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On Rom. vi. 5.

249 should learn to fancy three persons in against all innovations whatsoever.the Godhead of equal power and glory; This makes the licuation of sensible and and Jesus to be one of those per- conscientious men, in all establishfons How is it that my mind can ments, truly deplorable. Before I had avoid the utmost confusion in its ap- read that excellent work, intitled the prehensions of the object of homage. Confessional, but much more fince, it And how much confusion must fill a has grieved me to see the miserable mind that contemplates DEITY as the thifts that such persons (whether in infinite {pirit, and yet must suppose the church of England or of Scotland) tlfis infinite fpirit united personally to are obliged to have secourse to, in oran human body, by what is called an der to gi!d the pill, which they must bypoftatical union? What useful pur- swallow or starve; and to observe their poses can this serve? or rather, what poor contrivances, to conceal the hurtful ones will it not necessarily pro- chains that gall them. Bu: it grieves duce ? Shall I not, by such abfurd one no less, to see the rest of their idea, destroy all the ideas of the exem- brethren, hugging their chains and plariness of my Lord's behaviour, to proud of them." whom, it was absolutely impossible

ANTI-MYSTICUS. that any temptation could have the least access; and who must be, in the To the AUTHOR of the LONDON most perfect sense, impasible.


SIR, The mysterious system of churchmen, has broughtan indelible reproach D Rom. R. Tays" the word

, upon the most gracious and useful re


Taylor in his note on velation, that ever was made of the Cup PTC signifies such plants as grow mind and will of God, and has sadly the one upon and in the other deriv. scandalized the divine teachings? ing sap and nourishment from it, as the affent of the unbeliever is made to milletoe upon the oak or the cion uprevolt, because in these cloudy inter- on the stock into which it is grafred. pretations of gospel-doctrines, he who "If (says he) I might take the liberty I said, I am the light of the world, is made mould call them (i. e. Christ and his the darkness of it! It should astonish disciples) growers together." an observer because of the absurdity, The word oupe puros occurs only in and would fill him with surprize, if it this verse. By comparing it with the was not, that the church has, in all word our SU 1226 L'uke viii. 7. the meanages, been most generally employed in ing of it is very plain. In this verse inventing, broaching, and propagat. it evidently signifies any kind of grain ing absurdity! the indefatigable la. that after it is town springs or grows bours of the present day, to write out of the ground. The likeness down the Confessional, and to bewitch therefore between that and a plant the people with a fondness for mystery, growing out of the ground after it is is one of the worst symptoms of the planted, is very apparent, and thews fickly state of religious liberty; and of the apostle took the expression not the vitious taste of the times, hanker, from grafting but planting. This ing after the onions and garlic of farther appears from its kinored word Egypt.

PUTErw Math. xv, 13. In this verse it I will cite a paragraph from a spi. is very apparent the primary sense fig. rited sensible writer Lã the bulk of nifies only planting. This in the mankind, being educated in a reve- clearest and most particular manner rence for established modes of thinking is expresled Luke xvii. 6. “ If ye had and acting, in consequence of their faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye being established, will not hear of a might say unto this sycamore tree " Be reformation proceeding even so far as thou plucked up by the root and be they could really wish, left, in time, thou planted in the sea and it should it ihould go further than they could ohey you.” In allution to the practice wish, and the end be worse than the of planting (especially in hot countries) beginning. And where there are the apoftle Paul says I Cor. ii. 6, 7, great emoluments in a church, it is 8. I have $us » planted and Appolposlesed of the strongest internal guard los watered; but God gave the gu tyc May, 1768.

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increase, • Dr. Priefley's Ejay on forji Principles of Government, p. 147, 148.

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250 Letter from a Nobleman to bis Son. May increase, i. e. made it grow. In this ever, as it has not yet been in our sense the word is used Math. vi. 28. Magazine, we hall oblige him and Mark iv. 32. See also Math. xxi. 3. the rest of our purchasers by it inn Mark xij. 1. Luke xiii. 6. xvii. 6, 28. sertion. *8.9. Agreeable to the plain fignikication of the word in these texts are Letter from a mucb esteemed Nobleman the words quas pupes, Luke viii. 6, 8.

to bis Son, who was then in a public Heb. xii. s.

Character in another Kingdom. mo be buried pwanted

together bei ein I Have concerning morality interrelia tism-and to with you him - seem in the verse under confi- gion. Your own reason, I am perderation synonimous expressions, like fuaded, has given you right notions of as-rifing (with Christ in baptism) to both, chey Ipeak best for themlelves : newness of life and being in the like- but, if they wanted asistance, they ness of his resurrection. In the latter have Mr. H. at hand both for precept expression, i e. planted together, per- and example. To your own reason haps the apostle alluded to the like and him I refer you for the reanels there is between the same sort of lity; and shall here confine myself to plants when fully grown.

the necessity, utility, and decency of That which will further thew the fcrupulously observing, the appearances, apoftle borrowed the expression supe quo- of both; when I say the appearance of Mai from planting only is this, that religion, I mean not that you should when he figuratively adopts that of take up a controversial cudgel againit grafting to his subject he makes use of whoever attacks the sect to which the word sylsytoitw instead'of oupore you happen to belong. This would as Rom. xi. 17. 19. 23. 24. where only be both useless and unbecoming it occurs.

your age. But I mean that you should Upon the words---Buried with him in no wife seem to approve, much less (i... Christ) by baptism--the doctor to applaud, or encourage, those licensays, “ I question whether we can tious notions which strike at all reli. certainly from this place infer the gions equally, and which are the poor outward mode of administering bap. thread-bare topics of half wits and mi. tism. For, in the next verse, our be. nute philosophers. Even they who are ing incorporated into Chrilt, by bap- filly enough to laugh at their jokes, are tism, is also denoted by our being still prudent enough to distrutt and deplanted together in the likeness of test their characters, for, putting mohis death. But neither Noah's ark, rál virtue, in the highest, and religion nor these, give us the same idea of the in the lowest rank, religion mutt till outward form as burying.”

be allowed to be at least a collateral secuFrom these words, it is not wholly rity to virtue; and every prudent improbable that the doctor was led man will trust two fecurities rather into the above interpretation of the than one. Whenever therefore you word omuputos as less favourable to fall into the company of those prethe mode of baptism by dipping, than tended esprits forts, or of those that which has been above given of it. thoughtless libertines, who laugh at all And though the author admits, that religion, to thew their wit, or disclaim a burial does more completely repre. it to complete their riot ; let not a sent the mode of baptism by dipping, word of your's intimate the least ap. yet he cannot but be of opinion it is probation. On the contrary, express very fignificantly represented by plant your dinike by a filent gravity, but ing, . e. putting the plants into the enter not upon the topic, and decline ground, and including their future such an unprofitable, indecent contro,

growth-represents christians as grow. verly. Depend upon it every man is ers together with Chrift-with whom the worse regarded and the less trufted they have been planted together in for being thought to have no religion ; baptisin.

I am, &c. in spite of all the fpecious titles he may

asluime of eprijori, firsthinker or moVR correspondent is mistaken ral philofopuner. And a wife Atheist, if Das never appeared in print; bows his own intuisit and character in the



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1788. Letter from a Nobleman to bis Son.

251 world, to have some religion. Your may ever so flightly taint it. Shew moral character must be not only pure, yourself on all occasions the aduos but unsuspected: A very little lpeck cate, the friend, but not the bully of or blemish on it may be irretrievably virtue. Colonel Chartres, who, I be. prejudicial.

lieve, was one of the most notorious There are, indeed, in the world, blasted rascals that ever lived, and wretches profligate enough to explode who had, by all sorts of crimes, amall. all notions of moral good and evil; to ed immense wealth, was so much acmaintain that they are merely local, quainted with the disadvantage of a and depend entirely on the customs bad character, that I heard him in his and fathions of different countries : impudent, profligate manner, say that, There are still, if possible, more unac. though he would not give one far. countable wretches; I mean those who thing for virtue, he would give propagate such absurd and infamous 10000 l. for a character ; because he notions without believing them them. might get 100,000l. by it:" Whereas selves. These are the devil's hypo. he was to blasted, that he had no longer crites. Avoid, as much as possible, an opportunity of cheating people. Is the company of such, who reflect a it possible an bones man can neglect degree of infamy on all that converse what a prudent rogue would purcbase with them. But as you may some. so dearly? times accidentally fall into such com- There is one of the vices above men. pany, be very careful that no com- tioned into which people well educated, plaisance, no good humour, no warmth and in the main well principled, some of feltal mirth ever make you seem times fall, through miltaken notions cven to acquiesce in, much less to ap. of skill, and felf defence: I mean plaud, such infamous doctrines : Nei- lying: Though it is inseparably atther debate or enter into serious argu- tended with more loss and infamy than mentation on a subject so much be- any other. The prudence and neces. neach it, but content yourself with lity of often concealing the truth, insentelling these apostles that you know Gbly seduces people to violate it. It is they are not serious, that you have a the only art of a mean capacity, and much better opinion of them than the only refuge of mean spirits. Conthey seem to desire you to have; that cealing the truth may often be innocent, you are fully persuaded they would but lying on any occafion is foolish and not practise the doctrines they preach. infamous. I will state you a case in But, in the mean time, put your your own department suppose you private mark upon them, and thun are employed in a public character at a ihem ever afterwards. Nothing is so foreign court, and the minister of that delicate as your moral character: No- court is absurd or impertinent enough thing which it is so much your interest to ask you, what your instructions are : to preserve pure ; thould you be suf- Will you tell him a lie, which, as pected of injustice, malignity, perfi. soon as discovered, as it certainly will dy, lying, &c. all the ingenuity and be, must destroy your credit, blast koowledge in the world will never your character, and render you useless procure yon esteem. It is true, various there? No : Will you tell him the circumstances, strangely concurring, truth then, and betray your trust? have sometinies raised very bad men certainly, no: But you will answer to high stations, but they have been with firmness, that you are surprized raised like criminals to a pillory, at such a question, that you are perwhere their persons and crimes being fuaded he does not expeät an answer more conspicuous, are only the more to it, but that, at all events, he cer. detetted, pelted and insulted. If af- tainly will not bave one, such an answer fectation and oftentation are ever par. will give him confidence in you, and donable, it is with respect to morality, 2.good opinion of your veracity ; of though even there I am far from ad. which opinion you may afterwards vising you to a pharilaical pomp of make very honest and fair advantage. virtue. But I mult recommend to you But, if in negotiations you are once a most scrupulous tenderness for your regarded as a lyar and trickfter, no moral character, and the utmost care confidence will be placed in you, not to say, or do the least thing thas nothing will be communicated to you,

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May and you will be in the situation of a so necessary for a woman, as that of criminal who has been burnt in the veracity is for a man : and with reacheek, and who, from that mask, son: For a woman may be virtuous

annot afterwards get an honest lively. (notwithstanding the common accephood if he would, but must continue tation of the word implies otherwise) a thief. Lord Bacon very justly dif- though not strictly chaste; but a man tinguishes fimulation from dissimulation, cannot be so, without ftri&t veracity. and allows the latter rather than thé The lips of a woman are sometimes former; but still observes that they are frailties merely of the bodily conftitution, the weaker fort of politicians who have but a lie in a man

is a vice of the mind recourse to either, a man who has and heart. For God's sake! scrupureal strength of mind wants neither of loully guard the purity of your moral them; and certainly, says he, the character: Keep it unblemished and ablest men that ever were have all had it will be unsuspected. Calumny an openness and frankness of dealing, scarce ever attacks where there are no and a name of certainty and veracity: weak places; it magnifies, but seldom But then they were like horses well or ever creates. When I so earnestiy managed: for they could tell palling recommend to you this purity of chawell when to stop or turn; and at such racter, I no more expect, or indeed times, when they thought the case in. wish, you, at your age, to be a Cato deed required dissimulation, if then than a Clodius. Be, and be reckoned, they used it, it came to pass that the a man of pleasure as well as of bufiness, former opinion spread abroad of their enjoy your happy time of life : Shine good faith and clearness of dealing in the pleasures and company of people made them almost invisible or undil of your age. This is all to be done coverable.--(Bacon's Essay on Simu- without the least taint to the purity of lation and Diffimulation) – Some in- your moral character: For those misdulge themselves in a fórt of lying, taken young fellows, who think to which they reckon innocent, and thine by immoral or impious licentiwhich indeed, in one respect, is so; ousness, line only, from their finkfor it hurts no one but themselves. ing, like corrupted flesh, in the dark : This fort of lying is the contemptible Without this purity you can have no offspring of vanity and folly. These dignity of character, nor have you any people deal in the marvellous, they chance of rising honourably in the have seen some things that never world; you must be respectable to be exifted, they pretend to have seen respected. I have known people satother things which may exist, but tern away their character, without which they never saw, only they really polluting it; and, in consequence thought them worth seeing. Has any thereof, they have become innocently thing remarkable been done or said contemptible; their merit has been in any place, or company? They are dimmed, their pretensions unregarded, (mmediately present and declare them all their views of promoting themselves elves eye, or ear, witnefies of it. defeated. Characters must be kept They have done feats unattempted, bright as well as clean; content or at least unperformed, by others, yourself with mediocrity: In purity they are always the heroes of their own of character and politeness of manners, fables, and think that they thereby labour, my son, to excell all, if you gain confideration, or at least present at- wish to equal any. tention ; Whereas in truth all they

Adieu ! gain is ridicule and contempt; not withmuch For we readily sup

To the PRINTER, &e. pofe that he who will tell a lye from W the intention of the


HATEVER idle vanity; will hardly scruple to tell a greater for interés. Had I really insertions in the public papers of in. seen any thing so very extraordinary flammatory paragraphs, respecting the as to be almost incredible, I would present state of corn in this metropo. keep it to myself rather than, by tell- ' lis, a continuance of that practice can. ing it, give any one room to doubt, 'not but tend to augment a distress, Sut for one minute, my veracity: Cer: which seems unavoidably haftening rainly the reputation of cbaflity is not upon this kingdom, and which might


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253 be in some measure prevented but for and good purposes it may have pleased such ridiculous, fuch wicked endea- God to with-hold from the fertility vours, to stimulate the lower class of of our own, what do you suppose, people to every act of violence. At a Sir, is likely to be the result of his retime like the present, in which a ge- flections ? The result is self-evident. neral and most remarkable want of He will avoid, as the greatest of all corn obtains in most of the countries evils, any further engagements in an of the world, and particularly in that article that shall expose him to a situaof Great Britain, to what good pur- tion so every way dreadful : And thus, pole can it be supposed the insertion by his discontinuing the importation, of such abominable misrepresentations will the community be left exposed to of truth can operate ?

all the horrors of distress, augmented By these the public are almost daily to a degree of extreme, to which perassured, that large quantities of corn haps there had been far less approach, have arrived here; arrived indeed had he not been intimidated by the from such parts, as, in truth, are, and villainous arts of those, who under prehave been, during the present year, tence of pleasing the ears of the popuin ftill greater want of it than ourselves: lace, excite their opposition to the onFrom Spains from Naples, from Flo ly means that could have preserved rence, when those communities are them from one of the greatest of all perithing from the want of it; from distresses, even from the want of bread. Dantzig and Holland, at a time that I forbear to point out the terrible those ports were frozen up, and their mischiefs that may have already benavigation rendered absolutely im. come inevitable, from this wanton and practicable by the ice.

vile abuse of the public credulity, and To tell a distrefied people that the cannot but hope that you will avoid granaries are full of corn, whilst the to be the instrument of continuing a most evident symptoms of famine are practice, which, in our present circumbecoming daily conspicuous, is to en- Itances, seems big with every idea of gage their passions to counteract their desolation, A quiet and peaceable detruest interest, as to allert that the meanor of the lower order of the peoprices are kept up by art and manage. ple, and the uninterrupted freedom of ment, is to advance the very reverse our trade, are the only means of of truth. The real fact, Sir, is, that averting, in any degree, a diftress, hardly any wheat is left in the grana- which, when all that can now be done, ries; and what is left became depofit- shall have been effected, I fear will, ed there because it arrived heated, and before the ensuing harvest is gathered. could not be sold till properly cooled, become very feverely felt. and rendered fit for use. Every per- If you conceive this letter may be of son that hath the least knowledge of use, you will immediately exhibit it to the corn trade knows, that so exceed- the view of the public, or otherwise ingly nice are the buyers of that grain, dispose of it as you think proper. that unless impelled by the utmost

Mercator, want of the perfeEily fine forts, they will not touch, on any reasonable terms, To the PRINTER, &c. that which appears to be but in the SIR, Bristol, April 1768. smallett degree inferior. Under such HE paragraph in some of the news circumstances, an importer hath no other alternative but to house his corn, French will send an army to support dispose of it for perhaps one half of the Genoese in subduing the Corsicans, its original cost, or throw it overboard. hath ftruck the trading part of this When a merchant finds himself thus city with terror. We already feel the liable to ruin on one hand, or on the loss of trade by the French encroachother to be calumniated, to be exe- ments since the peace. If under precrated as a border, as the peft, the uni. tence of helping the Genoese, they versal enemy of focie:y; and this in mould render themselves masters of return for venturing his fortune to al. Corsica, we must be then totally cut leviate the distrelles of his fellow citi- out of the Mediterranean trade : That zens, by fetching that supply of corn island commands the coast of Italy and from foreign countries, which for wise Straits of Bonifacio, and with the 4


May 9.

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