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dence, 77, 78—visited by Mr Poin-

sett, 94—described by him, 95.
Ivory, Mr, various notices of, 348, 350,

351, 353.

of Bradley, 310_delays the pub-

lication of his complete labors, 311.
Hucumarimi, decisive battle of, 306,

Huger, F. K. assists Dr Bollmann in

his attempt to rescue Lafayette,
166-is taken by the Austrians,

167-trial and escape, 168.
Hull, Gen. William, his memoirs of the

campaign of the North Western
Army in 1812 noticed, 226.
Hume, his attempt to demonstrate

that arts and science and refinement
can only take their rise under a free
government, 418—specious and
probable, but unsupported by any
substantial historical testimony,419.

Jackson, Justice, cited, 185.
Jalapa, visited by Mr Poinsett, 81-

its history and description, 82—its

celebrated fair, 82, 83.
James I. influence of his belief in

witchcraft, 425.
Jesuits, their edition of Newton's Prin-

cipia, 321, note.
Johnson, Judge, his charge against

Count Pulaski, and imputation on

Washington refuted, 391 et seqq.
Jones, Sir William, remarkable exam-

ple of industry and economy of time,
273-his remark on the poetry

of the Hindoos, 433.
Jupiter's satellites, used in finding the

longitude, 345—Lagrange's theory
of their motions and mutual attrac-
tions, 345 et seqq.- Laplace's theo-
ry of the laws which govern their
motions, 346—Delambre's tables of

their eclipses, 345 et seqq.
Jurisprudence, American, study of,

recommended to the English bar,

Jury, trial by, its introduction by the

Code Napoleon, 401_not adapted
to the state of continental Europe,
ib. unanimity required and man-
ner in which their verdict is adopt-
ed in France, 412.

Illinois and Indiana, disposition of

many of the inhabitants to introduce
slavery, 206—insecure abodes for
free blacks, 207—evasions of law
in relation to slaves, ib.—particular

instance of outrage, ib. and 208.
Incas, hereditary rulers of Peru, 283—

insurrection of the Inca Tupac

Amaru, ib.
Index, its importance to books of law,

189—to Mr Pickering's Reports, ib.
Indiana. See Illinois.
Ingersoll, Charles J. his address on

the improvement of government,
noticed, 227---objects and character

of this performance, 228, 229.
Instruments, modern astronomical

great perfection of, 315—superior-
ity of the English, 316-celebrated
English artists, 315 to 318–Ger-
man artists, 318_excellence of the
English instruments of reflection,
ib.-of their chronometers and

clocks, 319.
Insurance, law of, slightly noticed by

the early English writers, 49, 50–
remark of Blackstone, 51-state of,
according to several writers, till the
time of Lord Mansfield, 51, 52–
its greater progress in France,53—
its rapid improvement in America
since the revolution, 70-historical
sketch of the principal modern Eng-
lish treatises on, 71,72—their ina-
dequacy to supply the necessities of
the American bar, 72-indispensa-
ble necessity of a new treatise for
American lawyers, 73–Treatise of

Mr Phillips, 73. See Phillips.
Iturbide, his fate, just and propitious
to the cause of Mexican indepen-
VOL. XX.-NO. 47.

Kant, his rank as a metaphysician,

Kepler, elliptical theory of, 309.
La Caille, his immense labors in

astronomy, 315.

Lafayette, lives of, by M.Regnault Wa-

rin and Ducoudray Holstein noticed,
147-totally destitute of any claims
to authority, 148—distinguished
members of the family of Lafay-
ette, 148—his birth, education and
marriage ; his advantages of for-
tune, rank, connexions and charac-
ter, 149—departure for America,
149, 150—excitement occasioned
by it, 150—arrival in America, and
happy effect produced by it on the
revolutionary contest, 151-his ser-

vices, ib.---created major general

ib.-returns to France, ib.--agency
in the treaty between France and
America, 152-returns to America
and services in the war of the
South, ib--bis popularity in France,
153—communicates to Congress
the news of peace, 154—his third
visit to the United States, ib.-re-
spect paid to him by Congress on
his departure, 154, 155—takes part
in the affairs of France which pre-
ceded the revolution, 155—his mo-
tion for representation of the peo-
ple, and proposition for a declara-
tion of rights, 156-appointed
commander in chief of the national
guards, ib.-difficult and delicate
situation, ib.--conduct on the fifth
of October, 157, 159_his opposi-
tion to the Jacobins, 159, 160—re-
nunciation of the title of marquis,
160-swears to the constitution on
the 14th July, 1790, ib.-retires to
his estate, 162—is appointed a ge-
neral in the war with Austria and
denounces the Jacobins, 162–
leaves France, 163—is declared a
traitor, 164-seized by the Aus-
trians and confined at Olmutz, ib.
-his infamous treatment and suf-
ferings, 164, 165-attempt for his
rescue, its failure, 165, 168-in-
creased sufferings, ib.-joined by
his family, 169—_his final release,
170—residence in Holstein, 171-
return to France, ib.-treatment
by Napoleon, 172-by the Bour-
bons, ib.— conduct after the return
of Napoleon from Elba, 173—his
resolutions in the Chamber of Re.
presentatives, 174—impressive re-
ply to Lucien Bonaparte, 176–
promotes the abdication of the
emperor, ib.-heads a deputation
to the allied powers, ib.-retires to
La Grange, ib.-visits the United
States, 177-circumstances of this
visit, ib.-his political character,
178– happy effects of this visit,

178, 180.
La Grange, various notices of bis la-

bors, 338, 344, 348, 350, 353—his
character and writings, 363 et

La Lande, various notices of his as-

tronomical labors, 325, 326, 333,
348—his system of astronomy, 358
its merits and defects, ib.-his
character, ib.

Language, community of, in the

United States, its effects on intel-
lectual exertions and character,
436—-opinion of Mr Everett, ib.
--commented on, ib. et seqq.-
advantages of a diversity of lan-
guages, 427 et seqq.--Spanish, its
future importance to the United

States, 450.
La Pas, city of Peru, centre of the

operations of Tupa Catari, 297–
besieged, 298, 300_extremity of
the besieged, 300, 301-siege rais-
ed by Flores, 301-defeat of the
Spaniards and renewal of the siege,
302—arrival of Andres Tupac
Amaru, 303_city reduced to ex-
tremity, 304—relieved by Rese.

guin, ib.
La Place's Memoire sur la Figure de

la Terre, 309-explanation of
the acceleration of lunar motion,
333—of the equation of the lunar
longitude, 335 et seqq.--of planet-
ary motions, 388 et seqq.--theorem,
the planetary orbits, 340_its de-
fects, ib.—periodical equation of
Jupiter and Saturn, 341—theory
of the laws governing the motions
of Jupiter's satellites, 346—on the
theory of the earth, 355 et seqq.
of the tides, 357–Mecanique Ce-
leste, 365.
Law Reports, reasons for their pub-

lication, 181, 183—means of dif-
fusing a knowledge of the laws, 183
-advantage of written opinions,

Law of commerce. See Commercial

Lawyers, English, their jealousy of

all foreign law, 60, 61–bad con-
sequences of this narrow spirit, 62,
63-change taking place for the
better, 64- examples of this in Sir
James Mackintosh and Lord Stow-
ell, 64, 65—contrast between Eng-
lish and American in their sub-
divisions into classes, 68—their
comparative merits, ib.
Liberia, colony at, its prosperity, 193

-success of, as an experiment, and
present state, 195, 196—its govern-
ment, 196—school there recom-
mended, 2014-arrival there of

some liberated Africans, 201, 202,
Light, its successive propagation dis-

covered by Roemer, 345-if influ-
enced by gravity, 349.

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Massachusetts Peace Society, Dr

Ware's address before the, 455.
Maupertuis, anecdote of, 355, note.
Mayer, Tobias, pursues the study of

astronomy at Gottingen, 314--his

lunar tables, 315.
Meli, a Sicilian chemist, a song of his

inserted, 146, 147.
Metcalf, Theron, his Digest of cases de-

cided in the Supreme Judicial Court

of Massachusetts noticed, 458.
Mexicans, a fierce and warlike people,

283—their emperor elective, ib.
Mexico, its present favorable political

prospects, 77—its federal system
only an experiment of uncertain
success, 78—state of education, 93,
-its conquest by Spain more ar-
duous than that of Peru, 283—an
elective empire, ib. See Poinsett.
Mexico, city of, visited by Mr Poin-

sett, 88-account of the city at its
conquest; its extent, splendor, &c.
88, 89—Thomas Gage's, a friar,
account of it quoted, 89, 90—its
present state described by Mr Poin-
sett, 90, 93.
Mezerai, the historian, anecdote of,

Molloy, de Jure Maritimo et Navali,

Monarchs, influence of their opinions,

424-instanced in James 1, ib.
Moon. See Lunar Orbit.
Moore, Thomas, one of his Irish me-

lodies inserted, 22.

Napoleon Bonaparte, his overtures to

Lindeneau, B. de, his Tables, 309 and

Literature, influence of, the novel po-

litical organisation of the United
States on the, 429-has generally
been the fruit of monarchies and

despotisms, 435.
Litigation does not grow out of the

uncertainty of the law, 415.
Liverpool, its increase compared with

American cities, 100, 101.
Longitude of the moon, equation of

the, 335 et seqq.
Lunar orbit, difficulties attending its

investigation, 330 et seqq.—their
solution by Clairaut, 331 et seqq.--
tables of Halley, 331-Mayer, 332
-Burg, ib.—and Burckhardt, 333-
lunar motion, its acceleration, 333–
explained by La Place, ib. et seqq.
-longitude, equation of, explained
by La Place, 336 et seqq.-time of
revolution has suffered no change,

Mackintosh, Sir James, his introduc-

tory lectures on the law of nations
commended, 64-an example of
the advantages derived from the

study of foreign law, ib.
Malynes' Lex Mercatoria, some ac-

count of, 49.
Mammoth, its introduction into poe-

try, 212.
Mansfield, Lord, great improvement

of English maritime law attributed
to him, 52-his administration and
improvement of insurance law, 58,

Maritime law. See Commercial Law.
Marius, his advice concerning bills of

exchange, 50.
Marlborough, Duke of, 395.
Marshall, Chief Justice, his opinion of

Garnett's lectures on female educa-
tion, 444—of the influence of the

female character in society, 445.
Maryland, its first settlement, 101–

early act of toleration, 101, 102–

amount of its crop of tobacco, 104.
Maskelyne, astronomer royal in 1765,

323—his valuable observations, ib.
-compliment from the French
Board of Longitude, 323_their let-
ter, 324, note his catalogue of the
fundamental stars, 324.

Lafayette, 172—treatment of him
and family, ib.-seeks his support on
his return from Elba, ih.-offers to
the French his Acte Additionel, 173
-returns from Waterloo, 174-de-
feated by Lafayette in his intention
to become Dictator, ib.—his abdi-.
caiion, 176----difficulty of doing
justice to his character, 393_his
title to the throne, 394—not a mere
military chieftain, ib. —prided bim-
self on his code of law, 395—his
agency in its formation, 396—as-

sists at the discussions, &c. 400.
Netherlands, confederacy of the, the

nature of the union, 424.
New Hampshire Historical Society's

collections, 448.

Newton, laborious corrections of his

compositions, 281-his discovery
of gravity, his Principia, 309—the
first inventor of instruments of re-
flection, 318—his theory of gravity
unimproved till the time of Euler,
&c. 329—his problem of the three
bodies, 329—conjecture of the form
of the earth, 350-discovery of the
cause of the precession of the equi-
noxes, 356—first explains the the-

ory of the tides, 357.
North American Indians, a barren

theme for poetry, 210—Westall's
representation of one, ib.—poems
founded on the Indian character,
noticed, 211-defects of, as a sub-

ject for poetry, ib.
Novels, their subjects found in almost

every country under all circum-
stances, 249.

See Romance.

Observations, modern astronomical,

their great accuracy, 310, 313
-dependent in part on the per-
fection of instruments, 315—on the
surfaces of the heavenly bodies,
double stars, &c. by Herschel and
Schroeter, 326—on comets by Mes-

sier, 327.
Observalory of Dorpat,313--of Green-

wich, its vast services to astrono-
my, 319_its astronomers, 320 et
seqq-of Paris, its inconveniences,

Odessa, causes of its rapid growth,

Olbers, Dr, his success in discovery of

comets, 328-superiority of his me-
thud of calculating the orbit of a co-
met, 348_hypothesis of the com-
mon origin of comets and the four
new planets, 349-estimate of the
number that pass within the earth's

orbit, ib.
Olmuts, place of the imprisonment of

Latayette by the emperor of Aus-

tria, 164.
Ontwa, a poem, descriptive of Indian

character and scenery, 211.
Oruro, a city of Peru, scene of tra-

gical events, 294_excesses of the

insurgent Peruvians, 294, 295.
Otis, James, his remark on the value

of Blackstone's Commentaries, 415.
Outline general, of the United States

noticed, 446_and condemned, ib.

Park, Mr, quoted, 58.
Peace Society of Massachusetts, Dr

Ware's address before, 455—influ-

ence of such societies limited, ib.
Penn, Wm. his interview with the

Indians on the banks of the Dela-
ware, 215—his account of Phila-

delphia, 217
Peru, governed by the hereditary

race of Incas, 283—Rio de la Pla.
ta, or Buenos Ayres separated from
it 1778, 284—of the insurrection of
Tupac Amaru, 285–Upper Peru,
its principal seat, its subdivision in-
to provinces and governments, ib.
-its population, note, ib.—its geo-
graphical features, ib.—history of
the ancient empire by Dr Robert-
son, 286-origin and progress of
the insurrection of Tupac Amaru,
287, et seqq.—its termination, 306,
307-losses sustained, 307–pre-

sent state, 308.
Peruvians, not a warlike people, 283

-mild and submissive, 284—their
insurrection in 1780, ib.-oppres-
sions to which they were subjected,

Phi Beta Kappa, Society of, Mr Ev-

erett's oration before the, 417.
Philadelphia, quantity of flour in-

spected, 123--a brief account of,
noticed, 215—sketches of its first
settlement and subsequent progress,
216 et seqq-its commerce, 2194

its learned societies, 219, 221.
Phillips, Willard, his treatise on the

law of insurance reviewed 47—plan
of the work, 74—its character, ib.
-extract from his preface, ib --

hints for its improvement, 75, 76.
Piazzi, his catalogue of stars at Paler-

mo, 326_discovery of the planet

Ceres, 344.
Pickering, 0, his Massachusetts Re-

ports reviewed, 180—their merits,
186, 188—free from repetitions, 187

-his index, 189-notes 190, 191.
Pitt compared with Fox, 278, 279.
Planetary motions, 338, 339—La-

place's theorem, 340—periodical
equations of Jupiter and Saturn,

341 et seqq.

Planets, discovery of four small, 343

-difficulties in calculations relating
to them, ib. et seqq.-supposed to
have the power of self-illumination,

et seqq.

Tupa Catari, 300---evacuated by
Orillana, ib.

Queretaro described, 96.

Plymouth, Mr Everett's oration at,

Poetry, its mutable nature, 13—its

advancement and decline, 13, 14—

selections from Byron, 15 et seqq.
Poels, causes of regret for their

death, 1 et seqq.
Poinsett's Notes on Mexico reviewed,

77—his qualifications for the work,
ib.—--composed during a rapid
journey through the country, 80-
his travelling equipages, 81, 83-
arrival at and account of Jalapa,
ib.—at Puebla, 83-at Cholula,
85—at Mexico, 88—his account of
that city, 90 et seqq.-his inter-
view with Iturbide, 94-visits Que-
retaro, 96—and the mines of Gua-
naxuato, 97—-character of the

work, 98, 99.
Poland, its dismemberment, 375_its

government, ib. et seqq.-partition
by Russia, Austria, and Prussia,

376—consequent wars, ib. et seqq.
Pond, astronomer royal in 1811, 325.
Pope, his station in the history of

English poetry, 12.
Problem of the three bodies of New-

ton, 329—principle adopted in its
solution, ib.-method of calcula-

tion, 330.
Puebla, a city of Mexico, visited by Mr

Poinsett, its size and splendor, 84–

its magnificent cathedral, ib.
Pulaski, 377-vindication from the

charges of Judge Johnson, by an
officer of his legion, 378-account
of his exertions in Poland quoted,
378 et seqq.—his attempt to seize
Stanislaus, 379, 380— his property
confiscated, 381-enters the Ameri-
can service, ib.—his exertions at
Brandywine, ib. et seqq.-his sub-
sequent services, 382 et seqq.-is
ordered to Charleston and saves
the city from surrender, 385–
marches to Georgia and cooper-
ates with Count D'Estaing, 386
siege and assault of Savannah, ib.
-death of Pulaski, 387—subse-
quent history of his legion, 359 et
seqq.-his character as a soldier,
390 et seqq.-hostility of Judge

Johnson's charge, ib.
Puno, city of, unsuccessful attempt of

the insurgent Peruvians against it,
291-attempt of Diego Cristobal
Tupac Amaru, 299-invested by

Ramsden, his celebrity as a maker of as-

tronomical instruments, 316 et seqq.
Redwood, a Tale, reviewed, 245—its

domestic character, ib. difficulties
of such a work compared with his-
torical romance, 246, 247—proof
of the resources afforded in America
for works of fiction in domestic
life, 248—the author has availed
herself of these, 256—her delinea-
tions of character, ib.-merits of
the work, 257—the story related,
ib.—quotations, 258, 260, 262, 265,
267, 269-faults in the manage-
ment of the catastrophe, 269–
moral of the work, 270—not offi-
ciously presented, ib.—the charac-

ters, 271-style, ib.
Religion, its influence on character,

253, 254.
Repartimiento in Peru, 287-explana-

tion of the term, note, ib.
Reseguin, Don Jose de, relieves -the

siege of La Paz, 304-defeats the
Indians, ib.-receives the submis-
sion of their chiefs, 304, 305—his
sickness, ib.-takes prisoner and
executes Tupa Catari, ib.-finishes

the war, 304 to 307.
Restrictions on commerce, 110.
Rist, a song of his quoted, 145.
Rittenhouse, computes the elements of

the comet of 1770, 348.
Robertson, his history of the Peruvian

empire, 286—his accuracy ques-
tioned, ib._source of popular in-

formation, ib.
Roemer, his discovery of the succes-

sive propagation of light, 345.
Romance, strong love of, inherent in

the human mind, 246—sources of
its interest, 246, 247_fertility of
America in the materials of, 248–
can only be employed by a native
writer, 250—-objections to this
view, 251-refuted, ib. 252--dis-
tinctions of rank, &c. not necessary
to create interest in a work of fic-
tion, ib.-—the necessary ingredients
found in the character of Ameri-
cans, 253_varieties of character
produced by religion, geographical

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