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COMMERCE, AGRICULTURE, MANUFACTURES, INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS, POLITICAL,

ECONOMY, GENERAL LITERATURE, ETC.

Commerti is king."

EDITED BY

J. D. B. DE BOW,

PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, ETC., IN THE UNIVERSITY OF LOUISIANA,

SUPERINTENDANT U. 1. CENSUS.

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May

Mar 1898.
Toof
Frances Bowent

+ Mlinot
ARTICLES IN VOL. XIV.
Culi

chcela casa, A

JANUARY-JULY, 1853.
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ART. I.-Tehuantepec and its Title,

1, ART. XXXVI. - British Philanthropy and

By William R. Burwell of Virginia.

American Slavery,..

255

ART. II.-Wisconsin,

24 ART. XXXVII.--Cotton and the Cotton Trade,

By J. Hamilton, late Editor Milwaukie

1853,

280

Journal.

ART. XXXVIII.-Commercial Progress,

ART. II.-Free Banking,

28 ART, XXXIX.-Internal Improvements, 295

By L. McKnight, Esq.

ART. XL.- Manufacturing Progress,

ART. IV.--Southern Agricultural Exhaustion Art. XLI – Editorial Miscellany,;

and its Remedy,.

34 ART. XLII.-Progress of Ohio, Historical and

By Ed. Rutin, of Virginia.

Statistical,

Art. V.-Early Life in the Southwest, 46 Art. XLIII.--Florida-its Position, Resources

By J. H. Brown, Esq.

and Destiny,

312

ART. VI.-- The Springs of Virginia,...

49 Art. XLIV.-Early Life in the Southwest,... 336

ART. VII.-- The National Defences as connect-

By J. H. Browil, of indianola, Texas.

ed wiih a System of Internal Im. ART. XLV.-China, in 1853,

239

provements,

54 By Dr. Ely of New Orleans.

By Major Chase, U. S. A.

ART. XLVI.---The Baltimore Southern Com-

ART. VIII.-Cuba and the United States, ..... 63

mercial Convention,..

373

By W.J. Sykes, of Tenn.

ART. XLVII - The Fiscal History of Texas,.. 36)

ART. IX. -- Industrial Resources, Statistics, ART. XLVIII.--Progress of the Republic-Cen-

&c., of States and Cities,.

66

sus of 1850,

386

ART. X.-Agricultural Progress, ,

71 ART. XLIX.--Commercial Growth and Pros.

Art. XI. - Commercial Progress-Home and

pects of St. Louis,

391

Foreign,

75 Art. L. - Commercial Progress---Home and

ART. XII-Internal Improvements,

78

Foreign,....

399

ART. XIII. - Gallery of Industry and Enter Art. LJ.-Internal improvements,

407

prise,

85 ART. LII.- Department of Industry and Enter-

Art. XIV.- Editorial, Literary, Miscellane-

price,

ous, &c.,..

86 ART. LIII.-Some Editorial Notes.

415

ART. XV.-The Island of Cuba, Past and ART. LIV.- Independence of Cuba,

417

Present,

03

By W. J. Sykes, of Tenn.

By Dr. A. W. Lly.

Art. LV.-Inland Commerce of the Mississippi

ART. XVI.--Ship Canal across the Peninsula

Valley and the St. Lawrence Basin 423

of Florida,..

122 ART, LVI.--Historical and Statistical Collec-

By R. Fairbanks.

tions of Louisiana,..

431

ART. XVII. - Southern Enterprise – Line of

By W. B. Price, of La.

Steamships from Norfolk to Europe 125 Arr. LVII.-Direct Trade of the South, 437

By B. T. Archer.

ART. LVIII.-Valley of the Amazon,...

ART. XVIII Progress of the United States-

By Lieut. Maury, Washington, D. C.

Census of 1850,

127 Art. LIX.-Progress--The Past and the Present 461

ART. XIX.- Shall the Valleys of the Amazon ART. LX-Commercial Progress of Baltimore 470

and the Mississippi reciprocate ART. LXI.--Resources, &c.,

of Philadelphia - 470

trade?...

136

By Job R. Tyson, LL.D., of Phil.

ART. XX. - Railroad Administration at the ART. LXII.--The Republic of Venezuela,.. 480

South

145 ART. LXIII.--Michigan--Historical and Statis-

ART. XXI.--Free Banking,

151

tical,

455

By Logan Nicknight.

By C. J. Fox, of Mich.

ART. XXII.-Affairs of the Republic, 1852.... 158 ART. LXIV.-Commercial Progress-Home and

ART. XXIII.- Internal Improvements,

166 Foreign,

494

ART. XXIV.--Agricultural Improvement and ART. LXV.-Agricultural Items and Statistics,

Progress,..

175

&c

507

ART. XXV.-Commercial Progress, Home and ART. LXVI.-- Miscellaneous Statistics of Wealth

Foreign,

181

and Progress, &c.

512

ART. XXVI.-- Department of Industry and En ART. LXVII.-Editorial Miscellany-Notes, &c. 519

terprise,..

186 ART. LXVIII. -- Reciprocal Treaties of Com-

ART. XXVII.- Editorial Miscellanies,.. 189

merce,

325

ART. XXVIII.--Extension of the Sugar Region ART. LXIX.-New-York in 1852--'53,.

530

of the United States,

197 ART. LXX.--Valley of the Amazon,.

550

By Dr. Cartwright, of New-Orleans.

ART. LXXI.-Connection of the Atlantic with

ART. XXIX.--Salubrity of Cities Restored by

the Gulf--Interests of Alabama,.. 567

the introduction of Pure Air,..... 208 ART. LXXII.-- Valley of the Ohio-Its Con-

By Tallasse, of Georgia.

quest and Settlement by Americans, 572

Art. XXX.--City of Louisville, Kentucky,... 212 ART. LXXIII.-American Steam Marine, 576

By J. W. Grayson, of' Miss.

ART. LXXIV.-Resources, &c., of Philadelphia 587

Art. XXXI.- Progress of the Republic-The ART. LXXV.-Slavery and Slave Statistics of

Census of 1850,

219

the South...

593

ART. XXXII.-- Decisions of the Supreme Court ART. LXXVI. - Oregon and the Territory of

of Louisiana,

226

Washington, on the Pacific, 599

ART. XXXIII.-- Wisconsin, and the growth of ART. LXXVII.-Home and Foreign Commerce 605

the Northwest,

230 ART. LXXVIII. - Our Agriculture, Statistics,

By J. H. Lathrop, of Wisconsin.

613

ART. XXXIV.--The La Plata and the Parana ART. LXXIX.- Manufactures and Mines, 618

Paraguay,

238 ART. LXXX.- Internal Improvements,.

623

By E. A Hopkins, U.S. Consul.

ART. LXXXI.-Editorial, Literary, Miscellane-

ART. XXXV.--Coinmercial Growth of Boston, 251

628

Qus, &c...

INDEX TO VOL. XIV.

JANUARY-JULY, 1853.

Agricoltural Exbaustion - Remedy for Baltimore-Value of Foreign Imports and

Southern...

34 Exports at......

473

Agricultural Improvement-Progress of,.

175

Agriculture- via Hudson, value of.... 426
Agriculture-Items and Statistica of.....

Cuba- United States and.....

507

63

Amazon-Valley of the...

449

Cotton-Crop, consumption of..

71-2

Amazon Valley of the..

556 Convention-Macon Agricultural..

72

Amazon-Climate, Productions, Rivers and

Coal-Consumption by Sea Steamers of ....

Canals of..

452 Chicago-Railroads aiming in the direction

Amazon and Mississippi Basins compared.. 525

of,

80

Amazon-Valley of the Mississippi, and of

Charleston-Table of Mortality in...

tbe......

136

Cuba-Past and Present-The Island of... 93

Amazon-Fertility of the Upper,.. 137 Cuba-Geography and Natural History of.. 95

Amazon-Navigation of the...

139

Cuba-Physical Aspects, Geological Forma-

Abdexation-Policy of Cuban,...

63

tions of,...

97

Alabama--Remarks in relation to manufac-

Cuba, Animal and Vegetable kingdom of.. 99

taring advantages of,....

67

Cuba-Gold, Silver and Copper Mines of... 101

Alabama Direct trade and exchange com-

Cuba-Population of principal towns, and

pany of

437

of the Island of..

103

Abolition Tactics-An account of,..

90

Cuba-Division of Classes in..

104

Abolitionism-Probable repudiation by Eng.

Caba-Treatment of Slaves, Classes of No-
land of,

289
bility in...

105

Arequin-Defecating Cape Juice, method of 203 Cuba-Manufactures of, Railroads of... 106

Atmosphere-Purity of the upper,.

209

Cuba-Currency of, and Education in... 107

Asses--Number in U. S, of,....

226

Cuba-Exports of Sugar, Molasses, Brandy,

Arkansas- Internal Improvement Policy of 296

Coffee and Wax from....

109

Atlaotic States—Tonnage of the...

400

Cuba-The Coffee Plantations of...

111

Cuba-Tobacco and other agricultural pro-

ductions of.....

112

Bansiag-Free...

28 Cuba-Importations from United States to. 113

Banking-Free

151 Cuba-Tariff of.

114

Banting-Proofs of inefficiency of Free.... 155 Cuba-Port Charges, Crown Revenues of.. 115

Banks. Liabilities, Resources, Securities of Cuba-Total Income and Taxation of.. 115

New.York.

153 Cuba-Revenues of the Church, state of

Bean--Col. Ellis P.-Sketch of Life of.... 46

Religion in....

117

Book Notices..

87 Cuba-The Fortresses of.

119

Book Notices.

303 Cuba-Civil, Judicial, Military and Ecclesi.

Bancroft, Geo-Letter from...

91

astical government of..

121

Brandy-Exports from Cuba of... 109 | Cuba-Independence of...

417

Belgiom-Census Statistics 1845 of.. 129 Cuba-Arguments considered in favor of

Brazil-Treaty between Peru and..

239

Annexation of.....

421

Brazil - Policy of..

459 Copper Ore-Exports from Cuba of...

Batter-Export of.

226 Copper-Mining Companies of.

493

Bosios-Commercial growth of.,

251 Coffee-Exports from Cuba of.

110

Boston-Coastwise and Foreign Trade

Coffee- Imports into Boston of.

252

of....

252 to 258 Coffee-Exports from Havana of.

502

Boots and Shoes-Cleared at Boston Cus Colored Persons--Expectation of Life for.. 132

tom House, of..

257 Census-Cost of Sixth and Estimate of

British Philanthropy. American Slavery and 258 Seventh...

164

British Workmen-Misery and degradation Census-Returns of the.

219

of....

269 Charleston-Mr. Gourdin's statement of ad.

Bale Rope, &c.--Receipts at St. Louis of.. 392

vantages of railroad of E. Teon. and... 167

Bacon- Value of, received at N O........ 426 Charleston—The Exports of..

405

Baltimore-Southern Commercial Conven Charleston-Commerce of..

184

tion of..

373 Cotton--Cultivation in Trinidad of.

178

Baltimore-Commercial Progress of. 470 Coulon-Imports into Boston of....

253

Baltimore-Receipts of Coal at..

471 Cotton Crops—Importance to England of

Baltimore-Receipts of Cotton, Coffee and

American

277

471 Cotton Trade-Cotton and the.

280

Baltimore-Receipts of Guano ar.. 471 Cotton-Crop of U. S. American Exports,
Baltimore-Receipts of Lumber, Flour,

value and price of....

284
Whiskey, Molasses, Sugar, at.

Baltimore-Vessels arriving at...

472 Cotton-English Imports from East Indies,

472

Egypt, Brazil, &c., of....

Hides at...

Cotton-Supply of 1851 and estimato for Colonies--Great Britain and her..

439

1852 and 1853 of....

285 Cigars—Exports from Havana of...... 502

Cotton-Stocks of.....

285 Cayenne-Lecture on French...

505

Cotton-Deliveries to the Trade at Liver Crime-Slavery as punishment for. 512
pool of.....

285 California-Population and Resources of... 513

Cotton-Deliveries to the Trade at Havre of 285

Cotton-Americain consumption and con Davis, Jefferson-Notice of Address of.... 90

sumption out of England, &c., of...... 285 Dairy-Exports of the U. S. of the products

Cotton-World's consumption of....

286 of the...

226

Cotton-Estimated crop of 1853 of.. 287 Dye Woods—Imports into Boston of... 253

Cotton--Henry's estimated world's supply Dry Goods-Domestic trade of Boston in.. 253

for 1853..

288 Disasters-List on Western waters of steam

Cotton Bagging-Substitute for...
299 and other boats ....

294
Cotton-Value received at New Orleans of 426 Direct Trade Advantage to South of. 437
Cotton-Extraordinary crop of..
435 Diamonds-Yield from Brazil of..

459

Cotton-Consumption for 1852 of. 509 Detroit-Imports and Exports of..

494

Cotton Gin-Early History of....

511
Cotton Trade-Statistics of......

609 Ericsson, Capt.-Description of Caloric En.

Cotton-Interesting Reminiscences of.. 613 gine of...

302

Cotton-New Description of....

616 England-Pauperism in Wales and. 135

Commerce-British-British and American Editorial Notices-Fair of S.C. Institute &c. 86

compared......

291-2 Editorial Miscellanies — Notices of Fairs,

Commercial Progress--Home and Foreign. 181

Books, Addresses, &c.....

189

Cornmercial Progress-Home and Foreign. 399 Editorial Miscellany-World's Fair, &c... 300

Commercial Progress-Home and Foreign. 494 Editorial Miscellany-Notices of Books... 415

Commerce-Reciprocal Treaties of.

525 Editorial Miscellany-Letter from Rome,

Commerce-Home and Foreign..

605 Gayarre's Historical Labors, Notices of

Cincinnati--Commerce of...

183

Books, &c.....

519

Canada-Revenue and Expenditurs of.. 185 Editorial Miscellany....

62&

Canada-Proposed.Reciprocity Treaty with,

and propriety of extending to other Florida-Late Census of..

67

Colonial Possessions....

528 | Florida-Average value of cultivated lands of 67

Canada-Currency of....

612 | Florida-Area of...

67

Chili-Exports and Imports of..

185 | Florida-Ship Caual across the Peninsula of 122

Cities--Salubrity of

208 Florida--Topographical Survey, 18:27-8, of 123

Churches—Number of...

221 Florida-Advantages of direct route across 125

Churches Value of the Property of.. 221 Florida--the Position, Resources, and Des.

Cows-Number in U. S. of.

226 tiny of....

312

Catile-Number in U. S. of Milch Cows, Florida - Military Defences, Land Titles,

Working Oxen and other.

226 Removal of Indians of...

313

Cheese-Exports of...

226 Florida-Banks and Commercial Restric-

Coal-Imports into Boston of...

253 tions of...

315

Coal-Receipts at Baltimore of.... 471 Florida-Improvement of Harburs und Riv.

Corn Meal-Receipts and Exports at Boston

ers of...

317

of..

256 Florida-Water Communication of.. 317

Corn-Receipts at Boston of...

256 Florida-Reclamation of Sugar Lands of... 318

Corn-Census returns 1850, of..

390 Florida-Projected Roads, Canals, and Ship
Corn--Receipis at St. Louis and prices of.. 394 Railway in...

319-20

Chicago-Breadstuffs received at......... 295 Florida—Projected Central Railroad through 321

Colt, Col.-English demand for fire arms of 301 Florida-Estimated cost of the Great Central

Clay-Monumental Association in honor of 301 Kailroad of.....

323

China-Principal divisions of..

339 Florida-Population of, Property wrecked,

China-Rivers, Lakes, and Public Works of 341 Fisheries, &c., of....

327

China-Filthiness of the people of.. 343 Florida-Public Lands in..

3:28

China--Appearance of the country in,..

Florida-Condensed Census returns of.. 328

China-Census of ihe nineteen provinces of 344 Florida Statistics of Commerce and Navi.

China-Animal and Vegetable productions of 347 gation in, Imports and Exports of..... 399

China-Geology, Government and Laws of 349 Florida-Finances of.

331

China—The Code of.....

350 Florida-Swamp and Table Lands of...... 33]

China-Sacredness of the Emperor's person Florida-Account of the Salt Region ol.... 332

in....

353 Florida--Sisal Hemp of.....

333

China-Revenues of..

354 Florida-Indian River country of.

333

China-Rates of Taxation, Items of Expen. Florida Coast–Vessels wrecked on the. 402

diture, Salaries in...

355 Florida--Sea Island Cotton of....

509

China-Industrial occupations of.

358 France-Commerce of.

China-Imports and Exports of..

359 France-Imports and Exports of...

China-U.Ş. trade with..

359 France-Population from 1801 10 1851 of... 129
China-Opiuin War of....

351 France-Discounts of the Bank of....... 499
China-Peculiarities of religion in.

367 Fair So. Carolina Institute-Notice of. 86

China-Language, Education and Litera Farming Implements-Value in U.S. of... 223

ture of....

369 Fish-Trade of Boston in...

254

China-Voluminous literature of.

372 Fruit-Imports at Boston of..

Coinage-United States for 1850, Mint,.. 404 Flour-Receipts at Boston of...

255

Flour-Exports from Boston of.... 255 Kenosha-Imports and Exports of...... 27

Flour-Receipts at St. Louis, and prices of 394 Kentucky-Early Character of..... 213

Flour-Baltimore Inspections of.. 472 Kentucky-Number of Hogs, 1852, in..... 218

Fisberies- Statistics of the....

503 Kennedy, J. C. G.-Letter from... 328

Female Teachers-Proposition in favor of.. 303 Kentucky-Minerals of..

618
Forest-Value of Products of the........ 426 Key West — Advantageous position as a

Naval Depot of..

335
Garay, Don Jose de-Grant of right of way to

2 Kerr, Major Jas.--Biographical Sketch of.. 336

Garay Grant-Particulars of- ....... 12-13–14

Great Britain-Rerenue Returns of... 77 Longworth--Description of Wine Cellars of 73

Great Britain-Vessels employed in the

Lincoln, Mr.--Views in relation to Railroad

Foreign Trade of......

Grants of...

79

Great Britain-Census of 1851, population of 127

Lands-As affected by Railroads, value of 80

Gallery of Industry and Enterprise-Sketch

Lynchburg, Va.--Liabilities and Resources

1

of Maunsell White....

83

ot,...

87

Gallery of Industry and Enterprise-Alex.

La Plata---Free Navigation of the..

137

Mouton, of La......

415

Letters-Paid and Unpaid..

161

181

Georgia-Earnings of the Central Railroad of 173

Louisiana-Ship Building in..

Georgia--The State Fair of..

Louisiana-James Robb's Letter on Rail-

193

Genrgia -- Southern Central Agricultural

roads of...

623

Society of...-.

301 : Louisiana-- The best in the world, the sugar

508

of

Georgia - Agricultural Prospects of....

207

Georgis-Southern Central Association of 510

Louisiana--Decisions of the Supreme Court

Grasses-Cultivation of....
179

228
Gold-Movements in Great Britain of new 185

Louisiana--Historical and Statistical Collec-

Galena-Lead Mines of....

403

tions of...

431

Louisiana-Sugar culture of..

507

Louisville, Ky.--Compared with N. Orleans 83

Hargous-Peter A., of New York, convey.

Louisville, Ky.-The City of...

212

ance to..

Louisville, Ky.- Population of..

212

Hoyt, Hon. Olis-Extract of Speech of.... 28
Hot Springs-Analysis of...

Louisville, Ky:-Enactment of Virginia in

53

reference to..

213

Houses-Number in 1850 in U. S. of.....

128

Houses-Number in 1851 in Great Britain

Louisville, Ky:--Comparison of-mortality

of,....

214

and Ireland of.....

128

Lonisville, Ky.-Canal of Portland and.... 215

Houses-Number in 1846 in Belgium of... 129

Louisville, Ky-Churches of...

217

Houses-Number in 1850 in Prussia of...., 129

Louisville, Ky.-Business of..

217

Healıb-Preservation of....

211

Hides-Imports into Boston of.

Louisville, Ky.---Quantity of Tobacco re.

258 ceived at.

217

Hayti-Commissioner Walsh to Dan. Web.
ster in relation to.....

Louisville, Ky.-Report of public health of 218

276

Land-Value in U.S. of improved and un-

Henry, Geo. G.-Cotton Circular of.. 286

improved....

222

Hemp-Specimens of Sisal..

333

Hemp-Receipts at St. Louis and relative

Land-- Average cash ralue per acre in U.

S. of....

222

prices o.....

392

Live Stock--Value in U.S. of.

227

Hemp-Valges received at New Orleans of 426

Leather-Receipts at Boston of...

257

Havana-Commerce of....

502

Lakes-Losses on the...

293

Honey-Exports from Havana of.... 502

Lake Trade-Duties received from... 294

Lake-Duties collected at the chief towns

Internal Improvements-System of National

of the...

185

Defences as connected with....... 54 Lakes—Table of Length, Breadih, Depth

Interna! Improvements-Railroads... 166 and Elevation of the...

486

Internal Improvements--Texas, Arkaneas, Lakes-Distances from tide-water of the.. 486
Mississippi Railroads.....
295 Lakes-Commerce of the.....

494

Internal Improvements—Tehuantepec. New Lead-Receipts at St. Louis and prices of.. 393

Orleans and Western, Memphis and Lead-Production of the "Upper Mines" of 403

Holly Springs, S, C., Macon and Wes: Lard-Value of, received at New Orleans. 426

ern, &c. &c....

407 Lumber—Monthly receipts at St. Louis for

Indastry and Enterprise-Departments of.. 186

1952, of.

397

Iron-Totai receipts at Boston of.. 157 London-Prices of commodities in.

499

Iron--Rise in Railroad....

298

Iron-Importations of bar and average cost Mexico-Congress of..declare the Garay

of

495

treaty void...

2

Ireland-Census from 1821 to 1851 of... 127 Mexico, Gulf of-Connection of the Atlantic

Ireland-Depopulation of....

262

567

Interior-Value of Property sent from Sea. Milwaukee-Population oi..

25

board to the....

427

Milwaukee-Imports and Exports of.... 26

Ipecacuanha-The region of, and value of.. 457 Manitonwoc-Imports and Exports of.... 27
Ice-Exports from Boston of..

258 Mineral Waters--Classification of..... 54
Memphis-Railroad Meeting at.

79

James River Canal-Xotice of......... 87 Memphis-Southern Commercial Conven-

Japan-Purpose of the Expedition to...... 159 tion Meeting at..

304

Jamaica-Degeneration of....

263 | Memphis-Purposes of the Convention at.. 524

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