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A BARBAROUS STRATAGEM. Jan. lia. The colouring very fine; the in graves, as if they had been killed attitudes admirable, and the drapery in battle ; that he would leave tbem a graceful.

suficient vent for breathing, and that The object most Atriking on the when, in consequence of a superstinorth side of the park, is the lake, tious device he detigned cunningly to 'which is of great extent, and the spread through tire army, they should most beautiful I ever law; the thore happen to be interrogated, they were is a very bold one, all covered with to answer, that they had found what wood to a great height, and on the their king bad promised them, that top stands the church. The planta. they enjoyed the rewards of martyr. tions in general are sketched with more dom, and that those who should imi: tafte than any to be seen : In the num- tate them by fighting valiantly, and ber of acres many exceed them; but should die in that war, would enjoy they appear to various points of view, the same felicity. The thing was exeinfinitely more considerable than they cuted as he had proposed. He laid his really are. At the north entrance in most faithful servanis among the dead, to the park, they show prodigiously covered them with earth, and left 'grand : you look full upon the house them a small vent for drawing breath. with a very noble back ground of le alterwards entered the camp, and, wood; the obeliik just above the cen. allembling the principal chiefs about ter; with an extent of plantation on midnight : “ You are (said he) the each side that renders the view really soldiers of God, the defenders of the magnificent. Nothing can be more faith, and the protectors of truth. beautiful than that from the church, Prepare to extirminate your enemies, the house appears in the midst of an who are likewise the enemies of the amphitheatre of wood, the planta. Most High, and depend upon it you tions rising one above another. An- will never find so sure an opportunity other point of view which I would re- of being pleasing in his sight. But, commend to you, is the vale on the as there may be dastards and stupid east side of the park. The north plan- wretches among you, who do not be. tation stretches away to the right, lieve my words, I am willing to conwith valt magnificence, and the south vince them by the light of a great woods to the left, and joining in the prodigy. frunt, which is an extent of plantation Go to the field of battle, ask those that has a noble effect."

of your brethren who have been killed

this day; they will aflure you that An Account of a base and barbarous Stra- they enjoy the moli pertcet happiness, tagem practised by a Moorish Prince.

for having lost their lives in this war.” H

ISTORY records a very fingular He then led them to the field of batand cruel scheme of politics pro

tle, where he cried out with all his jected and executed by Mehemet Al. might: “O affembly of faithful marmehdi, king of Fez, a prince not tyrs, make known how many wonless remarkable for his ambition than ders you have seen of the most high bis refined craft and hypocrisy. lie God!” They answered, “ We have had a long war to maintain against received from the Almighty infinite fome neighbouring nations, who retu- rewards, which the living can have sed to submit to his tyranny. Ile no idea of.” The chiefs, surprised at gained over thein sever::l victories, this answer, ran to publish it in the but having afterwards loit a battle, ariny; and revived courage in the wherein he had expoítd his treops heart of the foldiery. Whillt this was with a blind fury, they were to dipi- !ransacted in the camp, the king, feignrited that they refused to go avainit ing an extafy, cauled by this miracle, the enemy.

To ispire them with remained near the graves where his courage, be imagined the following buried fervants waited their deliverstratagem:

ance; but he tłopped up the holes Having aff=mbled fecretiy a certain through which they breathed, and number of officers who were butt af. fent thein to receive, in the other fected to him, he proposed to them woil, by this barbarous fratagem, considerable it wards, if they would the reward they had made a declaraconsent to be bhut up for lome hours, tion of to others.

AMONG

1768.
A SPIRITED ADDRESS.

35 A

proved lished relative to the ensuing and found faithful to the trust reposed general election, the following spirited in them, may safely be 'chosen again. one seems to claim peculiar notice. But if any appear to have been venal,

weak, inattentive, or any other way To the Electors of the County of Norfolk, unfit for the discharge of lo important and of tbe City and County of Norwich. a trust; they ought now with a beGentlemen,

coming British spirit and resolution to AS it is the undoubted right, so I be rejected. with it may for ever remain, the unre- We have had two most important ftrained privilege of all British subjects, questions, warmly debated in the prefreely to declare their sentiments, con- fent parliament. Namely, the Amefiftent with tru:h and correspondent rican stamp act ; and that about the fras; concerning the public conduct illegality of general warrants. Such of those who are entrusted with our li. members as were willing to put a berties, and of those who aspire after the yoke upon the necks of their fellow. honour of representing us in the house subjects abroad, and to force their of commons. The present time of an money out of their pockets against approaching election, is certainly the their consent, without an act of their most proper for a strict impartial en- own legislative assemblies, may be supquiry into the views, the conduct, and posed likely enough to give into meaabilities of all who offer themselves as sures, injurious tų their constituents; candidates. The endeavouring, there. when it may serve some particular fore, to remove prejudices and prepos- views or interest of their own. feffions, to inform or undeceive our And whoever voted in favour of genefellow ele&tors, by stating facts in a ral warrants, by postponing that most jult and fair light; so as may fix important question ; bas openly detheir determination on the choice of serted the sacred and glorious cause representatives, who are from princi- of liberty, given up the fairelt

opporple fincerely and heartily in the inte- tunity that ever presented, for afcerfelt of liberty, on which the security taining the law which secures the perof our persons and property fo essen- fons and properties of the people of tially depend; is highly commendable. Great Britain, from the arbitrary - And as many pens have been em- will and pleasure of men in power, ployed in this laudable contest, I here. to seize and riffle them by virtue of by cast my mire into the public trea- such warrants. Jury: because a fatal mistake in our The pretences made use of to excuse choice of men to represent us in par- such voters, cannot be admitted : For liament for seven years; may deprive the question about general warrants, us, and our pofterity, of all that is was not moved in parliament to predear and valuable ; and may perhaps, cipitate, or supercede the power of the make it even dangerous to Ipeak the courts of law, to alter their rule of pratruth, of those whom we choose for the ceeding, or to bring them into a fare of guardians of our liberties.

dépendance on the house of commons; not 10 A large eftate only, qualifies' no prejudge or evoke the cause, and have it man for a legillator ; becaule many condemned by an arbitrary resolution such, not only want veracity, but are there. These, with other suggestions weak and ignorant; and may easily of the True Briton; in the Norwich be made the dupes and tools of artful Mercury of Nov. 28, could not possibly and deligning courtiers.—Covetous be the reafons upon which the opinion men, and profuse extravagant men, of the aspersed gentlemen was founded, are neither of them fit to be entruit. when they voted on the 17th of Feb. ed with our liberties; because liable to 1764, to postpone the question about be influenced by bribes; as the one general warraots : because, the illegamust have money, and the other will lity of them had been decided in the have it. - Ambitious men, and such Court of Common Pleas above two as are addicted to gaming, are also months before ; and upon which, equaliy dangerous.- We ought there. Lord Chief Justice Pratt declared from fore to be very careful into what the Bench, that upon the maturelt hards we commit our liberties and confideration, general warrants are il.

legal

36

SHREWD QUESTIONS.

Jas, legal. General warrants are unconflitu. men should have informed the public, tional. General warranis are röds of who are fo greatly diffatisfied with iron for the chustisement of the people of them, what point it was which so Great Britain. --The opposition there- warmly engaged the attention of parfore which was made to the resolution liament for two days in that feffion. proposed in parliament on the 14th And as to the following words. It of February, 1764, could only be de- was thought tbat this would be more refigned to prevent the house of com- gularly determined in the courts of law mons froin giving a fanction to Lord where it was then depending, and wbere Camden's opinion, and confirming the only in our opinion it would be properly determination of tive Court of Common decided. Does not this reason for their Pieas. And was it not for this, that voting prove, the point in question was foine placemen were threatened to debeted, and contradict their first afbe dismilled by thole in power? If sertion? And therefore, what is this they did not quit the minority, with but meer evasion? Is it not very whom they ai first joined ; and vote Strange, that gentlemen could fo foon on the other side when the debate forger, or that the question itself, and came on again : in oriler to ftop, what must neceflarily have been such a resolution as might then have spoken upon it, should not make them paired, for the benefit and safety remember, that the cause itself had of the subjecis of Great Britain? been clearly decided in the Court of Bit by postponing the question, a ne. Common Pleas, before an upright cellary amendment to strengthen and judge, and most able lawyer ; little explain the law, whereby our persons more than two months before? How and properties would have been be- therefore can they expect that we yond dispute secured to us, by a re:

shall entrust the persons and propercord in the regiiters of parliament, as ties, rights and privileges of the peo. well as in the Court of Common Pleas, ple of Great Britain again, in the was prevented by those tools of power. same hands, who voted fo injuriously - How therefore can it be expected to the facred cause of liberty; and that the true friends of liberty Thould publish such declarations to cover milapprove, and re-ele&t those to repre- conduct ? But facts are stubborn things, sent them again in parliament, who and will not bend to serve a bad caule, have done the public so great an in- whilit the facts above admit of no jury, that they may juftly be eiteemed, dispute. not the friends, but the enemies of A new candidate presents himself liberty?

to the city and county of Norwich, And is it not very astonilling that with the usual profefiion of zeal to gentlemen can care to declare in print, promote the welfare, the trade, and maand sign their names; ibat no question nufactures of this great city: and that he upon the legally or illegally of general will most frenuously oppose all attempts warrants was ever moved in the house? upon the liberty of the fubje&t and every Norwich Mercury, Oct. 31. And to orber unconstitutional measure. But as add Nov. 14. That wbatever question actions speak louder than words, we might be propofid on the sub of Fibruary are' left to infer his true principles 1764, The legality or illegality of general from his public conduct. He has warrants was not the point in debate on openly approved and joined in the that day? and yet (as their advocate nomination of those whose votes in parthe True Biiton confifleti) this was liament have rendered them obnocthe resolution propoled “that a ge- tious to the friends of liberty:- By his neral warrant for apprehending and espousing the interest, and endeavourseizing the authors, printers, and ing to promote the re-election of those publishers of a seditious libel, toge- gentlemen, may it not be justly fupther with their papers, is not war. pored (notwithstanding his public ranied by law.” Nanely, is not legal. declaration), he approves the very Does not this question directly lead to voting which has given such disgust that point and to that point only? to the public ? And may we not from Lui it this sint was not at all consi- thence fear his joining in the like dered or devated (which I do not see measures when opportunity presents, how it could be avoided) the gentle. if consistent with his own particular

1768.
Beggars at Public Inns.

37 views and interest ? -I know nothing should not be suffered to bring their of his abilities for a fenator ; but he itch into a family. But they are the has discovered either bis wisdom, or beggars of another tribe I am about his weakness, in consenting to publish to speak of, bred and licensed beggars, his name in a list of 184. Alif, in which you meet with at every inn, my opinion, no way to the credit of when no fooner the bill is called for, any gentlemen named in it, except but these letters prick up their ears, the two candidates. Nor was I a little and scajper to obstruct the avenues furprized at seeing so many gentlemen of retreai. A gentleman, or tradefof fortune, degenerated so far from man, chuses the inn where he may be the true principles of liberty, and the as free as at his own house; you are noble spirit of our ancestors; by sub. fhewed a room, wherein to rest and mitting to be so exposed. Though refresh yourself, your horse is taken indeed it is too common a thing, for to the Aable for his ease and refresha few artful and designing men by a ment, you pay what is charged to you sudden proposal, to influence, and for all this, and when you are disposed draw others into a compliance with to remove, would like to go off with that, which, upon due consideration the same ease as from home. But, they disapprove.-And if our new alas ! you find the cafe quite different, candidate desires, and would obtain, more like getting out of a spongingthe votes, the interest, and support of house, where debita per horas are detrue friends to liberty ; I believe, him- manded for each of their myrmidons. self and his friends, must first openly The appearance, in the way to your renounce their connections with those horse or carriage, of every one conwho have deserted the cause of liberty, cerned to deliver what you have orand not oppose but most frenuously en- dered, give significant intimations of deavour to prevent their re-election: their demands upon you, which, if to thew, that he is consistent with his you neglect, you will be sure to hear public declaration, that he will molt them bawl out with an insolent tone förenuously oppose all attempts upon the of petition, as, Pray remember the liberty of the fubje£t and every other un- oftler, pray remember the waiter, conftitutional measure.

pray remember the chambermaid, A true friend to liberty,

pray remember the bootcatcher, &c. An impartial, and And if you could insensibly pass that INDEPENDANT ELECTOR. gantlet, you must also pass that of

their scurrilous abuse, as, You are 110 To tbe AUTHOR of the LONDON gentleman, and probably a scrub, or MAGAZINE.

a scoundrel, and all this while, perSIR,

haps, the landlord or landlady present, I ,

revival of that noble spirit of hor- ry good journey. They have got their pitality lately demonstrated by a ge demands, and their servants are at lineral averfion to the mean practice of berty to bully you for their wages. giving what is called vails to their ser- Such is the present fcandalous situavants, that bane of friendly entertain- tion at the inns in England, owing to ment. And when gentlemen arrive the wretched state of their un proviat a just abhorrence of their own beg- ded servants, who frequently suffer garly domesticks, they will entertain for their masters ill usage; unprovi. the same ideas of them every where ded, because the generality coming else. Beggars having been ever deemed from the dunghill and sturdy beggars nuisances, disgraceful to christianity, bred, are suffered to continue to, and even common society: And als through the mean greediness of their though at gentlemen's houses their fer- masters, who thereby merit no better vants do not actually beg, yet is their guests than gamblers. Now, finding by acceptance of a gratuity beggarly: And all the advertisements of new innthe person who offers it must be himself keepers, their offers of the best accomof a mean spirit, as he thereby offers a modation, and most genteel treatment: gross affront to the master of the house. I would put them in a certain meThese beggars of the dumb class, al- thod to perform these offers in the though probably beggars bred, yet moft agreeable manner for their guests,

and

38

AN USE FUL SCHEME.

Jan. and most useful to themselves. For fourteen in a week, will thereby prowhich purpose I propose they thould duce 361. 8 s. probably more, because retain no heggars, but provide fuffi. no traveller will be deemed as such ciently for their servants, without al- who offers less, and to thow that, the lowing them to accept any perqui- landlord may return it as not worth fites at all. Which would diftinguith his acceptance, which will infallibly the most genteel treatment by obvia. answer the purpose. Where there ting what is most ungenteel. Now the are more attendants, more lodgers no question arises, How must the desired doubt, consequently more perquifites. reformation be accomplithed confiitent Which by thus fecuring and keeping with reciprocal advantage? I answer, an account of the produce, will enaThat allowing the eltablished custom ble the landlord to know nearly, what of some acknowledgment for atten- wages he can afford his servants, who dance at inns, let the landlords pay muit do very well, if they get double their servants suflicient wages, and at what they would be allowed in prithe bottom of the bill, write atten. vate families. Their money would dance, leaving a blank for the person come in at stated times to do them to give what he pleales; for every tra- good, they would go on regularly with veller would prefer the method of ha- their business, with less tipling and ving only one person to pay. The gaming amongst them. Many landlandlord supplies you with provisions, lords might, by these means, put some which are not chargeable till delivered, hundreds a year in their pockets, and and whether himself, his wife, his chil. keep houses like gentlemen. There dren, or servants, bring it in, is im- being inns, who, for half the year, material to you, if you are to pay for lodge every night from twenty to this: attendance : you will find it much ty, forty, and fifty people. Such a easier to make the landlord an allow- house would be called the Gentleman's ance for that purpose, than to cram Inn, and with propriety be so diftinthe hungry jaws of his gaping cormo- guilhed. I submit these as the outrants, who are so irregularly fed. A lines of a method, which I hould be temperate man, an invalid, a lady, glad to see improved. If a traveller who perhaps cannot dispense with li- has the humour further than this, to quors fufficient to pay the house for distinguish any particular fervant, let trouble, are therefore prompted to it be accepted by the landlord, only on give extraordinary to the servants, the terms of being spent in the house, whereby the master is a loser: And if in such liquor as that servant may you leave fomething for the lervants in chu'e, at his or her leisure. Penalties general, you will probably after that on begging, or accepting perquilites, have the trouble to acquaint them all to he inflicted at the discretion of the of it, and so please none. A man at landlord. 51. a woman at 3i. a boy at 408. and The only objection to this method is, a girl at 30 s. per annum, which inclu. I can foreice, that you will say per. dig ottier, chambermaid, bootcatcher, haps, we hereby lay a foundation for and waiter, at a small inn, amounts an additional charge at our inns: to 141. or 161. per annum. But in The charge I look upon as already es. confideration of their attendance, late tabiithed on disagreeable terms; but a and early, they perhiaps merit double peremptory charge, can never take wages, which will be about 301. Now place, if we make it a rule, upon let us fee how the landlord may tup- finding attendance actually charged, to port this additional expence, suppoling give nothing at all. he was not used before to give any I see no reason why the habits of ferwages at all. For baiting, as it is vants at inns thould not be uniform cailed, which is to stop in the day as well as at gentlemens houses; they time, and away again, I think no would make a better apperance, and attendance in umid be mentioned. As that affair is easily ordered, by an agree. I believe we have need only to bring ment at hiring to allow them cloaths into account, ihole who hay all niglii, of a certain value, after they have at the low computation of is. cachi, een a itated time. which at leaft they have been uied to

R. W. fire. A imall inn, that luriges but

T.

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