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It is also said, that the death of the young Emperor is very ill taken by the soldiers; for they desired the death of none of them, but that they might be reconciled, and govern them as their natural lords and princes, as they best could agree; and the rather, for that, by reason of the death of the aforesaid Osman, the whole race of the Ottomans is extinguished, if the two children are put to death, as is reported, for that Sultan Mustapha, now emperor, is held unable for generation.
Others report, that Sultan Osman was not as yet gone over into Asia, but was upon going, and that the mufti, and other his adherents, not being able to remove him from his resolution, did use this but as a device to divert him, casting this rumour among the people, viz. the spahies and the janisaries, as is aforesaid, which happened to his ruin, and a declination and ending of the Ottoman empire.
To come to a conclusion: Never was so violent an act so suddenly performed, nor so quickly repented: For the janisaries stood amazed at their own villainy, and, by night, there was not a man seen, that durst justify their treasons; for they fled for the present, no man knew whither; and those, which remained, were afraid to stand for the glory of the house of Osman, but they would live and die in the obedience of a worthy Emperor.
But how this uproar ceased, or tumult was appeased; what offenders be taken, or how punished; what bashaws be slain, or from whence others are admitted; by what means the doctors of the law came together again, or whether they escaped: if you long to know, I long as much to inform you; which, if I may do, I will do, according to the next certificate that comes.
The Advice* of that worthy Commander,
KING CHARLES'S COMMAND,
Upon occasion of the French King's Preparation ;
And presented in his life-time, by his own hand, to his Majesty: hitherto,
being a private Manuscript.
A RELATION OF HIS LIFE AND DEATH.
Whereunto is also annexed divers remarkable Instructions, written by the late, and
EVER-FAMOUS EARL OF ESSEX.
All tending to the Securing and Fortifying of this Kingdom, both by Sea
and Land, and now seasonably published for the benefit of these times.
A word spoken in season is like Apples of Gold in Pictures of Silver,
Prov. XXV, 11.
Printed at London, for R. Harford, 1642. Quarto, containing forty pages.
In Memoria Col. Harw. Equitis Aurati.
Carmina quid canerem? Tristes imitantia Musas.
Carmina sunt meritis inferiora suis.
Gentis honos obiit, gloria, fama, decus.
Nobilitas animi ; plurima nota loquor.
Of such a soldier, valiant, wise, and just :
Nor vast enough, his merits on to seat:
In Col'nel Harwood did meet all in one.
* This is the 88th Number in the Catalogue of Pamphlets in the Harleian Library.
But, should I write his praise, it would be thought,
A nephew will commend the work, though nought.
To judge thereof, as he the work shall find:
Bid him, that blames him, shew his parallel.
To the Right Honourable the Lords and Commons, assembled in the High
Court of Parliament.
Right Honourable Lords, and worthy gentlemen, who are all embarked
in the ship, the Commonwealth; and as, in a ship, there are divers agents, whereof some of the chiefest sit at the stern to govern; others of an inferior rank elimb the mast, hoist sails, and do inferior works in it, all of them according to their several ranks, as they do the duties of their several places ; so have interest in the common good, and either do, or ought to mind the publick welfare of it: And as, in building of the tabernacle, some of the chief sort brought gold, silver, and precious stones, others of inferior sort, goats hair and badgers skins, every man, according to his ability, did contribute to the same. 1, though but of the inferior rank in this ship, even the meanest of all others, yet embarked therein, see not but I ought to endeavour, though but in inferior works, the good of it, who, though I have not gold, silver, or precious stones, nor any thing besides my poor prayers to advance the glorious tabernacle, yet would, with Ahimaaz, run also, as one willing and desirous to do good, if I had any ability in myself, or opportunity: But having nothing of any own, finding this little manuscript among the papers
dear deceased brother, and considering the troublesomeness of the times, the fears of the better sort, and hopes of the worse : I have adventured to make it publick, which though written some time since, and upon another occasion, yet there may something be gathered out of it, if I mistake not myself, which may be of good use for these present times of our fears, and sad apprehensions; wherein if there be any thing, which in your grave wisdoms, you may think fit to put in execution, it shall much rejoice me, that I brought it to the light, or at least, if it may but occasion your wisdoms to take into your serious consideration the subject-matter of it, which is the securing of the kingdom against all dangers, that may come to it, and in your wisdoms to think upon better directions, that may remove the fears and apprehensions of most men in these tumultuous times, by reason of the insurrection of our neighbouring kingdom, and the just fears we have of these pestilent enemies of our church and commonwealth, the papists in this kingdom, and their adherents, the prelates: Now as concerning my brother's manuscript, as it was penned in time of
a great sea preparation made by the French King some ten years past, so, as I had it from his own mouth, it gained the approbation and good liking of his Majesty, who commanded him to write his judgment and opinion of those preparations, and by what means, if they were intended against us, we might secure ourselves both for the present, and in future; which though, for some reasons, was not thought fit to be put in execution, yet I have been encouraged by some of good judgment, now to publish it in these times, wherein we have some more apprehension of danger than formerly, partly by the actual rising of these many ill-affected to religion in Ireland, and also those proud threatening speeches lately given forth by the papists here at home, which if not by some such course, as is here propounded, prevented, may breed more danger, than most are sensible of. Elijah's cloud rose but like a hand, which after overspread the whole
heaven; what this may do, if suffered to enlarge itself; how far reach, we cannot directly say; but even to our own horison we may well presume, if not repelled, or dispersed by a strong and swift gale. The mischief they carry with them cannot be contained in the neighbour kingdom, if they thus grow in their progress. What combination there may be with foreign states, I leave to deeper judgments; but, for my own part, I shall ever subscribe unto the opinion of that noble Lord, concerning an old enemy the Spaniard: 'That, if he ever find an opportunity, and advantage against us, he will not bạulk it: I cannot easily be drawn to a belief, that that great fleet they sent two years since upon our coast, when we and our trụe-hearted brethren, the Scots, were ready to enter into a bloody battle, was to guard only his soldiers, or treasure; but that there was a design in it upon this kingdom, though by God's mercy prevented. Never came such a fleet upon our coast, save in 88, when they intended a real invasion. But it it be objected, was he not in league with us? But alas! What security can we have thereby, in being in league with him, or any of that religion? When first they hold that it is no fault to break faith with hereticks. ' Secondly, if it be, the pope's dispensation will take it away. Thirdly, if the pope find it for his advantage, he will so charge them to break with us, that so conscience and obedience shall cure their malice and perfidiousness: I am bold to add to what my brother wrote, what once, long since, I read in a little treatise, which may something conduce to this, of that bravé Lord, the late Earl of Essex, expressed in an apology in the late Queen's time of happy memory; which may something strengthen my brother's opinion for making sea preparations, which, with my brother's, 1 humbly offer to your considerations, there being none under heaven, to whom we can address ourselves, for power and fitness to correct the malignant aspect of these influences, besides your bonours:
And now, most noble and grave senátors, the true and ever renowned patriots of your country, if my zeal, for my country's freedom and prosperity, have born me beyond my bounds, impute it to my error of judgment, and let your candor close with the good intentions of him, who is more in wishes, and
hearty desires, than in parts and abilities, for the felicity of his country. And he shall ever remain
Your honour's most humble,
and obsequious Servant,
The Life and Death of Colonel Harwood. Gentle Reader, THI HIS little manuscript, penned by my honoured friend Sir Edward
Harwood, Colonel of an English regiment in the Low-Countries, was intended for the press, and ready thereunto, when, by God's gracious providence I coming over (having had some experience of his worth) and, in some respect, obliged unto him, was not a little glad to meet with an opportunity to shew my love and respects to him. I therefore desired leave of his brother, of whom I have now obtained it, though with some difficulty, to offer to the world some testimony of it, wherein I will forbear to say what I may, neither is there need for me in that kind to say any thing at all, in respect to those that knew him, and have been conversant with him; they have been eye-witnesses to more than I write; but, for their sakes, who did not know him, I desire a little to acquaint them with his worth, to the end, that they, who have a love to that honourable profession, may have a worthy example to excite their imitation.
It being my portion to travel with him one whole night, not long before his decease, he was (beyond his custom) kept awake all that time by his own spirit; which constrained him to open his bosom to me, and to give me an epitome of his time, and God's dealing with him, of which, and my own observations concerning him, you may please to take this brief extract.
His birth was genteel, and from a root fit to ingraft his future education and excellency: Furnished he was with such learning as his age was capable of, and grew up in an especial respect unto the faithful dispensers of the gospel, and accordingly reaped the fruits of it in God's season. His spirit (though sad enough) yet accompanied with much natural mettle and courage, and looked above other callings, to that which narrow-minded and effeminate men close not with.
Me soon attended the school of war of those times, where quick and curious designs issued into daily action and execution. There my Lord Vere, who could well distinguish men, cast his eye upon him, by whose favour, exhaled by his own worth, he was not long ascending the usual step whereon the war placeth reward for its followers: As he grew skilful in his trade, so was he amiable to others. They live who know how dear he was to that justly lamented Prince Henry, who took such delight in him, that his closet thoughts were open to my noble friend,