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tributes, it would not be amiss to prises at first, commonly lands them consider briefly what are the necessi- in the desired haven at the end. ties or expectations which lead honest Each has shed a few illusions, but folk into holy matrimony.

the sum of mutual satisfaction is We can set on one side the young not seriously diminished. It would who marry strictly for love. They be interesting to read a candid expect nothing, at least nothing that diary written by an ordinary couple can be put into words, and so need before, and say six months after, not come into the calculation. But marriage. those of maturer years and soberer If a man does not know & pink disposition must surely be able to give from a pelargonium he frankly admits some coherent account of the reasons that he cares nothing about the matter, that led them deliberately to plunge but every woman is supposed to be into the unknown. Our ancestors, fond of flowers. Is she? We will who were an unimaginative race, dis- admit at once that when a lady takes missed the question with the smallest to gardening she makes the wilderness exercise of thought. “ Tom must blossom like the rose. She has exactly marry at once, or there will be no the dainty touch that plants love and heir to the family estate. It does to which they respond. But to say not matter so much about Johnnie, that women in general are fond of but his shirts are getting into a flowers is a complete misconception. terrible state.” If these two reasons They like to use them as furniture seemed inadequate in any particular for the adornment of their rooms, or case it was always possible to fall to arrange them prettily in vases to back upon the pious platitude that deck their dining-tables; but as for marriages were

were made in

made in Heaven, their habits, their disposition, their and the situation was saved.

history, whether they came from their It has now become obvious that

own garden or from the florist round the supply of territorial magnates is the corner, they care no more than not sufficient, and the ingenuity of the man in the moon. man has suggested a simpler solution ever seen a woman, not a professed for the absence of buttons. After gardener, cut a dead rose from a bush all, from the lady's point of view, to improve the appearance of the tree? the post of chief superintendent of There are hundreds who will pick a the wardrobe, though honourable in live one and let it die a few moments itself, must have left something to later in their waist-bands. Fond of be desired. It is evident that some flowers indeed! As well call them stronger inducement must be found, fond of clothes because they like to or the Marriage Service would far be well dressed. The present writer less often be called into requisition is wearing at this moment a garment than it is. Man, as Aristotle tells in which he has shot, fished, and golfed us, is a pairing animal and Nature for the last ten years. He knows will have her way. He is sick of every crease and wrinkle in it, and solitude and needs a home; she has would not change it for the latest outgrown the paternal nest and longs production of Bond Street. Is any for an establishment of her own ; woman equally faithful to an old proximity and accident do the rest. friend out of her wardrobe ? It is The bells are set a-ringing, and they true that her dressmaker never gives start together on a voyage of dis- her the chance by letting her have covery which, though fertile in sur- material that will last a third of the

Has anyone

time. No, she values her dresses, as will land him in the workhouse. She she values her flowers, or for the is not, however, as a rule willingly matter of that her horses, or her extravagant, and in some respects her coachman's livery, not for their own conduct compares favourably with his intrinsic merits, but as a component own. When a man wants a pair of part of her own equipage.

The un

gloves he takes what the shopman reasonable affection for his own en- offers, and walks away as a rule withtourage which man shares with the out enquiring the price. If it is a otherwise objectionable domestic cat ready-money transaction and the cost is practically unknown to her. He is greater than he anticipated, be is conservative by nature, and likes curses his luck but pays the money, the arrangement of his study because resolving to try a cheaper shop in it has always been so. She is con- future. He would feel it beneath his servative only in politics, and is never dignity to haggle about shillings with so happy as when effecting a radical a tradesman, or admit that he could change in the position of her drawing. wear anything except the best. His room furniture.

wife has no false shame in the matter. On the other hand it is not fair “Oh, but 3/6 is rather more than to say that women attach too much I care to give; can you find me a importance to their equipage or to pair at 2/11 ?” And a pair at 2/11 the adornment of their person. It is generally forthcoming. has pleased Providence, that in the But if by any chance it is a quesmale biped of the genus homo alone tion not of buying but of selling, if fine feathers should not make fine they have a house to let, or a dinner birds. Given a decent tailor to start service to dispose of through the Exwith and his clothes may drop off his change and Mart, the assistance of back with age without deteriorating the wife is invaluable. Her sanguine seriously from such beauty as be may temperament and lively imagination possess. Every woman knows, and paint the transaction in colours which some confess, that with them good fill the purchaser with ecstasy, and looks depend upon good dressing, and her husband's mind with awe. It is are they to be blamed if they spend not for nothing that caveat emptor bas time and trouble in searching for a become a proverb. Everybody knew combination that may produce so that the emptrix could take care of desirable a result? It is well if they herself. There would be a great do not array themselves only with this future for women in the genteeler end in view. We have known a walks of commerce could they grapple comely matron who stated thought with the mysteries of book-keeping. fully, as one who had toiled painfully “ You see, Philip dear, you owe me to an unsuspected truth, “The fact is £2 10s. out of the weekly bills, and you should look what the weather is I paid Sarah's washing with cook's before you dress to go out.” But beer-money because I advanced her prescience such as this is rare, and 10/- out of my own purse last week would not affect the generality of the to send a post-office order to her

mother who is ill, so if you give me a It is obvious that this desire to do cheque for £2 15s. now it will be all credit to her husband by her personal right." Philip does not see, but he appearance results in a considerable has been to Cambridge and is not expenditure of cash, and he is often going to be beaten at mathematics by heard to declare that his wife's bills a woman, so he signs the cheque.

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Again, it is fearlessly asserted about in the Isle of Desolation and specuwomen that their intuition is strong lating about the process of affairs at but their logical faculty weak. The home. To be honest the digression first proposition is probably true, but was not entirely unintentional. We the second surely depends on insuffi- had ventured to treacherous cient evidence. We have all heard ground and were struggling to regain them state one side of a question so a firmer foot-hold. What woman clearly and so convincingly that there does we know, but what she will do is no reason to suspect they would in any given contingency who can tell not show equal discrimination in us? We have pronounced the doom weighing the other, if they had of the dinner-bell; we can foretell patience to listen to it. Unfortu- with certainty the running down of Dately they never have, and in this, the household clock; for what need as in so many cases, judgment has of time has the Eternal Feminine in been given in default. A faculty has the absence of its male counterpart ? been denied them which they may The latch-key will hang disconsolate very likely possess, only owing to on its nail, for female burglars are mere accident it has never yet been unknown and no woman ever yet on called into play

ber own initiative shut a door; but But who are we that with our beyond these lesser details fancy fears male arrogance talk so glibly about to pry. Perhaps we may safely conintuition and judgment, while in clude in the manner of the old Scotch defiance of the most elementary song: logical procedure we have argued from the unknown to the known, and strayed from our original propo

There'd be na luck about the house,

There'd be na luck at a', sition ? We ought all this time to be

There'd be little pleasure in the house, pacing behind our wire entanglements Were the gude man awa'.

THE FIRST ENGLISHMAN IN JAPAN.

On one of the beautiful hills that served in the Royal Navy as master overlook Tokio Bay is the grave of and pilot, and, later still, had boon an Englishman who died nearly three in the employment of the Company hundred years ago in remote Japan, of Barbary Merchants for eleven or infinitely more remote then than now. twelve years. In 1598, the first When the American squadron of ascertainable date in his career, he Commodore Perry came knocking at went over to Holland to act as pilotthe long closed doors of the Morning major of a squadron which was Land in 1853, his ships anchored in being fitted out at Rotterdam for a the very

shadow of the pioneer's voyage to the East by the Dutch tomb. Pioneer he truly was, the Company of Merchants, no doubt first man of English race to set foot inspired by the tales told by Linsin the far eastern Empire which since choten, on his return from these his day has enlisted so many of his regions, of their immense wealth and countrymen in her service; and to the decadence

the decadence of the Portuguese. the present time an annual celebration The little fleet, consisting of five is held in his honour by the people small vessels overcrowded with men, of Anjin Cho, a thoroughfare in left the Texel on June 24th under Tokio. Anjin, the Japanese word the command of Captain Jacob Mahu for pilot, was the name by which he or Maihore. Space does not permit was known in his adopted country, an account of the adventurous voyage, where there are those who still claim described with much vigour by Adams descent from him ; his actual name in his correspondence; it lasted nearly was William Adams, and Gillingham, two years, the ship in which he sailed near Rochester, had the honour of anchoring off the feudal principality giving him birth.

of Bungo in the island of Kiushiu, He was born into an age and Japan, on April 19th, 1600,"at which nation, the dominant characteristic time," observes Adams, "there were of which was enterprise.

In com

no more than six besides myself that merce, discovery, and, one may add could stand upon his feet.” perhaps, piracy, that characteristic The natives crowded aboard, but had its most striking results, as every in perfect friendliness, the only draw. reader of Hakluyt and Purchas backs being that neither party could knows; and Adams was a typical understand the other, and that the Englishman of his time. It was, Japanese, with too keen an interest however, in the Dutch service that in the strangers' belongings, helped he left Europe, never to return. He themselves to all they could lay hands must then have been an experienced

A day or two later some Portunavigator in the prime of life. At guese and Spaniards arrived from the age of twelve he had been apprenticed to Nicholas Diggins of Lime " A pilot-major was a seaman of approved house, who seems both to have built

on.

skill and experience who directed the navi.

gation of an expeditionary squadron, a post ships and owned them, had afterwards of great responsibility.

W

Langasacke (which we kn; w now as reflections on statecraft called The Nagasaki), who acted as interpreters, LEGAOY OF IEYASU. and also, Adams tells us, as traitors. On hearing of the Dutch ship and They doubtless disliked the idea of her crew, he sent for the latter to this Anglo-Dutch party poaching on to come to him, and on their arrival what had hitherto been a Spanish at Osaka, where he was in residence, and Portuguese preserve, denounced Adams had an audience in "a wonits members as pirates, and incensed derful, costly house gilded with gold the populace against them. The

in abundance." He gave the great daimyo or feudal lord (Adams calls man an account of his wanderings, him king) of Bungo seems, however, tracing them on a chart, and was to have shown friendliness to the two asked many questions on whence he dozen travel-worn seafarers who had had come, his objects in coming, and reached his shore, three of whom died 80 forth. To that regarding intensoon after landing.

tions, “ I answered: We were a people Meanwhile their arrival had come that sought all friendship with all to the ears of the ruler of Japan, nations, and to have trade in all Ieyasu. I purposely use the word countries, bringing such merchandise ruler, for Ieyasu was not emperor, as our country did afford into strange albeit Adams and other old writers lands in the way of traffic.” We are call him so, but was at this time only not told how this interview was con. regent, though three years later he ducted, but it was presumably interwas proclaimed Shogun, a position preted by a Portuguese, and he may which he had virtually held since his bave malevolently tampered with decisive victory at Sekigahara. The Adams's words, for Ieyasu was anyreal sovereigns, the emperors de facto thing but gracious and showed decided of Japan from 1192, when Yoritomo scepticism about the chart. For received the title of Sei-i Tai Shogun thirty-nine days afterwards Adams (Barbarian-subjugating-great-general) was kept a prisoner, and, not unfrom the emperor de jure, to the reasonably, had disquieting fears of restoration in 1868, were the Shoguns, crucifixion, which, he had learnt, was members of various aristocratic fami- the customary native method of exelies, Minamoto, Hojo, Ashikaga, No cution. Meanwhile Portuguese and bunaga, and Tokugawa, Ieyasu being Spaniard were poisoning the Shogun's the first Shogun of the last-named mind against him and his comrades. dynasty. During almost the whole Naturally irritated that those late of this long period the emperors de refractory subjects of theirs, the Dutch, jure were persons of no account, pos- should encroach on their Japanese sessing but the shadow of sovereignty, monopoly, they lost no opportunity of living a secluded life in their palaces, impressing on the Shogun how ill it and being generally murdered at an became him to favour rebels to the early age. Ieyasu was probably the authority of His Catholic Majesty. greatest Japanese who ever lived. A But Ieyasu was not the man to be skilful general, he was still more dictated to by Catholic Majesties eminent as statesman and reformer, thousands of miles distant, and his did much for education and scholar invariable answer to such appeals was ship, took an interest in what he could that he denied the right of any learn from the few Europeans who foreign power to dictate his attitude found their way to Japan, and left to strangers visiting his dominions, behind him a book of maxims and that European wars and revolts were

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