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Introdactory Remarks-Construction of the Hall of the House of Representa-
tives—Spirit of Party-Anecdotes illustrating the Difficulty of hearing in the Hall

- New England Anniversary Dinner-Anecdote-Birth, Parentage, and early
History of Mr. Holmes-His Admittance to the Bar-His Marriage-Authorship
- The Story of Tom-Insurrection among the Negroes-South Carolina Associa-
tion-Law probibiting entrance of Free Persons of Color into South Carolina-
Colored Cook taken from a British Merchantman and Imprisoned-Course of Mr.
Holmes-Decision of the Judge-Essays of Caroliniensis-The Pariff-Proposi-
tion of Resistance-Course of Mr. Holmes as a practical Nullifier-Test Oath of
Allegiance to the State-His Retirement from Public Life-Election to Congress
-Refusal to serve with Mr. Adams on the Committee of Foreign Affairs-Letter
-His Political Opinions-Improvement of the Mississippi and its Tributaries-
River and Harbor Bill-West Point Academy-Appointment of Lieutenant Gen-
eral-Annexation of Texas-War with Mexico-Oregon-Georgia Memorial
The Playfair Family: ................ Page 9-30

LAHM, SAMUEL, of Ohio.

His Birth-Parentage-Education-Early Career-Admission to the Bar-Ap-
pointinent to Office-Case of forged Certificate of Deposit-Election to the State
Senate-Bartley's Law-Hards and Softs-Election to Congress as an independent
Candidate-Removal of the Seat of Government of Ohio–Delegate to Baltimore
Convention-Marriage-Personal Appearance . . ...31-35


Parentage-Pursuits-Author of Translation of Roccus on Ships, and of many
Addresses-Election to Congress-Abolition Petitions-Resolutions concerning
Slave Property-Distribution Policy-Report on the Assumption of State Debts
Report on the three-fifth Clause of the Constitution-Minority Tariff Report-
Tariff Act of 1842-Circumstances under which it was matured and reported
Bill to abolish Public Executions-Settlement of the Pea Patch Island Contro-
versy - Oregon-Annexation of Texas-Opinions on the Mexican War-Duty of
the Whig Party-Resolutions concerning the Restoration of Peace-Resolutions
of the Legislature of Massachusetts concerning the Naturalization Laws-Opinions
thereon-Chairman of the Committee of the Judiciary-Personal Appearance-
Character as a Debater-Arts and Sciences A Widower without Children



Birth-Family-Departure from Home to seek his Fortunes with his elder
Brother, now in Mexico-Success in Life-Election to the State Legislature-First
Whig ever elected from Licking County-Ad valorem System of Taxation-
General Banking Law- Reduction of Pay of Members of the Legislature-Gen-
eral Retrenchment-Nomination for Governor in 1844-Whig Candidate for State
Senator-Election to Congress-United States Bank-Marriage-Personal Ap-
pearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 53–54

Brief Particulars of early Career-Election to Congress-Personal Appearance
-Character-Opposition to the Mexican War-Opinion of the Declaratory Act
-Subsequent Denunciation of the War-Indemnity for its Expenses-Free and
Slave Territory--Sentiments of his Constituents-Chairman of two Committees


Recent Elevation to the Senate-His Title to that Distinction-Birth—Parentage
-Sudden Death of his Father-His Mother-On the Death of her Husband she
removes to a Farm inherited by herself and an unmarried Brother— The latter
adopts her Children-Property increases in Value- The Bachelor gets Married-
Has a Son-Change in the Prospects of Stephen A. Douglas-Leaves his Uncle
-Becomes an Apprentice to the Cabinet Busines-Misunderstanding with his
Employer-Leaves him-Enters the Cabinet-shop of Deacon Knowlton-Makes
French Bedsteads-Failing Health compels him to leave the Shop-Goes to the
Brandon Academy-Marriage of his Sister and Mother-He becomes a Student
in the Canandaigua Academy-Studies Law- The “Coffin Hand-bills”—Turns
his Steps Westward-Lands at Cleveland, Ohio-Enters the Office of S. J. An-
drews-Determination never to return Home until successful in LifeProstrated
by Sickness-Leaves Cleveland-Health restored-Arrives at the Town of Win-
chester, Illinois-Auction Sale-Clerk wanted-Accepts the Post-Procures a
School-Employed in Cases before Justices of the Peace-Opens a Law-office-
Practices in the higher Courts-Very successful-Elected State's Attorney-Re-
signs-Elected to the Legislature-Banking and Internal Improvement Systems
in Illinois—The Illinois and Michigan Canal-Appointed Register of the Land-
office—The Sub-Treasury-State of Parties in Congress-Nomination for Congress

-The Canvass-Success of the Whig Candidate by five Votes—Mr. Douglas re-
turns to his Profession-Presidential Campaign of 1840—The Canvass and its Re-
bults-Appointed Secretary of State-Elected Judge of the Supreme Court-
Nominated for Congress-Resigns his Judicial Station-Elected to the Twenty-
eighth Congress-Re-elected to the Twenty-ninth Congress, and again to the
Thirtieth Congress; but, in the mean time, before taking his Seat, was elected to
the Senate of the United States—His Marriage-Judicial Cases—The Right of
a State to confer the Elective Franchise upon alien Inhabitants—Decision-Tho
Bankrupt Law of 1841- The Case of Berry and others—Religious Excitement-
Attempt at Crucifixion-Torture inflicted-Parties indicted-Extraordinary Trial
-Course of the opposing Counsel-Result of the Trial-Argument of Mr. Douglas
-Oregon Controversy— The Fifty-four Forties--Course of Mr. Douglas on that
Question at the Twenty-eighth Congress-Resolution of the Baltimore Democratic
Convention asserting the Title of the United States to the whole of the Oregon
Territory_Controversies as to the Extent of the binding Power of that Conven-
tion-Records thereof-Inaugural Address of Mr. Polk-His reaffirmation of the
Doctrine of the Resolution of the Convention- The State of the Controversy when

Mr. Polk became Chief Magistrate-He asserts our Title to the whole Territory-
Recommends certain Measures, The Notice to Great Britain to terminate the
Joint Occupation-Bill to protect the Rights of American Settlers in the Territory
-Joint Resolution giving the Notice—Minority Report—The Debate-Opinions
of Mr. Douglas-He examines and approves Mr. Polk's Course in its Bearing upon
the Declaration of Mr. Monroe respecting European Colonization in America-
Termination of the Debate in the House-State of the popular Feeling-Mr.
Buchanan's Opinions thereon-Mr. Collamer's Call for Correspondence-Prop-
osition of Arbitration declined-Correspondence between Mr. Pakenham and
Mr. Buchanan-The Joint Resolution of Notice-Linn Boyd, of Kentucky-Final
Proceedings on the Notice in Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union
-The Resolution reported to the House-Proceedings in the House The Vote
on the Resolution-Its Transmission to the Senate-The State of Perplexity of that
Body-Extraordinary Character of the Debate-Messrs. Haywood, Hannegan,
Allen, Westcott, Crittenden, and Mangum—The Diplomatic Correspondence from
which the Injunction of Secrecy had been removed-Adoption by the Senate of
Reverdy Johnson's Substitute Proposition of Notice—The Vote thereon-Disa-
greement between the two Houses-Its Adjustment—The Notice given-Ru-
mors-Proposal in the Form of a Convention for the Settlement of the Oregon
Question on the Basis of Forty-nine-The President's Message transmitting it
-Asks the Advice of the Senate-That Body advises the Acceptance—The Vote
thereon-Mr. Pakenham's Annunciation to the British Government of the Re-
sult-Resignation of Mr. Allen as Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Re-
lations-Letter of Mr. Cass—The Convention as “Concluded and Signed"-
Proceedings of the Senate-Ratification of the Treaty-The Vote thereon-Mr.
Buchanan's Letter to Mr. M‘Lane touching the Construction of the second Arti-
cle of the Treaty-No Understanding placed on the Records of the Senate-Mr.
Douglas in Oregon and Queen Mary in Calais-Question whether the President,
in compromising on Forty-nine, had violated his Faith with the Democratic Party
-Conversation thereon in the House between Mr. Seddon and Mr. Douglas-

Agency of Daniel Webster in the Settlement of the Oregon Dispute-His Let-

ter to Mr. M'Gregor-Letter of Mr. M'Lane to the New York Chamber of Com-

merce-Districting Law of Congress-Maritime Jurisdiction of the Courts of the

United States—The Fine imposed on General Jackson-Declaration of Martial

Law at New Orleans-Anecdote of the General-Internal Improvements—Inde-

pendent Treasury—The Naturalization Laws–Annexation of Texas—The Smith-

sonian Institute-The War with Mexico—The Wilmot Proviso—The Trist Treaty

-Public Character of Mr. Douglas . .......... Page 60–172


His Appearance at the Opening of the Twenty-ninth Congress-Doings of
Death in that Congress—Mr. Blanchard's Speech-Birth-Parentage-Education
-Pursuits—Marriage-Political Principles—Election to Congress-Speech on the
Tariff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 184-186


Birth-His Father-Some Account of him-Remarkable Preservation of his Life
- Personal Recollections of “Old Mortality"-Early Education and Career of W.
B. Maclay-Elected a Member of the Board of Trustees of the University of New
York— The New York Quarterly Magazine-Scientific Periodical-Introduction
to the Review of the Memoirs of Sir Walter Scott- Review of Mrs. Jameson's
Characteristics of the Women of Shakspeare: Juliet; Lady Macbeth; Ophelia;
Mercutio; Fanny Kemble ; the Medea ; the Greek and Latin Drama-Mr. Maclay
admitted to the Bar-Criminal Trial in New York-Mr. Maclay's Marriage-
Nomination for the Legislature-Defeated—Again nominated-Elected—Regis
tration of Voters-Reorganization of the Criminal Court of New York-Superior
Court and Court of Common Pleas—Bill authorizing double Sessions thereof,
Bill concerning non-enumerated Business-Literature Fund of the State of New
York-New York and Erie Rail-road Company-Mr. Maclay re-elected-Com-
mon School Law-Sketch of the Features of the School System-The new System

- Official Returns-Unpublished Journals of the Provincial Congress-Mr. Maclay
thrice elected to Congress-Native Americanism– Annexation of Texas-Oregon
Controversy-Reduction of Postage- United States Steamship Missouri-Explor-
ing Expedition-Earl's Cordage-Wheels for Ocean Steamers-Claim of the Heirs
of John Paul Jones-Report thereon-Passage of the Bill—The Bill, by a strange
Accident, not signed by the President-Death of Mr. Loudon-Bill again passed
--Affecting Death of John Paul Jones—The Cottage of his Nativity-Generous
Conduct of Lieutenant A. B. Pinkham, U. S. Navy-Address on the Sub-Treasury
-Relief of Ireland-Meeting in Washington-Presentation of Sword to Lieutenant
C. A. Morris-Biographical Notice of him-His Services and Death-Dinner to
Colonel Ward B. Burnett-Remarks of Mr. Maclay–His published Addresses-
Massachusetts Horticultural Society-The Southern Tier of Counties of New York
-Glen Mary-A Visit to Willis-Many curious Things-Death of Daniel O'Con-
nell—The Public Lands and the National Reformers. , . . . . . 187-235


His Election to Congress-Parentage-Birth-Education-A practical Farmer
-Elected to the State Legislature—The Tariff—The Annexation of Texas-The
Mexican War-Course and Opinions thereon-Views of his Constituents-His
Character, public and private. ............ 236-250


Birth-Parentage-Education-Studies Law-Admitted to Practice-Marriage
-Removal--Politics and his Opinions thereon-Elected to the Legislature-With-
draws from Public Life-Derangement of the Currency--United States Bank-H.
Election to the State Senate-Indian Disturbances--Politics in Georgia–His
Election to the Twenty-eighth Congress--Twice re-elected-- Appointment of a
Lieutenant General Legislative History of that Question--The President's Mes.
sage recommending the Appointment--Its Reference and Disposition--Reconsid-
eration thereof-Change in the Opinion of Members-Bill to raise an additional
Military Force--Jacob Thompson's Amendment providing for the Appointment-


His Repute and Identity-Parentage-Birth-Removal-Condition of the Coun-
try-His early Lot-A Soldier-A School-teacher-Student of Law-Admitted
to the Bar-Marriage-Election to Congress—The Twenty-first Rule-Abolition
of Slavery in the District of Columbia-His Opinions touching the Power of the
Federal Government over it-Slavery in the States-Mr. Crittenden's Resolutions
concerning it-Slave-trade between the States-Mr. Giddings avows himself an
Abolitionist—Prejudices against him—Principles for which he has contended-

-His Course in the enforcement of them-Essays of " Pacificus”—The Florida
War-The Brig “Creole"-History of her Capture-Demand for Redress-Reso-
lutions introduced by Mr. Giddings—Effect on the House-Resolution of Censure
-Scene-Adoption of the Resolution-Resignation of Mr. Giddings-His Re-
turn Home-His Re-election-Annexation of Texas-Declaratory Resolutions-
Vote on the Mexican War Bill-Admission of American Wheat into foreign
Ports-River and Harbor Appropriations--Oregon-Vote on the Election of
Speaker-Prejudice-Illustrative Anecdote-Mr. Giddings's Position in the House
-Demagogism-The North and South-Cause of Complaint between them-Illas-

trative Scenes and Debates-Messrs. Giddings, E. J. Black, Venable, Gayle, John-

son of Arkansas, Haskell, Bayly, Meade, Foote, Hale, Calhoun, Butler, Westcott,

Mangum, Douglas, Jefferson Davis-Personal Bearing of Mr. Giddings-Anecdote

-Duties as a Representative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268–327


District-Ancestry-Family-John Lumpkin-William Lumpkin-Family of

Jobn Lumpkin, Senior-Joseph Henry Lumpkin-George Lumpkin-Early Ca-

reer of John H.-Admission to the Bar-The Cherokee Country-Removal of Mr.

Lumpkin-His Election to the Legislature-Central Rail-road Company-Inter-

nal Improvement Convention-Common Schools-Appropriation-Improvement

of the Coosa River- Marriage--Death of his Wife-Mr. Lumpkin elected Solicitor

General of the Cherokee Circuit-Nomination for Congress-Second Marriage-

His Election to Congress---Second Section of the Apportionment Law-His Views

-Horses lost in the Florida War-Mr. Lumpkin's Nomination and Election to the

Twenty-ninth Congress-His Political Principles—The Mexican War-His Opin-

ions-National Foundry in Cass County-Division of Georgia into two Judicial

Districts Character as a public Man-As a Debater-Interests of his Constituents

- Letters ..................... 328-340


District-Birth-Ancestry-Removal of the Family-Washington Hunt studies
Law-Admitted to the Bar-His political Opinions-Candidate for Congress-Ap-
pointed Judge-Duties of the Station, how discharged-His Retirement-Meet

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