Federal Aid to Education: Hearings Before a Subcommittee...80th Congress, 1st Session, on S. 81, S. 170, S. 472, S. 1131, and S. 1157, Bills Relative to Federal Aid to Education. April 9, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, 30, and May 1 and 2, 1947
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Education and Public Welfare, United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Labor and Public Welfare
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1947 - 600 էջ
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adequate aid to education amendment American amount appropriation Association attendance authority average basis believe bill Catholic child church citizens City committee Congress Constitution cost course Court daily democracy districts educational opportunity effort elementary equal establishment expenditures fact favor Federal aid Federal funds Federal Government give given grants important income increase institutions interest Labor legislation less living matter means meet necessary nonpublic schools opinion opportunity organization parents parochial schools percent persons position present principle private schools problem public schools pupil question reason receive record religion religious represent respect Roman salaries secondary Senator AIKEN Senator DONNELL Senator Hill standards statement teachers teaching things tion United York youth
Էջ 307 - The fundamental theory of liberty upon which all governments in this Union repose excludes any general power of the State to standardize its children by forcing them to accept instruction from public teachers only. The child is not the mere creature of the State; those who nurture him and direct his destiny have the right, coupled with the high duty, to recognize and prepare him for additional obligations.
Էջ 296 - The First Amendment has erected a wall between church and state. That wall must be kept high and impregnable. We could not approve the slightest breach.
Էջ 271 - ... levied to support any religious activities or institutions, whatever they may be called, or whatever form they may adopt to teach or practice religion. Neither a state nor the Federal Government can, openly or secretly, participate in the affairs of any religious organizations or groups and vice versa. In the words of Jefferson, the clause against establishment of religion by law was intended to erect "a wall of separation between church and State.
Էջ 430 - No tax in any amount, large or small, can be levied to support any religious activities or institutions, whatever they may be called, or whatever form they may adopt to teach or practice religion.
Էջ 423 - The freemen of America did not wait till usurped power had strengthened itself by exercise and entangled the question in precedents. They saw all the consequences in the principle, and they avoided the consequences by denying the principle.
Էջ 241 - ... aid of any church or sectarian purpose, or to help support or sustain any school, academy, seminary, college, university, or other literary or scientific institution, controlled by any church or sectarian denomination whatever; nor shall any grant or donation of land, money, or other personal property ever be made by the state or any such public corporation, to any church, or for any sectarian purpose.
Էջ 192 - Under the doctrine of Meyer v. Nebraska, 262 US 390, we think it entirely plain that the Act of 1922 unreasonably interferes with the liberty of parents and guardians to direct the upbringing and education of children under their control.
Էջ 140 - The State contributes no money to the schools. It does not support them. Its legislation, as applied, does no more than provide a general program to help parents get their children, regardless of their religion, safely and expeditiously to and from accredited schools.
Էջ 170 - That no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship, place or ministry whatsoever, nor shall be enforced, restrained, molested or burthened, in his body or goods, nor shall otherwise suffer on account of his religious opinions or belief; but that all men shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinions in matters of religion, and that the same shall in no wise diminish, enlarge or affect their civil capacities.