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The History of the last Session of Parliament. July ferred to the above committee, and an instruction to the committee apthe petitioners were allowed to be pointed to prepare and bring in the heard by their counsel.

bill for improving the navigation of On the 15th of April, Mr. Houblon the river Lee from the town of Hertreported from the committee, to whom ford to the river Thames, that they the petition of the trustees for impro- make provision in the said bill for ex. ving the navigation of the river Lee, tending its navigation, through part and to whom all the other petitions in of Hertford, to those flood-gates. consequence thereof were severally, re- On the 7th of May Mr. Byde preferred, that the committee had exa- sented this bill to the house, when it mined the matter of the first men- was read the first time, and ordered to tioned petition, and had directed him be read a second. to report the matter of the said first On the 11th, the hon. Charles mentioned petition, as it appeared to Yorke, Esq; as guardian to William them to the house. He then read the Sotheby, Elq; presented a petition in report in his place, and afterwards his behalf, and in that of Elizabeth delivered it in at the table, where Sotheby, John Eagles, trustee for the same was again read. After which Mary Pace, widow, and her children, it was ordered, that leave be given to and Frederick Teush, merchant, which bring in a bill for improving the na- set forth, that William Sotheby is lord vigation of the river Lee, from the of the manor of Sewardston in the town of Hertford to the river Thames; . county of Efex, which extends near and that Mr. Byde, Mr. John Calvert, four miles on the banks of the river Mr. Cafwell, Mr. Plummer, Mr. Jen. Lee, and that the navigation has at nings, Mr. Nicholson Calvert, Sir all times been carried on through the William Beauchamp Proctor, Mr. extent of the said manor, by means Goie, Mr. Thurloe, Mr. Cooke, Sir of two wears, called, Newman's wear William Maynard, Sir Matih. Lambe, and Parkinson's, of which the periand Mr. Gascoigne, do prepare and tioner Elizabeth Sotheby is feised dubring in the same.

ring her life, as part of her, jointure, In the mean while a petition of se. and by means of the water penned up veral of the inhabitants of Hertford for the use of certain mills, the only was presented to the house, and read, mills in England for making smalts, Mewing, that it would be a general or powder blue, and which are copybenefit to the inhabitants in general, hold of inheritance held by the petiif the navigation of the river Lee was tioner John Eagles, as trustee for Maextended through part of that town ry Pace, and demises by lease to the to the flood-gates belonging to the petitioner Frederick Teuth; and that town mill; praying that provision may the petitioners, their predecessors, or be made in the bill for making, im- persons under whom they claim, have proving, and extending the said na- been at great expence in erecting and vigation in and through part of the keeping in repair the said wears, and town of Hertford to the abovemen- certain works at Sewardston-mills for tioned foodgates. On which it was the sole use and service of the said naordered, that this petition should be vigation ; and receive three separate referred to the confideration of a com- and distinct tolls; to wit, one at mittee; and a committee

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Newman's wear, one at Parkinson's pointed accordingly, with power to wear, and one for the mill-water of fend for persons, papers, and records. Sewardston-mill, amounting in the On the fifth of May Mr. John Cal. whole to a very considerable sum year. vert reported from this committee, ly; but by the bill for improving the that they had examined the matter of navigation of the river Lee, it will be the said petition, and had directed removed from the said manor, and him to report the same, as it appear from Sewardston mills, by which ed to them to the house. He then means the petitioners, and their te"read the report in his place, and af. nants properties and estates in the said terwards delivered it in at the table, tolls will be annihilated, and the mawhere the same was read. On which king of smalts greatly affected; they it was immediately ordered, that it be they therefore prayed, that they might

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1768. The HISTORY of the last Session of Parliament. 349 be heard by themselves or counsel, with morasses. The adjacent country upon such part of the bill as might is a fandy soil; but a fine forelt extends affect their interests, and that they itself in the neighbourhood towards might receive fuch relief in the pre- Stargard, abounding with all sorts of miles as to the house should seem meet. game. “ This place has often sufOn which it was ordered, that this fered by fire, like other towns in this petition fhould be referred to the con- country, yet was chosen by duke lideration of the committee, to whom Adolphus Frederic II. the first of the the bill for improving the navigation line of Strelitz, for his residence, on of the river Lee was committed, and account of a commodious palace."that the petitioners 'might, if they “ In the year 1712, Adolphus Frethought fit, be heard by their counsel. deric Ill. and his whole family nar

On the 15th of May, the petition of rowly escaped perishing in a great fire, several maliters, malt-factors, farmers, which broke out in the night, and and others, using the navigation of burned down the old palace, with all the river Lee, was presented against its costly furniture and valuable effects. the said bill; and, in short, on the In consequence of this misfortune, his 18th were presented several others, of serene highness began to erect a sumppersons who had mills on the river tuous palace in 1726, about two Eng. Lee, which would be rendered useless, lith miles from the town, in a very or of little value, by the new chan- pleasant situation, at a place called nels proposed to be cut. However, on Glieneke, which before was his hunt. the 28th, Mr. Byde reported from ing seat. In the year 1733, he thought the committee, to whom all the a- proper to found a new town adjoining bove petitions were referred ; . that to the palace, and ordered it to be they had heard counsel in support of called New Strelitz. This town is the allegations of the petitioners, and laid out in a most regular manner, in had made several amendments in the the form of a star ; the centre is a spa. bill, which they had directed him to cious market-place, and from thence a report in his piace, and afterwards number of streets branch out in strait delivered the bill, with the amend. lines: The chief one leads to the paments, in at the table, where the a, lace, the next to the water-side, where mendments were read; when one of a pleasant lake attracts the eye. The them was disagreed to, and the rest buildings in these two streets, are elewere, with amendments to several of gant and commodious, and in some them, agreed to by the house ; and a others are handsome houses. The duke clause was also added; after which it gives great encouragement to builders, was ordered, that the bill with the lo that by this means, and the number amendments, should be engrossed, of nobility, who come to live near the

On the ilt of June, the bill was court, the town enlarges every day ; read a third time, when several clauses and may probably in time, reach to were added by way of ryder, and seve- Old Strelitz, and so constitute one ral amendments also made to the bill large handsome city. The air of by the house, after which it was or- the new town is clear and wholesome, dered that the bill should pass, and and the water also of a falubrious quaMr. Byde was directed to carry it up lity."-" The inhabitants keep their to the lords, and desire their concur. accounts in dollars and schillings: a rence. On the 15th it was sent down dollar is about four shillings English, a from the lords, who had agreed to schilling a penny. Their gold coin the bill, without any amendment; is chiefly ducats and pistoles. One and on the 29th it received the royal thing baron Dewitz has assured me, affent.

that a dollar in this country will go as [To be continued in our next.] far, i. e. will purchase as much as a

pound sterling in London; and he Description of Old and New Strelitz, lived there long enough to judge of

and the Palace at the Latter ; of which the difference. Indeed, provisions fee a fine View in our Mag. for May, p. here are in great plenty, and excellent 240. From Nugent's Travels. in their kind.

The chief buildings in the town of large plain, almof surrounded New-Strelitz have been erected by the

late canina,

OlapleStreintzajn situated in a

350 Description of the Palace at Strelitz. July late and present duke, for the accom. you descend by a flight of steps into modation of the différent officers be- the garden, where the eye is presented longing to the houshold. But the with a charming landscape. Before principal ornament of this capital is ide you is a beautiful parterre, leading magnificent palace ereted here in to a double row of trees, which form 1726. The fituation is delightful, the grand avenue : This is terminated on a rising ground and dry toil, with by a bandlome terrace, with a gradual a deer park in front, and a spacious lope to the edge of a jpacious lake, on garder, with a beautiful lake at the the opposite bank of which you beback. It is a quadrangular pile, built hold a pretty village, and farther on chiefly of stone, three itories high, rec- is a vait tract of forelt land, outkoning the ground floor; the architec- stretching the light. Before the ture extremely light and elegant. Two palace is the parade, a spacious area large wings project from the main body, terminating in the deer park. On between which is a spacious area or the left of this are fome public offices; court. The wings are fixty feet each and at a small distance the duke's in length, and the main body one coach-house and stables : - The hundred and twenty: The court latter well stocked with horses, though chapel is in the right wing, and in the he feldom rides. left is the grand taloon. The princi. pal stair-caie is large and light, lead. An extraordinary Escape in Norway. ing to a handsome hall, where the From Dr. Smollet's Present State of duke commonly dines.--. The presence all Nations, &c. chamber is extremely beautiful, of a due proportion, and the furniture of the highest contrivance and elegance.

PEAKING of the vegetables of that SE!

country, the doctor iays, “ Among The grand faloon is really a mag. the other kinds of grass here found, is nificent piece, decorated with stucco, what botaniits call viola canina, with gilding, and every other embellishment. short broad leaves ; a plant which conit is lofty and spacious, about fixty feet tributed, in a very lurprising manner, long and forty in breadth, with a gal- to the preservation of two Norway lery for mufic. This grand room is youths in the year 1652. These bro uled only on festivals, when there are thers, on the firit day of August, bails and allemblies; and then it is made an excurlion froin their father's cultomary for the duke and the whole houte, of about twenty English miles court to dine and sup there. The to enjoy the divertions of thooting and grand apartments are absolutely superb. fishing, in the mountains that sepaThe cielings consist of compartinents, rate Guldbrandsdale from the province curiously wrought in fucco, the lides of Paiders. After having itayed four enriched with pictures, glases, and days filling in the lake of Rif, they other ornaments; and the furniture rowed in a skiff to a very small island quite new, rich, and well chofen. The of this lake, about fixteen paces in chairs are all lined with crimson da- lengtlı. Here while they remained, mark, eitged and Howered with golu; the ikitt broke loose, in consequence of and, indeed, the whole is very a sudden squall, and was driven to the 1piendid. Opposite to these apsrt- other thore, where their dog food ments are several rooms, full of curio- waiting for his masters. As neither of sities and valuable moveables. Among the youths could swim, they saw themother things I beheld with admiration felves thus abandoned to famine, on a a complete service of Chelsea porcelane, desolate itland, lequestered from all in. rich and beautiful in fancy, beyond tercourse with mankind. Their first expression. I really never saw any care was to build a kind of hut of small Drefden porcelane near so fine: lior ftones, that they might, in some demajesty made a prefent of this choice, grea, he screened from the inclemency collection to the duke her brother; a of the weather. Towards the clole of prelint worthy of so great a princeis. the cond day, their appeute being

The chapel is beautifully finished, whtiled to the krenett sense of bunger, but not crowded with onnents, they industriously fought some vegetaFrom the back-core of the palace bie food, and ventured to eat the viola 1768.

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A SURPRIZING ESCAPE.

351 canina, each to the amount of an ounce being heard the travellers hastened to twice a day; and this was all they could their aslistance. The fiff being hapfind at one tearch. Their ftomachs pily found on the more undamaged, were eased, their fpirits refreshed, and the humane Itrangers put off to the the acute pains which had begun to little illand, where they found the seize their arms and shoulders, imme- brothers almost exhaulted. When diately abated. Eleven days did they food was offered to the elder brother, fubfift on this vegetable ; but it failed his itomach could hardly bear tire on the twelfth, and they were reduced smallest portion ; and after he was corto the brink of despair, when they ac- veyed to his father's house, le contincidentally found a little spot overgrown ued some days in a very dangerous diswith forrel, which they consumed at one order; of which however he recovermeal: nevertheless, it was reproduc- ed, and survived this disaster seven and ed in less than four and twenty hours ; ; thirty years. The other soon retrieved and the devout young men, with tears his strength and health; and in the of gratitude, and Jue acknowledgments year 1691 drew up this narration, as a to heaven, owned it as an interposition pious acknowledgment of God's proof Providence in their beliall. Dur. vidence." ing the first days of their suffering, The same author in his account of they had called and beckoned to their the animals and quadrupeds of Norway. dog, and used every pollibie allurement says, “. But the most fingular of all to induce that animal to swim over, there animals is the Lemming, the nathat they might kill hin for their fub- tive country of which is said to be the fistence; but he would not obey their mountains of Kolen in Lapland. This figuals. They were now reduced to creature seems to be a species of the such a weak condition, that they could rat, with a short tail, very mort legs, not stand, and bardly make thift to large whiskers, finall eyes and ear's, creep from their hut in quest of the and long larp teeth. Aboui once or forrel. The elder was leized, with a twice in twenty years they appear in violent palpitation of the heart, which vart numbers, advancing along the throbbed io loud'as to be heard at ground, and devouring every thing some dittance; and he appeared to be that is green, like a peitilence. Sonia in extremity. The younger with his flocks of them march from he Kola, knife, engraved upon a piece of timber through Nordland and finunark, 10 a fort account of their unhappy face, the weltern ocean, which they entri, and pointed out a text in the Psalıns, and, a'ter having fivam about for on which he requested that their fuiie. fome time, perith. Other bodies tako yal sermon might be preached. Then their route tirough Swedish Laplan i they joined in fervent prayer, and, to the Sinus Bothnicus, where that embracing one another, religned them- drown in the same manner.

Ties felves to death without marinuring advance in a direct line; and if they Their dog bad tarried eight days with are obliged to go round a large ft no their baggage on the ihwe, and then or rock, they seek their former line ut returned to their father's houle, where direction, in which they proceed. he refused food; but howled and they are opposed by the pealants, the moaned incessantly. From the grief of will Itand and bark at them : Never this faithful animal, the parents con- theleis, great numbers of them are dhe cluded that their children bad met with Itroyed and eaten by the Lapland dogs. some misfortune, and dispatched a man It a boat happens to be in their win, in learch of them to the mountain. He lying in a river or creek which is arrived on the eleventh day at the lake, intend to pass, they march in at the where he found their cioaths, and, con- end or side of the vesel, and out it cluding they were drowned, returned the other. The appearance of the with these melancholy tidings. On the vermin is looked upon as an omien thirteenth day of their famine, the a bad harvest, and heretofore this youths having by this time given up all was a form of exorcism used agit hope of relief, heard the sound of them by the Roinish clergy: but it isn't horses travelling up the mountains. prognosticate a Icanty crop, they ni ko They forthwith raised their voices, and, amends in occationing a good hunting;

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352

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Of the Ducks of Iceland.

July season; for they are followed by great The Turkey being a Fowl in bigh Efteem numbers of bears, foxes, and other at the Žables of the Curious, the folo animals, which eat them as the most

lowing Merbod of rearing that tender delicious food. The common people Bird, successfully practifedamong suppose that these vermin are trans- the Swedes, may prove serviceable to ported through the air; and several our Housewives learned men have embraced the same opinion.”

cold water, the very hour, if porOf the Ducks of Iceland, from the Same. ed, 'forcing it to swallow one whole

sible, at least the very day, it is hatchE W () :

of wild ducks (in Iceland) the mother. From that time it will five of which are fit to be eaten, and become hardy, and fear the cold no well flavoured. Of these the down. more than a hen's chick. But it must bird is the most esteemed and cherished. be remembered that this delicate fpeThe duck is of the common-size, and a cies of fowl is also subject to a partidark brown colour, except on the cular disorder when young, which frebreast, which is of a lighter hue : The quently carries it off in a few days. drake is as large as a goose, and has a

When they begin to droop, therefore, great number of white feathers. They examine carefully the feathers on the delight to build in little lonely islands : rump, and you will find there two or But the people have inticed them to three, the quill part of which shall be the main land by tender usage, and filled with blood. Draw these and the screening thein from all disturbance. chick will recover, and afterward re

Thus treated, they will fit upon their quire no other care than is bestowed on eggs, when visited, and even fuffer common poultry. Three parishes in them to be taken away, once or twice Sweden, which use this method, are in a season. The duck will continue said to have gained several hundred to lay others, until he is allowed to pounds by the rearing of turkies. hatch a brood : In that case they will return next year, and multiply on the A QUESTion by Mr. W. Baxter. .

UPPOSE two towers, one of 220 these birds pluck the down from their sure!

feet high, and the other 180, and own brcalts, that on this bed their their distance 230; now between these eggs may lie soft and warm. The towers is a concave trench, forming a duck lays four large green eggs, which semi-ellipsis, whose tranverse diameter are delicious to the palate : These the is the distance of the towers, and the natives take away, together with the semi-conjugate 100: It is required to down, and destroy the nest. The duck find the length of a ladder standing in goes to work again in the same man

the curve of the ellipsis, so that it thall rer, and is robbed the second time. just reach the top of each tower : She renews her labour ; but her breast being by this time bare, the drake To the AUTHOR, &c. lupplies the nest with down, which, as

SIR, it is white, is the more valuable. If PEING very much pleased with the

in . , her eggs, she quits that part of the on Mr. Glocester Ridley's work.-I country, and looks out for a new ha- should be glad if you could acquaint bitation. For that reason a prudent him, that, I think, he will find therein farmer will allow her to hatch her last Mr. Ridley has not been a vast deal produce; and he may be certain Me kinder in some things to the memory and her young will return next season, of Edward VI. than to poor Van Parré, when he will have three netts instead being almost as angry with the king, of one. When the young quit the for his crime of giving away some of neft, the people gather the down; so the overstock of holy church lineri, to that every pair yields eight eggs, and be disposed of towards the support of three parcels of down, in one leason: one of his charitable foundations. This down they export, and fell to I am, &c. great advantage."

A Friend to the Memory of Edw. II,

A SPEECH,

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