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1 John Adams..... June 3, 1789 16 Millard Fillmores..... Mar. 5, 1849 2 John Adams.. Dec. 2, 1793 16 William R. Kingi. July 11, 1850 3 Thomas Jefferson.. Mar. 4, 1797 17 William R. King*. Mar. 4, 1853 4 Aaron Burr..... Mar. 4, 1801 17 David R. Atchisont.. April 18, 1853 5 George Clinton... Mar. 4, 1805 17 Jesse D. Brighti........ Dec. 5, 1854 6. George Clinton". Mar. 4, 1809 18 John C. Breckinridge. Mar. 4, 1857 6 Wm. H. Crawfordi .. April 10, 1812 19 Hannibal Hamlin..... Mar. 4, 1861 7 Elbridge Gerry* Mar. 4, 1813 20 Andrew Johnsong..... Mar. 4, 1865 7 John Galliard*.

Nov. 25, 1814 20 Lafayette S. Foster. April 15, 1865 8 Daniel D. Tompkins. Mar. 4, 1817 20 Benjamin F. Wadet.. Mar. 2, 1867

9 Daniel D. Tompkins. Mar. 5, 1821 21 Schuyler Colfax........ Mar. 4, 1869 10 John C. Calhoun.... Mar. 4, 1825 22 Henry Wilson*. Mar. 4, 1873 11 John C. Calhouni..... Mar. 4, 1829 22 Thomas W. Ferryt... Nov. 22, 1875 11 Hugh L. Whitei. Dec. 28, 1832 23 William A. Wheeler... Mar. 5, 1877 12 Martin Van Buren... Mar. 4, 1833 24 Chester A. Arthurs... Mar. 4, 1881 13 Richard M. Johnson. Mar. 4, 1837 24 David Davist........ Oct. 13, 1881 14 John Tylers. Mar. 4, 1841 24 George F. Edmunds.† Mar. 3, 1883 14 Sam'l L. Southardi.. April 6, 1841 25 Thos. A. Hendricks.* Mar. 4, 1885 14 Willie P. Magnumi.. May 31, 1842 25 John Shermant..... Dec. 7, 1885 15 George M. Dallas..... Mar. 4, 1845 26 John J. Ingallsi. Feb. 22, 1887 27. Levi P. Morton, March 4, 1889. 28. Adlai E, Stevenson, March 4, 1893. * Died in office.

† Acting vice-president and president pro tem of the senate. | Resigned vice-presidency.

$ Became President,

SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

Congress.

Name.

Term of Office.

1 F. A. Muhlenberg..
2 Jonathan Trumbull.....

3 F. A. Muhlenberg.. 4 & 5 Jonathan Dayton...

6 Thomas Sedgwick..
7 to 9 Nath. Macon.....
10 & 11 Joseph B. Varnum.
12 to 16 Henry Clay.......

17 Philip P. Barbour.
18 Henry Clay.......

19 John W. Taylor......... 20 to 23 A. Stephenson....

23 John Bell.....
24 & 25 James K. Polk..

26 R. M. T. Hunter..
27 John White....
28 John W. Jones....
29 John W. Davis......
30 Robert C. Winthrop......

31 Howell Cobb..... 32 & 33 Lynn Boyd..

34 N. P. Banks....
35 James L. Orr......
36 William Pennington...

37 Galusha A. Grow. 38 to 40 Schuyler Colfax.

40 T. M. Pomeroy. 41 to 43 James G. Blaine..

44 Michael C. Kerr......... 44 to 46 Samuel J. Randall..

J. Warren Keifer...... 48,49,50 John G. Carlisle.....

51 Thomas B, Reed.. 62 & 53 Charles F. Crisp.....

April 3, 1789, to March 3, 1791
October 24, 1791, to March 3, 1793
December 2, 1793, to March 3, 1795
December 9, 1795to March 3, 1799
December 2, 1799, to March 3, 1801
December 7, 1801, to March 3, 1807
October 26, 1807, to March 3, 1811
November 4, 1811, to March 3, 1821
December 3, 1821, to March 3, 1823
December 1, 1823, to March 3, 1825
December 5, 1825, to March 3, 1827
December 3, 1827, to June 3, 1834
June 4, 1834, to March 3, 1835
December 7, 1835, to March 3, 1839
December 16, 1839, to March 3, 1841
May 31, 1841, to March 3, 1843
December 4, 184 to March 3, 1845
December 4, 1845, to March 3, 1847
December 16, 1847, to March 3, 1849
December 24, 1849, to March 3, 1851
December 4, 1851, to March 3, 1855
February 2, 1856, to March 3, 1857
December 5, 1857, to March 3, 1859
February 1, 1860, to March 3, 1861
July 4, 1861, to March 3, 1863
December 7, 1863, to March 2, 1869
March 2, 1869, to March 3, 1869
March 4, 1869, to March 3, 1875
December 6, 1875, to August 20, 1876
December 4, 1876, to March 3, 1881
December 5, 1881, to March 3, 1883
(December 3, 1883, to March 3, 1889
October 1, 1890, to March 3, 1891
December 7, 1891, to

47

CABINETS OF THE PRESIDENTS.

UNDER GEORGE WASHINGTON.
SECRETARY OF STATE.
APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF WAR.

APPOINTED.
Thomas Jefferson..... .Sep. 26, 1789 James McHenry.. ...Jan. 27, 1796
Edmund Randolph.. ..Jan. 2, 1794
Timothy Pickering

POSTMASTER-GENERAL. ....Dec. 10, 1795

Samuel Osgood.... .Sep. 26, 1789 SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

Timothy Pickering...... ..Aug. 12, 1791 Alexander Hamilton...........Sep. 11, 1789 Jos. Habersham..... .Feb. 25, 1795 Oliver Wolcott......... .Feb. 2, 1795

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. SECRETARY OF WAR.

Edmund Randolph...... .... Sep. 26, 1789 Henry Knox.....

... Sep. 12, 1789 | William Bradford.. Jan. 27, 1794 Timothy Pickering..............Jan. 2, 1795 Charles Lee.........

.Dec. 10, 1795

UNDER JOHN ADAMS. SECRETARY OF STATE. APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF WAR.

APPOINTED. Timothy Pickering. .Mar, .4, 1797 Rodger Griswold... ..Feb. 3, 1801 John Marshall...... ...May 13, 1800

SECRETARY OF NAVY. SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

Benjamin Stoddart....... May 21, 1798 Oliver Wolcott...

..Mar. 4, 1797 POSTMASTER-GENERAL. Samuel Dexter........... ...Jan. 1, 1801

Joseph Habersham...... Mar. 4, 1797 SECRETARY OF WAR.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. James McHenry.... .Mar. 4, 1797 Charles Lee.......

.Mar. 4, 1797 Samuel Dexter..

..May 13, 1800 | Theophilus Parsons............ .Feb. 20, 1801

UNDER THOMAS JEFFERSON.
SECRETARY OF STATE.
APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF NAVY.

APPOINTED. James Madison.......... ..Mar. 5, 1801 J. Crowninshield......... Mar. 3, 1805 SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

POSTMASTER-GENERAL. Albert Gallatin....................May 14, 1801 Joseph Habersham..... .Mar. 4, 1801

Gideon Granger..... .Nov. 28, 1801 SECRETARY OF WAR.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. Henry Dearborn........... .Mar. 5, 1801

Levi Lincoln...

.Mar. 5, 1801 SECRETARY OF NAVY.

Robert Siritn..

..Mar. 3, 1805 Benjamin Stoddart....... Mar. 4, 1801 TE:eclip

......Arg. 7, 1805 Robert Smith....... ... ......July 15, IS Lazar A. Rodney.

an. 29, 1806

UNDER JAMES MADISON.
SECRETARY OF STATE.
APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF NAVY.

APPOINTED.
Robert Smith .......
Mar. 6, 1809 Paul Hamilton .....

Mar. 7, 1809 James Monroe..

... April 2, 1811 William Jones....... ...Jan. 12, 1813

B. W. Crowninshield...... ..... Dec. 19, 1814
SECRETARY OF TREASURY.
Albert Gallatin..... .Mar. 4, 1809

POSTMASTER-GENERAL.
George W. Campbell...... .Feb. 9, 1814
Xander J. Dallas.. ...Oct. 6, 1814 Gideon Granger....

Mar. 4, 1809 William H. Crawford..........Oct. 22, 1814 R. J. Meigs..

.Mar. 17, 1814 SECRETARY OF WAR.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. William Eustis....

.Mar. 7, 1809 John Armstrong.

..Jan. 13, 1813 Cæsar A. Rodney.... ..Mar. 4, 1800 James Monroe...

.Sep. 27, 1814 William Pinckney. ..Dec. 11, 1811 William H. Crawford.......... Aug. 1, 1815 Richard Rush........ .Feb. 10, 1814

The postmaster-general was not counted a caldnet officer until in Jackson's first administration.

† A newly created department.

UNDER JAMES MONROE.
SECRETARY OF STATE.
APPOINTED, SECRETARY OF NAVY.

APPOINTED. John Quincy Adams.............Mar. 5, 1817 Smith Thompson....

..............Nov. 9, 1818

S. J. Southard...................... SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

.Sep. 16, 1823 W. H. Crawford.................Mar. 5, 1817 POSTMASTER-GENERAL. SECRETARY OF WAR.

R. J. Meigs............ .Mar. 4, 1817 George Graham ....... ad interim.* John McLean......

June 26, 1823 John C. Calhoun...... ..Oct. 8, 1817

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. SECRETARY OF NAVY.

Richard Rush.....

.Mar. 4, 1817 B. W. Crowninshield...........Mar. 4, 1817 | William Wirt.....

..Nov. 13, 1817

UNDER JOHN QUINCY ADAMS.
SECRETARY OF STATE.
APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF NAVY.

APPOINTED. Henry Clay.................. .Mar. 7, 1825 Samuel L. Southard............Mar. 4, 1825 SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

POSTMASTER-GENERAL. Richard Rush......

.Mar. 7, 1825

John McLean............ .Mar. 4, 1825 SECRETARY OF WAR. James Barbour........ .Mar. 7, 1825

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. Peter B. Porter....... ..Mar. 26, 1828 / William Wirt......... ..Mar. 4, 1825

APPOINTED. ..Aug. 1, 1831

UNDER ANDREW JACKSON. SECRETARY OF STATE.

APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF WAR.
Martin Van Buren......... .Mar. 6, 1829 | Lewis Cass.........
Edward Livingston......... .May 24, 1831

SECRETARY OF NAVY.
Louis McLane...... .May 29, 1833
John Forsyth............

...June 27, 1834 Levi Woodbury.

John Branch..... SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

Mahlon Dickerson.. Samuel D. Ingham...... ...............Mar. 6, 1829

POSTMASTER-GENERAL. Louis McLane....

..Aug. 2, 1831

William T. Barry...... William J. Duane..... .May 29, 1833 Amos Kendall..... Roger B. Taney..... Sep. 23, 1833

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. Levi Woodbury.

..June 27, 1834

John M. Berrien...... SECRETARY OF WAR.

Roger B. Taney. John H. Eaton....... ..Mar. 9, 1829 | B. F. Butler......

.Mar. 9, 1829 .May 23, 1831 June 30, 1834

.Mar. 9, 1829
.May 1, 1835

.Mar. 9, 1829 ..July 20, 1831 ..Nov. 15, 1833

UNDER MARTIN VAN BUREN.

SECRETARY OF STATE.
APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF NAVY.

APPOINTED. John Forsyth ......................Mar. 4, 1837 James K. Paulding.............. June 25, 1838 SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

POSTMASTER-GENERAL. Levi Woodbury...... ..Mar. 4, 1837 | Amos Kendall....

Mar. 4, 1837

John M. Niles......... .May 25, 1840 SECRETARY OF WAR.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. Joel R. Poinsett........ ..Mar. 7, 1837

B. F. Butler..

.Mar. 4, 1837 SECRETARY OF NAVY.

Felix Grundv.

July

5, 1838 Mahlon Dickerson ...............Mar. 4, 1837 | Henry D. Gilpin... ..Jan. 11, 1840

UNDER WILLIAM H. HARRISON.
SECRETARY OF STATE.
APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF NAVY.

APPOINTED. Daniel Webster......... .Mar. 5, 1841 George E. Badger...........

......... Mar. 5, 1841 SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

POSTMASTER-GENERAL. Thomas Ewing.......... .Mar. 5, 1841 Francis Granger............. .Mar. 4, 1841 SECRETARY OF WAR.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. Tohn Bell..........

..Mar. 3, 1841 John J. Crittenden..............Mar. 5, 1841 The office was first tendered to Isaac Shelby of Kentucky, who declined.

UNDER JOHN TYLER.

SECRETARY OF STATE.
APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF WAR.

APPOINTED. Daniel Webster...

April 6, 1841 William Wilkins...... .Feb. 15, 1844 H. S. Legare....

.May 9, 1843

SECRETARY OF NAVY. Abel P. Upshur...

July 24, 1843
John C. Calhoun.....

George E. Badger.......
.Mar. 6, 1844

April 6, 1841
Abel P. Upshur...

..Sep. 13, 1841 SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

David Henshaw...

July 24, 1843 Thomas Ewing. ...April 6, 1841 Thomas W. Gilmer..

Feb. 15, 1844 Walter Forward... .Sep 13, 1841

POSTMASTER-GENERAL.
John C. Spencer.....
Mar. 3, 1843 Francis Granger....

...April 6, 1841 George M. Bibb................June 15, 1844 Charles A. Wickliffe....... ..Sep. 13, 1841 SECRETARY OF WAR.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. John Bell...

.April 6, 1841 John J. Crittenden....... „.April 6, 1841 John C. Spencer................ ..Oct. 12, 1841 Hugh S. Legare....... .Sep. 13, 1841 James M. Porter.. ..Mar. 8, 1843 | John Nelson.....

.....July 1, 1843

UNDER JAMES K. POLK.

SECRETARY OF STATE.
APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF NAVY.

APPOINTED. James Buchanan.................. Mar. 6, 1845 John Y. Mason ........ .......... Sep. 9, 1846 SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

POSTMASTER-GENERAL. Robert J. Walker.......... ..Mar. 6, 1845 Cave Johnson....... ..Mar. 6, 1845 SECRETARY OF WAR.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. W. L. Marcy....

.Mar. 6, 1845

John Y. Mason...... ..Mar. 6, 1845 SECRETARY OF NAVY.

Nathan Clifford..

..Oct. 17, 1846 George Bancroft.................Mar. 10, 1845 | Isaac Toucey...... June 21, 1848

UNDER ZACHARY TAYLOR.

SECRETARY OF STATE.

APPOINTED.

APPOINTED.

SECRETARY OF INTERIOR.* John M. Clayton...... ....... .Mar. 7, 1849 Thomas Ewing...

..Mar. 8, 1849 SECRETARY OF TREASURY. William M. Meredith.........Mar. 8, 1849

POSTMASTER-GENERAL, SECRETARY OF WAR.

Jacob Collamer.......... .....Mar. 8, 1849 George W. Crawford...... .... Mar. 8, 1849

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. SECRETARY OF NAVY. William B. Preston.............Mar. 8, 1849 | Reverdy Johnson.................Mar. 8, 1819

UNDER MILLARD FILLMORE.

SECRETARY OF STATE. APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF NAVY.

APPOINTED. Daniel Webster..... July 22, 1850 Juhn P. Kennedy............. ...July 22, 1852 Edward Everett..... ..Nov. 6, 1852

SECRETARY OF INTERIOR. SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

Alexander H. H. Stuart....... Sep. 12, 1850 Thomas Corwin................July 23, 1850

POSTMASTER-GENERAL. SECRETARY OF WAR.

Nathan R. Hall...................July 23, 1850 Charles M. Conrad.............Aug. 15, 1850 Samuel D. Hubbard............ Aug. 31, 1852

SECRETARY OF NAVY.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL.

William A. Graham...... ......July 22, 1850 John J. Crittenden.............. July 22, 1850

At the beginning of this administration the department of the interior, first called the home department, was given a position in the cabinet.

UNDER FRANKLIN PIERCE.

SECRETARY OF STATE.

APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF INTERIOR. APPOINTED. W. L. Marcy......

.Mar. 7, 1853 Robert McClelland..............Mar. 7, 1853 SECRETARY OF TREASURY. James Guthrie...........

POSTMASTER-GENERAL. .........Mar. 7, 1853 SECRETARY OF WAR.

James Campbell..................Mar. 5, 1852 Jefferson Davis...... .Mar. 5, 1853 SECRETARY OF NAVY.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. James C. Dobbin.......... .Mar. 7, 1853 Caleb Cushing................ ..Mar. 7, 1853

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UNDER JAMES BUCHANAN.
SECRETARY OF STATE.
APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF NAVY.

APPOINTED. Lewis Cass....

.Mar. 6, 1857 | Isaac Tousey .......... ..Mar. 6, 1857 Jeremiah S. Black ...............

.Dec. 17, 1860

SECRETARY OF INTERIOR. SECRETARY OF TREASU'RY.

Jacob Thompson............ ..Mar. 6, 1857 Howell Cobb.......

.Mar. 6, 1857

POSTMASTER-GENERAL.
P. F. Thomas..
.Dec. 12, 1860 Aaron V. Brown...

.Mar. 6, 1857
John A. Dix.....
..Jan. 11, 1861 Joseph Holt..

.Mar. 14, 1859 Horatio King.......

.Feb. 12, 1861 SECRETARY OF WAR.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. Johu B. Floyd....

.Mar. 6, 1857 Jeremiah S. Black... ..Mar. 6, 1857 Joseph Holt....

...Jan. 18, 1861 | Edwin M. Stanton.... .Dec. 20, 1860

L'NDER ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

SECRETARY OF STATE.

APPOINTED.

SECRETARY OF INTERIOR. APPOINTED. William H. Seward..............Mar. 5, 1861 Caleb B. Smith............ ......Mar. 5, 1861

John P. lisher...... SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

...Jan. 8, 1863 Salmon P. Chase............ .Mar. 7, 1861

POSTMASTER-GENERAL. William Pitt Fessenden... ... July 1, 1864 Hugh McCulloch...... .Mar. 7, 1865 Montgomery Blair........... .Mar. 5, 1861

William Dennison.... .Sep. 24, 1864 SECRETARY OF WAR. Simon Cameron...... .Mar. 5, 1861 ATTORNEY-GENERAL. Edwin M. Stanton..... .Jan. 15, 1862

Edward Bates........ .Mar. 5, 1861 SECRETARY OF NAVY.

T. J. Coffey....

June 22, 1864 Gideon Welles........... ..Mar. 5, 1861 James Speed....

.Dec.

2, 1863

UNDER ANDREW JOHNSON.

SECRETARY OF STATE.

APPOINTED. SECRETARY OF INTERIOR. APPOINTED. William H. Seward.............. April 15, 1865 John P. Usher......... .April 15, 1865

James Harlan... SECRETARY OF TREASURY.

.May 15, 1865

0. H. Browning Hugh McCulloch.................April 15, 1865 :

..July 27, 1866 SECRETARY OF WAR.*

POSTMASTER-GENERAL.
Edwin M. Stanton......

William Dennison......
April 15, 1865

.April 15, 1865
U. S. Grant.....
Aug. 12, 1867 Alexander W. Randali...

...July 25, 1866 Lorenzo Thomas..

.Feb. 21, 1868

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. John M. Schofield... ..May 28, 1868

James Speed

April 15, 1865 SECRETARY OF NAVY.

Henry Stanberry...... July 23, 1866 Gideon Welles............ .. April 15, 1865 | William Evarts... ..July 15, 1863

* The trouble connected with Mr. Stanton's term of office under President Johnson, and the appointment of Grant and Thomas as secretary ad interim, will be found in full in the history of Johnson's administration already given.

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