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and, of two evils, it were better to have a patched peace, than an insupportable war. To which he answers, that those, that did so think, were injurious; first, to our men of war, that fight for them, and defend them, in thinking their arms (which have ever done honour to our nation, and struck terror into the hearts of our enemies) less able to defend our country than their treaties, which ave never been free from scorn and disadvantage. Injurious they are to the country that bred them, which, being one of the bravest, strongest, and happiest states in Christendom, is judged, by these men, to be as weak as their own weak hearts. Injurious they are to her Majesty, who, being so great, so glorious, and so victorious a Queen, shall be judged unable to maintain ivar, when she cannot have peace, but at the pleasure of her enemy. Yea, injurious, and most unthankful they are to God himself, who hath hitherto fought for them, in that, for an unsafe peace, with an idolatrous and irreligious nation, they would leave an honourable and just war. But when some objections might be made, that her Majesty's treasure was drawn deep into, and, if there were any weakness in our means, to make war, it was in our treasure: To this he answers, That though her Majesty's treasure be drawn deep into, and the
poor husbandman, by the late hard years past, hath now left scarce any means to live; yet, if our sumptuous buildings, our forfeiting diet, our prodigality in garments, our infinite plate, and costly furniture of our houses, be well considered, England cannot be thought poor: Can we exceed all nations, in Christendom, in wasteful vanities, and can we not arm ourselves against one nation, whom we have ever beaten, for our necessary defence? Was Rome so brave a state, that the very ladies, to supply the common treasure, and to maintain the wars, spoiled themselves of their jewels, and rich ornaments: And is England so base a state, as that the people therein will not bestow some part of their superfluous expences, to keep themselves from conquest and slavery? Did the godly Kings, and religious people, which we read of in the old testament, to maintain war against the enemies of God, sell the ornaments of the temple, and the things consecrated to holy uses? And shall not we, that have as holy a war, spare those things we have dedicated to our own idle and sensual pleasures? Could our own nation, in those gallant former ages, when our country was far poorer, than now it is, levy armies, maintain wars, atchieve great conquests in France, and make our powerful armies known, as far as the HolyLand? And is this such a degenerate age, as we shall not be able to defend England ! No, no, there is yet left some seed of that ancient virtue: I remember, with what spirit and alacrity, the gentlemen of England have put themselves voluntarily into our late actions; there will ever be found some Valerii, which, so the state may stand and flourish, care not, though they leave not wherewith to bury themselves, though others bury their
money, not caring in what case they leave the state.
THUS far are his own words; and here I intended to have finished this discourse, but my thoughts pressed me to a new task; and what shall I say, most noble lords and worthy gentlemen! I will you, even as Abraham did to God: “Seeing, saith he, I have begun to speak unto my Lord, thatam but dust and ashes, let not my lord be angry, I will speak but this once.' Seeing I have taken upon me to publish something, that, I hope, may tend to the good of our bodies ; give me leave now to add something, which, I hope, may be no less for the good of souls, and that is this: Most humbly to crave, that you will be pleased to take to your most wise and grave considerations that noble and pious work happily begun, and successively proceeded in, of the feoffees for redeeming in impropriations, of which body, before it was was suppressed, I was, though unworthy, a member, and, therefore,
say the more; of which I dare be bold to say, it was one of the most glorious works that ever was undertaken in this kingdom of late years, and did more conduce to the spreading abroad of the glorious gospel of Jesus Christ, than any I ever understood or heard of. Of which I may truly say, as Solomon of the virtuous housewife, · Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou surmountest them all. I deny not, but it is good to give to hospitals, to repairing of churches, setting up of free-schools, building of alms-houses, and the like; but I have ever thought, such as concern souls, to be as far above them, as the soul is above the body.
This pious work, it was well approved by his Majesty, as we were informed, at our first undertaking of it; and, I am sure, of all his best subjects, only the Diotrephes's, that St. John speaks of, that love preheminence, and thrust their brethren out of the church; the prelates of our time, that never did further, but ever hinder any good work, that tended to the advancement of the gospel of Christ, if it did not comply with their ambitions. But of them I will say no more, you have said so much and so well; but, for this pious work, I dare be bound to say, if it had continued, and not been suppressed, by their means, that, by this time, most of the impropriations of this kingdom had been brought in, and laid unto the church again. A work fit for such an age as this, that hath enjoyed the gospel so long, to have propagated it to the dark corners of this kingdom; and this to be effected and done, not by a forced and strained exaction, but by a free and willing contribution of such as understand the nature of it, and saw the present good fruits and effect of it, which adds much to the glory of it. The contributions, at first, were very encouraging and some underwrit yearly gond sums; others, to every impropriation we brought, certain sums; but, towards the time of our unhappy dissolution, the contribution grew much greater; for, not a week before we were suppressed, a lady, yet living, sent us word, she would give a thousand pounds presently, to the furtherance of the work; and many wills have since been altered, that we heard of, that gave brave proporportions to it. I never heard of, nor can yet sce any such
spread the gospel to the remote and blind corners of this kingdom; neither caó we, for aught I know, ever hope to see popery quelled, till a godly painful ministry be established ; and that will never be, till competent means be provided; both these had been effected, and the effects, in time, would have manifested what I have said, and the benefit thereof would not only have extended to the church, but also to the commonwealth ; for, where a good ministry is placed in a town, there idleness will be abolished, the poor and impotent children, and vagrant set on work, and his Majesty have gained true and loyal subjects, such
may repose himself in their loves and fidelities. It is the glory of our religion, it was never stained with those hellish plots, massacres, and treacheries, against their sovereign; and, if ever popery be put down to purpose, it must be by the means of establishment of a powerful ministry, then shall we see Satan fall down like lightning; it must be the breath of the Lord that must abolish the man of sin. I deny not, but good laws do well, but, what through favour, conniving, and want of execution, we daily see they have not such good effect, as were to be wished; that I am confident, it must be the powerful conscionable preaching ministry of the gospel, that must especially effect it; and, to procure that, nothing will more conduce, than a full, free, and plentiful provision for the dispensers of it, and not for such as do least to have most. The Lord, in mercy, direct you, bless and prosper your proceedings, and, in his good time, give us to enjoy the happy fruits and effects of your great, long, and unwearied pains.
THE GHOST OF KING JAMES:
A late Conference between the Ghost of that good King, the Marquis
of Hamilton's, and George Eglisham's, Doctor of Physick; unto which appeared the Ghost of the late Duke of Buckingham, concern. ing the Death and Poisoning of King James, and the rest.
Printed at London for J. Aston, 1642. Quarto, contaiuing eight pages.
King James. DOST OST thou know me, Buckingham? If our spirits or ghosts.
retain any knowledge of mortal actions, let us discourse togea ther,
Bucking. Honour hath not now transported me to forget your Majesty; I know you to be the umbra or shade of my sovereign King James, unto whom Buckingham was once so great a favourite: But what ghost of Aristotle is that which bears you company? His pale looks shew him to be some scholar.
K. James. It is the changed shadow of George Eglisham, for ten years together my doctor of physick, who in the discharge of his place was ever to me most faithful; this other is his and my old friend, the Marquis of Hamilton.
Bucking. My liege, I cannot discourse as long as they are present, they do behold me with such threatening looks; and your Majesty hath a disturbed brow, as if you were offended with your servant Buckingham.
K. James. I, and the Marquis of Hamilton, have just cause to frown and be offended; hast thou not been our most ungrateful murderer?
Bucking. Who I, my lieger What act of mine could make you to suspect that I could do a deed so full of horror? Produce a witness to my forehead, before you condemn me upon bare suspicion.
K. James. My Doctor Eglisham shall prove it to thy face, and, if thou hast but any sense of goodness, shall make thy pale ghost blush, ungrateful Buckingham.
Bucking. I defy all such votes and false accusations; if I had been $0 wicked, why was not I, when living, brought to trial, and sacrificed to justice?
K. James. A petition was drawn by my doctor, George Eglisham, wherein he most lovingly amplified the ingratitude of thee, my favourite Buckingham, in poisoning me his sovereign, which he then presented to my son King Charles, and to the parliament, for he had vowed to revenge our death; but they, taking no course for the examination of thy guiltiness, by reason of thy plot, which dissolved that parliament, doctor Eglisham was fain to go over into Holland, to avoid the fury of thy malice.
Murq. of Hamilt. Nay, he discovered thee, George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, who have committed two'eminent murders, namely, of the King's Majesty, and of me the Lord Marquis of Hamilton; and, for all thy subtely in thy poisoning art, God hath on earth manifested thee to be the author of our deaths.
Bucking. Were we living, thou durst not use this language; thy words are false: Who dare appear to prove what thou didst speak?
Dr. Eglish. I Doctor Eglisham, as I did once accuse thee unto the King and parliament, and the whole world, so I affirm again, that thou didst poison King James and the Marquis of Hamilton; and first ! will prove the murder of the Marquis of Hamilton, who died first.
Bucking. I stand without all fear; and durst thou, base Doctor, to speak even all thy malice can invent against me?
Dr. Eglish. Then know, Bnckingham, that, being raised from mean blood to honour, and therefore extreme proud, thou hadst an ambition to match thy nicce with the Marquis's eldest son, and the bride should have had fifty-thousand pound sterling for her portion.
Bucking. But, what is this to the matter of poisoning the Marquis?
Eglish. Yes, thy, niece being unequal in degree to the marquis's son, the marquis thrice refused the offer of such a marriage, but, at last, hoping some way might be found to annul it before it should be confirmed, he yielded to the King's desire of the match, and at Greenwich, before the King, it was concluded; and you, Buckingham, caused your niece to be laid in bed with the marquis's son in the King's chamber, the bride being unfit and not manageable. Afterwards the marquis having set his son into France to prevent the confirmation of the marriage, and your niece growing marriageable, and the confirmation of the marriage by you desired, the marquis answered her since the motion, which caused a deadly quarrel between you and the marquis, often reconciled, and often breaking forth again.
Bucking. It may be I was offended, but I sought no base revenge.
Eglish. That shall appear hereafter. The Marquis of Hamilton, after this quarrel happened between you, fell sick, and you, whom King James knew to be vindictive, had occasioned this his sickness, and afterwards his death by poison.
Marq. I could not endure that thou shouldst come near me, Buckingham, in my sickness.
Bucking. But I was still desirous to visit you in your sickness, though this urinal observer, Dr. Eglisham, kept me away.
Eglish. I knew your visitation proceeded from dissimulation; but, to hasten to the end of my accusation, you Buckingham, and my Lord Denbigh, would not, all the time of his sickness, suffer his son to come near him, lest my lord marquis should advise him not to marry Buckingham's niece. Matters being thus suspiciously carried, my lord marquis deceased, and you, Buckingham, would have him buried that night in Westminster church: When he was dead, his body was swelled to a strange and monstrous proportion; I desired his body might be viewed by physicians, but you, Buckingham, being guilty, endeavoured to hinder it; but view him they did, and all the physicians acknowledged that he was poisoned ; and, after his death, you, Buckingham, sent my lord marquis, his son, out of town, made a dissembling shew of mourning for his death, and a bruit was spread of poisoning Buckingham's adversaries, and the poisonmonger or mountebank, was graced by Buckingham; all which are sufficient grounds to prove you guilty of the Marquis of Hamilton's death : Now I will also declare thee to be a traitor, in poisoning thy sovereign King James.
Bucking. Speak what thou canst, and add more lyes to this relation, I will not answer thee until the end.
K. James. Was Buckingham the author of my death, I would have thought those heavenly essences, called angels, might have been sooner corrupted than Buckingham ; was he my poisoner?
Eglish. He was, my liege, Buckingham being advertised that your Majesty had, by letters, intelligence of his bad behaviour in Spain, and that
your affection towards him was thereby grown somewhat colder; Buckingham, after his coming from Spain, said, that, the King being grown old, it was fit he should resign all government, and let the prince be crowned.