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1968. POPE SIX T U S.

149 had been a lucky omen, or presage of at the court of Spain, was assured of his election."

the Spanish intereft ; and D'Elte, as « The forty-two cardinals, of which chief of the French faction, anfwered the conclave confitted, were divided for their concurrence; so that there into five factions ; Farnese was at the two powerful, and generally opposite head of the first; D'Efte of the second; parties, for once, joined in chufing Alexandrino of the third ; Altemps of the same perfon. the fourth; and the fifth, which was These three cardinals having engage almoft equal in number to all the ed their word to each other, came je. reft, was conducted by Buon Com- cretly to Montalto's apartment in the pagnon, Cardinal of St. Sixtus, ne night, and acquainted him with their phew to the late pope.

delign to make him pópe. AlexanThere were fourteen that aspired drino, who undertook to be the spokes. to the papacy, viz. Farnese and Sa- man, whispered to him, for fear of bevelli, 'created by Paul Ill; Santa ing overheard by Farnese, whose room Croce, Paleotto, St. George, and Sir- · was next to that of Montaltó, “We leti, by Pius IV; Montalto, Cesis, St." are come to tell your eminence a piece Severini; and Albano, by Pius V; Fa- of very good news, which is, that we chinetti, or Facquinetti, commonly are resolved to make you pope. called cardinal di Santiquattro, Della Montalto had all this time kept Torre, a native of Udina, Mondovi, himself close fhut up in his little chamo and Castagna, by Gregory XIII; and ber, and was no more thought or spoke though they were all papable, there of, than if he had not been in the conwere not above half of them proposed clave. He very feldom stirred out, as candidates in the conclave. These and when he went to mass, or any of were all, more or less, fupported by the scrutinies, appeared so little conthe heads of the several factions, ac cerned, that one would have thought he cording to the opinion they had of had no manner of interest in anything them; for through these chiefs pretend that happened within those walls. much zeal and concern for the intereft" But he was, nevertheless, advancing of all their creatures, left jealoufy his interest at a great rate, whilft he should detach them, and ruin their seemed to give himself no trouble party; yet there is generally one per. about it. When he met any cardinal, fon, whom they favoar more than the that he knew wishid well to the interest, and with a greater degree of rest of St. Sixtus, he used to say, “ The warmth and confidence."

cardinals ought to chufe a person that Our author then gives an account would be agreeable to him, out of reof the intrigues in the conclave,' gard to his own merit, and the 'mewhich is nothing to the present pur. mory of his uncle Gregory XIII, who pose, and proceeds, as follows: “There had governed the church with so much had been-already fome secret proceed. gentleness and clemency," If he saw ings, in favour of Montalto, begun by any of Farnese's friends, he seemed to Alexandrino and D’Efte. The former wonder, “ That he was not yet chose.” boped to tave a great share in the ad. Before the adherents of Medicis, he miniftration, under a pontif, that had extolled their patron, “ As the moft been made cardinal by his uncle, to worthy man in the conclave." In short whom he lay under so many other ob- he spoke well of all the cardinals, but ligations. D'Eke was drawn in with particularly of such as he did not think the fame view, by the persuasion of his friends, or had the greatest credit Rufticucci, who had a great influence and interest. As soon as he was acover him, and had been flattered by quainted with their intentions by Alex. Montalto, till he began to grow fond andrino, in the presence of Medicis of him.

and D'Este, he fell into fuch a violent Medicis and bis friends, apprehen.' fit of coughing, that they thought he five of Frroele's intrigues for Torre, would have expired upon the spot, and went privately, and made an offer said, as soon as he could fpeak, “That of their fervice to D'Eite and Alexan. his reign would be but of a few days; drino, promising to affiit Montalto. that, beside the continual difficulty They were both

highly plealed at this: with which he drew his breath, he had As Medicis, who was in great credit not Arength enough to fupport fuch

a weight

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ARTSUL MANAGEMENT.

March a weight; and that his small experi- quite different terms from any of the sience in affairs, made him altogether other candidates; as he never had any unfit for a charge of lo important a government, but that of bis own ora nature, except he could depend upon , der for a little while, he will be altathe affistance of others;" they an-gether raw and inexperienced in that swered, That God would give him of the whole church, and must necel. ftrength sufficient io. govern his , sarily make use of us; there is no church;” to which he replied, “That probability, nor indeed possibilty, of he never would accept of it upon any his pretending to steer the vessel alone, terms whatsoever, except they would all He has no relations to call in, that three promise not to abandon bim, but are capable of afiifting him. His ne... to take the greatest part of the weight phews are fitter to hold a plougli, than off his shoulders, as he was neither rule a state. He is sensible, that we able, nor could in conscience pretend, have been long employed in the go. : to take the whole of it upon himself.", vernment of the Itate; that we are .

The other cardinals asuring him they able to direct him with our counsel, would; he said, “ If you are resolved and advice; and that, as he owes his to make me pope, it will only be plac; exaltation entirely to us, he cannot, ing yourselves in the tbrone; we must in conscience, lodge the power in any freare the pontificate ; for iny part I other hands. We may depend upon fhall be content with the bare title ;' having the administration wholly to let them call me pope, and you are ourselves: For if, whilst be was but heartily welcome to the power and au- cardinal, he did not think himself thority."

able to manage the few affairs that Dcluded by these insinuations, they fell within that narrow circle, the dif.. swallowed the bait, and determined to trust of his abilities will naturally inchuse him. Thus he craftily brought crease, in proportion to the weight about his great designs, by methods, and number of the difficulties, he will in all appearance, the least probabie. meet with, when he comes to fit in the He had foreseen, that at the death of chair of St. Peter.” the pope, there would be great contests Having fully satisfy'd themselves. and divisions in the conclave; and with thete arguments, they uled all, very rightly judged, as it proved, that their endeavours to get him chose, if the chiefs of the parties met with and began with trying to bring over any dificulty in chufugthie person they the Farnesian intereit, artfully canfing. intended, they weuld all willingly con- a report to be spread, that Torre wouid. cur in the eléation of some very old be there in two days; and Rulticucci, and infirm cardinal (as had been done to whom they had communicated their inore than once in luch cases before) design, thened several letters, which which would give them tine to lay he laid he had received to that pur. their schemes better against another pole. They gave it out, that if Farvacancy. This was the true reason of nese could not procure him to be bis famming the Imbecile, affecting. chole, he would set up for himself, to appear like a dying man, and en- To operate the more efectuaily upon deavouring, by a harmless and invf- the cardinals that opposed the elecfinhve behaviour, not to disoblige tion of Farnese, they further preany body.

tended, that he daily expected the The cardinals were no sooner got return of two couriers, whom he had out of his apartment, but they retired dispatched to the kings of France and into a private place, to confer amongst Spain, who, moft prohably, would themielves about the advantages that bring with them an account of the would accrue to each of them from favourable dispofition of those two such an election. " What can we monarchs ; especially that of France, with for more, said they, than to whom he had represented, in the have the entire disposal of the pope ? strongest terms, the faithful attachWe should be egregious fools, indeed, ment of his family, and the great fer-, and deserve to be foundly laughed at, vices his ancestors had often done to if we let such an opportunity Nip out the French nation. of our hands. Montalto has opened Some of the cardinals were exceed. kis heart to us very frankly, and in ingly surprized, when they heard

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1763. LORDS PROTEST.

150 Medicis had declared for Montalto, encreased the very mischief it was inand could not comprehend the reasons tended to remedy, at a time when the that induced him to be so ftrenuous for circumstances of the company are clear a person, that had been a professed ene- beyond a doubt, and their opulence my to his cousin Paul Urlini. But, it verified beyond the most fanguine exseems, his ambition, and the desire he pectation: no supposed misconduct of had to exclude Farnese and Della che company calling for the interpoliTorre, prevailed over all fanzily re- tion of parliament; no rash and exSentments, for he exerted himself with cellive dividends declared ; no encreale more zeal than any other cardinal, in of dividends even defired; on the conthe interest of Montalto; though he trary, the company have restrained its was not without suspicions that Far: self on principles niuch more rational nefe, by some artifice or other, would than those adopted by the bill, as they feduce Alexandrino, who was 'natu. have a reference to their circumstances, rally fickle and irresolute.

and not to a fix'd period of time, It was thought by some, that Medicis marked by an arbitrary resolution: would not have taken this part, if he We cannot therefore avoid considering had not been thoroughly convinced this bill as a mere act of power, witithat Montalto, far from being an in- out a colour of delinquency on the valid, was Itrong and healthful e- part of the company, or of neceflity nough, in all probability, to survive on the part of the public. Farnese, and all his faction, by which 2dly, Because it appears to us, that he imagined, he should get rid of this bill is an high violation of the nathose that were likely to be the great- tional faith, taking away, without eft obftacles to his ever being pope any judicial process, or even any crihimself. But this, I think, is spin- minal charge, that power of declaring ning the thread rather too fine : For, dividends, which the company purs though Montalto was in reality, as chased from the public for a valuable we have said, but fixty-four years old, consideration. yet, after he was cardinal, he appeared 3dly Because it appears to us altomuch more aged than he was, by let- gecher unaccountable to pass in one ting his beard grow, and neglecting year an act for regulating the modes his dress (wbich make a great altera- and conditions of declaring dividends tion in a man's looks) seeining almoft by, the company; and, in the very bent double, and hardly able to sup- next year, to prohibit the exercise of port himself with a ftaft, which he thore very powers so regulated : this constantly made use of when he went act is now in full force ; no defect in abroad.

it has been stated: no amendment has [To be continued in our next.] been proposed ; no infraction has been

pretended. This law, made exprelly Tbe LORDS PROTEST. to regulate the method of declaring di

vidends, does of mecellity imply the Die Luna, 8 Feb. 1768.

exercise of that riglit under the condiHedie zo vice lilla es billa - Intituled, tions there in prescribed, which cannut an Act for further regulating the be taken from the E. . !. company, Proceedings of the United Company without the most signal disgrace to the of Merchants of England trading .wiłdom and good faith of the legislato the East Indies, with respect to ture, and the subversion of every printhe making of Dividends. The ciple of legal government. Question was put whether the said

fibly, because it appears to us, that Bill shall pass, it was resolved in the to restrain the subject in the dispofiaffirmative.

tion of his own property, without any Disentient.

other pretence than the mere possibility ist, DECAUSE this bill is an exer- of abuse, (this bill having been chiefly B

tion of the supreme power of defended upon that ground) is a prinparliament, equally unneceflary ani ciple, unbeard-of in any free country, dangerous, after having had the moit and most alarming to all the trading mortifying experience of the operation and monied interests of this kingdom: of a like reltriction last year, which it goes to the subjecting, to the fame

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152

KING'S SPEECH.! March reftraint, on the fame loose reasons, subject from all violence and injuftice every great company, as well as every on the part of government, public or private stock, which may Richmond, Temple, become of magnitude fufficient to King, Fred. Exon,

tempt, in future times, an impove- Portland, Winchelsea and Not. • riched treasury and a rapacious admi. Rockingham, tingham,

niftration, fince no degree of innocence Monson, Dartmouth, can be a security against such fufpicion Lyttelton, Ponsonby. of a poffible: fraud; and such a fulpi. cion may be made a ground for conti- His Majesty's Speech to borb Houses of nuing an arbitrary restraint, until the Parliament, on March 10, 1768. subject fhalt content to ransom his My Lords and Gentlemen, : property on such terms as Ihall be IHE readiness with which you prescribed to him.

entered into the views I resthly, Because this annual restraint commended to you at the opening of tends to establish a perpetual interpofi. this session, and the assiduity with tion of parliament, in declaring divi. which you have applied yourselves to dends for this company, and indeed the dispatch of the public business, all companies what fuever, to the en. give me great fatisfaction. At the crease of that most dangerous and in- fame time, the affectionate concern famous part of stock-jobbing, which you have lhewn for the welfare of your is carried on ty clandestine intelligence, fellow subjects, by the falutary laws and to the velting it in the worst of all palled for their relief in refpe&t to the hands, thofe of administration ; for a bigh price of provisions, cannot fail of minister, whó thall hereafter acquire fecuring to you their molt grateful re in parliament (by whatever means) gard. fufficient influence for the purpose, I have nothing new to communicate may, by his power of encreasing, di- to you in relation to foreign affairs. minishing, or withholding dividends The apparent interests of the several at his pleasure, have all the stock. powers in Europe, as well as the ex. holders in these companies (a body press aliurances i have received from extremely considerable for wealth and them, leave me no room to doubt of numbers) entirely at his mercy, and their disposition to preserve the general probably at his disposal, to the infinite tranquility. And, on my part, you encrease of the already overgrown, may rest affured, that every measure and almoft irrefiftible influence of the that is consistent with the honour of crown.

my crown, and the rights of my sub6thly, Because we apprehend, that jećts, shall be teadily directed to that this unprecedented practice of declar- most falutary purpose. ing dividends in parliament, may be- Gentlemen of the houseof Commons, come a more alarming mode of undue Your chearfulness in granting the influence on the members themselves, necessary fupplies, and your attention than any of those wbich have hitherto to the ease of my good subjects in the so frequently excited the jealoury of manner of railing then, equally dethe legi Aature, fince it furnithes a fund mand my acknowledgments. I see, of corruption far greater than any hi. with pleasure, that you have been therto known ; a fund in its nature able to prosecute your plan for the diinexhaustible, of the greater facility. minution of the national debt, without in the application, and quite out of laying any additional burthen upon the reach of all discovery and profecu. my people. tion. We think the principle of this My Lords and Gentlemen, bill the first step towards the introduc- As the time limited by law for the tion of such a new system of corrup- expiration of this parliament now tion, and have therefore refifted it, draws near, I have relolved forth with left the conftitution should become to to issue my proclamation for diffolving cally perverted from the ends for it, and for calling a new parliament. which it was originally established, But I cannot do this, without having and be no longer venerated by this first returned you my thanks, for the nation, as giving feourity to liberty many lignal proofs you have given of and property, and protection to the the most affectionate attachment to

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A GRATEFUL CENÖT APH.

153 my person, family, and government, the wbicb bp was Colonel during sbe laf War, most faithful attention to the public service, wirb the following Inscription : and the most earneft zeal for the preservation of our excellent conftitution. When, by

HIS Cenataph is sacred the vigorous support which you gave me

to the virtues and memories during the war, I had been enabled, under

of those de parled warriors the Divine Providence, to restore to my peo- of his majesty's 79th regiment; ple the bleffings of peace, you continued to

by whose excellent conduct, exert yourselves, with equal alacrity and

cool deliberate valour, fteadiness, in pursuing every measure that fteady discipline, and perseverance, could contribute to the maintenance of the the formidable and impetuous efforts public fafety and tranquility; which you of the French land forces in India well understood could no otherwise be pre- were first withstood and repulsed, ferved, than by establifhing, on a respecta

Our own recelements ble foundation, the strength, the credit, and rescued from impending deftru&ion, the commerce of the pation. The large sup. Those of our enemies finally reduced. plies you have from time to time granted, The ever memorable defence of Madris, aad the wise regulations you have made for The decisive battle of Wandewah, these important purposes. will, I am per- Twelve Arong and important fortrelles, fuaded, be found to have been productive of

Three superb capitals the most beneficial consequences.

Arcot, Pondicherry, Manilla, lo the approaching election of representa.

And the Philipine islande, tives, I doubt not but my people will give åre witnesses of their išreiftible bravery, se freth proofs of their attachment to the consummate abilities, unexampled humanity : true interest of their country; which I Mall Such were the men of this vi&torious regimeni, ever receive as the most acceptable mark of

and by such as these, their affection to me, The welfare of all Their surviving companions, my fubjects is my firft object. Nothing the conquests and glory of our sovereign, therefore has ever given me more real con- The resown and majesty of the British empire cera than to see any of them, in any part of were exier:ded to the remoteft parts of Alia : my dominions, attempting to loosen those

Such were their exploits, bonds of constitutional subordination, so effen

that would have done honour tial to the welfare of the whole. But it is Even to the Greek or Roman name, with much fatisfaction that I now see them in the most favourite times of antiquity; returning to a sore just sense of what their and well deserve to be transmitted dowa, own intereft, no less ihan their duty, indif

co lareit posterity, penfibiy requires of them; and thereby give and held in eteem and admiration, ing me the prospect of continuing to reiga

as long as true fortitude, over an happy, because an united people." Valour, discipline, and humanity After wbich the lord chancellor, by his

shall have any place majefty's command, prerogued both houses

in Britain. till the 3ft instant.

Three field officers, ten captains,

thirieen lieutenants, five enligns, three fusA ragnificere CENOTAP# is erilling by Sir geons, and one-thousand private mes, be.

W.Miam Draper, in bis Garden of Clifton, longing to this regiment fell in the course of is Herour of tbe late 7976 Regiment, of the late war.

POETICAL, ESSAYS.

Or secing Mrs. Puwell appear in the cbaraffer And therefore thought '(wou'd be more wise, oj Rolal.ad, on Saturday, February obe stb. To truft to her own ears and eyes :

To York he darts quick chro' the air, THALI A, eyes droll and gay,

Settles her dress, powd.is her bair, day,

And after having call'd a chair, To fly from mount Parnastro York, Strait to the mules temiole goes, (Her ladyship's as light as cork.)

Where crowds of well dest belles and beaus, Strange things she'ad heard from madam Fame, Their off rings tender as the thrine, Of Powell a young spritely dame,

Of Phæbus and the filters nire; Who lately on the fage bid enter'd,

And where they laugh, chat, curtrey, bowy lo wton upcommon merit center'd, - As well-treit folks in temples do :Fame (woré, ** the beat ev'n Dancer hollow, Nor no id we think it strange, that me She bend it vouch'd lo by Apollo."

Acheroun thrine they'd bend the knce, But Mifs Thalia knew full well,

For ever fiskethe data of Adam, That Fame, wou'd sometimes tiblets tell; Self is the idol of each madan, March, 3763.

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