Page images


[ocr errors]

Medicinal Preparations of Iron.

abysses : unheard of prodigies of credu- particulaly in the green fickness, and
lity and incredulity together. Men of the like.
contradictory understandings, which Helmont observes that all such pe-
cannot digert the mysteries of religion, ripneumonical persons as use vitriolic
and which digest' the mysteries of waters, always die. The vitriol turn-
atheilm; which cannot conceive that ing to oaker in their bodies, while the
there is an eternal God, and which water taken along with it comes away
conceive that the world has existed clear: oaker being nothing else but
from eternity : which cannot conceive the calx of iron, Whence we learn
that a wise and intelligent being has that when any chalybeate waters de-
disposed in order the parts of this uni- pofite a yellow sediment, they are no
verse, and which conceive that the uni- longer fit for use, as having now loft
verse has been arranged without wise their most medicinal part.
dom, and without intelligence; which I fall only propose two good prepa-
cannot conceive that there is a spiri. rations of iron, which, without any
tual substance, and which conceive more, may very well answer all the cu.
that a brutal substance, that a wind, rative purposes of physick. Ift. Is the
that a vapour, that some fubtle parts steel wine of the London dispensatory;
of matter, think, reflect, apprehend, the 2d is the excellent iron water
dispute: Which cannot conceive, that of M. Lemery, the celebrated French
the conversion of the pagan world was chemift.
the effect of miracles, wrought for the Take of clean filings of iron,
confirmation of the gospel, and which 4 ounces, of cinnamon, and cloves,
conceive that whole nations have re. each half an ounce, of rhenish wine
nounced their religion, their prejudices, 4 pints.
their prosperity, their lives, without Let them stand for months together,
prodigies, without miracles, without shaking them now and then. When
demonstrations: which cannot conceive become black, and rich of the iron,
that the sacred authors were inspired, it may be taken in the quantity of
and which conceive, that without su: half an ounce, or more, for a dose,
pernatural aid they have foretold fu- at a time, twice, or thrice a day, ac.
ture events, have given a body of doc. cording to the age, and strengen of the
trine superior to all the systems of patient, at such times as the itomach is

This simple process snews that iron To the AUTHOR of ibe LONDON is of such a ductile nature as readily MAGAZINE.

to join itself with the mildest vegetaSIR,

ble liquors, and being thus divided inHAT need is there for croud to exceeding small parts, and intimateferent, and discordant preparations of if we find this lax metal in the bodies iron which our dispenlatories are so of plants, animals, and minerals, as it overloaded with, when one, or two fim- has lately by particular experiments ple, but effectual ones, to all good ends, been observed in the ashes of such and purposes, alone, are sufficient ? bodies.

We need not so many forced medi- The steel water is made thus: Pour cines, which only serve to confound a quart of water on about two pounds the young physician, but only more of filings of steel, or on ruit of iron, judginent in uling them. The know- stir it about at times, let water stand ledge of the disease is said to be half constantly on it, and as it exhales add the cure; when the case is rightly freth; by this means the iron, in time, taken, it is the easiest part of physick will be reduced into an impalpable to apply proper medicines for the powder. fame.

What swims suspended, after well In most cases we find that crude iron stirred, and the gross has fubsided, without any laborious chemical pro. may be decanted off, and drank alone cess, is a much safer, and more effec- or dashed with wine, or fpirits, one tual medicine than when variously ounce or two, at a time, once or twice prepared with acids, or alkalies, as a day. Thus by being often stirred, August, 1768.



moft empty


DR. Cook,

Aug. and as often poured off what swims, the absurdity of all such medical jum. and then let settle, and be dried, you ble, and to compare such ferraginous may obtain the best steel powder in mixtures with the neat elegancy of a being.

much more pleasant and effectual forThese two easy preparations are the mula prescribendi, here recommended. very beft, safest, and efficacious, me- Dr. Mayow, in his treatise on the dicines of all those obtained from iron; rickets, in 1674, prescribed thus : neibeing almost infallible in all those dif- ther was he fingular herein, it being eases which proceed from mere laxity common for most of the profession to of the fibres, and lentor, coldness, or do the like. inactivity of the fluids. In effect they R Polypod. 2. Lapatb. acut, aazvi. will cure all the distempers curable by Cort, rad. sambuci, ebuli aa 3ss. rad, chalybeates : Only for old age there is osmonda regalis, filicis mar. cbichor. no cure, and they do little or no fer- aazis. herb. agrimony hepatic, vevice there; however as no one medi- ronic. ling. cervin. asplenii aamss. cine is a catholicon, in hard swellings, coquantur in Ælibiis ad tertiæ partis scirrhosities, or predominant acid, it absumptionem. ' Liquor coletur in will rather prove hurtful than of ser- matracium, cui imponantur fol. vice.

sennæ 3ij. rhubarb 3j. epithymi, fanWherefore I shall conclude this first tal. cit. ana zij. fem. fænicul aazi. article with this general and useful sal absynth zjss. f. infufio calida, remark on compound chemicalprocesses, clausa per horas 12. colatura per fubas, I shall of Galenical ones, that as fidentiam depurata adde sacchar. falts, wherewith metalline medicines equalem quantitatem, & fola facheare prepared, do not act in the body ri disolutione, aut leni ebullitione according to what they are at that time f.l.a. fyrupus. they were taken, but according as they

Rilum teneatis amici! meet with other salts which determine How idle, how troublesome, and their action in the body, it is very un- ineffectual is such a jumble of ingresafe, and uncertain, to align the ac- dients as is here offered, and only for tions of some medicines given together a mere fyrup too? to be taken one in compofition; or even though given Spoonful or three at most for a dose, the one some time after the other. when half a pint might perhaps purge

All which pleads much on my fide : a person, but could never cure him. To let physick be as fimple as possible, But what is still more to be won. that the patient may not stand a chance dered at is, that so learned a physician to suffer as much, if not more, from as Dr. Shaw, should, so lately too, do his doctor than his disease.

the very like; and whereas the former Your's. J. Cook. prescript contains no fewer ingredients

than eighteen, some of his prescripTo the AUTHOR of the LONDON tions in his new Practice of Physick, MAGAZINE,

contain nearly the same number. Now SIR,

pray which of all these ingredients are S the principal design of my me- to do the work intended, or do they

not hinder one another ? poor, and next the apothecary, to the A proper prescription among phyfi. best method of preserving health, 1 cians is a rational assignment and shall here for once do somewhat for the combination of such pharmaceutical sake of the young phytician likewise. remedies, as have by art been found to

The common decompound form of be properin particular cases; refpect beprescriving seems to me so very prepor- ing had to the matter and form of the terous and irrational, that I am sur. ingredients and medicine : fo that it prized such inconfiftent practice has may be commodioully made up by continued among many physicians fo the apothecary, and applied with eale long. But old customs are hard ob- and success by the patient. Now such ftacles to get over.

complicated proposals no ways answer For example, I will transcribe a sin- this character, nor can be depended gle prescription from the writings of upon for a cure. an eminent author, and for brevity's For a prudent physician will never fake one only hall fuffice, to cxpose order any drug in his prescription but



2. Its


411 what he has sufficient reason for, quinceseed, as much as will renwhich upon enquiry he is able to give:

der it into the form of a bolus. So that he does not, like empiricks, act To be taken every three or four at random, from mere cuftoin and pre

hours between the fits of an interjudice, but as the indications, which mittent fever. he bath before rightly deduced and Here the bark is the basis; the cas. considered, direct him.

cavilla, or eleutherium, is the alliftant; The grand scope in any cure being the oil of camomile the corrector, and to recover the patient (tuto, cito, š the jelly the medium, or vehicle of jucunde) safely, quickly, and pleasant- conveyance, and far preferable to fyly; the physician should always have rup, which makes the powders dilahis eye fixed on that view; as being greeably baum about the mouth, the point to which every thing he or- whereas this jelly being glib, nips down ders should have, as much as possible, with ease, for which reason, where no an immediate tendency. But here the looseness forbids, the powder of bark proportion of each ingredient is so done up with a piece of fresh butter, Imall as to spoil the effect of the whole, is as suitable as any thing to take it in. when a single one only fitly cholen

Yours, and given in due proportion, would

J. Cook. effect alone more than all the other put together.

To the AUTHOR of the LONDON In a compound formula. or prescrip.

MAGAZINE, tion, there are three articles to be ob.

SIR, ferved. 1. Its component parts, their Fever any branch of of the common number, use, and proportion.

law needed amendment, I humbly quantity, generally to be made up at presume that the limitations of estates once, and particularly to be taken at tail to heirs male, and their issue male, once ; and lastly, its qualities, as ari. in prejudice of the female issue, is a fing from composition or mixture. grievance and worthy the confidera

Both the late Doctors, Ratcliff and tion of higher authority to redress. Boerhaave, were remarkable for the I humbly prelume such an estate to fimplicity of their prescripts, and if a heirs male mould be void, or voidable, cure can be compafied with a few fim- at law, unless a sufficient portion had ples, what need is there of many; and been secured, or an assignment of a if our apothecaries shops were render- trust eitate, to raise portions to the fieed more simple still, it would be a re

male ilue of the heir male in tail lief both to the trouble and pockets of special, as a compensation, or in lieu the apothecary and patient likewise. of the eltare in course of delcent.-Such

The constituent parts of a proper portions when paid to be a bar of all prescription are only these four : 1. claims. – But as the case now stands, The basis, or principal ingredients; the heir male in tail special, and his 2. The adjuvans, or what helps, or female issue, are in a manner out of promotes the action of the former. the protection of the law, for they can The corrigens, or corrector of some have no benefit thereby because they thing improper therein: and, laitly, can neither dock the intail, and no the conftituens, or what serves to en. remedy to raise portions thereon by large, mix, and make up the whole. mortgage, or otherwise, when there is

To conclude by giving an example no provision of a truft eflate for that of all these, and of the proper formula purpose by the gift of the donor. for a rational prescription take the fol. The revenue of the Alienation Office lowing febrifuge bolus.

would be improved, and not diminish. R Cort. Peru 3j; Cort, Cascavill. 3r. ed, by allowing a power, by authority, ol. chamomel gt.j. cum mucilag. sem.

to the heir male in special tail to dock cydon. q. 1. m. f. bolus tertia vel the intail for one half, or one third, quarta, quaque hora, absente paryx. or one fourth, or especially appointed ismo, fumendus.

for one third of the estate fail for the Take of jesuits bark one scruple; provision of his family.

of Eleutherium bark haif a scru- No withstanding he claims per for. ple ; oil of camomile one drop; mam doni, and that it was the unquesmix them up with mucilage of tionable right of the donor to limit

Fff 2


[ocr errors]


Aug. such an estate ; yet it is neither policy sons and heirs male of his body being in a state, or justice or equity for its always to be preferred, and take hecommercial interests to suffer such a fore the younger of the fame fons, restraint to remain on the posterity of and the heirs male of bis and their the heir in {pecial tail, to the impo. body and bodies issuing ; and for deverilhment of all claimants under him fault of such iffue to the use of the and them.

daughter and daughters of the said N. B. The common law allowed one L. Ï. and E. E. to be begotten, and third of an estate, without a previous the heirs of the body or bodies of such settlement jointure, to the widow fur- daughter and daughters lawfully issuviving the occupant.

ing, and for default of such issue to The only objection that can proba. the use of the several and respective bly be started to a measure so reason- heirs of the said L. T. and E. E. for able, is that the estate of the tenant in ever. The deeds were propertail may be fo ample, that, without ly executed, and the marriage foleminordinate passions and extravagar cies, nized; and the aforesaid L. T. the be may make a saving charge to com- ancestor, had five children, four penfaté his family loss. But as all daughters and one son; but before laws are, and should be made to pro- the birth of a son he had made a devide for contingent casualties (and no claration in the nature of a will, to one ever doubied there is an inherent dispose of his effects, and some regu. right in the constitution to alter and lations about his real estate, that were aniend the common law for the benefit not available in law. Then he had a of the subject) the aforesaid objection son, the prelent heir in tail, under the has no weight, but such remedies above recited deeds, and the said L.T. hould be fought, and such provisions the father, being sensible that the said inade by higher authority and wisdom, will, or declaration, was not valid, as should be liable to no objection. made a kind of codicil, requesting

If ever higher authority should con- his son, and the persons therein named, descend to make new regulations in to allow out of the rents of the aforerespect of that antiquated law, called laid estate (notwithstanding he had reEftates Tail, or the Statutes of In- served no authority by the above set. tail, I shall think it merit enough to tlement, and also had 'limited an estate contribute a hint towards the promo !ail (pecial thereby) 500l. or as much ting of so good an amendment. Your as would make up his personal estate Magazines have made a motion to 800 l. to be divided between his daugh. elucidate that branch of right, and I ters at the age of eighteen years.--cannot avoid thinking an heiress with. The ancestor died, surviving the moout property, and a Lord Heartfiee ther and the infants. without a foot of land, are matchable N. B. The son claimed under the terms, and a serious argument to all deeds of settlement; the daughters parties concerned.

had a remainder in abeiance. The I am, Sir,

mother of the infants discharged 400l. Your obliged humble servant, of the said contested will by deeds of

AMICA VERITAS, settlement to her daughters, with their The case on which the inclosed rea- releases thereon. soning is founded.-L. T. the But I am not lawyer enough to de. father, on his marriage with E. E. termine whether such payments and granted his lands to trustees, to hold releases are a good bar to their remainto bis and his wife's use for their re- der in tail; if not they enjoy the porspective lives; and after the determi. tions and have a claim to the eltate nation of that estate, to the use of to the detriment of the heir in tail and all and every the fon and cons of the his illue. said L. T. the father and E. E, to be begotten severally, successively, and in Extract of a Letter from Mr. Martin, remainder one after another, as they chief Engineer at Bengal, dated Ostothall be in priority of birth and tenios ber 8, 1765. From Philos. Trans. rity of age ; and of the several and Vol. LVII. lawfully illuing; the elder of the same mon heat in this climate; it has



[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

Heat of the Weather at Bengal.

413 been for some time past almost insuffe- riods every relief is denied, except rirable,

sing in the morning, and being on The thermometer was seldom un- horse-back by day-break, in order to der 98, and the quick-silver rose at cer- enjoy an hour, or little more, before tain times of the day to 104 degrees, the sun is elevated : It becomes too by the best adjusted instrument; nay, powerful by fix o'clock to withstand I have been assured by some gentlemen, its influence ; nor can the same be atthat, in the camp 500 miles diftant, teinpted that day again till the sun rethe thermiometer often stood at 120 ; tires, so that the relt of the twentybut such a difference, I imagine, was four hours is pafled under the most occasioned by the badness of the in- severe trials of heat. In such season ftrument.

it is impoffible to sleep under the fuffo. However it is certain, that nothing cating heat that renders respiration excould exceeed the intense heat we felt tremely difficult; hence people get day and night, during the month of out into the virando's and elsewhere June. May and July were little infe. for breath, where the dews prove coolrior at times, but afforded some in- ing, but generally mortal to such as terinission; otherwise a very great mor- venture to sleep in that air. In fhort, tality muit have attended this settle- this climate soon exhausts a person's ment, though we were not without in- health and strength, though ever so ftances of fatal effects in the month firm in constitution, as is visible in of June, when some few individuals in

every countenance, after being here found health were suddenly seized and twelve months. I have been lately indied in the space of four hours after; formed by an officer of distinction, but, confidering the malignity of the who was formerly engineer at this climate, we have not loft many, and place, that being sent out to survey I believe the generality of people are a salt lake in the month of September, not lo intemperate as some years past he found the fulphureous vapours ro they used to be; though, from what stagnated and gross, that he was obli. I have seen, the best constitutions in

ged to get up into the tallest trees he the most moderate persons are a poor could find, to enjoy the benefit of rematch against a fevet or other disorders spiration every now and then; he addin this country.

ed, that he conftantly had recourse to I have been as free from fickness as

smoaking tobacco, (except during the any other person in the settlement; hours of fleep) to which and to Twal. but I cannot say that I have enjoyed lowing large quantities of raw brandy myself in that degree as to be an ex- (though naturally averle to strong liception ; for no man here is without quors) he attributed his safety. Howcomplaints, and life and death are lo ever, on his return, he was seized Suddenly exchanged, that medicines with an inveterate fever of the putrid have not time very frequently to ope- hind, which he miraculously survived, rate before the latter prevails. This though others, who attended him on is generally the case in malignant fe. the survey, and had lived many years vers, which are here termed pucker fe- in the climate, were carried off, at vers, meaning (in the natives language) the same time by the like fever." strong fevers.

The rains have set in fince the 4th of HE following remonstrance of June. We call this the unhealthy lea. the insurgents at Madrid, in the son on account of the salt petre im- year 1766, (See that vol. p. 272 ) is a pregnated in the earth, which is ex- convincing proof how difficultitis, even haled by the sun, when the rain ad. under the moti arbitrary governments, mits of intervals. Great fickness is totally to eradicate from the human caused thereby, especially when the breast, the generous sentiments of lirains suboje; which generally happens berty, or to subject the natives to about the middle of October. The air the despotism of a foreign minion and becomes afterwards, rather more tem- minister. perate, and, till April, permits of ex- Translated from the original Spanish. ercise, to recover the human trame, “ THE inlurgents beg leave to that is relaxed and worn out by the present this humble remonftrance to preceding season ; for in the hot pe- your majesty, setting forth the reasons



« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »