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the taker-up and appraisers, to be recorded by the justice in his stray-book. And the clerk, on the first day of the court next held after returns are made to his office, posts a list of all strays on or near the door of the court-house.

7. The owner of the strays may, within six months after they were taken up, receive such strays, on proving them to be his, and paying all lawful costs and charges. If the appraised value of the stray or strays of any one kind or species does not exceed seven dollars, and they are not claimed within six months, they become the property of the person who took them up. But if the valuation shall exceed seven dollars, they are advertised and sold by the constable to the highest bidder, the purchaser to pay down a sum sufficient to pay all expenses and costs, and to have a credit of nine months for the residue of the purchase money ; and the obligation to be signed by one or more sureties, made pay. able to the township treasurer, and delivered to him for the use of the township. If the owner shall claim and prove the property within two years after the sale, he shall be entitled to the obligation, or to the money.

8. A uniform standard of weights and measures is established by law. The original standards of a yard, a pound, a dry gallon, a liquid gallon, and a half-bushel, are required to be kept by the secretary of state, who is the state sealer of weights and measures. The state sealer is required to procure and deposit a copy of the original standards with each county auditor, who is the county sealer, and also with the township sealer, where that office has been created.

9. Township sealers are required to compare the copies in their possession, once in three years, with those in the office of the county sealers. County and township sealers compare weights and measures brought to them, with the copies in their possession; and if they are not correct, they make them so, and mark and seal them. If a person uses a weight or measure that does not agree with the standard, and by which any purchaser suffers injury, the party in

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praisement and the recording of strays ? 7. On what conditions may the owner receive the strays ? If they are not claimed within six months, what? What privilege has the owner after the strays are sold? 8. Where are the standards of weights and measures kept ? 9. What

jured inay sue the offender, and recover three tines the amount of damage.

10. The bushel measure is to be 191 inches in diameter; the half-bushel, 15 inches; and the peck, 12} inches. Coal, ashes, and all commodities usually heaped, are to be heaped as high as the article measured will admit. Measures used for measuring dry commodities not heaped, are to be stricken with a straight stick or roller, and of the same diameter from end to end. When there is no agreement between parties as to weight or measurement, 60 pounds of wheat or clover-seed are to be taken for a bushel, 56 of rye or corn, 48 of barley, and 33 of oats.

11. The hundred weight shall consist of one hundred pounds avoirdupois; and twenty such hundreds shall constitute a ton.

12. Millers are entitled by law to one-tenth part of wheat, rye, or other grain ground and bolted; one-twelfth of grain chopped only; and one-eighth of corn.

For taking a greater proportion, they may be fined not exceeding $20; one-half to be paid to the township, and the other half to the person prosecuting ; and they are liable to the party injured for damage.

CHAPTER XXI.

Regulations concerning Taverns; Shows; Pedlers; Auc

tioneers ; Idiots and Lunatics; Nuisances.

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1. A PERSON wishing to keep a tavern must obtain a written permission, or license, from the court of common pleas. He is required to give twenty days' previous notice, by advertisements put up in three public places in the town.

are the duties of township and county sealers ? What is the penalty for using a wrong weight or measure ? 10. What must be the diameter of a bushel, half-bushel, and peck measure ? What articles must be heaped ? and how? 11. Of how much consists the hundred weight ? How much the ton? What is the lawful weight of the several kinds of grain ? 12. To what part of grain are millers entitled ?

1. What is required of a person in order to obtain a license to keep

ship, that he intends to apply to the next court for a license. The court, on proper testimony that a tavern is necessary at such place for the public convenience, and that the applicant has suitable accommodations, and sustains a good moral character, may grant a license for one year. When a license is only to be renewed, no previous notice is required.

2. If ten or more reputable freeholders, residing near the place of the proposed tavern, shall remonstrate, in wri. ting, against the granting of a license, stating the reason why it ought not to be granted, the court may decide either to grant or refuse such license. And a tavern-keeper who shall suffer rioting and drunkenness on his premises, may be prosecuted and fined not less than $10, nor exceeding $100; and he forfeits his license besides.

3. Persons obtaining license to keep a tavern may sell spirituous liquors. The price of the license is fixed by the court, and may not be less than $5, nor exceed $50. Li censes may, however, be granted to keep a tavern without retailing ardent spirits, for a sum not less than $2, nor ex. ceeding $20. The keeper of such tavern is liable to the same forfeiture, and nearly the same penalty, for keeping a disorderly house, as other tavern-keepers. Money received for licenses and fines is paid into the county treasury for the use of the county.

4. Public shows, such as are not prohibited by law, may be licensed by the county auditor. Persons wishing to ex. hibit natural or artificial curiosities, or horsemanship in a circus or otherwise, for gain or reward, must apply to the auditor, who may, if he shall deem it expedient, grant a li. cense to the persons applying; the permit to specify the time and place of the performance. The price of such license may not be less than $10, nor exceed $50; and is paid into the county treasury. For permission to exhibit in incorporated cities or towns which have laws and ordi. nances giving its officers power to grant such licenses, the county auditor need not be applied to. tavern ? By whom are licenses granted ? 2. In what case may a license be refused? What is the penalty for keeping a bad house ? 3 For what sum may a license bo obtained ? To what use is the money applied ? 4. Who may, license public shows? For what sum? 5. By 5. Pedlers are required to apply in writing to the clerk of the court of common pleas, who may grant to any person a license to peddle for one year, on his presenting a certificate of the county auditor, showing that he has paid for such license $25, if he is to travel on foot; if with one horse, $40; if with two horses, $50; if with a boat, $80: and also that he has paid one-half of one per cent. on the amount of capital to be employed in the business. The inoney goes into the state treasury.

6. Any person peddling without a license any goods not manufactured within this state, by himself or his employer, is liable to pay a fine of $100 for every offence, to be prosecuted before a justice of the peace. A person's refusal to show a license is to be deemed evidence that he has none.

7. The court of common pleas has power to appoint a proper number of suitable persons as auctioneers within the county, for the term of one year.

No person may,

without a license, sell at public auction, vendue, or outcry, any prop. erty, except utensils of husbandry, household goods, real estate, produce, horses, cattle, &c. The law fixes certain duties upon the

property sold by auctioneers, to be paid in. to the county treasury, and thence into the state treasury. Fine for selling without a license, not less than $100, nor exceeding $500.

8. Provision has been made by law for that most unfor. tunate class of persons, idiots and lunatics. An idiot is one that is born destitute of common sense, usually called a natural fool. A lunatic, or an insane person, is one who has possessed his reason, but has suddenly been deprived of it. It was formerly supposed this disease was produced by the influence of the moon. Hence it is called lunacy, from luna, the Latin word for moon.

Idiots who are poor are to be provided for as other paupers are.

9. If a person is lunatic or insane, the sheriff is to take him to the Ohio Lunatic Asylum, where he is tɔ receive

whom aro pedlers licensed ? 6. What articles may be peddled without a license ? Fine? 7. By whom are auctioneers licensed? What goods may other persons sell without a license? Fine? 8. What is an idiot ? A lunatic? How are idiots provided for? 9. How are lunatics treated ?

medical treatment for his disease. If he is discharged because he is found to be incurable, he is to be otherwise pro. vided for. If he is not a pauper the court may appoint a guardian to take care of his property, and to see that it is properly applied to the maintenance of the person and his family. If he recovers his reason, his property is restored to him.

10. Public stages. For the safety of passengers travelling in public conveyances, every owner of a stage is required to have two lamps attached to the same, and kept lighted when travelling in the night-time. If the coach is unfur. nished for forty-eight hours at any time, the owner may be fined from $10 to $30; and the driver, for not lighting the lamps, from $5 to $20.

11. The driver of a passenger carriage is forbidden to run his horses, or to leave them untied without placing the lines into the hands of some person, under a penalty of $5 to $20, to be prosecuted within thirty days; the money to go to the complainant. If the fine cannot be collected of the driver, the owner is liable. Or the owner may voluntarily pay, and recover of the driver.

12. Nuisances. Any person who shall put a dead animal into a well, or other water used for domestic purposes, is liable to a fine not less than $2, nor exceeding $40. It is also declared to be a nuisance to keep an unclean slaughter-house between the first of April and the first of October, to the annoyance of the citizens; or to permit any soap, candle, oil, glue, or varnish factory, or any pork, sausage, or lard house, to the annoyance of the citizens, farther than is necessary for the prosecution of the business of such establishments. Also to put a dead body into any place, or for the owner knowingly to leave it, where it is offensive to the citizens. The offender in such cases may be fined in proportion to the aggravation of the offence.

How is their property disposed of? 10. What regulations aro'made for lighting public stages? 11. What for securing the horses? 12. What aro here declared to be nuisances ? How much may offenders be fined ?

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