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330 CONG....20 Sess.

Ocean Mail Service-Mr. Breckinridge.

Ho. OF REPs.

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The other danger is this: If you continue this the increase derived from postages. I could not Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. The proper view is appropriation to E. K. Collins & Co. it will not hear distinctly, and his speech has just been laid to credit the line with the sums we receive from stop with that company. You will find it but the upon our tables, so that I have had no time to the mailable matter carried by it, and this has been entering wedge to the building up of a large com- look at it. But I will give an official statement of done. The gentleman's statement is ingenious, mercial steam navy. You will find Congress con- the amount of postages received from this line but delusive. He speaks of our paying the Brittinually besieged with solicitations to establish from the beginning of its service:

ish Government twenty per cent. on the mail other lines, with the war clause included, and the Statement showing the total amount of postages received on matter carried by the Collins line. True, but this result will be, that Government will find itself in mails conveyed by the Collins line of steamers from 27th is for the inland British postage, and the Collins alliance with commercial companies, under the

April, 1850, to June 30, 1854; also the same less the Brit-
ish portion; also the total ocean postage.

ships do not carry the mails in the interior of
delusion of the war clause, and these companies
By the Collins line

England-hence they should not be credited by will monopolize a large part of the ocean trade for year ending Total post. Total less Total them. So with the iwenty per cent. Britain pays under the protection of Federal subsidies. In the 30th June

ages. British. Ocean. us on the matter carried by the Cunard line, which

1850. On letters in mean time your naval expenditures will not dimin

is the American inland postage. Each is wholly ish one dollar.

open mail....
10,391 41 9,092 48

6,927 61
1851. On letters in

distinct from the ocean postage, with which alone What ought we to do? I answer, comply

open mail.....

205,841 71

180,111 49 137,227 81 the Collins line is, and ought to be credited. The rigidly and in good faith with existing obligations, 1851. On papers in

point I make, then, is this: that the postages which but refuse to extend the system. We ought not

open inail...

3,934 20
3,934 20

3,934 20
On closed

we have received bear no sort of proportion to the to make any more contracts. We ought to mails

4,485 56

4,485 56 4,485 56 enormous expenditures which we have incurred. avail ourselves of the right we have, under exist- 1852. On letters in

Therefore, gentlemen were false prophets when ing stipulations, to withdraw any bounties which open mail......

228,867 61 200,259 15 152.578 41

they predicted that, in the arrangement which they' have been conferred under this system. When 1852. On letters in

urged, the mails would pay the expenses.

closed mail..... these contracts expire, we ought to leave commerce

11,931 18
11,931 18

11,931 18
1852. On newspa-

Mr. BARRY. This $128,000 is deducted in free and unfettered.' We ought to take these persin open mail

5,619 48

5,619 48 5,619 48 consideration of the expenses of inland transportamonopolies off the ocean, and disconnect the 1852. On letters in

tion on the same material. Therefore it is right Government entirely from them.

open mail..

233,273 03 204,113 96 155,515 40 1853. On letters in

to deduct it. The steamers carry the mails to the Now, a word upon another point. Gentlemen closed mail.....

30,679 53 30,679 58 30,679 58 shore, and this $728,000 is deducted as so much have proclaimed here, with great emphasis, that 1833. On newspa.

given for the carriage of the mail from the steamer this has been a losing operation to this company;

pers in open inail

6,118 90
6,118 90 6,118 90

to the place where it is to be delivered. It is for
1854. On letters in
that they embarked in it as a sort of test of mari-

open mail......

205,407 75 time skill and superiority; and they have been

232,231 78 176,936 50

inland transportation, and ought not to go to the 1854. On letters in

credit of the line. successful. It is said that the cost of running closed mail..... 33,599 80 33,599 80 33,599 80 Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. I will now submit to these vessels is enormous, and that the income 1854, On newspa.

the committee some official estimates in regard to from passengers, freights, and mails does not sus

pers in open mail 8,909 58 8,903 58 8,909 59

the receipts and expenses of this line. We can tain them. It is said their bonds are at a discount

$1,049,059 85* $931,087 14 $734,466 01

get no statement from the company itself, and as in the market, and that no dividends have been

we cannoi get anything but loose and general decdeclared. But I call the attention of the com- Total ocean postage for the year ending

larations upon this floor, it is important to avail mittee, and of the country, to this fact: that neither June 30, 1850...

6,927 61 ourselves of the best attainable sources of informain the year 1852, when the struggle took place June 30, 1851.

145,647 57 tion. I therefore send up to the Clerk's table an

June 30, 1852.... upon the question of giving the line this extra

170,129 07

estimate from the Post Office Department, of their June 30, 1853 pay, nor since that period, up to the present day, June 30, 1854.

192,313 88

219.447 88 receipts and expenses, that it may be read to the have we ever had an authentic and official sworn

$734,466 01

committee, and I ask their especial attention to it. exhibit of the receipts and expenditures of this

The Clerk read the estimate, as follows: company. We have never had an official, au- Total amount paid to the Collins line to

ESTIMATED RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES OF EACH thentic, and sworn exhibit, so far as I know, of

October 10, 1854.......

$2,835,406 57

ROUND TRIP PERFORMED BY THE COLLINS STEAMERS. what it costs them to run these vessels of the

Deduct total ocean postages as within stated...

Estimuted Receipts.

734,466 01 items of expenses and of income. And will Con

Say the average number of first-class passengers each way gress expend hundreds of thousands of dollars

S2,100,940 56
is 80, at an average fare of $140 each...


The freight the year round wul average 500 tons annually, and upon the opinions expressed by

measurement each way, or 1,000 tons the round gentlemen upon this floor, that the cost has been That looks like the receipts from the postages trip, at an average charge of $22 per ton....... 22,000 large, and that a loss has been incurred? Will upon letters carried by these steamships equaling you suffer the interior mail service of the United the expenditures!

Total receipts exclusive of mail pay and second

class passengers..... States to be wronged? Will you refuse to graut Mr. OLDS. I hope the gentleman from Ken

$44,400 mail facilities to the west, the southwest, and the tucky will allow me to explain that matter.


Estimated Expenditures. northwest, which the wants of the country require, gentleman speaks by the courtesy of the House, The coal used per round trip will average 1,800 while, at the same time, you are lavishing enormous and I trust that I may be allowed.

tons, al 97 50 per ion......

.$13,500 Bums upon an ocean monopoly, upon mere general

Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. Certainly.

Board of 80 frst-class passengers, at $3

per day each, allowing 12 days each way,
ex parte and unsworn statements ?
Under our postal treaty with

5,760 Board of 10 officers at the same rate.....

360 Mr. OLDS. I should like to ask the gentleman Great Britain, we pay that Government twenty Board of crew at E0 cents each per day, a single question. Does he suppose that by the per cent. of the mailable matter carried by the and allowing 30 days to the month... 2,616 striking down of the Collins line we shall get Collins line, and she pays us twenty per cent. on

Insurance, about 5 per cent.

year on

$600,000, and allowing 12 round trips a any additional mail service in the interior? The the mailable matter carried by the Cunard line.


2,500 appropriations for this Collins mail steamship ser- Then, in making out our estimates, if we deduct Pilot fees, port charges, wharfage, lightervice are from the general revenue of the country from the mailable matter carried by the Collins age, and light dues per each round trip..

700 and not from the revenue of the Post Office De. line the twenty per cent, which we pay the British

Allowance for board, &c., of second class

2,064 partment.

Government, that line should have the credit of Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. I do not want to the twenty per cent. which the Cunard line pays

$27,500 make an argumentum ad hominem, but that is what us on the mailable matter which it carries. Here

Add salaries of officers, engineers, crew, you said last year. (Laughter.] I have the statement of the Auditor of the Post

&c., for one month, allowing that period Mr. OLDS. Some of our foreign mail steam- Office Department, and it gives precisely the figures

for the performance of a round trip.... 4,363

31,863 ers are paid out of the revenues of the Post Office which I gave on yesterday. Deducting the twenty Department; therefore they have no connection per cent, which we pay the British Government,

Net profits of each round trip.

$12,537 with that subject. The Collins line steamers are and adding the twenty per cent. which we receive

Net profits of 26 round trips performed in a year, $325,962 not of them.

on the mailable matter carried by the Cunard line, Add amount received froin the Government each Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. Whether we would and we have the figures which I gave the commit- year for transportation of the mails......

R53,000 get additional mail facilities or not-although I tee yesterday. really think that if we took away a part of the

(Cries of " What are they?”]

Shows a total profit per year year of...........$1,183,962 extravagant sums of money which we pay for Mr. OLDS. For the year ending 30th of June, The information upon which the foregoing statement is the foreign mail service we might apply some of || 1850, the postage amounted to $135,662 68; for

bascd, is believed to be perfectly reliable and correct, and it to the internal mail service-still it is unjust to 1851, $300,205 75; for 1852, $335,637 51; for

has been obtained from a source entitled to the fullest con

fidence. lavish these sums upon the ocean mails when we 1853, $361,336 04; for 1854, $397,481 96.

It is proper to state, however, that the estimate of receipts are neglecting those in the interior of the country. Mr.“ BRECKINRIDGE. In order to give is very considerably less than the actual amount realized

But to pass from that. Now, sir, I want the these steamers their proper credit—to wit, the on passengers and freight, while the expenditures are stated committee when they vote upon this proposition ocean postage-the Postmaster General makes the

at their full amount, and, it is believed, even beyond what to vote with some sort of evidence, and I will try receipts for 1851, $145,647; for 1852, $170,139; for pared with the view of presenting the result in as unfavorable

is actually incurred. The statement has been thus pre. to give them official egidence of the affairs of that 1853, $192,313; for 1854, $219,400.

a light, with respect to the profits of the proprietors,

a poscompany as far as we can get it. I recollect the Mr."OLDS. I will explain that matter. The sible; and the profit of $12,537 per round trip (exclusive of argument in 1852 was, “Give the steamers the in- Postmaster General deducts the compensation paid

the amount of $33,000 received each trip for transporting creased pay, and they will more than return it to to postmasters on this mailable matter, and also

the mails) which it exhibits, is certainly within the true

amount realized. the Government in a year or two by the postage." deducts the twenty per cent. which we pay to the The average number of first-class passengers each way Like a great many predictions made at the same British Government for the mailable matter carried

is stated at 80, but it is believed that the number of that time it did not turn out to be true. by the Collins line, and then refused to add the

class will average nearly or quite 100 each way. The The gentleman from Ohio spoke yesterday of Il twenty per cent. which we paid to the Cunard line.

amount of freighi each way is stated at only 500 tons measurement, which is an exceedingly moderate estimate. The

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330 Cong.... 2D SESS.

Ocean Mail Service~Mr. Breckinridge.


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average price is calculated at $22 per ton, which is a low able information that could be obtained, and by as to that point. As I understand it, the Post-
average, as the prices charged vary from $18 to $30 a ton.

an officer of the Government charged specially master General makes no discrimination between
The average Care of second-class passengers is $07 each,
but as they are ordinarily few in number, the proprietors
with the superintendence of these ships.

the freight brought from Liverpool to this coun-
have not been charged with any receipts from that source,

I will now read a letter from the Postmaster try, and the freight that they take in at New York although it will be observed that they are credited with an General to the chairman of the Ways and Means for Liverpool. He makes no discriminations in expenditure of $2,064 for the board of that class of passen

Committee, which, with the communication of regard to ihe rates of compensation for those two

The namber of officers and crew employed on board of Captain Be!l, modifies somewhat the first esti- different shipments, in either of the statements
each of the Collins steainers, with their salaries, are as fol- mate presented:

from which the gentleman has read.


Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. I am not aware that
Captain, $1,000 per trip and expenses ; first mate, $75

WASHINGTON, February 13, 1855.

he does.
per month, and board in port; second mate, $50, do.; third, Sır: I have the honor to inclose herewith a copy of a
$15, do.; boatswain, $35, do.; 4 quartermasters, $30 each

Mr. CUTTING. He does not.
communication received from Captain Charles H. Bell,
per month; 18 sailors, $20 do.; chief engineer, $150 per
superintendent and inspector of United States mail steam-

Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. Well, what is the
month and board in port ; 2 first assistants, $100 each do.;

ships at New York, coulaining further information relative freight worth per ton? 2 second assistants, $75 do.: 2 third assistanta $62 do.; 3

to ille receipts and expenditures of the Collins steamers, a Mr. CUTTING. I cannot speak with accuracy oilers, $45 do.; 24 firemen, $30 do ; 18 coal heavers, $20

statement of which I transmitted to you on the 2d instant. de.; 3 storekcepers and mess hoys, 915 do.; purser, $75

upon that point; and, therefore, I would not like

It appears that the number of passengers which arrived
do.; steward, $75 do.; second steward, $40 do.; head
at New York by said steamers during the past year, as

the committee to rely on any statement of mine.
cook, $60 do., 2 pantrymen, 925 each do.; first stewardess,

taken from the books in the custoin-house, was as 103lows: But this I will state as a general fact, that the pas$20 do.; second stewardess, $15 do.; 1 waiter to every six

Baltic-Total by seven arrivals....

932 sages of packet ships, going to the eastward, averpassengers at $15 each per month; i butcher, 1 baker, and

133 pantryman, $30 do.; about a dozen scullions, lob-lolly

Average number by each arrival....

age twenty-one days, while the passages to the
Atlantic-Toual by six arrivals....
• boys, &c., &c., at $12 each per month.

Average number by each arrival..... 135)

westward average from thirty-five to forty days. Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. That estimate was Pacific-Total by seven arrivals...

953 The consequence is, that in the competition for

136 made some time since, and is slightly inaccurate

Average number by each arrival....

freight from this country to Europe, they stand

Making an average of about 135 passengers carried on
in some respects, but chiefly against the Govern-

very nearly upon an equality with the steamers;
each voyage from Liverpool during the year 1854. Sup-
ment. I hold in my hands another, by Captain posing that an equal number were carried on the outward

and the steamers take freight at about the rates at
Charles T. Bell, of the United States Navy, and voyages from New York, which, it is fair to presume, was which packet ships take it, or a little above. But in
Superintendent and Inspector of the United States the fact, the receipts from passengers each round trip coming from Europe to this country, the amount

would be $37,800, instead of $22,400, as estimated in the
Mail Steamers, made February 9, 1855, which

of charge by the steamers is very much greater
statements furnished on the ed instant.
contains the best information I have been able to It further appears that these steamers are capable of

than that by sailing packets, in consequence of the
get, since Mr. Collins will furnish nothing. I will taking nine hundred tons of goods, each way, with a full difficulty of coming westward. Hence it is, that
read it:
passenger list, and that full freights were carried during

if the freight is all put together, it does not aid us
New York, February 9, 1855,
eight months of the year, at a time when the competition

in reference to this matter.
was much greater than at present, as the C
SIR: In compliance with the instructions received from
were making their regular weekly trips. The amount of

Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. It certainly aids us
you at your office in Washington, I beg leave to make the

freight may, therefore, be safely calculated at 700 tons each some. The remarks of the gentleman from New following report:

way, instead of 500 tons, as estimated in former statements, York are like all the other remarks of the friends As soon after my arrival in New York as possible, I

and yielding an income, per round trip, of $30,800 instead called upon Mr. Redfield, the collector, who readily proin- of $:22,000.

of this measure-general in their character. You ised to give me the information I wanted, if it could be

Making these corrections, the total receipts, each round cannot get from any of them any specific informaobtained at the custom house.

trip, 1rom passengers and freight, would be... .$68,600 || tion. The Government of the United States have Inclosed is a list of the number of passengers which

The expenditures per round irip were estimated in have arrived in the Collins line of steamers for the year

obtained information through the estimates of

the statement already furnished at $31,863 ; but 1854. This list was copied from the books of the custom

taking the estimate of $40,000, which Mr. Bell

sworn officers of this Government, and if the Colhouse. It will be seen that for the three ships, the aggre. considers a full average of all the expenditures

lins line will not furnish us with a sworn stategate amount is two thousand six hundred and ninety-eight

per round trip for each of the ships on the Col- ment, we must get the information in the best way -nearly an equal number is taken out, making about five

lins line, including the ordinary repairs of en

we can. thousand two hundred; an average of seventeen hundred

gines and hull

40,000 and thirty-three passengers carried by each ship during the

Mr. OLDS. Has the Government ever called
year 1854.

The net profits each round trip would be..... $28.600 upon Mr. Collins for any such statement?
There was no means of ascertaining at the custom-house

Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. The Collins line were
the quantity of freight carried (in tons) by these ships, as

Net profits of twenty-six round trips performed all articles are invoiced in packages.

in a year...


called upon here, by myself and a number of From particular inquiries which I have made, I have Add amount received from the Government each

others, in 1852, when they were pressing for inJeamed that cach of these steamers have room for nine


year for transportation of the mails... hundred tons of goods, with a full passenger list-more can

creased compensation on the ground of losses, to

furnish a statement to Congress. What a ques-
be carried if the passenger berths are used for freight; which Shows a tolal yearly profit of....... .$1,601,600
I am told is the case when the number is not filled up.

tion is that! I ask the gentleman from Ohio, as
Full freights are carried for eight months in the year.

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

a legislator, whether he does not think that a pri-
There is some falling off during the other four months.

JAMES CAMPBELL. vate company coming here to ask for pay over
This was the case when there was competition with the
Cunard line, but as that conipetition has now in a measure

Hon. George S. Houston, House of Representatives. and above their contract, on the ground that they
ceased, it is presuined that full freights will be carried all Now, if this estimate is wrong, let gentlemen

have incurred losses, ought to found that applica-
the year round.
liis exceedingly difficult to obtain any certain informa-
show by some authentic, detailed, sworn

tion on a detailed and sworn statement? Why,

tion in regard to the cost of a trip of one of these ships out

then, does he talk about the Government calling
and home, or “round trip.The expenses of the Brensen Mr. CUTTING. Will the gentleman allow me

for a statement, under circumstances like these?
line, per round trip, are about thirty-two thousand dollars,
to ask him a question?

Mr. OLDS. When the gentleman asserts that
The Humboldt, of the Havre line, was about thirty-six
thousand dollars per trip. This covers all expenses, in-


they refuse to make a statement, he ought to have cluding subsistence for passengers, and ordinary repairs of Mr. CUTTING. I perceive that in the Post- evidence that the Department has called on them

for one. engine and hull. I think, therefore, that forty thousand master Generat’s estimate no allowance whatever

It has never been done regularly.
dollars per round trip, might be considered a full average is made for repairs either of sails, spars, yards,

Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. When these gentle-
for each of the ships of the Collins line.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient boilers, or engines. I desire to ask the gentleman

men come here to ask a favor they ought to give
from Kentucky whether, in the other statement

the grounds upon which they make the applica-
Captain United States Navy, and Superintendent and which he has read, there is any such allowance

tion, and they have been repeatedly called upon
Inspector of United States Mail Steamships, New York.

on the floor of. Congress for a full and detailed Hon. JAMES CAMPBELL,Postmaster General, Washington. Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. In the statement of

statement. Captain Bell?

Mr. OLDS. Never officially.
Nurnber of passengers arrived in New York, in three of the Mr. CUTTING. Yes, sir.

Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. Do I understand the
Collins line of steamers, during the year 1854.
Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. I do not think there

gentleman to say that they never have been called Baltie.... January 13........

88 February 20.

upon for a statement? 58

is. But there are some omissions in this statement April 5......

Mr. OLDS. Yes, sir; never by any Depart76

to which I will call the attention of the committee.
July 8........

Some things might have been charged against the

ment of the Government, although they may have
August 21.......

October 17......"
line which have not been charged. Captain Bell

been called upon by gentlemen iu speeches upon

this floor.
November 27...


Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. I take the ground

It is proper to state, however, that the estimate of reAtlantic..January 27.....

ceipts is very considerably less than the actual amount

that, when a private company come and ask Con-
March 9.

realized on passengers and freight, while the expenditures gress to do what it is not required to do by the conJune 26......


are stated at their full amount; and, it is believed, even tract to give them increased compensation for
August 7..,

beyond what is actually incurred. The statement has been

their service

and found that application vpon the September 19..


thus prepared with the view of presenting the result in as
November 13.

unfavorable a ligbt, with respect to the profits of the pro-

ground of losses incurred by them in the perform-
813 prietors, as possible.

ance of that service, they ought to lay before us a Pacific... February 10....


The average number of first-class passengers, each way, full and detailed statement of their affairs, show-
March 24........


is stated at eighty; but it is believed that the nuinber of that
May 1.....

class will average nearly or quite a hundred each way. The

ing their expenditures and losses. Now, let me
July 24..


amount of freight, each way, is stated at five hundred tons go on.
September 4...
........... 222

measurement, which is an exceedingly moderate esti- Mr. CHANDLER. Will the gentleman allow
October 31.

me a moment?
December 13.

......... 132


It now appears, from the books of the custom- Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. Not at this point.

house, that the average number of passengers far The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman declines 2,698 exceed one hundred; and the later evidence is that to yield the floor.

five hundred tons per trip is too low an estimate. Mr. OLDS. Why, he is only occupying it by This statement is made out from the most reli- Mr. CUTTING. I desire to ask one question ll the courtesy of the committee.

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......... 214

330 Cong....2p Sess.

Acquisition of CubaMr. Chastain.


Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. True; I will yield to

WASHINGTON, February 15, 1855. constituencies, iş our inveterate proneness to orathe gentleman from Pennsylvania for a moment.

SIR: The Cunard line between New York and Liver- torical display. Mr. CHANDLER. I do not rise to disturb

pool having been withdrawn, and a frequent and rapid It has ever been my habit to act promptly;

communication with Europe being so essential to the interthe current of the gentleman's remarks, nor now est of our commerce, I submit the following proposition to

nay, boldly, when my judgment has been formed, to argue in favor of the project that is before the the Postmaster General :

and my course decided; to halt at no stopping committee.

I will run a semi-monthly line, which, by alternating places; to lose no time in useless parade, nor delay

with the Collins line, would form a weekly communication. Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. My time is rapidly And I will perform this proposed inail service for the sum

my purpose by ostentatious harangues, either in passing away. Please come to the point at once. of $15,000, the voyage out and home-ibe contract to

laudation of my wisdom or explanation of my Mr. CHANDLER. What I wish to say is this: exist for five years-providing, that in the event of a war course. Action, sir, is my principle, and I have that, while the gentleman is presenting certain with any European Power, the Government shall take the

ever been willing to permit that action to speak steamers at a fair valuation--and may at any time in their statements and calculations as evidence of what discretion take them at such valuation. And further, when

for itself. Justice, however, to myself, to my can be done, or what would be done, I am inever our Government siiall abandon the policy of extending

constituents, to the South, and to the country, structed to bring before the House, by a friend, protection from the Treasury to ocean steamers, I will agree demand that I should trespass, for a few moments, what has been done. Whether I have left the that my proposed compensation shall be withdrawn. Good

on the patience of the House, whilst I protest, in and suificient sıcamers shall be put on the line within thirty statement at the Department, with some other days after the contract is signed.

the most emphatic manner, against the proposipapers which I left there, I do not know. But I

With great respect, sir, your obedient servant,

tions submitted to this House, a few days since, had a statement, furnished me by a gentleman who

C. VANDERBILT. by the honorable member from South Carolina, is a member of the company, and not a resident To the Hon. JAMES CAMPBELL, Postmaster General, Mr. Boyce,) in reference to our present and of New York, compiled from the balance-sheet,

Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. Mr. Chairman, on

prospective relations with Spain and the Island of which showed the dead loss to the company, up that letter I want now to make this statement to the

Cuba. No gentleman in this House, or out of it, to the present time, to be $334,500. committee: You made a contract with Mr. Col.

is more willing than I am to acknowledge the Mr.' BRECKINRIDGE. When my friend lins and bis associates at the rate of $19,250 the

abilities, and the patriotism, of the honorable brings in that statement we will look at it.

member from South Carolina; that he should Mr. CHANDLER. Well, allow my statement round trip. Afterwards you gave them $33,000

labor under what I conceive to be so extraordinary at least to offset those which have been prepared per trip, reserving the right to terminate ibat ar

a hallucination--extraordinary, because the genby persons who are not concerned at all, and

rangement on giving six months' notice. The
proposition now is to terminate the arrangement

tleman represents, in part, a gallant State, that has which are mere estimates. *

ever been foremost in defense of southern interMr. BRECKINRIDGE. Now, I will go on, for the additional allowance, and this being agreed

ests—is to my mind a political paradox of ominous to, it would still leave them their $19,250 per trip. if my friend will allow me. Captain Bell says Can you refuse to direct such notice to be given the facts and the data upon which the gentleman's

import. It can only be accounted for by analyzing further:

in the face of the fact that there is a proposition “The average price is calculated at twenty two dollars made to perform the same mail service for $15,000

speech is predicated. If we find that these facts per ton, wbieb is a low average, as the prices charged vary

and these data are incorrect, that the honorable from eighteen to thirty dollars a ton. The average fare of per trip? second class passengers is eighty-seven dollars each, but as Mr.'OLDS: Will the gentleman from Ken

gentleman has been misled by the authorities on

which he relied, we can easily find a solution of they are ordinarity few in number, the proprietors lave not

tucky allow me to say a word ? been charged with any receipts from tliat source, although

what would otherwise appear strange—even inexit will be observed that they are credited with an expendi

Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. No; not just now. ture of $2,064 for the board of that class of passengers." I ask this committee, how are you to refuse plicable, in view of the section of country which

the honorable gentleman so ably represents, and Well, eir, allowing a large margin for everything giving this notice? I speak in no harshness to

the subject which formed the theme of his eloquent which has been claimed for the company by genwards the gentlemen connected with this line, for,

remarks. tlemen here; I ask you whether this statement, as I repeat; if Congress goes into such business as

I propose, then, sir, to follow the course of arit fools up, will not be startling to the country? this, these gentlemen are right to get all they can.

gument adopted by the gentleman from South I ask you how gentlemen, in view of the fact that, | They are perfectly right to do it. If we are to

Carolina. I shall endeavor to show that national set ourselves up to make contracts, and to give honor, as well as national necessity, imperatively according to the best estimates we can get, after the closest investigation, the annual net profits of bounties, they may as well take them as anybody this line, including the mail pay, amounts to the else. But how can we do it? How can we jus

demand a prompt, desinitive, and satisfactory setHow

tlement of the long standing grievances and mul. enormous sum of $1,601,000, can refuse to relieve tify ourselves to the country if we do it?

tiplied and accumulated outrages which we have the Government from the bounty, when it has re

can we do it, I ask, in the face of the additional
fact that, by the best estimates which we have experienced at the hands of Spanish oficials, and
been able to procure, this line has been profitable; long unredressed and unpunished. Sir, our na-

which we have already permitted to remain too Will the country be satisfied ? Will gentlemen in their own cooler moments be satisfied, notwith- and that, therefore, there can be no appeal to the

tional honor and our commercial rights are represtanding all this thunder-gust of patriotism and bounty of Congress on the score of losses? No,

sented by every flag that floats in the breeze from all this Buncombe talk about “Cunard steam- sir; we cannot do it. Look at this subject calmly

the mast-head of an American ship, no matter in ers," and “ British competition:" How can you honor. The original price of $19,250 a trip, There is no breach of faith; nothing involving our

what sea she may be found, or in what port she justify yourselves before an intelligent public seniiment in giving extraordinary advantages and which we would still give them, is more than other

moy choose to anchor. Insult that flag, and you large gratuities to a private company over the

citizens of the country are willing to do the service insult the whole American people; you rouse a for. And, according to the best liglit that Congress land which nothing can appease short of full,

feeling throughout the length and breadth of the other commerce of this Union, especially when that company does not choose to make a statement can get, this company has made profits, large

honorable, satisfactory, and prompt reparation.

Shall we of its affairs to the House to show that they have profits, under the old arrangement.

But we will come to this point presently: suffered loss as they allege?

continue the bounty under the pretext that these Now, sir, here is a letter which was put into my vessels will answer for war steamers, or under the

The honorable gentleman charges, at the outset hands by some member of the House this morn- delusive cry of Cunard competition? 'Why should of his remarks, that a feverish impatience seems we ingraft a false system on the country! Shallsion, and to support this charge we are told that

to be seizing upon our people for territorial extening, written by Mr. Vanderbilt, of New York, a name coeval with the rise and progress of ocean

we 'retrace the steps which we have recently taken steam navigation. I ask that it be read. But in to abandon the ill-advised policy of 1847 in regard

the people upon the northern frontier look with to the getting up of war sieamers for commercial inces of North America. That, sir, is a question

deep feeling to the annexation of the British prorpresenting it, I do not mean to say that I will vote to give a contract to Mr. Vanderbiit, for I will not

purposes? do it. I will not vote a contract to anybody. I Sir, the facts, the arguments, the political phi- | which these provinces must

decide for themselves

-one with which this country at this time has would pass a general law.

losophy, are all on one side of the question, and Mr. ORR, (interrupting.) The letter which if you refuse to terminate the bounty, public retri- nothing whatever to do. When these provinces the gentleman proposes to have read has been ad- bation will follow this day's business.

present themselves at the doors of Congress, ask

ing for admission into our Confederacy of States, dressed to the Postmaster General. It is a copy

clothed with the attributes of sovereignty, and from the Post Office Department.


capable of treating on subjects of such grave imMr. PECKHAM. Trise to a question of order.

portance, should I occupy a seat in this House, I I would inquire whether the gentleman from Ken- SPEECH OF HON. E. W.CHASTAIN, shall act, I trust, as becomes an American fegistucky has a right to select the gentleman to whom

lator, and as a member of the great Democratic he will yield the floor--to yield it to one gentle


party of this nation, I shall be ready to extend man and refuse it to another's

In the House of REPRESENTATIVES, ihe hand of friendship to every man who has Mr. BRECKINRIDGE. Why, Mr. Chair

February 17, 1855.

passed through the fiery ordeal of oppression, man, I have not yielded the floor to any one. I did not even know that my friend from South on the state of the Union

The House being in the Committee of the Whole

and may desire to worship at the same altar of

liberty with myself. I care not under what sun Carolina was going to say a word.

he may have been born-I shall ask not what The CHAIRMAN. The Chair did not under- Mr. CHASTAIN said:

tongue he speaks--if his heart throbs for liberty, stand that the gentleman yielded the floor.. Mr. CHAIRMAN: Were I to consult my own and he is worthy to enjoy it, I can greet him as

The Clerk ihen read Mr. Vanderbilt's letter; | feelings, I would allow the remainder of the sea a friend, and receive him as a brother. which is as follows:

sion to pass without taking any further part in its But, sir, it may be owing to my obliquity of

proceedings than answering to my name, and re- / judgment, or to some obtuseness of comprehen*At a late period in the debate, the statement referred to cording my vote on such questions as may come sion, but, I 'confess that I am unable to discover by Mr. CHANDLER, was introduced. It was a statement before the House, convinced, as I have long been, the slightest analogy between the relative positions made by a citizen of Philadelphia, a stockholder in the that the greatest obstacle to legislative action, and, of Canada and Cuba towards the United States. company-in a letter to a friend--unofficial, unsworn, general in its character, and not containing any particulars of consequently, the most common subject of wellWhen, sir, I would ask the gentleman from South expenditures and receipts.

founded complaint,

on the part of our respective ll Carolina, has our flag been insulted with impunity

served the power to do so why not do it force

330 CONG....20 Sess.

Acquisition of CubaMr. Chastain.


by the authorities of the North American prov- the pen of one of the most accomplished and protection will thirty per cent., the present duty inces, our citizens immured in subterranean dun. patriotic of Louisiana's sons:

on sugar, under the tariff act of 1846, afford the geons; despoiled of their property; shot down

" The establishment of a free Government in Cuba could

Louisiana planter against the almost costless sugar and publicly butchered by a brutal and ferocious not produce any immediate prejudice to the sugar planting

of Cuba? The writer, whose able reflections on soldiery, without trial, without a defense, without interest of Louisiana, for it would not distrust in any way this subject I have cited, justly and truly remarks a hearing, contrary to every principle of inter

the fiscal protection which the present tariff extends to ii. that, under such a condition of things, “ five years national law, and in the very teeth of existing

It is the subsequent adinission of that Island as one of the
States of this Union which is supposed to nurture disaster

of such competition would suffice to ruin every treaty stipulations. Tell me, sir, that these out

and ruin for the sugar plants of Louisiana." * * * “But sugar planter in the State of Louisiana." “ They rages have been perpetrated by British officials I do not entertain the belief that this event is pregnant with would,” he continues, “ follow the coffee planters in North America; that our commerce has been ruin, or even with injury to the sugar planting interests of

of Cuba in poverty to the grave.” The gentlethis state; and to such as sup:ose that such a result crippled and paralyzed by odious exactions and would follow the admission of Cuba into the Union, I would

man from South Carolina may, therefore, dismiss onerous imposts, and that the very name of Ameri- suggest the following reflections:

all fears as respects the sugar planting interests of can, the proudest that man ever bore, is with them “ The product of sugar to the acre in l'uha, differs very Louisiana. If he has at heart, as I am sure he a by-word of insult and contumely; show me slightly from that in Louisiana, while the difference in the

has, the true welfare and interest of that State, amount produced per band, is even less than the difference when these things, and such as these, can be

he will never have a better opportunity than now of product to the acre, and is probably in favor of the Loucharged by our Government upon the British isiana planter, from his improved system of culture, and

to convince the world of that fact. Let him lend authorities in the North American provinces, and better care and feeding of his hands.

his powerful influence, and exert his superior I am ready to vote the last dollar in the Treasury

The great elements of the less cost of production of

in the superior

talents in facilitating, in every honorable way, the sugar in Cuba than in this country, consis to blockade their ports, lake possession of their cheapness of labor, and the lower value of land there. The

acquisition of Cuba, and annexing it to this union, territory and hold it as an indemnification for the average value of held hands in Cuba is $500, while in Lou- and he will contribute in making his country the past, and a pledge for their good behavior in the isiana their value is $1200! and the mean value of land is great sugar market of the world; Louisiana and

Well known to be far less than here. future. Gentlemen may talk of the evils of exten

In these great items Cuba, as neighboring and sister States, encourage

consist almost the entire advantage which the planter of sion, and preach didactic homilies to this House Cuba possesses over bim of Louisiana. In other respects,

ing and stimulating each other in the arts of comon the divine attributes of acquiescence and sub- he labors under disadvantages; for instance, the cost of his merce and industrial progress, and both fulfilling mission under insult and injury; but our honor supplies, which is greater, from his greater distance from their high destiny as two of the brightest stars in

their place of production. as a sovereign and independent nation rises above

" The first great result of the establishment of a free Go

our galaxy of States. all such considerations, and demands that neither vernment in Cuha, or of its admission to this Confederacy,

There was one portion of the speech of the genshould be imperiled by cowardly submission to would be the imunediate cessation of the African slave trade, 1 tleman from South Carolina, to which, I must conwrong, of groundless apprehensions at dangers

and utic appreciation in value of the slaves there, conse- sess, I listened with mingled emotions of surprise that have no real existence.

quent upon the cutting off of this source of cheap supply.
Next in ihe scale of economic results attending the admis-

and regret. I cannot believe that the gentleman The whole argument of the honorable gentle- sion of Cuba to the Union, would be the equalization of the designed to reflect upon our Government because man in reference to the dangers to be apprehended value of slaves. They could not remain at an average value it has been compelled, in self-defense, to adoptoa from territorial extension, however sound it may of $500 there, while they bore that of 81,200 in Louisiana, retaliatory policy with respect to Spanish

vessels be on general principles, or however applicable isted. Such an equalization in the value of labor in this

entering the ports of the United States. But the under different forms of government from ours, country and in Cuba, would contribute, in a great degree, language used by the honorable gentleman admits, has no relevancy, in my humble judgment, to our to an equalization of the cost of production of sugar in in my humble opinion, of no other construction. present position with respect to Cuba. I trust,

each, increasing it in Cuba and diminishing itin Louisiana, | I quote from the speech, as printed in the Globe,

in the exact proportion of its effects upon the value of labor sir, that I am as free from the spirit of filibusterrespectively.

of this city. In referring to the onerous and diso ing as the gentleman from South Carolina. I am *" The increase in the cost of production of this staple in criminating regulations which prevail in Cuba willing and ready to go as far as he who goes Cuba would afford a far more permanent and efficieni pro. | against the commerce of the United States, the farthest in observing faithfully all our treaty stip

tection to the sugar planter of Louisiana than the present gentleman holds the following language:

fiscal impost upon sugar, while, so long as Cuba is enabled ulations--not only with Spain, but with all na- to produce it at less cost than Louisiana, and the desire in “ Under the influence of our acts of 1832 and 1834, the tions. If the inhabitants of Cuba are groaning the North to obtain cheap sugar exists, the danger to the imporis into Cuba, in Spanish vessels, from the United under the weight of oppressive laws, and writhing sugar planting interest in this country will not only reinain, Suates, amounted, in 1849, to only $11,000, whereas the imunder the lash of heartless despots, they have, in bui continue to increase."

ports from England for the same period, in Spanish vessels, our own history, an example of what the “un.

Such, Mr. Chairman,- are the well digested mainly attribuable to our own regulations, is obvious, from

amounted to 34,345,300. That This striking difference is conquerable will," the fixed resolve to die as free- views of a citizen of Louisiana, long a resident of the fact that Erlend stands on no more favored footing in men rather than live as slaves can accomplish, if Cuba, familiar with the subject in all its bearings; reference to the commercial regulations of Cuba than the they should strike for freedom and wrest the and, one should suppose, as keenly alive to all United States, except ier freedom from our own enact

mnents." scepter from the tyrant's brow. In such a contest, that can affect the prosperity and interests of his it is true, they would have all the sympathies of native State as the gentleman from South Caro- Here it is distinctly charged that the discriminmy soul, and I doubt not that many of our more lina.

ations and restrictions with which our commerce ardent and patriotic young countrymen would be But, sir, so far from paralyzing, or even inju- has so long been fettered in Cuban ports, are found fighting, side by side, with the Cuban pa- riously affecting, the sugar-growing interests of attributable to our own regulations. 'Surely, if triot, willing to share with 'him all the disasters Louisiana, I think I can demonstrate that the this assertion can be borne out by facts, our Gova and the perils the occasion might bring forth. admission of Cuba into our Union will prove the ernment must have been strangely infatus.ted, if But as a nation we would have no right to inter- | best, and, perhaps, the only measure that will not culpably reckless, in adopting a line of policy fere we could do no more than we did on similar conter stability upon the culture of the sugar-cane

so disastrous to the commercial interests of the occasions-be the first to acknowledge the inde- in that State, and promote the pericnent welfare whole country, and particularly of the South. pendence of their country, so soon as that inde- of its planting interests.

But let us examine this question. What, I pendence shall be fairly won. Should such ever We have had official information that the Span- | would ask the gentleman from South Carolina, be the condition of things in Cuba: should her ish Government, instigated, beyond all rational was the condition of our commercial relations with patriot sons ever rise in their strength and crush doubt, by British diplomacyphave, during the past | Spain and her colonies prior to 1832? Were not the tyrant power that has so long enslaved them, few years, been devising every imaginable scheme our vessels virtually driven from their ports by and then formally apply to be received into our to increase the supply of labor in the Island of unjust and prohibitory discriminating duties? If Confederacy, the time will have arrived for the Cuba at every hazard. European, Indian, and the gentleman from South Carolina will take the gentleman from South Carolina, should he occupy | Asiatic laborers have, from time to time, been

trouble to examine the documents now on file in å seat on this floor, to expatiale on the evils of introduced to that end, and the authorities of the this House, he will find that such was the case, territorial extension, and calculate, with such math- || Island have even oficially declared that, if the and I would especially refer him to House docuematical precision, the number of human beings planters of the Island will sustain them in the ment No. 163, Twenty-Seventh Congress, second that can comfortably subsist upon an acre of measure, they will introduce, in one year, one hun

This document will inform him that our ground.

dred thousand negroes, who shall be apprenticed own regulations, so far from being aggressive, But, sir, let us suppose that Cuba has thrown out, as the wants of the planters may require, for were forced upon our Government as a measure off the Spanish yoke, established her independ a series of years, and at prices merely nominal. | of self defense, and proved to be the means of ence, and asked to be admitted into the American In the mean time every encouragement'is given to compelling Spain to abolish her prohibitory policy, Union. The honorable member meets the appli- the slave trade; and here I would take occasion to as respects the United States. On page 19 of this cation with an objection on which he seemed to thank the honorable gentleman for his admission document the gentleman will find that there is lay much stress, namely, that the admission of that, notwithstanding the treaty of 1817 between a wide difference of opinion between himself and Cuba would paralyze the vast slave interest at the England and Spain, Africans in vast numbers the Department of State, from which that docuSouth engaged in raising sugar. This, sir, is a have been imporied into Cuba. Yes, sir, they have ment emanated, with respect both to the policy fallacy, and, I regret to add, a somewhat popular been imported into Cuba; they are at this day and effect of these regulations. If the gentleman one. The sugar-growing region of the South, and imported, and they will continue to be imported should not be able to put his hands on this docuthe slave interest engaged in that pursuit, would for it is the secret and settled policy of Spain to ment, I will quote a few lines from it for his benefit: be immeasurably benefited by such an acquisi- cheapen labor in Cuba as much as possible until “The tonnage duties upon vessels of the United States, tion. Such, at least, is the opinion of those who hat Providence which watches over the destinies formerly enormous, were in 1832, under the action of edunhave examined this subject carefully and practi- of men, and of nations, shall interpose the stars

tervailing duties, redued to five cents per ton--the same cally; whose opportunities for acquiring correct and stripes of our Union to put a stop to this

which Spanish vessels pay in ports of the United States." information have been ample, and whose interests, nefarious traffic.

And on page 20, he will find another illustration and feelings, and sympathies are all identified with But to return. Let us suppose this policy to of this policy—if not a justification even of measthe sugar-growing inierests of Louisiana. I will be successful, and the cost of labor to be reduced ures more rigorous than those adopted by our quote from an article on this subject which ap- by it to $200 per hand, (and this is the ultimum Government in 1832 and 1834: peared in De Bow's Review for July, 1854, from fixed upon by the Spanish officials in Cuba,) what “ One important restriction is imposed on vessels of



33p Cong.... Ist Sess.

Acquisition of CubaMr. Chastain.



the United States, to which English, French, and Danish And on page 741 of the same volume, we have | Cuba, $517, and giving an average duty of fortyvessels are not subject, viz: Masters of United States vesthe act of 1834. This I will also read:

eight and one half per cent. sels are not permitted to make post entries on their manifests, should the cargo actually on board exceed, from any “Sec. 1. Spanish vessels from Cuba or Porto Rico to pay

We will now institute a similar analysis of the chance, the amount expressed. This is not only derogatory a tonnage duty equal to discriminating duty on American articles usually supplied by England, directly or to the United States in a national sense, but is injurious to bottoms.

indirectly, and of the duties thereon, in Cuba: the interest of the merchant, any excess in the cargo over “Sec.5. Resolved, &c., That whenever the President of the inanifest, from whatever cause arising, being liable to the United States shall be satisfied that the discriminating

Broadcloths, superfine, one and a half yards confiscation." duties in favor of Spanish bottoms, levied upon the cargoes

wide, first and second class per yard......$500

One and a half yard wide, third class per yard 300...... 49c. If under euch circumstances as these, and I have of American vessels in the ports of Cuba and Porto Rico,

Ordinary do., per yard..

1 25......26c. adverted to but few of the restrictions placed upon factory arrangement upon the subject of tne said duties have been abolished, or whenever, in his opinion, a satis

Silk cloth, per yard

75...... 14c. our commerce by the Spanish Government, Con. shall have been made between the United States and Spain,

Muslin, wide or narrow, plain or figured,
per yard...

1 75......17c. gress should have deemed it to be its duty to the President is hereby authorized to declare the same by

Table knives and forks, with pearl, ivory,
devise some means for the protection of our mer-
proclamation; and thereupon this act shall cease to have

tortoise shell, or plated handles, per

10 00...-.81c. chants from plunder, and our flag from insult, any further force or effect."

Sir, both these acts vindicate themselves, and

Do. common per dozen.......... the motives of that body should at least be under

300......37c. stood, before its action is so severely criticised. the sound policy which dictated them; they need Making a total value in England of $24 75 and Would the gentleman submit to such unequal no explanation or comment at my hands; whether $2 97 of duties in Cuba, and giving an average terms in his own individual dealings with his fel- | they are obnoxious to the criticism of the gentle || Guty of twelve per cent. nearly. These articles low man, in whom he recognized no title of supe- man from South Carolina, or whether they could are given at the market prices when the report riority, and no claim to his submission ? have been designed to produce the effect imputed to

from which I have taken them was prepared, and But I can best illustrate the necessity which them, I leave to this House and the country to exhibited, in the opinion of the State Department, dictated the acts of 1832 and 1834, by referring to an decide.

a fair statement of the average rates of duty on all actual case of shipment of merchandise from New I had intended to show that the gentleman was

similar articles. · Orleans to Havana, under the restrictive policy | also led, by the authorities which he consulted, But, perhaps the gentleman from South Car

which, to this day with scarcely any diminution into other errors, but as I have already detained olina may contend that the restrictions of 1842 of its hardships upon our merchants, characterizes the committee longer than it is my habit to do, I have yielded to a more liberal policy in 1855. the Government of Cuba, with respect to our com- will content myself by selecting one of those Quite the contrary, sir; instead of any relaxation merce In the month of November 1841, a vessel errors as an illustration of the rest.

of these onerous and insulting discriminations in of the United States, registered one hundred and The gentleman in referring to the excess of im- || favor of England, and against the United States, forty tons, entered the port of Havana with the portations from England into Cuba over those the present imposts on our commerce are even following manifest of cargo, shipped at New Or- from the United States, says: “that England | more unjust and oppressive, and the existing fiscal leans: 650 barrels of flour, 28,292 pounds of lard, stands on no more favored footing in reference to regulations in the different ports of Cuba more 8,400 pounds of hams, and 1 sofa.

the commercial regulations of Cuba than the stringent and prohibitory. Estimated cost of cargo in New Orleans:

United States, except her freedom from our own This proposition I can demonstrate in a few 650 barrels of flour ai $6 per parrel....

$3,900 00

enactments." It is my misfortune to differ from words. . The average of imports to Cuba for 28,292 pounds lard at 6c. per pound...

1,697 52

the honorable gentleman in his conclusions on this three years, 1848, 1849, and 1850, was: four, 8,400 pounds hams at 6c. per pound....

504 00 I sofa...

subject. I deny that such is the case at this time, 234,264 barrels; lard, 10,168.595 pounds; olive 20 00

or that such has ever been the case, unless, in oil, 8,451,900 gallons; beef, dry and wet, 502,825 Total...........

$6,121 52 | deed, during a time of war between Spain and pounds; pork, dry and wet, 1,434,778 pounds;

England. France, and England, and every count | jerked beef, 30,556,950 pounds; hams, 2,047,406 Value of cargo in Havana : 650 barrels of flour at $15 per barrel.....

pounds; butter, 685,349 pounds. $9,750 00

try that has a merchant marine enjoys commer. 28,292 pounds of lard at 12c. per pound.....

3,396 00 cial privileges which are denied io the United Let us now see whence the above articles were 8,400 pounds of hams at $14 per 100 pounds..

1,176 00

States, and is exempt from restrictions which are imported, and at what rate of duty: 1 sofa......

35 00
imposed upon us.

From United States.


Flour, 5,612 barrels .
I have carefully examined official documents

.$10 81 per barrel.
$14,357 00
giving the amount of imports and exports to and

Lard, 10,193,370 pounds..... 4 30 per 10!) pounds.
Olive oil.

2 87 per 1011 pounds. Import duties paid : from Cuba and the United States for a number of Beef, 359.161 pounds...,

1 75 per 1014 pounds. 650 barrels of flour at $10 10 per barrel.

$6,565 00

years past, and a rigid analysis of the several arti. Pork, 1,322,655 pounds...... 2 86 per 1014 pounds. 23,292 pounds of lard at $4 19 per 100 pouuus. 1,185 77

Jerked beef..... 8,400 pounds of hams at $3 14 per 100 pounds ches of merchandise which have constituted the

1 96 per 1011 pounds. Horns, 1.228,443 pounds...

3 58 per 1011 pounds. I sofa...

totals of the trade between the two countries, and 14 40

Butter, 619,107 pounds...

4 77 per 1014 ponods. Tonnage dues $150 per ton... 210 00 the duties to which our exports to Cuba are sub- From other places.

Duty. Dredging machine duiy 21 %c. per ton.,

30 62

ject, gives as a result the average amount of duties Wharf dues for ten days $i 55 per diem.......

$2 52 per barrel. 16 50

Flour, 228,002 barrels.... paid by England and the United States respect- Lard, 121,225 pounds ..

4 30 per 1011 pounds.

Olive oil, 8,451,900 pounds Total...... $8,286 05 | ively, on their chief products exported to that

57 per 1011 pounds. island. These calculations, which I have care

Beef, 143,664 pounds.

1 75 per 101 pounds. From value of cargo in Havana......

2 16 per 101 pounds, $14,357 00

Pork, 112, 123 pounds... fully examined, give as a result an average duty of Subtract duties and port charges...

Jerked beef, 31,566,990 pounds.... 1 17 per 1011 pounds. 8,286 05 forty-eight and a haf per cent. on the chief pro

Horns, 818.963 pounds.....

3 58 per 1011 pounds. Net....... $6,070 95 ducts of the United States exported to Cuba, against | Butter, 66,252 pounds..

4 77 per 1011 pounds. twelve per cent. charged upon the products of

I am indebted to the same distinguished auFrom original cost.....

$6,121 52 Subtract net in Havana..

6,070 93 England. But, as the documents which I have thority referred to at the commencement of these

consulted may not be accessible to the honorable | remarks, for these tables; and so unanswerable Balance against the cargo..........

$50 57 | gentleman, I will again tresspass on the patience are the views which the writer takes of this whole

of the committee by referring to the tables from subject, and so diametrically opposed are they to In reference to the state of things which this case which I have derived my conclusion:

those of the honorable gentleman from South exhibits, the Department of State very curtly ob

Carolina, that I cannot forbear quoting another serves “ the restriction imposed on the commerce Duties in Cuba on articles supplied by the United

passage from the able article already adverted to: of the United States particularly, is a sagacious


“Here we find that unequal fiscal impositions change

U. S. Duty. policy on the part of those having the control of

the natural current of trade; and that flour, instead of being the commercial relations of those islands." A Beef, per barrel, valued at.

brought from the cheapest wart in the world, is sought on Pork,


4 89

the other side of the Atlantic ; that olive oil of the most sentence, sir, pregnant with meaning.

Cod fish, per 1011 pounds.

2 374

inferior quality is enabled to compete largely with lard, for Sir, if our Government, or any Government, Hams,


3 14

domestic purposes; and that of 34,581,959 pounds of meats should submit to this state of things without an


7 00.. 4 19

consumed, only 2,890,239 pounds, or a fraction over eight Butter,

4 90 effort, at least, at retaliation, it would betray a

per cent., is imported from the United States. Butter and Candles, tallow.......

11 00.

4 20

pork, being subject to an equality of fiscal exactions, are degree of forbearance or pusillanimity equally Candles, sperm..

35 00

8 96

imported to the extent of more than ninety per cent. from unworthy a people capable of appreciating their Flour, per barrel.............

6 00... 10 00 this country." rights.

Oil, fish, per gallon


And in the face of such facts and figures as Rice, per 1014 pounds....

2 75..

2 09 But, sir, let us see what are these regulations to

Potatoes, per barrel.

1 12....

70 these, the honorable gentleman gravely tells this which the gentleman from South Carolina ascribes Cheese, per 1014 pounds...

6 00....

3 07

committee, and the country, that we are on "an our failure to establish reciprocity of commerce

Saddles, each....

10 03... 7 00

equal footing' with England in our commercial with the Island of Cuba. In the United States

Tar and pitch, per barrel....
Coaches, each.....

400 00.

intercourse with the Island of Cuba. I fear but

260 00 Statutes at Large, vol. iv., p. 579, we find the act Gigs, each...

150 00...... 150 00

few will think as he does on this subject-I am of 1832, to which the gentleman referred. I will Lumber, per 1,000 feet............... 10 00...... 5 60 sure my constituents will not. lf, however, the read it:

Hoops, per thousand..

25 00......

honorable gentleman should still continue to be Shooks and heads for hogsheads, each

28 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives Alc and cider, per dozen bottles... 1 75......

1 19

skeptical on this point, I would commend to his of the United States of America in Congress assembled, Chairs, cane bottom, per dozen.. 12 00. 10 82 careful perusal a most interesting document which That no other or greater duty of tonnage be levied in the

Chairs, wooden,

6 00

7 00

emanated from the Spanish Court at Madrid, in ports of the United States on vessels owned wholly by sub- Nails, per 1013 pounds.

6 00

1 96 jects of Spain, coming from a port in Spain, than shall, by

the year 1839, and dignified with the high soundBeans,

1 75

1 04 the Secreiary of the Treasury, be asceriained to have been

Lead, in sheets, per 101: pounds. 5 75.

1 69

ing title of a royal decree. This morceau of dippaid on American vessels in the ports of Spain previous to Salt,

50.. 1 25 lomatic civility towards the United States bears the 20th of October, 1817.

Castile soap,

14 75...... 3 79 “Sec. 2. Spanish colonial vessels to pay the same ton

date 19th January, 1839, and a very brief extract Indian corn, per barrel....

1 26 nage duty as American vessels in Spanish colonial ports. Indian meal,

3 35.

will suffice to portray the spirit of the whole:

1 47 "SEC. 3. Provision in casc any foreign nation should abol

" It is particularly recommended to the Governors of the ish its discriminating duties on American vessels." Making a total value of $766 34, and of duty in || American Colonies (to be by them communicated to the

263 76

$6 00......

$3 14


20 00......


1 75......


8 39

1 00......

2 20.....


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