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laws require.

They are paid for their services out of the county treasury, on the order of the county auditor. Their compensation is $2 a day.

5. The county auditor holds his office for two years, com. mencing on the first day of March next after his election. Vacancies in this office are filled by the commissioners, who may appoint a person to serve as auditor until another'shall have been chosen at the next election.

The auditor may, when necessary, have a deputy to assist him. Deputies are appointed by the commissioners. The auditor's office must be kept at the county seat.

6. The auditor must give a bond, with two or more sureties, such as the commissioners shall approve, for the faithful performance of his duties, and take the usual oath of office.

7. It is the duty of the auditor to serve as clerk of the board of county commissioners at all their meetings; to keep a record of their proceedings ; to preserve all the books, records, maps, and other papers required to be kept in his office ; and to keep an account with the treasurer. He also settles and allows all accounts and debts against the county not otherwise settled, and gives orders on the treasurer to pay the same.

8. He has also duties to perform in relation to lands, taxes, schools, roads, and many other things. It will be seen, that his business is in many respects similar to that of the auditor of state. He also transacts business with the state auditor, and with officers in the townships of the county. 9. The auditor is paid out of the county treasury.

He receives no fixed salary, but is paid fees for most of his services. There is a difference between salary and fees. A salary is a sum paid to a person for his services by the year; a fee is the sum paid for each separate act of service. Thus an auditor is allowed, for every order he draws on the



How and how much are they paid ? 5. How long does the auditor hold ais office ? How are vacancies filled ? By whom are his deputies appointed ? 6. How about his bonds and oath ? 7. What are some of the duties of the auditor ? 8. What other duties are here mentioned ? 9. How is he paid ? State the difference between salary and fees 10.

county treasury, five cents; for recording certain proceedings, every hundred words, ten cents; for every road bond, twenty-five cents, &c. ; which several sums are called fees. He receives, however, as clerk of the commissioners, and for a few other services, $2 a day; and for attending sale of school lands, $3 a day.

10. The county treasurer is elected for two years, his term to commence on the first Monday of June next after his election. Vacancies in this office are filled by the county commissioners. The treasurer must give bonds with four or more freehold sureties, to be approved by the county commissioners, and in such sum as they shall direct. He must also take the oath of office.

11. The treasurer receives all money which is required to be paid into the treasury for county purposes, and pays out the same on the orders of the auditor; and makes a settlement every year with the auditor, and with the commissioners. He also receives all moneys required by law to be paid into the county treasury for state purposes ; and pays annually to the treasurer of state such sum as shall, on settlement with the county auditor, appear to be due the state.

12. The treasurer also superintends the collection of taxes in the county, for which he may appoint deputies to assist him. Certain other duties devolve upon him. He receives, as compensation, five per cent.,—that is, five dollars on every hundred dollars received and paid out during the year, except that on which some other rate of compen. sation is fixed by law.

For what term is the county treasurer elected ? How are vacancies filled? What bonds does he give? What is a freehold surety? 11. 12. Mention some of the duties of the treasurer His compensation.


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County Officers, continued.--County Recorder, Sherif, Cor.

oner, County Surveyor, and Prosecuting Attorney. 1. The county recorder is elected for three years. Vacancies in this office are filled by the county commissioners, as in the cases of auditor and treasurer; and like them he keeps his office at the county-seat.

2. He is required to give bonds in the sum of $2,000, with two or more sureties, to be approved by at least two of the judges of the court of common pleas; and to take the official oath.

3. The recorder provides, at the expense of the county, suitable books, in which he records all deeds, mortgages, and other instruments of writing presented to him, and włch are required by law to be recorded. The fees for recording deeds and other instruments, are ten cents for every hundred words they contain, to be paid by the person presenting the same to be recorded; and the same for transcribing any instrument of record. The fees for recording, and for numerous other items of service, are fixed by law.

4. The sheriff is elected for two years; and he may not hold the office longer than four years in any period of six years. In case of vacancy in the office of sheriff, the coroner serves as sheriff; and if the offices of both the sheriff and coroner become vacant, the court of common pleas, or the associate judges thereof, may appoint a person to perform the duties of sheriff, until another shall have been chosen at the next annual election.

5. The sheriff and coroner must give bonds with two or more sureties, to be approved by the court of common pleas, in a sum not exceeuing $20,000, nor less than $3,000; which sum may be increased, if the court deem it necessary.

1. For what term is the county recorder chosen? How are vacancies filled? 2. What bond does he giye? 3. What is his principal business? His fees for recording? 4. How ling is the sheriff's term of office ? How are vacancies in this office supplied? 5. What provisions respect

6. It is the duty of the sheriff to attend the sitting of all courts held in the county ; to execute all warrants, writs, and other process directed to him by the lawful authority ; to apprehend persons charged with crime; and to take charge of the jail, and of the prisoners therein. It is his duty also to preserve the public peace; and he may cause all persons who break the public peace within his know. ledge or view, to give bonds, with sureties, for keeping the peace, and for appearing at the next court of common pleas, and commit them to jail if they refuse to give such bonds. He performs many other duties.

7. The coroner inquires into the cause of the death of persons who have died by violence, or suddenly, and by means unknown. When such death occurs, notice is given to the coroner, who orders a jury to be summoned, and witnesses subpænaed, and repairs to the place of such dead person, to inquire into the cause and manner of the death. Hence, such examination is called a coroner's inquest.

The fees of sheriffs and coroners are fixed by law.

8. The county surveyor is chosen for three years; gives bonds in the sum of $2,000; and takes the official oath. He may appoint deputies, for whose acts he is responsible. The court of common pleas, or, in the time of vacation, the associate judges, may fill vacancies.

9. It is the business of a county surveyor to survey lands, and to fix and determine the lines and boundaries of them where they are in dispute ; to survey lands lying in the county and sold for taxes; and to make such other sur. veys, and perform such other duties, as are required by law.

10. The prosecuting attorney is elected for two years. His business is to prosecute for the state all complaints and suits in which the state is a party. All breaches of the peace, and crimes, are considered as committed against the people of the state : bence, persons charged with such of

ing the bonds of the sheriff and coroner ? 6. What are the duties of a sheriff here mentioned ? 7. What is the business of a coroner? How does he hold an inquest ? 8. For what term is a county surveyor electod ? How large is his bond ? How are vacancies filled ? 9. What is a surveyor's business? 10. How long is the term of a surveyor ? fences are prosecuted in the name of the state ; and an at torney is chosen to attend to trials of this kind in each county.

11. The directors of the poor-house are chosen for three years, one every year. They appoint a superintendent of the poor-house, to reside in or near it, who takes charge of the poor sent thither, and is governed by the rules and regu. lations of the board of directors. The directors visit the poor-house monthly, to see how the poor are treated. They may bind out poor children as apprentices; males until the age of twenty-one years, and females until they are eighteen. The directors report yearly to the county commissioners an account of their proceedings, contracts, and disbursements, and the condition of the institution.


Election of Township Officers ; their Powers and Duties.

1. The annual election for choosing township officers, is held on the first Monday of April, at a place previously designated by the trustees of the township. The trustees are the judges of election ; and the clerk of the township, and another person appointed by the judges, serve as clerks. This election is conducted in the same manner as the election of state and county officers in October.

2. The officers to be chosen at township elections, are, a township clerk, three trustees, one township assessor, one township treasurer, and such number of constables and supervisors of highways as shall have been directed by the trustees to be chosen. The officers, within ten days after their election, take the usual oath of office. Vacancies are filled by the trustees.

3. The township clerk keeps the records, books, and pa. What is his business ? 11. For what term are the directors of the poorhouse chosen ? What are their duties?

1. On what day, and at what place, are township elections held ? Who are judges and clerks of the elections ? 2. What officers are chosen at this election? How are vacancies filled ? 3. What are the

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