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Thesis proper that I should remark that the offi- | The Eyane requiring extensive repairs, and

SQUADRONS.

propriety, cruise in that region, take proper sound- ister speaking of them as “ being persons, almost The vessels composing the home squadronings at Caledonia bay, and at the same time, with without exception, of notoriously bad characterare, the frigate Columbia, the flag-ship, Com- but little additional expense, convey any party some of them discharged penitentiary convicts and mander S. B. Wilson; the sloops-of-war Albany, that might volunteer to engage in the arduous refugees from justice, habitually manifesting evil Commander J.T.Gerry; Falmouth, Commander | and interesting exploration. Passed Midshipman dispositions towards our citizens, and indulging T. D. Shaw; and the steamers Princeton, Com- | Truxton, First Assistant Engineer J. M. Maury, those dispositions to the injury of persons and mander Henry Eagle; and Fulton, Lieutenant Midshipman H. M. Garland, and a few civilians, property whenever they are not restrained by Commanding j. K. Mitchell. Commodore J.T. | and seamen from the crew of the Cyane, also vol- force,” and that he was “ unable to regard them Newton still commands this squadron. The cruis- unteered to embark in the adventure. The per- in any other light than as pirates and outlaws;' ing of the vessels of the squadron has been prin mission of the New Granadian Government having that he knew that this ungoverned populace had cipally among the West India Islands, and along been cheerfully given, the Cyane sailed from Phil. for a season resirained an American Minister's the coasts bordering on the Caribbean sea and adelphia in December last, and arrived at Porto personal liberty, and rudely assailed him; that the Gulf of Mexico.

Escoces, on Caledonia bay, on the 17th of Janu- ihey had retained and refused to surrender the The Columbia returned to Norfolk, in obedience ary. The party were landed, and proceeded to stolen property of some of our countrymen; that to orders from the Navy Department, and on the execute the special uuty assigned. They suc- they contemptuously turned a deaf ear to his 28th June sailed, under instructions to Commo. ceeded in crossing the Isthmus, and returning, appeals for adjusiment, and that his alternative dore Newton, on special duty to St. Domingo. l after encountering sufferings and hardships, and was to inflict punishment or return to his country Having thoroughly surveyed the Bay of Samana, exhibiting powers of endurance, a spirit of enter

with a well-armed national vessel and report that and ascertained its depth and character, and ex- prise, and a generous devotion to duly, eminently he had demanded satisfaction, and upon being amined the localities in its vicinity with reserence creditable to them as officers, and honorable to treated with contempt, had felt it his duiy to come to fitness for a convenient depot for naval pur- them as men. A few of the seamen and civilians home. poses, the Columbia returned to Pensacola, and were unable to bear up under their trying expo- Rash impetuosity on the part of those who is now under orders to proceed to San Juan de sure, and expired. The Cyane returned with ihe hold in their hands, to some extent, the elements Nicaragua, conveying to that point Mr. Wheeler, party to New York. I refer you, however, for a of war, cannot be too strongly discountenanced. United States Minister Resident to Nicaragua, more particular recital of the details of the expe- No officer should dare trille with them. But I and Mr. Marlin, United States Minister Resident dition, to the interesting report of Lieutenant think that an acquaintance with all the facts and to Guatemala. The Princeton, Commander Eagle, i Strain which accompanies this communication, calm reflection will relieve our own people (who sailed from Norfolk on the 31st of October for from which you will perceive that he is very de- are justly sensitive of national honor) from any Pensacola, and will proceed on her cruise as a part cidedly of opinion that the work is totally imprac- fear that a wrong has been perpetrated, and a of the home squadron. The Albany, Commander | ticable, and ihis, I apprehend, settles the question reference to history may well silence the criticism Gerry, in pursuance of the orders of the commo- forever.

of others. dore, has been actively cruising during the entire year, having visited, among other ports, those of cers of her Britannic Majesty's ship Virago, on owing to the condition of the crew from the Samana, Sisal, St. Thomas, Laguayra, Curaçon, the Pacific, were prompt and generous in extend- unhealthiness of that climate and their previous Carthagena, Aspinwall, San Juan, Port Royal, ing timely relief to the suffering party, and that a exposure in the bay of Caledonia, her return to and St. Jago de Cuba. She has done good ser- proper appreciation of it has been officially com- the United States became necessary.

After vice, and Commander Gerry and his officers merit municated to her Britannic Majesty's Government. receiving on board the archives of the commercial the approbation of the Department, as I have Intelligence having been received that the pro- agency and Mr. Fabens and his effects, Comreason to know that the appearance of our flag at perty of American citizens had been improperly mander Hollins proceeded to Boston, and the those ports, and the bearing of the officers, con- detained by the people of San Juan de Nicaragua; vessel on the 1st of September was put out of tributed much to the encouragement and protection that our Minister to Central America, Hon. Mr. commission for the purpose of repairs, which are of our citizens engaged in commercial transactions | Borland, had been treated with rudeness and dis- now completed. in those regions.

respect, and that the interests of our countrymen The Falmouth, Commander Shaw, has been The last official intelligence received from the required the immediate presence of a man of war very recently put in commission, and will proceed Albany was on the 28th of September from As- in ihat neighborhood, the Cyane, being the most to sea in a few days. pinwall, informing the Department that on the available vessel for that purpose, in obedience to The Brazil squadron, Commodore W. D. ensuing day she would sail for New York. There | instructions from the Department, put to sea again Salier, has attached to it the flag.ship Savannah, is no doubt of her having put to sea at the time on the 19h of June. On her arrival at San Juan, Commander Samuel Mercer; the sloop-of-war mentioned. Much time having elapsed, and no Commander Hollins, learning from Mr. Fabens, || Germantown, Commander W. F. Lynch; the tidings of her having been received, it is but nai- the United States commercial agent at that place, brig Bainbridge, Lieutenant Commanding C. G. ural that painful anxiety should be felt, touching that the demand made by him, by order of the Hunter; and the store-ship Relief, Lieutenant her fate. The prevalent opinion is, that she has State Department, for a proper reparation of Commanding S. C. Rowan. The store-ship sustained serious injuries from encountering wrongs committed by them, had been treated with Relief returned to New York on the 29th of July storms recently prevalent in her course home- derision and contempt, after due deliberation, for fresh supplies, and having taken in her cargo, ward, and that she has put into some port for re- thought it expedient, through Mr. Fabens, to sailed for Rio on the 24:h of September. pairs. With a view of obtaining information and make a final demand upon the inhabitants for a The sloop-of-war Jamestown, which at my last affording relief, the steamer Princeton left Pensa- satisfactory adjustment. As the result was en- report formed one of this squadron, having comcola some days ago in search of the Albany. The tirely unsatisfactory, Commander Hollins gave || pleted her cruise, returned to the United States, Department still entertains the opinion that she is notice on the 12:h of July, by a proclamation and arrived at Philadelphia on the 2d of May. safe.

posted in the most public places, that if the pro- The steamer Water Witch, Lieutenant ComThe Fulton, which until the 24th of April was posed terms of settlement were not complied with, manding T.J. Page, is still actively engaged in the under the command of Lieutenant James M. Wat- he should, at nine a. m., of the 13th, proceed to surveys of the rivers Uruguay and Parana. son, was in useful service, and, having v siteu bombard the town of San Juan, to the end that This squadron is efficiently engaged in taking many of the ports of the West Indies, relurned to “the rights of our country and citizens may be care of the interests of our country in that region, the United States. On the 17th May she let Nor. | vindicated, and as a guarantee for fuiure protec- with which our commercial transactions are rapfolk under the command of Lieutenant Mitchell, tion.” He had hoped that the show of a determ-idly growing.

The African squadron, Commodore Isaac Mayo, Gadsden, our Minister to Mexico, and bearer o? ceedings, have brought about a satisfactory ad- il consists of his fiag-ship, the frigate Constitution, the treaty recently conciuded between the United | justment: such, however, was not the case.

His

Commander J. Rudd; the sloops-of-war Marion, States and Mexico, where she remained until the appeals for adjustment were disregarded. His Commander H. Y. Purviance, and Dalė, Comtreaty was ratified, and with it returned to the proclamation was only read to be treated with mander William C. Whittle. The brig Perry, port of Washington, where she has since been ne- contempt. IIis return to his country after all this, il Lieutenant R. L. Page, after having been on the cessarily detained, and is now ready for service. withoui inflicting some punishment upon these station two years, arrived at Norfolk on the 151h

The practicability of interoceanic communica. lawless and reckless people, he thought would be of July. The Constitution and the Marion will tion by the construction of a ship canalacross the but a signal for a renewal of insults and outrages. | be relieved early in the ensuing year, at which Isthmus of Darien, Letween Caledonia bay and Having tendered boats for the removal of prop- time they will have been iwo years on that station. the Caribbean sen, and the Gulf of San Miguel, on erty and persons to all who would avail them. The vessels of this squadron have been actively, the Pacific, has long been a subject of much spec- selves of them, he bombarded the place and de- and in many instances successfully, engaged in ulation and controversy among men of science stroyed most of their property, without loss of life. checking the slave trade, and some of them have and learning. The magnitude of the work, and I could not reprove this commander for his been regularly cruising on the coasts most frewonderful influence which its successful accom- conduct. Humanity often lends her sympathies | quented by slavers. The officers in command plishment might exert upon the commerce of the to the sufferer, however just the punishment, but have also had it in their power to render assistworld, and more especially upon the intercourse patriotism rarely condemns the brave officer who ance to merchant vessels in distress, and to our between our Atlantic and Pacific possessions, in- administers that punishment from a sense of growing commerce, exposed to many dangers on duced the Department, with your approbation, to justice to his countrymen whose property is The African coast. accept the services of an accomplished and enter- destroyed and whose national flag is insulted. The Mediterranean squadron, Commodore S. prising officer of the Navy, Lieutenantl. G. Strain, | We may well regret the stern necessity which H. Stringham, consists of his flag-ship, the frigate who volunteered to undertake the exploration constrained him, but it should be remembered that Cumberland, Commander A. A. Harwood; the The Caribbean sea being embraced within the Commander Hollins had been compelled but a year steam-frignte Saranac, Captain J. C. Long; the limits assigned as a cruising ground for the home before to interfere and stop these same people in sloops-of-war St. Louis, Commander D. N. Ingrasquadron, the Department concluded that the || their progress of destruction of American property; | ham, and Levant, Commander C. C. Turner. Cyane, Commander Hollins, might, with great I that he had, besides, seen the report of our Min- The Cumberland will be relieved early in the

on

33p Cong....20 Sess.

Report of the Secretary of the Navy.

SENATE & Ho. or Reps.

spring, and authority has been given for the re- men are represented to have been among the best Columbus, belonging to the Pacific Mail Steamturn of the Levant and St. Louis early in the of the crew.

ship Company. With this steamer and the Portsensuing year,

The vessels of the expedition for the survey mouth he proceeded along the coast; and having This squadron, during the past year, has visited and reconnoissance of Bhering Straits, the North evinced a determination to execute his orders, and many of the ports of Italy, Sicily, the Archipel- Pacific ocean and China seas, after leaving Simon's unite with the civil authorities in promptly arrestago, and Greece, and also the coasts of Spain and Bay, Cape of Good Hope, proceeded to Hong ing and suppressing all unlawful expeditions, he Barbary; and has kept a watchful eye over Amer- Kong, China; the sloop-of-war Vincennes, Com: unquestionably contributed largely to their early ican interests in the Mediterranean.

mander C. Ringgold, and the brig Porpoise, Lieu. termination, and thus to the maintenance of The Saranac, under instructions from the De- tenant Commanding' A. B. Davis, by the way of friendly relations with a neighboring power. partment, conveyed Mr. Chandler, the United Van Dieman's Land, through the Coral seas, Some of the leaders were arrested, and many of States consul-general, to Tunis—from Marseilles || passing the Caroline, and Ladrone, and Bashee the sick and wounded availed themselves of the to Tunis—where he was landed on the 13th of || Íslands, arriving at Hong Kong on the 17th of offer of Commander Dornin to return them to July, with the usual honors.

March; the steamer John Hancock, Lieutenant their homes. The East India squadron consists of the sloop- || Commanding John Rogers; the store-ship John P. After he had terminated successfully his efforts of-war Macedonian, Captain Joel Abbott, the se- Kennedy, Lieutenant Commanding N. Collins, in regard to the unlawful expedition against Mex. nior officer on the station; the steam-frigate Pow- and the tender Fennimore Cooper, Lieutenant ico, he received intelligence that about twenty hatan, Captain W. J. McCluney; and the sloop- Commanding H. K. Stevens, by the way of the American citizens were imprisoned in close conof-war Vandalia, Commander John Pope. The Straits of Sunda and Gasper, the Carimata and finement at Mazatlan. Having investigated the steam-frigates Mississippi and Susquehanna, the Billeton passages, and the Sooloo sea. Their ar- matter, and concluding that their confinement was sloop-of-war Plymouth, and the store.ships South- rival at Hong Kong is reported by Commander improper, hę interfered, and demanded their reampton, Supply, and Lexington, are now on their Ringgold early in June.

lease. They were soon discharged, by order of way home-ihe steamers returning by the way of During the absence of Commodore Perry, with the Government of Mexico, and, at the instance San Francisco. Commodore M. C. Perry, re- the greater part of the East India squadron, at of Commander Dornin, were conveyed, in the cently commanding this squadron, is, by permis- | Japan, the civil war raging in China, and particu- revenue cutter W. L. Marcy, to San Francisco, sion of the Department, returning to the United | larly in the vicinity of Canton, so alarmed Ameri- at their own request. The Portsmouth did good States by the way of England.

can citizens holding immense property in that service at Acapulco, in relieving American steamThe vessels of the squadron, owing to the civil region, that Commander Ringgold considered it ers from the embarrassment of a blockade of that war existing in China, have had frequent calls proper to suspend temporarily the special duties port. When last heard from, she was at the made upon them for the protection of American io which he was assigned, and render protection to Sandwich Islands, and is now probably on her citizens and property, and have been of great ser- his exposed countrymen; and has thus failed to way to the United States, under the order of the vice to our countrymen in that remote region. accomplish a large portion of the surveys that had Department.

Commodore Perry, with the steam.frigate Pow- been planned for the present year. In addition to The St. Mary's, which left the United States hatan as his flag-ship, Captain W.J. McCluney; these embarrassments, Commodore Perry informs on the 15th of October, 1853, joined the squadron the sloop-of-war Macedonian, Captain J. Abbot; the Department, under date of August 9, that, on at Valparaiso on the 20th of January. Comthe steam-frigates Susquehanna, Commander F. his arrival at Hong Kong, he found the expedition plaints having been made of abusive conduct toBuchanan, and Mississippi, Commander S. S. | laboring under serious disadvantages, owing to wards our shipmasters whose business carried Lee; the sloop-of-war Vandalia, Commander John the unfortunate affiction of Commander Ringgold, them to the Chincha Islands, the St. Mary's was Pope; and the store-ships Southampton, Lieu- which has rendered it necessary, in the opinion sent there in April. Commander Bailey found in tenant Commanding J. J. Boyle, and Lexington, of the medical officers, that he should return to port about one hundred and sixteen sail of vesLieutenant Commanding, J. J. Glasson, arrived the United States. Commodore Perry having | sels, two thirds of which were American. The at Yedo Bay, Japan, on the 13th of February, for | placed in charge of the expedition an experienced presence of the St. Mary's had a very beneficial the purpose of fulfilling the plans of which he had officer, Lieutenant John Rogers, the nexi in rank, effect, and the masters of the large fleet of mer. notified them the year before, and of endeavoring and the plan of operations marked out by him chantmen, both English and American, expressed to establish commercial relations between Japan being considered judicious, the Department has themselves highly gratified at the prompt and and the United States. By indomitable perse- directed him to proceed with all dispatch to its | energetic action taken by Commander Bailey in verance and remarkable management, he suc- execution.

regard to their complaints and grievances. Whilst ceeded finally in overcoming the obstinacy and The Pacific squadron, Commodore B. Dulany, there he had an opportunity to return the protec. prejudices of the Japanese Government, and in- consists of the flag-ship St. Lawrence, Com- tion which was afforded last year by Admiral duced it to enter into a treaty of amity and peace, mander W. W. Hunter, the sloop-of-war Ports. | Moseby, of the English Navy, to many of our by which two of its ports, Hakodade and Simoda, | mouth, Commander T. A. Dornin, and St. countrymen by affording assistance and protecwere opened to vessels, and ship-wrecked mar- Mary's, Commander T. Bailey. The frigate In- | tion to Captain McClenan, master of the English iners of American vessels are guarantied to have dependence, Captain J. Tatínall, bearing the ship Kildaire, which assistance and protection had ample protection and kind treatment on whatever broad pennant of Commodore W. Mervine, sailed been refused by the Peruvian Governor of the part of the coasts they may be cast. The above- from New York on the 9th of October for the islands. The St. Mary's, after cruising on the mentioned ports were fully surveyed by our ves. Pacific. Upon her arrival out, Commodore Mer- coast south of Panama, and showing our flag at sels, and are represented to be very convenient vine will take command, and Commodore Dulany Igique, Arica, and various other ports, was, on and commodious. Presents were also exchanged will return to the United States in the St. Law- the 29th of August, (the last advices from her,) between the Japanese Government and the United rence. The sloop-of-war Decatur, Commander at the Sandwich Islands, whither she had been States.

I. S. Sterett, and the steamer Massachusetts, sent by Commodore Dulany, under instructions The treaty having been concluded, it was in- Lieutenant Commanding R. W. Meade, sailed from the Department. trusted to Commander H. A. Adams, who was from Norfolk, respectively, the 16th of June and The steamer Michigan, Commander J. S. Nich. directed to proceed in the Saratoga, Commander 5th of July, to join this squadron. By last ad- | olas, is still in commission on our northern lakes, W.S. Walker, to San Francisco, and thence to vices, they had reached and left Rio, on their way and, during the last season, engaged in her usual Washington. On the arrival of the Saratoga at out; but the Massachusetts, after a day's sail, cruising. the Sandwich Islands, a more speedy conveyance encountered and suffered seriously from a violent The steam-frigate San Jacinto, Captain Striboffering, Commander Adams left her and reached storm, and returned to Rio for repairs.

ling, having received on board the new machinery Washington with the treaty on the 10th of July. In addition to the above enumerated vessels, recently constructed for her, put to sea 07 the 9th Commodore Perry and those who accompanied there are on the Pacific coast the stationary store- of August, for a six months' cruise, with a view him in his novel and perilous undertaking deserve | ships Fredonia, Lieutenant J. D. Johnson, at especially to testing the capacity of the machinery, well of their country. A new era seems, through | Valparaiso, and 'Warren, Lieutenant D. McDou- in pursuance of the terms of the contract. When their instrumentality, to be dawning upon the gall, at the navy-yard at Mare Island, California. lasi heard from she was at Southampton, and, commerce of the world. It is difficult to calculate The St. Lawence has been cruising most of the having undergone very slight repairs, was about the wonderful results which present and future year between the ports of Payta

and Callao, in proceeding on her cruise. generations may experience from this promised | Beru, and Valparaiso, in Chili. The Portsmouth In addition to the employment of the vessels, gradual dropping off of the cruel fetiers with returned from the Sandwich Islands to San Fran

officers, and men afloat, as thus recited, many of which ignorance has so long embarrassed com- cisco on the 14th of January. The Government the officers and men of the Navy are assigned to merce, and this hopeful prospect of the spread of having received sufficient intelligence to impress duty on the coast survey. civilization and liberty and good government, so it with the apprehension that an unlawful expedicheering to the Christian statesman. tion had left or was about leaving San Francisco,

INCREASE OF THE NAVY. The Saratoga proceeded on her way to the for the purpose of taking possession of territory Although Congress, at its last session, promptly United States, and arrived at Boston, September belonging to Mexico, instructions were sent Com- responded to the recommendation for the construc1, having been absent from the country for four mander Dornin to render prompt and efficient aid tion of six new steam-frigates, and for completing years. I have expressed to Commander Walker

in assisting to arrest and suppress any such un- and launching the frigates Santee and Sabine, I and his officers, as also to the crew, my just ap- lawful expedition as might be set on foot within am very far from entertaining the opinion that the preciation of their good conduct, notwithstanding || the jurisdiction of the United States, and to exer- enlargement of the Navy should stop here. The the expiration of their terms of enlistment. cise all lawful means of preventing the violation protection of our wide-spread commerce, the I regret to state that, whilst the Plymouth was

of law and infraction of ireaty stipulations. To guarding of our extended coast, the preservaengaged in surveying the Bonin Islands, Lieu- assist him in this, he was, with your approba- tion of our rank as a nation, demand that we tenant John Mathews, with thirteen of the crew, tion, authorized, if necessary, to charter a steamer should not be entirely stationary, and with inacwhen in a boat, encountered a severe typhoon, || for a short time on reasonable terms. Commander live indifference behold the progress of other and were all lost. Lieutenant Mathews had a Dornin considered it necessary, and for this pur- Powers in naval strength. And it is hardly bigh repulation in the Navy as an officer, and the pose he chartered, at San Francisco, the steamer unwise to glance at the various national Navy 330 CONG....20 Sess.

Report of the Secretary of the Navy.

SENATE & Ho. OF REPS.

Registers and compare the size of our Navy, not of Europe. But I do propose so to increase the not only confirmed me in the correctness of those merely with that of the mighly nations with whom || materiel of our navy as at least to approximate to views, but constrains me, at the hazard of the we claim equal rank, but with that of other nations a state of readiness for emergencies which wise | charge of pertinacity, to renew, most earnestly, whom we esteem to be far, far behind us in the race statesmen strive to avoid, but wiser statesmen my previous recommendations, and to urge their of national greatness. Even with the addition of prepare to meet. It will be my pleasure to consideration and adoption with deep solicitude. the unfinished six steam frigates, our naval force coöperate with the legislative department of Gov- So far as I have the authority at present, these will not exceed fifty vessels in condition for service. ernment in practically carrying out these views. views shall guide my action. I cannot recommend Weakness invites aggression, and never inspires For a detailed statement of the actual condition for promotion to higher rank and larger pay offi. respect; while acknowledged strength and visible of our naval force, I beg to refer you to the full cers who do not merit it, from incapacity, either preparation command consideration, and are the report of the Chief of the Bureau of Construction, | moral or physical. I do not appreciate the justice true safeguards of peace.. And, although our mis- | Equipment, and Repair.

or policy of promoting to a higher grade an officer Bion is peace, and no warlike messengers of propa

In the exercise of the discretion imposed upon who cannot perform its duties, unless in rare ex. gandism are to be sent forth to force republican me by the act of Congress directing the construc- ceptional cases, as a complimentary reward for liberty upon reluctant victims of misgovernment, tion of six steam-frigates, I decided, after mature services rendered. It is neither more nor less it may be well to remember that, in addition to consideration and inquiry, to have them built in than elevating the incompetent, and then ordering the ordinary uncertainty which ever hangs around the navy-yards, under the more immediate super- the unpromoted competent to do their work! 18 questions of peace and war in the distant future, || vision of the Department. The Government had there an alarm of fastening upon the Government we have to encounter illy.disguised jealousy of our a fair supply of material, particularly of live oak, an odious pension system? None can cherish a peculiar institutions from those who cling with well seasoned; had erected ship-houses, in which | greater repugnance to that than myself; but none tenacity to the old system of government. Hear the vessels while being built could be protected can be more fully convinced that it can be so well the language of one of your predecessors in a from exposure, and the mechanics employed could surrounded with safeguards, restrictions, and limit. message to Congress more than a quarter of a be sheltered comfortably, and able to prosecute ations, as to retain its virtues and reject its faults. century ago: the work in the most inclement weather.

Is the particular plan of having the aid of a board “Unprovoked injuries are often inflicted, and even the On examination I discovered that there was of officers in ascertaining the incompetent and peculiar felicity of our situation might, with some, be a

neither material, building-slip, nor ship-house at | unworthy objected to? l am not wedded to that cause for excitement and aggression. The history of the late wars in Europe furnishes a complete demonstration that

Pensacola, and that the Franklin was being rebuilt, or any other scheme, provided the main object no system of conduct, however correct in principle, can and the Santee altered and completed, at Kittery. can be attained. I should be content to have the protect neutral Powers from injury from any party; that a I therefore ordered that immediate preparation be Secretary, from time to time, officially report to defenseless position and a distinguished !ove of peace are

made for constructing the new frigates at the navy- the President such names as he wishes should bo the surest invitations to war; an that there is no way to avoid it other than by being 'always prepared and willing, yards in Boston, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Wash- retired or dropped; that the President should for a just cause, to meet it. If there be a people on earth, | ington, and Norfolk. There is no difficulty in transmit, if he thinks proper, their names to the whose more especial duty it is to be at all times prepared to securing the services of as many skillful mechanics | Senate, with a recommendation suited to each case. defend the rights with which they are blessed, and to sur. pass all others in sustaining the necessary burdens, and in

and laborers as are desired. The public officers at Thus the President and the Senate, the appointing Bubmitting to sacrifices to make such preparations, it is, un

the several yards have all manifesied a deep inter- power, will be the removing power, and the doubtedly, the people of these States."

est in dispatching the work with success. Much apprehension of star chamber persecution and The well-armed and well-manned ships of our progress has been made, and I have no doubt six being victimized by secret inquisition, now felt by Navy may be truly regarded ag so many ocean first-class steamers, equal to the expectation of some worthy officers, would be quieted. But I sentinels stationed along the main, to challenge at the country, will be completed as speedily as men forbear to fatigue with details. The magic touch once any who might dare to seek an assault upon and means can accomplish the work. Not having of reform is needed, and if skillfully applied will institutions sacred to us, but inconvenient to them. facilities for manufacturing the steam machinery || impart to the now drooping body of our Navy a It is true, we are at peace with the world; and so, necessary, except at the Washington navy-yard, robust health and a new life. I believe that sound but a few months ago, were the nations of Europe, I had no alternative but to make contracts with policy, stern justice, demand it; that true economy and, under the benign influence of Christianity private establishments for five of the frigates. These is not opposed to it. I shall be happy to coöperate and civilization, seemed hopeful of a quiet future,

contracts have been made with builders of estab- with Congress in effecting it. with no rivalry but in arts, science, and national lished reputation, and the contractors are busily I have no hesitation in saying that there are development. The scene is suddenly changed. engaged in fulfilling them. The plan adopted was many officers now in the Navy whose names do War, with all its bloody calamities, is convulsing to invite proposals, so as to call forth the best skill not adorn the Register. There are those incapathose mighty nations, and no prophetic statesman of the country, and, before adopting them, submit ble of performing duty from age or affliction. can foretell ita extent or its termination. But who them for my guidance to a board of engineers. There are also many good officers resigning from are interested in the Navy? It is not merely the Bonds with approved sureties have been taken for time to time, because the path of promotion is citizen whose lot is cast along the coast, the the faithful execution of the work, and two fifths of “ blocked up” by the incompetent, and the future wealthy merchant in our cities, the speculator in the contract price is to be retained until the ma- seems to them so unpromising. But it is my Aoating merchandise, but merchants, mechanics, chinery has worked successfully and satisfactory. I pleasure, as well as my duty, to say that the corps planters-our countrymen all along the coast, up

at sea for six months. Before adopting any of is still full of chivalrous and gallant officers, who are our rivers, beyond the mountains. The agricul- the plans proposed, I thought proper, in consid- not only ready for the post of danger, but would tural interest is as much benefited and protected by eration of the greater experience of England and sustain the proud reputation of our Navy, which the Navy as any other. Every planter, in every France in the application of steam machinery to has won so many laurels for our country, and by section is not more truly protected by the inclosure men of war, to order the Engineer-in-Chief, Mar- | its brilliant victories cheered the heart of many around his farm, than by our “wooden walls" tin, to visit Europe with a view to availing him- a desponding patriot. I will not, however, enlarge which float around our coast. The States which | self of any improvements which may have been this report by repeating the views, or reciting the border on the Mississippi transport on its bosom made. The observations made during his visit

, various amendments and modifications of existing their cotton, and grain, and sugar, and vast vari- and the interesting reports of Lieutenant Walker, || laws suggested in my last annual report, but coneties of products which are borne into the Gulf of who had been similarly engaged, will prove useful tent myself with renewing the recommendation. Mexico. With no navy sufficient to protect it in

to the service. The Santee and Sabine frigates that region, who can appreciate the inconvenience will be completed and ready for being launched in

DISCIPLINE OF SEAMEN, AND THE ENLISTand embarrassment which our planting interest will a few weeks. The Franklin is progressing rap

MENT OF BOYS AS APPRENTICES. experience in war? But the great cost is often idly, and it is confidently expected that the six While the just and liberal action of Congress, suggested. That should always be vigilantly steam.frigates will be launched certainly by the during the last session, authorizing an increase of watched by the prudent statesman; who should, ensuing fall, if not earlier.

pay of seamen corresponding to the compensation however, remember that every dollar is expended REORGANIZATION OF THE NAVY. in the merchant service, has done much to encouramong our own people in the purchase of mate- In my last annual report I ventured to express | age enlistments, and was received with grateful rial and payment of laborers; and that it brings the opinion “ that the present organization of the joy by many a veteran tar, much remains yet to into exercise the mechanical skill of our country, | Navy is not only essentially defective and unwise, be accomplished to give proper shape, vigor, charpromotes, and thereby perpetuates, a class in our but is, in its practical operation, working palpable acter and success to the system of discipline in midst essential to our national independence. He and serious mischief to the efficiency and charac- this important, indeed vital, part of the public serwho visits our navy-yards, and lingers a moment ter of that branch of the public service," and, vice. Language cannot describe, the mind can in beholding the giant frames of the noble ships that a retired list on reduced pay for the faithful scarcely grasp, how much of happiness and wretchnow being constructed by the genius, the labor, who have become infirm; the discharge of the inef. edness hang around the fidelity, the discipline of and with the material of our own country, will | ficient who have no claim on the bounty of their Gov- the neglected sailor. Property, life, victory, defind that the money expended not merely results ernment for services rendered; promotion regulated by feat, national honor, and renown, hare much to do in presenting a floating battery to protect our capacity, merit, and not by mere seniority of commis- with the character and cheerful obedience and property and our flag, but gladdens the hearts of sion; and pay to some extent controlled by sea service, | home-love of seamen. hundreds of cheerful artisans, who pay it back are reforms not only demanded by the condition I am very far from recommending the restorainto the Treasury with fourfold interest. It is not of the service, by considerations of justice, but tion of punishment by fogging. In my opinion wasted capital; it is not like the millions annually absolutely necessary to the preservation of effici- the experience of the Navy, at least, justifies its sent abroad to foreign capitalists to pay the debts ency and usefulness.” Efforts were made, during | abrogation, The sloop-of-war. Saratoga, Comcontracted for schemes of extravagance, leaving the last session, to accomplish many of the desired mander Walker, constituted a part of the squadembarrassment in its trail. I do not propose to in- reforms. No final action was taken. Subsequent ron to Japan, left the United States in September, crease the number of offirers, nor materially to reflection, and experience of nearly two years'con- 1850, and returned in the same month of the presenlarge the squadrons, and thereby increase largely nection with the Navy, an extended acquaintance ent year, after cruising for four years beneath our current expenses, nor to have a navy of the with the officers, and an attentive observation of tropical suns and amid uncongenial people, thouimmense size and expense of some of the Powers Il the practical working of the present system, have sands of miles from home. The term of the 330 CONG....2D SESS.

Report of the Secretary of the Navy.

SENATE & Ho. OF REPS.

.

ble."

crew's enlistment expired while they were far in burnished arms, at the drum-tap, to put down I deemed it my duty to procure the opinion an. the East. They were informed while abroad that disorder or disobedience.

advice of experts, engineers, and practical mei punishment by flogging was abolished. I allude Recent occurrences at sea, painfully fresh in some of whose opinions, heretofore verbally to this case especially, as I think the test was a the recollection of all, impress the mind most given, 1 have caused to be reduced to writing. i severe one. Yet, on their arrival at Boston, the vividly of the practical value of such a body of refer to Mr. Lenthall, naval constructor and Chisi most flattering reports reach me of the good con- men on shipboard in moments of peril and alarm, l of the Bureau of Construction, Equipment, an: duct and discipline of the crew. I deemed it when mere panic and disorder are so otten unne- Repair, and the civil engineer, Mr. Sanger, a proper also to address an inquiry on the subject cessarily fruitful of desolation and death. But on tached to the Bureau of Yards and Docks. I are io Commander Walker. He responds thus: land also their services have ever been found not acquainted with any tyo gentlemen moi.

“ In regard to the first question, whether it is desirable efficient, either in the navy-yards or on shore far distinguished in their respective professions, an : to restore corporal punishment, I reply that, from expe- from their country. This corps accompany our more entitled to the confidence and respect of t!.. rience as well as conviction, I do not believe it would be desirable or for the interest of the service."

men-of-war in all their cruises in times of peace Department. It is proper that I should statı, And yet he and every officer concur in the

and war, and have signalized their valor in many also, that these two gentlemen have always bor: necessity of prescribing and legalizing some sub- and I earnestly recommend an increase, by which but on the question of the necessity and usefu

a field. Their number now is entirely too small, adverse to the construction of these floating dock: : stilute, accompanied, however, with a plan of reward as well as punishment; punishment prompt: cipline and drilling before they are ordered to sea, more time would be allowed for their proper dis- ness to the public service of the basin and railwa.

in connection with the sectional dock, they have sure, in order to restrain the offender and deter the and their efficiency rendered still more reliable expressed themselves with clearness and force. inconsiderate; reward equally sure and generous,

I am satisfied also that the corps would be and presented arguments and facts which, in my to encourage fidelity and promote respectability. It is not the severity, but the certainty and prompt

improved and elevated in character by adopting judgment, were convincing. ness of punishment which promotes discipline.

some system of appointing officers of military Mr. Lenthall, in answer to my inquiry, ex

education and training. The sailor who now commits an offense aboard

presses himself thus:

YARDS AND DOCKS. ship remote from home and the flag-ship, knows

" In compliance with your request that I should commuthat he cannot be tried, possibly for six months, We have now eight navy-yards, inclusive of nicate my opinion in writing, which on several occasion

has been verbally given, as to whether the basin and rail until the vessel arrives in port or falls in with the the one now in rapid progress of construction at

way are desirable or necessary, in connection with the commodore of the squadron.

Mare Island, California. To keep these yards sectional or floating dock, I would respectfully state that, I consider it all-important that the commander | in proper condition for useful service, and to without such an appendage, I would consider this floating of any vessel should be authorized by law to order erect on them the necessary buildings and fixo dock, in a great measure, unsuitable for naval purposer.

As a ship-builder, I could not recommend the execution of a summary court-martial for the trial of the petty tures, occasion the expenditure, annually, of

very exlensive repairs, which are often necessary to ships officers and those below them; that they should | large sums of money, notwithstanding the dili- of war, upon the uncertain foundation such a dock would

present, and therefore I consider the basin necessary for iis have the power to punish by dishonorable dis | gence and vigilance of the chief of that bureau. charge in any port; by confinement on reduced Large appropriations will be from time to time

full efficiency. The danger to which such a floating struc

ture would be exposed with a heavy ship upon it, probably rations and without pay, with extra labor and de required for the yard in California, which, it is

for months, in my opinion renders this basin very desira. nial of shore privilege. When the seamen knows presumed, will be a complete establishment, as it that these punishments can be promptly inflicted

is the only one on the Pacific. The prices of by the officers in command of the ship, he has labor and material and the necessaries of life in ion of Mr. Sanger:

The following extracts are taken from the opinmuch to deter him from disobedience. California are still far higher than on the Atlantic

“ In answer to the first inquiry I have to say that, in my But, in order successfully to invite diligent and coast.

opinion, the only feature in these works which commends enterprising men, they must know that their in- My immediate predecessor, (Hon.John P. Ken. them to favorable consideration as suitable structures for

naval purposes in making extensive repairs upon heavy vestegrity will be commended, and their faithfulness | nedy,) in his last annual report, recommended the remembered. An honorable discharge, leave-of. construction of a basin and railway, in connection

sels of war, is the connection of the dock, basin, and rail

way, so that, when a vessel is put upon the dock for extenabsence,

pay, shore privilege, and the confidence with the floating sectional dock, in California sive repairs, and to remain a length of time, the whole of the officers, will animate and encourage them. thus:

structure can be floated into the basin and firmly grounded; ( hope I may be excused for

the ship may then be taken on shore by the railway, or repeating that "I “No appropriation was made for the basin and railway, deem it indispensable that some plan be adopted | ployed. Y submit it to the decision of Congress whether without which the dock cannot be safely or usefully em

main on the dock; and would, in either case, rest as safely

as if on a building-slip, and would be shored and secured in by which our seamen shall become more distinctly ihese structures should not be made without delay."

the same manner. I am, therefore, of opinion that, Conand permanently a part of the Navy, and allached

gress having ordered the construction of a sectional floating

Congress subsequently, in the naval appropria- dock in California, the addition of a basin and railway to to the service. Whenever a ship of war now returns from her three years' cruise, the officers are following section: tion bill, approved March 3, 1853, adopted the operate in connection with that dock at Mare Island be

comes both necessary and useful." detached, and granted a leave of absence for three

" These floating docks often answer a good purpose for

" And the Secretary of the Navy is hereby directed to months, with leave-of-absence pay, but the sea

making slight repairs, such as repairing copper, cleaning complete and carry into execution the verbal contract for men are peremptorily discharged-disconnected from a basin and railway in California, in connection with the

bottoms, or renewing copper, where the work to be per

formed requires but little time, and the sbip is not weakthe service. If they have been meritorious, I profloating dock, as made by the late Secretary, in pursuance

ened, but always in such condition that she could be let of anthority for that purpose, given by the act of September pose that on their return they be granted an honthe twenty eighth, one ihousand eight hundred and fifty,

into the water at any moment without damages should neorable discharge,' (to be considered a leave of

cessity require it. But for extensive repairs, where the entitled . An act making appropriations for the naval service

planking is removed, and the upper works are to be cut to absence on pay,) is within a certain time they for the year ending the thirtieth of June, one thousand

pieces, as is frequently the case, I should consider their use choose to reënlist in the service. This would

eight hundred and fifty-one,' and as stated in the letter of
the said late Secretary addressed to the Hon. Howell

as very hazardous and unsafe, and I do not think they are possess a two-fold virtue-of fair and generous Cobb, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and dated

ever used, or should be used, for such extensive repairs,

unless in connection with a basin." treatment at parting, an invitation to continue a the twenty first day of January, one thousand eight hun

"I do not think that piers could be constructed in such member of a family caring for them during a tem- dred and fifty-one, towards the execution of which one hundred and fifty thousand dollars is hereby appropriated :

manner as to render a heavy ship of war upon the dock porary absence."

safe, wben reduced to the condition she must necessarily Prorided, That, in the judgment of the Secretary, such basin I wish to raise the standard of character among

be placed in to receive extensive and thorough repairs ocand railway are necessary, and will be useful to the public seamen. It is my design, also, immediately to

cupying months; nor do I believe that any prudent naval

constructor would risk a national ship in such condition adopt, in a modified form, the " apprentice sys- In my last annual report, I informed you that for a length of time upon any floating structure." tem," encourage the enlistment of American boys I had given the subject much investigation; that from fourteen until they are twenty-one years of

I deemed it also my duty to visit the navy-yard my predilections were decidedly in favor of stone age. The object in view will be to train them up docks; that Congress, however, had decided that a

at Philadelphia, and witness, personally, the operat first on our large receiving ships, and transfer

ation of that dock, similar to the one in California. sectional floating dock is preferable in California; | Notwithstanding the inconvenience and expense a certain number to each vessel starting on a that I entertained the opinion, that a basin is of dredging necessary at Philadelphia, national cruise, to make them practical seamen, to teach

necessary to render it safe when a large ship is them in their youth to become familiar with all

vessels entering that port have been regularly docked for repairs, which may expose it to months repaired on the dock and in the basin, with entire the duties of a sailor, the requirements of the ser- of dangerous weather, and that I should proceed vice, the sacredness of obedience to orders; to

success, since its completion. During my adminwatch over their proper moral and mental training, otherwise direct.

to execute the contract unless Congress should istration of this Department this dock and basin and thus incorporate into the service gradually,

have been successfully used for repairing the

The difficulties about the title to Mare Island steamers San Jacinto and Fulton, and the sloopsbut surely, a body of seamen to be proud of in were not removed until July last. Previous to times of peace, to be relied upon in times of making the contract, the opinion of the Attorney

of-war St. Mary's, Cyane, and Jamestown. The

San Jacinto was also hauled ashore on the raildanger. I am also very clearly of opinion that the General was asked as to the proper construction number of men in the service should be increased

way, where she underwent several months' reof the law, and he advised that it was mandatory pairing, leaving the dock in the meantime ready at least twenty-five hundred.

in its terms as to the amount to be paid, and the for any ship that might arrive. I am not to be MARINE CORPS.

execution of the contract, if the basin and railway understood as advocating or recommending Gov. The Marine Corps constitutes a most interest- were decided to be necessary and useful to the ernment to adopt this system in preference to ing, important, and useful portion of the naval public service. He uses the following language:

stone docks. But while I am decidedly of opinion force. Their service is equally effective on land “ Thus far the terms of the act are, in my opinion, pos- that this plan of dock is inferior to the stone dock, and on sea. They are an armed and disciplined | itively mandatory, and it only remains to discuss the pro- in point of durability, safety, and because of the

viso to the clause, which is : *Provided, That, in the judgpolice on shipboard. Well trained and drilled ment of the Secretary, such basin and railway are neces.

expense of repairing, and its requirement of a Lefore being detailed for duty at sea, aware of the sary, and will be useful to ibe public service.''

depth of water involving often the cost of dredgfact that they are set apart to sustain the officers sln all machines, great or small, parts are found which ing, I am also clearly of opinion that for naval in command in the preservation of order and the

are necessary to the action, or to the safety, or to the persuppression of muliny, the first symptom of insubmanent value of the machine. That is a mechanical ques

purposes the basin and railway impart to it its chier tion, to be settled by the Sccretary, by the aid of experts

value, and that without the former it would be ordination finds them ready, with strong hand and II and of engineers.”

unsafe.

serviee."

330 CONG....20 Sess.
Report of the Secretary of the Navy.

SENATE & Ho. OF Reps. Congress having previously chosen to construct || proposed another test, which I referred to the the report of the Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance the sectional dock on the coast of California, the consideration of a board consisting of Commo- and Hydrography, and the annual report of the only one on the Pacific coast; able and scientific dores Morris and McCauley, Constructor Len- Board of Examiners, as also that of the comofficers having expressed the opinion and assigned thall, end Civil Engineer Sanger. That board gave mander of the practice ship. reasons in favor of the necessity and usefulness the whole case a thorough investigation, and after The Naval Observatory is still entitled to genof the basin and railway in connection with this consideration advised the Department that it was erous support, and eminently demonstrates the dock, and being aware that the growth of our proposed to take ballast in the large merchant utility of its original establishment. commerce, and ihe enlargement of our squadron ship, the Monarch of the Seas, until her weight The achievements on sea quietly and gradually in the Pacific, demanded the service of the dock, or displacement was two thousand five hundred effected by Lieutenant Maury, although not alI deemed it my duty" to complete and carry into tons, and then place ballast on the dock until a tracting the admiration of the multitude, nor dazexecution the contract” as described in the law, weight of three thousand three hundred tons was zling the beholder with sudden flashes of triumph, for the construction of the basin and railway, to made up, that being the estimated weight of the have reflected honor upon himself and his country; render it secure and useful for the “public ser- Niagara, (the largest of the new frigates,) with have brought remote nations in comparative proxe vice.” For slight repairs these docks are used only

her steam machinery and its appurtenances imity to each other; have promoted commerce, by without the basin; and by authority of Congress on board, thus making a weight of three hundred pointing out to the mariner new paths on the great the contractors have built temporary piers, and and fifteen tons more than was used in the former deep, where favorable winds and currents lend are using this dock in California for such pur- test. The vessel is to be placed on the dock, | friendly aid. His " Wind and Current Charts," poses. But I could not consent, (except from floated into the basin, and hauled ashore on the and “Sailing Directions,” are saving millions of necessity,) to hazarding a national vessel on a railway, and returned again.

money, by. shortening the voyages of merchant floating structure like this for extensive repairs, The board considering the details of the pro- vessels freighted with treasures. with her planks off in a weakened condition, to posed test and arrangements, recommend it as one I am officially informed," that it was stated in a be exposed months to uncertain weather. The ihat may be sufficient to enable the Department paper read before the British Association last year, loss of one ship would equal the cost of the basin to determine whether the works are worthy of ac- that it was estimated in India that a set of wind and railway, great as it is, and blame then might ceptance or not. The vessel is now on her way and current charts for the Indian ocean, like those well attach to the Secretary who refused to pro- to Pensacola, and the second test will be made that have been constructed at this office for the lect it with a basin and railway, although Congress | immediately, when the Department will be the Atlantic ocean, would produce an annual saving authorized him, and experts advised him of the better able to judge of the character of these struc- to British commerce in ihose seas alone of not leas hazard.

tures. The interests of the Government shall be than $1,000,000, (£250,000,) and for British comI am thus particular on this subject because of protected as fully as they can be, and every effort merce in all seas of $10,000,000 a year. This the amount involved. The dock is completed, shall be made to ascertain the true facts as to the estimate was based on the condition of shortening and will soon be thoroughly tested. The con- character and capability of the dock, basin, and the voyage only one tenth, (whereas the average tractors are actively engaged in building the basin railway.

length of the passage to all places beyond the and railway.

In the third section of the naval appropriation | Equator has been shortened much more;) and the I informed you in my last report of the difficul. | act, passed at the last session of Congress, it was estimate was again repeated at the last meeting of ties which had occurrod in regard to the dock, provided :

the association in Liverpool.” It has also been basin, and railway at Pensacola. This is a bal

“That all the grounds and appurtepances thereonto he

estimated that the value of these charts to the ance, not a sectional dock. When I came into

longing, known as the Memphis navy-yard, in Shelby commerce and navigation of the United States is the Department I found that the contractors had county, Tennessee, be, and the same is hereby, ceded to equivalent in the saving of time to several millions already been paid up for these works the entire the mayor and alder men of the city of Memphis, for the

a year. use and benefit of said city, and that the Secretary of the amount agreed upon, as well as the reserved len Navy onile the commandant of said navy-yard at Meinphis

Í trust that these considerations may prevent per cent., and that a bond in the sum of two hun. 10 surrender in the mayor of Memphis sa d properly."

all objection to the comparatively small expense dred thousand dollars had been taken from them

annually called for to sustain this establishment. for the protection of the Government. The rec

In pursuance of that provision of law, I ad-
dressed a communication to the mayor of the city. Stevens, of New York, is now rapidly progress-

The Department is advised that Mr. Robert L. ords indicate that this was done upon the certificates filed of the completion of the work, and the and aldermen as to the acceptance of the dona-ing in the construction of the iron war steamer, opinion of the Attorney General of the obligation of the Government, and not the contractors, to tion. On receiving from them a certified copy of

to be shot and shell proof, for harbor defense, in

accordance with his contract, under the acts of their proceedings, expressing their readiness to procure by proper dredging the depth of water necessary for the operation of the dock. A board

receive the property, an order was issued to the Congress of 1842 and 1852. ir his communica. had also been appointed, and the frigate Columbia commander of the navy-yard at Memphis to

tion of the 28th of October, he informs me that selected to test the works, in order that the De

“the boilers will be ready to put on board in about surrender the grounds and appurtenances to the partment might decide whether or not the stipu

mayor. The order was obeyed, and in due form three weeks, and the shafts, beams, cranks, and lations entered into had been fulfilled. The report

the surrender was made, and the property is now links, are nearly finished and turned,”' and that he of the board was unfavorable, and I declined acin the possession and under the control of the cor

has nearly five hundred men engaged on ihe work. cepting the works. The contractors insisted that

is very desirable that this vessel should be comporate authorities of Memphis. It is, perhaps, injustice had been done them in the mode of making proper that I should state that there were sundry pleted, large sums having already been expended the test, declined attempting to float the Columbia used in connection with that yard, the sale of articles of property belonging to the Governmeni, by Congress upon it. If the undertaking is suc

cessful, and the cont actor accomplishes what he into the basin with her armament on board, prowhich the Department has, for the present, sus.

promises, the benefits derivable from it for harbor tested in writing against having the works rejected

defense are incalculable. upon this test, and asked that another might be pended, at the request of the mayor and alder. men, on their conimunicating to the Department curing American water-rotted hemp, special agents

Great difficulty having been experienced in proapplied after they should make certain proposed

that they had resolved to appeal to Congress to improvements and repairs. It has not been corireëstablish the navy-yard.

have been appointed in the districts of country in venient for the Department to spare any national vessel for a second test, and I entertained the

The ground and appurtenances, however, have,

which it was most likely to be attained. The in

structions for its inspection and receipt offer every opinion that after the Government had been to

in pursuance of the law, been unconditionally

surrendered, and the yard'abandoned by the Gov? inducement to encourage its preparation. The the expense and inconvenience of furnishing one

supply of hemp has been principally drawn from vessel, it became incumbent upon the contractors

Russia, and the present state of affairs in Europe to demonstrate by a fair and reasonable test, at

MISCELLANEOUS.

demonstrates the importance of our not being detheir own expense, that the works were in truth The Naval Academy has, during the past year, pendent upon other countries for our supplies of worthy of acceptance, and that they had executed continued to present to the country practical evi- This necessary article. what they had undertaken.

dence of the wisdom and foresight of its projector. The estimates for support of the Navy and marine Mr. Harti, junior, naval constructor, who, | Under the vigilant superintendence of Comman- corps for the year ending June 30, 1856, and for until recently, was stationed at Pensacola, and was der Goldsborough and his worthy assistants, the all objects coming under the control of this Deone of the committee reporting adversely, informed | strictest discipline has been enforced, to the marked partment, are, in the aggregate.. $16,241,931 53 me in an official communication, dated March 7, benefit of this institution.

From which deduct special ob1854, “ that from the external appearance of these The plan of education is now thorough, and jects, including transportation repairs, &c., I [he] am of the opinion that the the training of the youth admirable. The cruise of the mail in steamships..... 7,324,634 22 dock and basin is in a safe and betier condition to in the practice ship is of immeasurable advantage perform the test than it was in May last; the in imparting at an early agę practical knowledge Leaves for the support of the basin required nothing to be done to it, everything of seamanship: During the last summer, the Navy and Marine Corps..... $8,917,297 31 * being in good order;" and after enumerating the Preble, with thirty-one young midshipmen, vis.

The estimate for the present fiscal year for the alterations and repairs, says: “I consider the ited Portsmouth and Plymouth, in England, and repairs and alterations enumerated above, of great Brest and Cherbourg, in France, thereby affording

support of the Navy and Marine Corps was

$8,351,171 19 advantage, as regards the safety and efficiency of them an opportunity of examining the naval the dock." Still I declined receiving the works. establishments at those points. The contract has The total amount drawn from the Treasury during The contractors proposed several different vessels been made for the erection of a machine-shop at the fiscal year ending June 30, 1854, as exhibe with which to make the test, but I declined, || Annapolis, under the act of Congress authorizing ited by the statement of appropriations for the because I did not consider either of them of suffi || it, and I shall avail myself of the first opportunity naval service, prepared by the Second Comp. cient weight and displacement to enable me to when the service will permit, to substitute å troller of the Treasury, was... $11,750,236 32 judge of the capacity of the dock. Having then steamer for the sloop now used as a practice ship From which deduct repayments.. 948,391 04 informed them that I should deem it my duty to The number of students now at the academy is turn the case over to the courts of law, they finally "one hundred and sixty. Attention is called to Gives as the total expenditure for

ernment,

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