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368

Speech of a Great Lawyer.

July of it; it was not our fault that the de. of approbation, or the apprehensions fendant was prosecuted for the libels of censure; if we are subje&ted to the upon which he has been convicted; I latter unjustly, we must submit to it; took no share in another place, in the we cannot prevent it; we will také measures which were taken to prore. care not to deserve it. He muft be cute him for one of them ; it was not a weak man indeed who can be ftagour fault that he was convicted ; it was gered by such a consideration. not our fault that he fled; it was not The misapprehenfion, or the mifreour fault that he was outlawed; it was presentation of the ignorant or the not our fault that he rendered him wicked, the mendax infamia, which is self up to justice ; none of us revived the consequence of both, are equally the prosecution against him, nor could indifferent to, unworthy the attention any one of us itop that prosecution of, and incapable of making any im. when it was revived; it is not our pression on men of firmness and intree fault if there are not any errors upon pidity.--. Those who imagine judges the record, nor is it in our power to are capable of being intuenced by create any if there are none; we are such unworthy, indirect means, most bound by our oath and in our consci. grossly deceive themselves; and for ences, to give such a judgment as the my own part, I trust that my temper, law will warrant, and as our reason and the colour and conduct of my life, can prove; such a judgment as we have cloathed me with a suit of armour mult stand or fall by, in the opinion to fhield me from such arrows. If I of the present times, and of potterity; have ever supported the king's mea. in doing it, therefore, we must have fures; if I have ever afforded any asregard to our reputation as honest fiftance to government; if I have dismen, and men of skill and knowledge charged my duty as a public or private competent to the stations we hold; character, by endeavouring to preserve no considerations whatsoever fould pure and perfect the principles of the mislead us from this great object, to constitution, maintaining unsullied the which we ever ought, and as I trust honour of the courts of justice, and, ever shall direct our attention. But by an upright adminiftration of, to consequences of a public nature, rea- give a due effect to, the laws, I have fons of state, political ones, have been hitherto done it without any other gift strongly urged, (private anonymous or reward than that most pleasing and letters sent to me i fall pass over) molt honourable one, the conscientious open avowed publications which have conviction of doing what was right. been judicially noticed, and may there. I do not affect to scorn the opinion of fore be mentioned, have endeavoured mankind; I with earnestly for popu. to influence or intimidate the court, larity; I will seek and will have poand so prevail upon us to trifle and pularity, but I will tell you how I will prevaricate with God, our consci- obtain it; I will have that popularity ences, and the public: It has been in which follows, and not that which is timated that consequences of a fright. run after. 'Tis not the applause of a ful nature will flow from the efta- day, 'tis not the huzzas of thousands, blishment of this outlawry; it is said that can give a moment's satisfaction the people expect the reversal, that to a rational being; that man's mind the temper of the times demand it; muft indeed be a weak one, and his that the multitude will have it so, ambition of a moft depraved fort, that the continuation of the outlawry who can be captivated by such wretchin full force will not be endured, that ed allurements, or satisfied with such the execution of the law upon the de- momentary gratifications. I say with fendant will be resisted; these are ar. the Roman orator, and can say it with guments which will not weigh a fea- as much truth as he did, Ego hoc ani. ther with me. If insurrection and re- mo semper fui, ut in vidiam virtute parbellion are to follow our determina. tam, gloriam non infamiam, putarem : tion, we have not to answer for the But the threats have been carried fur. consequences, though we should be ther, personal violence has been de. the innocent caufe---we can only say, nounced, unless public humour be comFiat justitia ruat cælum; we Mall dilo plied with ; I do not fear such threats ; charge our duty without expectations I do not believe there is any reason to

1768.

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Defence of Andrew Marvel.

369 fear them : It is not the genius of the fend those conscientious dissenters, worst of men in the worst of times to who could not comply with the act of proceed to such shocking extremities: uniformity, :nd approve the creeds But if such an event thould happen, and worthin of the established church, let it be fo; even such an event inight again one Samuel Parker who had be productive of wholesome effects; atta ked them in the rudelt and such a stroke might roule the better , bloodiett fort, although the man himpart of the nation from their lethargic self had been bred a Itrict disenter uncondition to a state of activity, to ar. der the usurpation, and was 'prung fert and execute the law, and punish from a father who had gone the most the daring and impious hands which iniquitous lengtlisin those lawless times. had violated it; and those who now So that what often happeneth, in him supinely behold the danger which was verified that Mahometan proverb, threatens all liberty, from the most " one Renegado is worse than ten abandoned licentiousness, might, by 'Turks." such an event, be awakened to a sense This Parker, at the turn of the times, of their situation, as drunken men are upon the restoration, after trying in oftentimes tunned into sobriety. If vain to trouble the waters again, findthe security of our persons and our ing things too well settled, and that no property, of all we hold dear and va. great matter was to be gotten but by juable, are to depend upon the caprice deserting all the principles of this eduof a giddy multitude, or to be at cation, determined all at the disposal of a giddy mob; if, in fell himself over to the worft maxims compliance with the humours, and to of the worlt men of those cines, geneappease the clamours of those, all ci- rally the most lucrative ; and for whom, vil and political inftitutions are to be his learning and abilities, tor he was disregarded or overthrown,

a life

not deftitute of a good measure of both, somewhat more than fixty is not worth made him a fit inftrumeni. By various prelerving at such a price, and he can temporizing arts, aad by entering in. never die too soon, who lays down to, without scruple, and forwarding his life in support and vindication of the aims of the two Stuart brothers, the policy, the government and the to annihilate the English liberties, and conititution of his country.

bring in popery and travery, this man

rose, through, the several inferior graTo the AUTHOR of the LONDON dations, to the honour of a bishopMAGAZINE.

rick, and seat in the upper house of SIR,

parliament. Have ever read Andrew Marvel's We must not say, that he was bur. delight. The wit of it was to keen the grace left, as Burnet tells us, to and pure, and the drollery so plealant, write to James ii. to try if he could that it pleased and made all men laugh, bring him back from giving headlong save the church bigots that were grlied into the sordid superstition of popery by it, from the monarch on the throne and dragging his people after him, to the lowest mechanic. Bishop Bur. but when he found he could not fucnet tells us, that the man who was ceed, he went fait! over into all his the object of it, “ never forgave measures, at the end of his days. And Charles II. preferring the incompara- had not he died in the nick of time, ble wit of the Rehearsal transprosed, the and his royal maiter been defeated in best satire of our tiine, to that of Mr. his convering and dragonning schemes, Bays,” the name with which Marvel Dr. Parker, in all likelinood, would had chriltened him. :

have been promoted to the fee of CanThe principles that run througlı rlie terbury, and had paid for his archie. work, and with which it is replete, piscopal pull it Rome. are those of pure, unadulterated chril. Bihop Barnet, whom I quote verlatianity; and the civil and religious li- tim, inform us. that one of Parker's berties of mankind, which that holy inuxims was ; · That the people ought religion patronizes in their uvnost da to be brought into an ignorance in titude.

matters of religion- That preaching The immediate delign and motive oglit to be laid afiile, for trai a preach. of the author in writing, Was tu de- ing church could not tand.” July, 1763.

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370
Methods to destroy Vermin.

July Another of his maxims, which he was born 1620, we have the following delivered in answer to one that alkea fine and spirited picture of this excel. him, “ What was the best body of di. lent person. vinity? Which was; “ That which Pointed with satire's keenest steel, could help a man to keep a coach and The shafts of wit he darts around, fix horses was certainly the best.

Even mitred dulness learns to feel, So much was necesary to be said of And shrinks beneath the wound. this Parker, bishop of Oxford, other. In awful poverty his honest muse wise deservedly to be forgotten, to il. Walks forth vindictive thro' a venal Jultrate the merits and this work of land : Mr. Marvel's, who happily succeeded in vain corruption sheds her golden in putting this dangerous man to utter

dews, confusion and Glence.

In vain oppression lifts her iron hand; It will hardly be needful to mention, He scorns them both, and, arm’d with for all know it, that know any thing, truth alone, that this excellent person, Mr. An. Bids luft and folly tremble on the throne. drew Marvel, was member of parlia. Sir, your humble servant, ment, for his native place, the town

VINDEX. of Kingston upon Hull; that he is the last instance upon record of a member To the AUTHOR of the LONDON of that house, supported and main

MAGAZINE. tained by his constituents, as were an

SIR,

Leigh, June 23, 1768. ciently all members of the commons Cheap and ealy method to catch, house of parliament, and that, of many honest men, never perhaps fat in acceptable to such who are much inthat house one honester man than An- fested therewith. drew Marvel. Many instances of un- But how shall we catch them first, common virtue in trying times, of in order to kill them may be rationally great integrity in the midst of no asked, as it requires a dexterity every great affluence of outward circum- one is not mafter of. itances, are told from tradition, by his As I think it not beneath me to di. friends, and some recorded by our his. rect the poor not only for their health torians. And he was not only a good but ease also, I will tell them at once, citizen; but, if we may judge, by his both how to catch feas by whole life, and writings, (and what else have ihoals, and kill them likewise when we to go by ?) he was a real christian; so catcht: It is what I have long ftubut of the largest and most generous died for them, and am glad I have dis. principles.

covered it at last. Persuaded that such was the deserv- Only cover the floors of the rooms ed character of this truly noble Englith- with the leaves of the alder tree, while man and fenator, I could not, without the dew hangs on them: For they indignation, read the page of a modern when budding contain a kind of pinhigh-churchman and prelate, who, in guious, tenacious humour, to which a piece against the Lord Bolinbroke's the feas adhering, as little birds do to philosophy, ranks this excellent person biru lime, are surely detained, and with some other obnoxious naines, and

killed thereby. reviles him, in the decent terms, of I recommend this neat, and excelvermin crazvling upon the pripfi's surplice; lent method of fea-catching from the an appellation which he could no authority of Barbarus in bis comment otherwise merit, than for vanquishing, on Vitruvius. fubduing, and silencing, by fair truth, And now my hand is in, I will, wit and argument, one of the vilest tell the poor how they may {peedily and most renal of the clerical order. kill the other kind of vermin too, But it is with peculiar satisfaction that and that in a night or two's time, thos we can oppose to the opprobrious ever so numerous: It would be worth censure of this critic, the better judge trying it for bugs likewise. To my ment of another dignitary in the own knowledge, the seeds of staveschurch, the Rev. Mr. Mason, in whose acre, brought from hot countries; fold ode on Independency, written on the at the druggift's, sprinkled in powder banks of the Humber, where Marvel on the body, or bed, will deftroy lie

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of men,

1768. Singular Phenomenon accounted for.

371 on a sudden, and thrink them up like those nerves, which spring from the parched leather : The powder is pre- right lide, terminate in those parts ferable to its being mixed up with which form the left side, and vice vera grease, or ointment, as being both fa. So that to me it was no wonder neater, and quicker in effect. at all that the right side of the body

A decoction of the faid ftaves-acre on which the brain was wounded was made with water, about an ounce in a not affected thereby as expected, but pint and a half, boiled a few minutes, the opposite one, which was supplied will effectually kill nitts on horses and by nerves, whose origin was from other cattle, by bursting those ova, as the wounded fide, while that fide, I have seen, and so Thedding their supplied by nerves proceeding from the contents, if the parts be washed with sound lide, though opposite thereto, a rag, or sponge.

possessed its faculties as freely as if no This lotion can cure the itch in men wound at all had happened. To apply also, as that disorder proceeds only this remark to practice I leave to the from amimalculz lying latent under sagacity of the practitioner. the scarf skin. And mixed with coarse Thus we see observation and expeoatmeal, and worked up into pellets, rience are the two surest sources of or little balls with honey, will destroy certain knowledge; far beyond all rats and mice, if laid where they re- uncertain hypothetical reasonings a sort'; with rooks, crows, and other priori, however entertaining and inlarger vermin, and that safely too itructing such may be a pofieriori. without injury to other animals, which

J. Cook. is more than can be said of most other poisons. Yours

To the PRINTER, &c.

J. Cook. Would you, my fair ones, win the hearts
P. S. of the curious anatomy of
both insects hereafter.

Caf off your heads, and be yourselves again.
SIR,

HE of ,
SIR,
Leigh, March 28, 1768. tertaining, seems, at this crisis, to be

,
don, by some of the profession, fore, for the present, to be cultivated
for the solution of a singular phæno- by those generous patriots, who chule
menon in anatomy, I thought proper rather to lose their ears, than their
to render the fame public for the lac dinner; and to live well in a prison,
tisfaction of several others, who might than to be starved out of it.
equally like to be let into the secret. I fall turn the readers thoughts and

A lad, lately, by falling down the my own to a more agreeable subject hold of a vesel, fractured his skull, for to a subject not only agreeable, but which he was carried to an hospital even ravishing; and for that reason and trepanned.

Sometimes ravished : You easily perWhat surprized them was, that the ceive, I mean the fair sex. wounded side enjoyed all its functions I have spent my life in studying and freely, while the contrary side, un- admiring this delicious part of the hurt, directly lost its power of motion, creation; and till lately I have heen and turned paralytick from the blow. amply rewarded, by the pleasure I reHis fingers, on the opposite side, con- ceived from the contemplation of so tinue contracted ftill, as likewise his much beauty. But, within these few ham, otherwise in health and senses he years, a cruel disease has robbed the is as well as ever, although he has lost dear creatures of their charms, and me the half of his brains.

of the delight of my life. This dilI returned for answer, nothing was teinper is epidemical : It was imported plainer to me than that it proceeded froin France, like another which mail from the different origin of the he nameless; and appeared first among nerves from the opposite side to which the court ladies ; it then seized the cithey terminate, for which end they tizens wives and daughters, and now cross before they make their exit thro' it begins to make dreadful ravages in the vertebral holes of the spine, whence the country. I am afraid, in time, it

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will

To the AUTHOR of the LONDON T though extremely useful and en

SIR,

Ladies, Feads satirized. 372

July wi'l descend even to our cottagers. It though they might make very proper affects the head in a strange manner: mistresses for Jupiter * Ammon, I fear In omuch, that from a moderate and their heads will hardly captivate the beauti'ul form, proportioned to the hearts of English gentlemen. delicate body of a fine ladi, it iwells

I am, SIR, your's, &c. all at once to a molt enormous size;

A. B. and I have known some females, four feet odd in height, go into their dres- To the PRINTER, &c. sing rooms with heads not much larger than thole of pins, and come out of Have been long happy in having a them with Patagonian pericraniums. molt amiable woman for my wife,

It is to be obici ved, that the face in and a fine family of children, but hathis case is not swolen. The tumour ving lately met with lomewhat to ruf. appears principally in the occiput, file iny tranquillity, I will disclose it and is lo prodigious as to make the to you for the henefit of the publick. patient totter under the weight of it. The only failure my dear has, is that It is not attended with any pain or in- of being extremely in the fashion ; faimation; but when the disease has and nie will bave it, that I and my · been of long continuance, it generally children fall be in the fashion too. produces a violent itching in the head, You must know, fir, we have five

I do noi find this diftemper mention. girls, and every one of them hath a ed by any of the ancient physicians ; large tete, and the mother one more and, indeed, it is no wonder it is not, enormous than her daughters. I fresince it was unknown to the Greeks quently objected to this kind of dress, and Romans. I do not remember, but at length thought it prudent to acthat even our English physicians have quiesce. I disliked it in the children, taken notice of it, which is astonish. because it gave them a bold, though ing, considering how common it is sheepish look, and a head out of all among us. As the college hath not proportion; and I could not help fanthought proper to favour us with the cying myself pater gregis, rather than Name of this distemper, we have been the father of a family. Then, to say obliged to adopt that which the, the truth, though the air of my Love French give it, who call it tete de mou- used to be sweet and charming as the ton [theep's head] because it makes breath of May; yet, since he hath the patient look like a ram. I can worn a tete, it hath not been altogegive no natural account of the cause ther so agreeable : And I could not of this diftemper. Though by no heip thinking, that, after the had means fuperftitious, I am inclined to planted horns on her own head, she inpute it to the power of magic, for might be apt to do the same on mine. what else can, all of a sudden, turn Thele certainly were strong objections ; the beautiful head of a fine woman in, but you will think them hardly worth to a ram's head?

mentioning, when you have read what I forgot to mention, that sometime follows. My wife hath lately been after the head is swolen to a monstrous, brought to bed. She had a miserable magnitude, it sends forth a ferid time, and was very near death. And smell, and generally breeds verinin, what do you think was the cause? which I luppote, is not very wonder. The child had a tete de mouton. One ful, the mag rots, which were irit in would have thought my dear would the inside of the head, afterwards ap- have been pleased with a natural tete, pearing outwardly.

as it will save the trouble and expence It may fuffice to have dropt there of an artificial one; and would have few hints concerning this furprizing liked the child the better, because it diftemper. I leave it to the gentlemen came into the world in the fashion. of the faculty thoroughly to invetti. But she is inconsolable, and laments gate the nature of it, and find out its that the hath been brought to bed of a cure. I am sure I heartily with them monster : And, to add to our grief, success in their enquiries, principally the curate fcruples to baptize the on account of the fair virgins of this child, because he doubts whether it ille ; for in their present condition, has an human soul. We are in such

contusion, * This God was worshipped under the form of a ram.

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