent with ours;] So, in Macbeth :
Nor leave not one behind, that doth not wish
CAM. Never was monarch better fear'd, and lov'd,
SCROOP. So service shall with steeled sinews toil;
K. Hen. We judge no less.-Uncle of Exeter, Enlarge the man committed yesterday, That rail'd against our person : we consider, It was excess of wine that set him on; And, on his more advice, we pardon him.
Scroop. That's mercy, but too much security: Let him be punish'd, sovereign ; lest example Breed, by his sufferance, more of such a kind.
shall cleave to my consent," &c. Consent is union, party, &c. Steevens.
- in a fair concent - In friendly concord; in unison with See vol. xi. p. 92, n. 3. Malone.
hearts create —] Hearts compounded or made up of duty and zeal. Johnson.
4 And shall forget the office of our hand,] Perhaps our author, when he wrote this line, had the fifth verse of the 137th Psalm in his thoughts : "If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning.” Steevens. more advice,] On his return to more coolness of mind.
Johnson. See vol. iv. p. 56, n. 7. MALONE.
K. Hen. O, let us yet be merciful.
K. Hen. Alas, your too much love and care of me
When capital crimes, chew'd, swallow'd, and di
gested, Appear before us ?-We'll yet enlarge that man, Though Cambridge, Scroop, and Grey,-in their
And tender preservation of our person,
6 — proceeding on DISTEMPER,] i. e. sudden passions.
WARBURTON. Perturbation of mind. Temper is equality or calmness of mind, from an equipoise or due mixture of passions. Distemper of mind is the predominance of a passion, as distemper of body is the predominance of a humour. Johnson.
It has been just said by the king, that "it was excess of wine that set him on," and distemper may therefore mean intoxication. Distemper'd in liquor is still a common expression. Chapman, in his Epicedium on the Death of Prince Henry, 1612, has personified this species of distemper :
“ Frantick distemper, and hare-ey'd unrest." And Brabantio says, that Roderigo is
“ Full of supper and distemp'ring draughts." Again, Holinshed, vol. ji. p. 626 :
- gave him wine and strong drink in such excessive sort, that he was therewith distempered, and reeld as he went." STEEVENS.
7 how shall we stretch our eye,] If we may not wink at small faults, how wide must we open our eyes at great ? Johnson.
8 Who are the late commissioners ?] That is, as appears from the sequel, who are the persons lately appointed commissioners?
Cam. I one, my lord ;
Scroop. So did you me, my liege.
is yours: There yours, lord Scroop of Masham :-and, sir
knight Grey of Northumberland, this same is yours: Read them; and know, I know your worthiness.My lord of Westmoreland,---and uncle Exeter,We will aboard to-night.-Why, how now, gentle
men? What see you in those papers, that you lose So much complexion ?-look ye, how they change! Their cheeks are paper.-Why, what read you there, That hath so cowarded and chas'd your blood Out of appearance ? CAM.
I do confess my fault; And do submit me to your highness' mercy.
Grey. SCROOP. To which we all appeal.
K. Hen. The mercy that was quick in us but late,
* Folio, you.
9 -quick-] That is, living. Johnson.
1 To furnish Him -] The latter word, which is wanting in the first folio, was supplied by the editor of the second. MALONE.