Monastic and Religious Orders in Britain, 1000-1300
Cambridge University Press, 28 հնվ, 1994 թ. - 354 էջ
This book traces the development of monasticism in England, Scotland and Wales from the last half century of Anglo-Saxon England to 1300. It explores the nature of the impact of the Norman settlement on monastic life, and how Britain responded to new, European ideas on monastic life. In particular, it examines Britain's response to the needs of religious women. It covers every aspect of the life and work of the religious orders: their daily life, the buildings in which they lived, their contribution to intellectual developments and to the economy. Particular attention is paid to the relationship between religious houses and their founders and patrons. This shows the degree of dependence of religious houses on local patrons. Indeed, one major theme which emerges from the book is the constant tension between the ideals of monastic communities and the demands of the world.
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Before the Normans
The coming of the Normans
The regular canons
The new monastic orders of the twelfth century
Women and the religious life
The mendicant orders
The physical setting monastic buildings and the monastic plan
Inside a religious house daily life and the chain of command
Learning and literary activities
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abbot Ailred Anglo-Norman Anglo-Saxon archbishop architecture Augustinian houses became Benedictine Benedictine houses benefactors bishop Britain buildings Bury St Edmunds Byland Canterbury chapter Chronicle Cistercian houses Citeaux cloister Cluniac Cluny Conquest daughter house David diocese Dominicans early election endowments England and Wales established estates evidence female foundation founded founder Fountains Abbey Franciscan friars Gilbertine grange granted Henry Ibid instance king knights Knowles land Lanfranc later lay brethren Lincolnshire liturgical London male manors medieval mendicant orders monasteries monastic houses Monastic order monasticism monks mother house Norman North nunneries nuns order in south Oxford patron patronage period Peterborough Premonstratensian regular canons Regularis Concordia religious houses religious orders Rievaulx royal Rule of St Savigniac Scotland Scottish secular south Wales spiritual St Albans St Benedict Strata Florida suggests survived theology thirteenth century twelfth century Welsh Welsh Cistercians Westminster White Monks Whitland William Winchester Women religious wool Worcester York Yorkshire