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teen feet from north to south and of seventy-two feet from east to west; the top of the shaft stands ninety-eight feet above the ground. With the exception of the Garfield monument, this is the finest memorial ever erected in the United States, and is a fitting tribute to the memory of the greatest man of the nineteenth century.


The site of Andrew Johnson's grave was selected by himself in the cemetery at Greenville, Tennessee. A large granite arch upon a broad base marks the spot and contains the inscription, “Andrew Johnson, seventeenth President of the United States of America; born December 29, 1808; died July 31, 1875. His faith in the people never wavered.” The monument was erected by his sons, and is of marble on a wide base of granite. Pilasters on either side of the plinth support funereal urns. On the die is a carved scroll representing the Constitution of the United States and an open Bible, upon which rests a hand. The shaft is festooned by the American flag at the top, and is surmounted by an eagle with outstretched wings.


Just out of Albany is the beautiful Rural cemetery where so many of the illustrious dead of New York state are buried. Here lie William L. Marcy and General Philip Schuyler, General Peter Gansevoort, the defender of Fort Stanwix, and Colonel John Mills, the hero of Sackett's Harbor. Here lie Thurlow Weed and Erastus Corning, and here, too, the turf is still fresh over the grave of Chester A. Arthur. The Arthur plot is on the most westerly of the three ridges on which the cemetery is situated. It faces the setting sun and is on a gentle slope. On the central monument, a plain block of marble, is inscribed in old English letters, “Here lies the body of Ellen Lewis Herndon, wife of Chester A. Arthur, born at Culpepper, Va., Aug. 30, 1837; died at New York, Jan. 12, 1880." Near the grave of ex-President Arthur is a small, granite cenotaph, erected to

the memory of Mrs. Arthur's father, Captain Herndon, who was lost on the steamer Central America, in 1857. Other members of the family are interred here, as is witnessed by modest head-stones bearing family names.


In those last sad days of struggle at Mt. McGregor, General Grant named as one of three places from which he wished a choice of burialplace to be made, “New York, because the people of that city befriended me in my need.” So it was settled, and the spot at Riverside Park, where his ashes lie, is no less a shrine to the Nation than the tomb at Mt. Vernon and the one in the west where Lincoln sleeps. There could be found no more fitting spot for the burial of a Nation's hero than the one at Riverside. The tomb is on the top of a small hill gently sloping down to the blue river's brink, with its fringe of young oaks. Standing on the plateau which crowns the hill and on which the tomb is built, one may look down upon the lordly, lazy Hudson, as it rolls by two hụndred feet below. To the left, across the river, rise the Palisades, and, looking upward, one can almost see in the distance the breaking line of West Point. The tomb is simplicity itself. It is a long, low structure with a curving top, made of brick and painted black. The heavy door is of iron, and shuts away from the world the immense steel casket in which lies all that is mortal of the greatest military commander the new world has ever known, the man over whom the Nation shed such tears as perhaps no other death has ever called from their eyes, and over whose bier the north and the south clasped hands in a common grief that has left no room for bitterness.


The site where Garfield's stately monument is reared is the most commanding and beautiful in all Lake View cemetery, just within the limits of Cleveland. From the brow of the hill on which the tomb is built, one commands a view of all the beautiful grounds in this handsome burial spot, of the spires of the city and of the blue lake in the

distance. The monument itself is the costliest and most imposing one ( ver erected in America. It is of gray stone, and consists of a round tower with a pagoda top, on a broad base, in which are the crypts. The entrance to the tower is through a magnificent portico and entrance hall, which leads into the memorial room, in which is placed a life-size statue in marble of President Garfield. This room contains thirteen memorial windows, representing the thirteen original states; the walls are finished in Italian marble mosaics, picturing the funeral cortege of the dead President. In the top of the monument, which is reached by a winding stair-case, is a small room fitted up as a chapel and resting-place. Tower and portico rest on a broad, high base with sloping sides, in which are the five crypts, the central one containing the remains of Garfield, the others for the rest of his family. At the right of the entrance hall is a reception room, where the names of guests are recorded.


Rutherford B. Hayes lies buried in Oakwood Cemetery, Fremont, Ohio. This is a beautiful little cemetery, picturesquely situated on the hill-tops about a mile from the town. The Hayes lot is a large circle in the centre of the cemetery.

The rugged simplicity and manliness of Hayes are fittingly symbolized by the monument that is erected over his grave. It is not ornate or pretentious. It is simply a massive oblong of Vermont granite, finely polished but without any other ornamentation. On this are chiseled “ Rutherford B. Hayes” and “Lucy Hayes.”




Events. A. D. 985 Eric, the Red, lands on Greenland. 1000 Lief Ericsson lands on Rhode Island coast. 1492 Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. 1497 John Cabot discovers mainland of America. 1513 Ponce de Leon lands on Florida coast. 1528 Narvaez lands at Tampa bay. 1542 De Soto discovers the Mississippi. 1535 Cartier discovers St. Lawrence river. 1562 First French settlement at Port Royal. 1565 St. Augustine built by Menendez. 1576 Frobisher discovers Hudson straits. 1577 Drake enters the Pacific ocean. 1584 Sir Walter Raleigh's colony settles Virginia. 1604 Acadia settled by the French. 1606 Hudson's bay discovered. 1607 English settlement at Jamestown. (First permanent one in North America. 1608 Quebec founded. 1616 Tobacco plant introduced into Virginia. 1619 First representative body, called Council of Burgesses, met at Jamestown.

Introduction of slavery into colonies. 1620 Landing of Pilgrims at Plymouth. 1621 John Carver, first governor of New England. 1624 New Amsterdam settled by Dutch. 1629 Wouter Van Twiller, governor of New Amsterdam. 1630 Boston founded by Puritans. 1632 Maryland settled by Lord Baltimore, 1635 Connecticut settled. 1637 Maine and New Hampshire settled.

Harvard college founded. 1638 First Swedish settlement in Delaware. 1639 First printing office in America, at Cambridge, by Samuel Green.

First written constitution framed in America between Connecticut colonies 1643 Confederation of New England colonies for mutual defense. 1647 Peter Stuyvesant, governor of New Amsterdam. 1648 Cambridge platform adopted.


Events. A. D. 1649 John Winthrop, governor of Connecticut. 1651 Peter Stuyvesant takes possession Swedish colonies. 1663 Canada made a royal colony.

Eliot's Indian Bible printed.

North Carolina settled near Albemarle sound. 1664 New Netherlands taken by the English. 1667 New Netherlands ceded to English by peace of Breda. 1670 Conclusion of American treaty between England and Span.

South Carolina settled at Charlestown. 1675 King Pliilip's war in New England. 1677 Maine purchased by Massachusetts. 1679 La Salle explores the Louisiana territory 1681 Penn purchases Pennsylvania. 1683 Philadelphia founded. 1686 Andros sent to govern New England. 1688 General suppression of charter governments. 1689 King William's war begun.

Destruction of Montreal. 1690 Attack on Schenectady.

Congress of northern colonies.
Port Royal, Nova Scotia, reduced by Sir William Phipps.

Expedition against Canada, unsuccessful.
1692 Burning of witches at Salem, Massachusetts.

New Hampshire purchased by Allen. 1693 William and Mary's college founded. 1697 Kidd's piracies. 1699 French colony in Louisiana territory. 1701 Yale college founded. 1702 Queen Anne's war begun. 1703 Appalachian Indians subdued.

Maine ravaged by French and Indians. 1704 Boston News-Letter, first American periodical published. 1706 Carolina invaded by the French and Spanish. 1713 Queen Anne's war closed by treaty of Utrecht. 1715 Indian war in South Carolina. 1717 New Orleans settled by French. 1723 Vermont settled. 1740 Tennessee first explored.

King George's war begun. 1742 Invasion of Florida by Indians and Spaniards. 1745 Louisburgh and Cape Breton taken from the French by the Britisa 1748 Close of King George's war. 1749 English settlement in Nova Scotia. 1752 Hostilities between French and English settlers in Ohio valley. 1753 Washington's mission to the French. 1754 Defeat of Washington.

Union of colonies.
1755 French and Indian war begun.

Defeat of Braddock.
Expulsion of French from Acadia.

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