A new parliament meets in June, 1536; trial and execution of Anne Boleyn ;
Henry marries Jane Seymour; second succession act.
Great rebellion in the north, 1536–37, known as the “ Pilgrimage of Grace;”
Aske's appeal for the “ commonwealth," a term which embodied the growing
political idea of the age; the rebellion cruelly suppressed by Cromwell
Strife of the rival factions at the council board; divergent views of Anglicans and
Lutherans; Henry's attempt to provide a common ground upon which all
parties could meet; convocation of 1536; Ten Articles of religion the result;
Lutheranism and the League of Schmalkald, into which Henry strives to enter ;
the Ten Articles expanded into the larger statement known as the “ Institution
of a Christian Man;" certain articles drawn up at Wittenberg in 1536; Thir-
teen Articles of 1538 .
Parliament of 1539 called to hush religious discord; speech from the throne;
statute giving the king's proclamations the force of law; suppression of the
greater monasteries; disappearance of the parliamentary abbots; creation of
new bishoprics; how the abbey lands were disposed of; sale and transfer of
lands facilitated by statute; Henry dictates the Statute of the Six Articles,
which closes the doctrinal legislation of his reign; penalties for offending
against the act
Revival of persecution by the Anglicans; motives for a Lutheran alliance; Crom-
well reverses the policy of persecution; the effect in Germany; designs involved
in the marriage of Henry with Anne of Cleves; the failure of Cromwell's
scheme results in his overthrow .
6. Henry's Secular Legislation: relaxation of feudal restraints upon alienation;
feudalism extinguished the right of devise, and enacted the statutes of mort-
main; origin of uses or trusts; right of devise thus in a measure revived;
statute of 27 Hen. VIII. as to uses and wills; it facilitated " bargains and
sales ;” statute of 32 Hen. VIII. reëstablishing the right of devise; Statute of
Limitations, 32 Hen. VIII. c. 2; statute as to superstitious uses, 23 Hen.
VIII. C. 10; statute as to common recoveries, 32 Hen. VIII. c. 3; their recent
Dissolution of monasteries transferred care of poor from church to state; begging
and vagrancy; state first assumed the care of the poor by statute of 27 Hen.
VIII. C. 25; beginning of the parochial poor law system; statute of 32 Hen.
VIII. c. 7, authorizing laymen to sue for tithes
First statute of bankrupts, 34 & 35 Hen. VIII. c. 4; statute of amendments and
jeofail, 32 Hen. VIII. c. 30; benefit of clergy taken away in many cases by
1. The Closing Years of Henry's Reign (1540-47): general results of Crom
well's policy, - exaltation of the crown, humiliation of the church; Cromwell
employs the parliament as the tool of the crown; the lords a spiritless body,
and the commons made up of royal nominees; estates called together year after
-"year to sanction the royal policy; the abnormal aggregation of civil and ecclesi-
astical powers vested in the crown; the church a mere department of state; its
dogmas and liturgy fixed by the royal authority; rivalry of the religious factions
after Cromwell's fall; Norfolk's return to power after Henry's marriage with
Catherine Howard in 1540; his hostility to the new religious movement undis-
guised; Henry married to Catherine Parr, July, 1543; when he realized that the