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Sir, THE same letter, which we have written to the committee of both kingdoms, we have also written to the lords and commons, and, if either give redress to the wrongs complained of, it is well; what we wrote to you, of the nineteenth of this month, in character, might as well have been done with less trouble; for Master Galbreth, that deli. vered to us the same, under an injunction of great secresy, hath since communicated it to most of the colonels of the British army; so that it was evidently a plot, to draw this army, under the command of the marquis. I was jealous of it at first, and we took bonds of him to appear before the committee, when the Scots commissioners shall land; but it was not thought fit to commit him till then, because there be divers other malignants, whom we intend, at that time, to lay up together, who, perhaps, would not appear then, if there were any very atrict course taken now.
We think the strength of the army stands well affected, but both armies have known malignants in them, who being removed, there will be no danger. Since my former, Sir Patrick Wemys is come from Dublin, and brought his whole family with him. I think he hath done his part exceeding well, and, if it be not effectually prosecuted, you shall plainly know where the fault lies. We want our money and meal extremely; without them we are, as it were, wind-bound. We intend to visit the major-general shortly; he saith, he hath no commission to command the army, but you may see, by his warrant that we have sent to the committee, he wants not a commission to levy money. Our letters lie here, for want of a vessel to waft them over; nor have we heard a word thence, since our landing; but I will forbear that further trouble, till there be more cause.
Your most humble and most
POSTSCRIPT. Sir, YOU will receive, herewith, copies of such papers as were fou in the Archbishop of Tuam's carriage; they are of very high consequence, for they shew you what his Majesty grants the papists here, and how far the peace with the rebels is advanced. Be pleased to read them I pray you.
The News from Sligo.
ON the Lord's-day, October the seventeenth, 1645, the rebels (before the Ulster forces from the Laggan were come to Sligo) surrounded the town, with about two thousand foot, and three thousand horse. The garrison, seeing little hopes of the Ulstermen's advance, not knowing they were then at Bundrous, conceived it of absolute necessity to hazard the fighting with the rebels with their own strength, and Sir William Cole's troop, rather than to lose themselves, and the outgarisons, which were, in a manner, all blocked up, by the rebels lying between them and Sligo. Captain Richard Coot, and Captain Cole, commanded the horse, being near two-hundred; and, after some skirmishing with the rebels horse, fell, pel-mell, into their several divisions of foot, routed them, and pursued them; and Lieutenant-Colonel Sanderson, sallying out of the town with his foot, and Sir Francis Hamilton coming, in the pick of time, with his troop, they had all execution upon the rebels for five miles; and, at the end thereof, left slain the Popish Archbishop of Tuam, the rebels president of Connaught, for a memorable mark. They took one-hundred and fifty horse, with their arms, their tents, and all other baggage and ammunition, and had much spoil ; several colours of horse and foot, and many officers of note, to the number of about twenty-eight, prisoners; about twohundred killed; and our loss but of one man, and six hurt. Many more of the rebels might have been killed, but that our foot left the chace, and fell to plunder.
The whole army being thus defeated, one thousand foot, and three troops of horse, that were coming to join with them, upon the news thereof, returned. And our men, with the Leggan army joined with them, have since entered the barony of Tereragh, and taken thirteen castles there, well provided of corn, which was our chief want, and like to be the loss of that whole province, if God, in this miraculous manner, had not supplied it. The oxen, which drew the enemy's waggons, drew our ordnance, for the taking in of the said castles, And now our men have good quarters for this winter, about the said castles, which keep the country under contribution.
The Archbishop of Tuam was a principal agent in these wars, and one of the supreme council of Kilkenny. He attended their army
at this time, to visit his diocess, and to put in execution an order for the arrears of his bishoprick, granted to him from the council at Kilkenny; which order, together with the pope's bull, and several other letters of correspondence, between him and his agents from Rome, Paris, and several parts of this kingdom, were found about him: the particulars of which letters, in order to the Irish affairs, are as followeth:
* That the pope would not, at the first, engage himself, in the sending of a Nuncio for Ireland, till the Irish agents had fully satisfied him, that the establishment of the Catholick religion was a thing feasible, and attainable in this kingdom; whereupon, he was content to sollicit, their cause with Florence, Venice, &c. and also to delegate Farmano, his Nuncio, to attend this kingdom. Who, the said Nuncio, after some delays in France, was, at last, expedited thence, by express order from the pope; and he arrived at the river of Kilmare, in a frigate of twenty-one pieces, twenty-six Italians of his retinue, Secretary Belinges, and divers regular and secular priests, October the twenty-second. The Irish are much encouraged with these supplies which he hath brought; the list whereof, found about the archbishop, is:
Imprimis, two thousand musquets, four-thousand bandeliers, two thousand swords, five hundred petronels, and twenty thousand pounds of powder (all which arrived in another barque by itself at Brook-haven, October the tenth) together with five or six desks, or small trunks of Spanish gold, the sum
uncertain. These letters likewise inform us, that the King's hopes are from the Irish nation; and, if they desert him, he is like to be in a hard con. dition very speedily. Several other things they contain, concerning Prince Rupert, Colonel Legg, the King's losses at Bristol and Chester. Something there is, also, of the treaty of peace. Ormond, says one, is found a Machiavellian; Dillon, Muskerry, Talbot, are for peace; . Conditionibus quibuscunque iniquis,' says another; . Our publick affairs are in via, non in termino,' says a third; the propositions high, the answers high and sly. There are some mysteries of state in this business, which I cannot commit to paper ; yet, morally certain it is, there will be peace, saith a fourth. It seems, also, there were some differences amongst the rebels themselves, as between Muskerry and Brown; insomuch, that Brown is dispatched from Dublin to Kilkenny, between Castle-haven, and Preston; insomuch, that Father Scrampe went from the supreme council to reconcile them. There was also a private letter, of suspicious informations, against Dominico Spinola, an agent in Ireland, wherein he is said to hold correspondence with the Queen of England in France, and to be a lover of their enemies.
Prisoners at Sligo.
Great Morah ne Dom. O'Flaherty, lieutenant-colonel to Richard Bourk, cousin-german to the Earl of Clanrickard, and his next heir.
John Gerdy, lieutenant-colonel to Sir Tibbot Buurk, eldest son to the Lord of Mayoe.
Richard Bourk, Major to Richard Bourk aforesaid.
Captain Garret Dillon, son to Sir Lucas Dillon, who saith, that his father was shot in the thigh.
Captain Costologh, with divers other inferior officers.
Captain Brown, brother Jeffery Brown, the lawyer, who brought one hundred musquets from Galloway, was also killed.
A true and fuller relation from Ireland of the service performed by
the men of Inniskillin, of Sir William Cole's regiment and troop at Lowtherstowne, upon Thursday, November the twenty-seventh, 1645, about one o'clock in the night ; wherein, they did not only, by the Providence of God, rescue their prey, but, having there routed a party of four or five hundred men of the rebels, did likewise put the whole army of Owen Mac Arte O Neale to flight, viz.
SIR WILLIAM COLE, upon Sunday morning, November the twenty-third, received a letter from Sir Charles Coot, lord-president of Connaught; who, to satisfy his lordship's desires, commanded his troop to march unto him, tu he at Sligo, on Thursday night, November the twenty-seventh, to join in some expedition, by his lordship's orders, against the rebels in that province.
The greatest part of his troop, with their horses, were then in the island of Baawe, sixteen miles northward from Inniskillin; who, upon his notice, did march away, upon Monday, November the twenty. fourth, together with almost all the foot-soldiers of two companies of his regiment, that quartered with their cattle, and many of the cows of Inniskillin in that island, unto Balleshannon, which was their place of rendezvouz.
The cornet of that troop, upon Tuesday, November the twenty-fifth, with about twenty horsemen, marched from Inniskillin to the westward of Loghern, with resolution to lodge, that night, by the way, within fifteen miles of Sligo; but a little snow falling, altered their determination, and so took their course to Balleshannon, without appointment, God, in his high providence, for the advancement of his own glory, and our good, directing them thither; where, as soon as they got their horses shod, they were still hastening towards Sligo, whither sundry of their foot companies aforesaid, on horseback, rid before them: and a great part of the troop were advanced as far as Bundrowis, where the alarmi overtook them, with orders to return, to resist the enemy, to the number of four or five-hundred men, of Owen Mac Arte's
army, under the conduct of several captains, led by Roury Mac Guire in chief; who, upon Wednesday morning, November the twenty-sixth, being provided with two of our own boats, by the treachery of one Bryan O Harran, and others of our bosom-snakes, protected Sinon's, had entered the said island of Baawe, at the south-end of it, and was burning, spoiling, and preying their goods; wherein they prevailed, even to the stripping naked of all onr women, plundering and taking theirs, and our then absent soldier's clothes, victuals, and arms away.
That party of our horsemen speedily returning to Balleshannon, whence, with the cornet, the rest of the said troop, some of the foot soldiers on horseback, and captain John Folliot, accompanied with as many horsemen as he could make, hastened towards the north-end of that island, which is distant, from the south-end thereof, three English miles. But, the enemy having driven the prey of cows, horses, and mares, forth at the south-end, our horsemen, with captain Folliot, followed by Termon castle; whence they marched through very inacCessible woods and bogs, in the night, to the Cash (distant sixteen iniles from Balleshannon) being the first place that they could guide themselves by the track of the enemy
which they still pursued, with chearfulness, to Lowtherstown; where, overtaking them about one o'clock in the morning of November the twenty-seventh, 1645, their trumpet sounding a charge, they followed it home so resolutely, that, after a fierce confliction, in a short time, they routed the enemy, and had the execution of them for a mile and a half; slew many of them in the place, took some prisoners, rescued most part of their prey, recovered their own soldiers, that were then the enemy's prisoners, with some of the rebels knapsacks to boot: which sudden
and unexpected fright did so amaze Owen Mac Arte, and his army, consisting of about two thousand foot, and two hundred horse (as prisoners do inform) who, after they had made their bravado on the top of an hill, within a mile of Inniskillin, in the evening of November the twenty-sixth, to keep the town from issuing forth, to resist or stay the prey, incamped, that night, at Ballenamallaght, within four miles of this town; that they all, in a most fearful and confused manner, ran away to the mountains, so vehemently scared and affrighted, that their van thought their own rear were my troops, and their rear likes wise imagined, those that escaped the fight, by flight from Lowtherstown, to have been also my party that pursued them; whereby, their mantles, clokes, and all that could be an impediment to their more speedy flight, were cast upon the ground, and left behind them; and so continued, until they passed the mountains of Slewbagha into the county of Monaghan, where they are quartered upon the county Creaghts, which lies from Arthur Blaney's house, and from Monaghan Duffee, near the town of Monaghan, all along to Drogheda, consisting of the banished inhabitants of Tyrone, Armagh, Monaghan, and Lowth.
My troop returned, with Captain Folliot, in safety, praised be God, without hurt of man or beast, save one horse of Lieutenant Edward Graham's, that was shot and killed under him. And having put the said prey again into the said island, upon Friday, November tho twenty-eighth, they marched to Balleshannon, whence, again, they came home to Inniskillin, on the north-side of Loghern, the thirtieth of November, 1645.
Among those that were slain, the grandson of Sir Tirlagh Mac Henry O Neale was one.
One captain killed. Two lieutenants killed.
of these, killed, but, as yet, cannot learn certainly who it is. Lieut. Tirlagh O Moylan, of Captain Awney O Cahan's company, taken prisoner; who, upon examination, saith, That Inchiquin hath given a great blow, of late, unto Castlehaven and Preston, in their quarters near Yoghel; and also saith, That the intent of this army was, that, if they could come off with our said prey, without check, they purposed then to have besieged this town, and, according as fortune favoured them, to have proceeded against the Lagan, and other places of Ulster.
And yet I find, by the answer of some others of the prisoners, that, by direction from the supreme council of Ireland, this army of Owen Mac Aite's are to serve in nature of a running party, to weaken our forces of Inniskillin, Laggan, and Claneby's, by sudden incursions, to kill, spoil, and prey us, upon all occasions of advantage, according. as, by their successes therein, they shall assume encouragement to themselves to go forwards against us, but especially against Inniskillin, which they conceive is worst able to resist their attempts.
Captain Folliot had sixteen horsemen, with four of Mannor Hamilton's men, and four of Castle Termon horsemen, that joined very fortunately, in this service, with my troop; for which God Almighty be ever glorified and praised by