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330 CONG....20 Sess.

Know-NothingismMr. Ruffin.

HO. OF REPs.

What master-spirit devised this organization? him in special charge, and, in the language of the that it exists in Pennsylvania, thank God "ics I do not know that this is a question of any great | gentleman from Alabama, “cultivate his friend- banner torn, but flying." (Great laughter.) importance. I do not think that the author is ship, probe his designs, and communicate his Mr. WASHBURNE. In what part of Pennentitled to any great credit for originality. I do secrets." Sir, this indicated a degree of proficiency | sylvania ? not undertake to say whether it is taken from the in Jesuitism that would have gladdened the heart Mr. FLORENCE. In the firet congressional forms and ceremonies adopted by Cataline and his | and raised a ghastly smile even on the counte- district. (Renewed laughter.) That will do, co-conspirators at Rome, or whether it is like unto nance of old Rodin himself. (Laughter.] Now let the gentleman from North Carolina go on. the societies formed in certain districts of Eng- The gentleman from Alabama justifies the oaths Mr. RUFFIN. The Democratic party being land to protect labor against capital, or whether, I of this order, and says that it finds its justification triumphant at the North, there was a fusion of all as seems most probable, it has for its prototype in the practices of its adversaries. is not that the isms to oppose it. This organization sprang the order of religious Jesuits, as depicted in the sound doctrine to hold forth in an American Con- up. It offered great inducements. There were & “Wandering Jew,"and that the Federal Treasury | gress? Finds its justification in the practices of host of old political hacks out of office, men who is the Renepont inheritance, which it is using its its adversaries ! The religious Jesuits are the had lived all their lives out of the public crib. appliances and secret machinery to get posses- adversaries he speaks of.

They had then nothing to resort to. The Demosion of.

The gentleman says, also, that "an oath sol

cratic party was in power in the General GovernI was forcibly struck with the similarity be- lemnly taken is an element of purity." Well, sir, nient, at that time, and in most of the States, and tween the two orders—the religious Jesuits and if a solemn oath was what they sought for, this these old political hacks, who were wandering about the Know-Nothings—in the speech of the honor- order should not have stopped at the oath of the

like stray spirits on the Stygian banks, thought it able gentleman from Alabama, (Mr. Smith,) and || Jesuits, but gone a few centuries further back and a fine chance to join in a new venture, and they I am sorry that he is not present this evening. | adopted the oath which Cataline administered to joined this organization. I say, sir, that it is taken From his graphic descriptions in the defense of his co.conspirators when they met in the back from the old Federal party. That party has never the Know-Nothing order, we see that it makes room of the house of one Sempronia, a Roman been eradicated at the North. It is true, the old use of the same appliances to accomplish its ob- bawd-in a place, as the historian says, every way tree of Federalism is dead, its leaves bave long jects as the religious Jesuits, which order he set suited for the purpose, and well adapted to their since withered and been wafted away upon the out to denounce. In one portion of his speech occult and dark practices, for there, after admin- winds of Heaven, its boughs have crumbled and he says that the Know-Noihings are formed for istering a mighty oath, just as the Know-Nothings fallen, and its aged trunk lying prostrate has the purpose of making war against the religious administer it, they sealed that oath by drinking mouldered into dust

, but from its prolific roots Jesuits. Both seem io be the same in organiza- from bowls draughts of wine mingled with human has sprung up this bastard slip of Know-Nothing. tion. Each is after power and spoils. Each is || blood! Was that an element of purity? Did that ism. It has incorporated into its platform planks enshrouded in the garb of mystery. One hides oath make them pure? Why, sir, if the history from that old party. its iniquities under the cloak of religion, the other of those times are correct, they were men of des- Mr. CAMPBELL. Amen! (Laughter.] under a most exalted dev

ion to country. Each perate fortunes and abandoned characters, men Mr. RUFFIN. Anti-naturalization! Where reaches the practice of falsehood, craft and deceit. | dangling loose upon society, who were ready for is that taken from? It is a plank of the black Each binds its members by a mighty oath, the any change of affairs that promised to benefit

cockade of Federalism of the days of the elder violation of which they assume to punish. The themselves.

Adams, and the order finds a bright example of one claims devout piety, the other intense patriot- Then, sir, the gentleman says that secrecy is

secresy in the blue light Federalists who met in the ism. the great element of success, and that the “order

Hartford Convention to plot treason against the The gentleman from Alabama says, that “ when should preserve in their halls the most inviolable

Government. It has flourished in that section of you fight the devil you have the right to fight him secrecy,” all the time acting upon the old doctrine country fruitful in isms-in Abolitionism, Freewith fire." That seems to be in fact an acknowl- that the end will justify the means. Now, sir, if Soiliem, Atheism, Women’s-rightism, and every edgment on his part that the new order was taken this is not Jesuitism, I do not understand what is il other ism imaginable. These, sir, have given it from the other one. But will this principle hold the meaning of the term. But the gentleman says

its strength there, in that section of our country good! Fight the devil with fire; perpetrate an that it finds its great justification of secrecy in the where men meet together in convention and deevil to obviate the consequences of another one; fact that it is warring against Jesuits. Warring clare “ there is no God;" where agrarian mobs, commit one fraud to nullify another! The gen- | against Jesuits! If the religious Jesuits are what

the very scum of the earth, parade the streets by tleman is a distinguished lawyer, and I would ask the gentleman represents them to be, and if these

thousands, recognizing no distinction between him whether he would consider it right to meet a political Jesuits of Know-Nothingism are what

meum and tuum, and crying aloud for a division orged bond with a forged release? The principle i believe them to be, I, sir, should look upon a

of property-in that section of country, where is the same. That was said to have been a prac- contest between them with perfect indifference.

weak-minded men, crazy fanatics, meet in contice at one time quite common among the British I would look upon it as American citizens now lawyers in the East Indies. It has never been generally look upon the war going on between boots and breeches, to discuss the important ques

vention with strong-minded women, clothed in introduced into this country, and I trust that it Russia and the allied Powers, or as a western tion of women's rights. (Laughter.] never will be. It is unsound in morals. It is a hunter would look upon a fight between a bear sentiment unfit to be proclaimed in the presence of and an alligator, ora mink and a polecat. (Much order be conservative? The idea is preposterous.

Inaugurated under these auspices, how can this the Representatives of the people here in this Hall. | Jaughter. Every objection that the gentleman | It professes now to be the only true national conHe also says, in the course of his speech, that has urged against the Jesuits seems to apply with

servative Union party; whereas it is a sectional these religious Jesuits were organized by thwarted equal force to the Know-Nothings. They are radical destructive party. It is an Abolition, dismilitary aspirants after the reformation. I would neither of them suited to our country, and they union scheme, and in every step, in its progress ask whether this order of political Jesuits, of cannot flourish here. One is the counterpart of which the gentleman is champion upon this floor, the other, and sir, as my friend from the Red river i gives unerring indication of a settled purpose to

sever asunder the ties which bind these States towas not organized after the great political revolu- district of Louisiana (Mr. ROLAND JONES) says, I gether. It has given strength to the Abolitionists tion which swept Federalism out of power in 1852. that the men of my State are fond of making

of the North, and now it has the unblushing Until this power was ground down, until Democ- | quotations from Hudibras; let me say to the gen | effrontery and daring impudence to offer itself to racy was in the ascendency we never heard of any tleman from Alabama, of the Know-Nothings and the South as something which is conservative, such order as this. Jesuits, that:

something which is designed to place in their But to go on with the simile. The gentleman * They are so near akin, says that these religious Jesuits were taught to

And like in all as well as sin,

hands, and the hands of their friends, the power That put them in a bag and shake 'em,

of the General and State Governments. Sir, I, ingratiate themselves into the confidence of men of

Himself on the sudden would mistake 'em,

for one, never had any confidence in it from the power and influence, or, to use his own language, And not know which was wlich, unless

beginning, for it came from the wrong quarter. ho to cultivate their friendship, probe their designs, He measured by their wickedness." (Laughter.) and communicate their secrets. " How stands the Who set on foot the organization in the United

Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes." order that he defends? Is it not well known to States? We first find it springing up in the North, I was satisfied that within the cavity of that gentlemen on this floor who were candidates in || in the old hot-bed of Federalism. It had been wooden horse were concealed the elements of Abothe late elections for Congress, that these Know- | conquered under every name by the Democratic | litionism. It was absurd to believe that the AboNothings formed this plan; pretended to be their || party. It was the old Federal party, and was lilionists of the North, when they had for years friends, went into convention pretending to be conquered under that name. It assumed the name and years, in their weakness, waged an offensive Democrats, assisted in making ihe nominations, of National Republican, then Whig, and then de- war against the South, would now, in the pride of drew their secrets and all their plans from them, || generated into ismg. The Whig party had become their strength, after their shattered ranks had been obtained all the information they could from them, almost extinct at the North. There was in fact recruited by untold thousands, after the embattled and after nightfall skulked into the Know-Noth- but one party there, and that was the Democratic | hosts of Know-Nothingism had flocked to their ing lodges and communicated those secrets! This party. All the others were but isms.

s'andards, not in straggling parties like deserters, is a notorious fact, and cannot be denied. I say, Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Will the but in solid column, with flags flying and drums that it is beneath the dignity of American gentle | gentleman tell me in which State at the North the beating—be so magnanimous as to raise the long men and honorable men to resort to such means Democratic party now exists?

siege, and celebrate it with a peace offering. I for in midnight lodges for any purpose. Do we not Mr. RUFFIN. I think it does in Illinois, judg- one, sir, as a southern man, cannot trust it. Was know that they make it a boast in Pennsylvania ing from the late election there. (Laughter.) I not right, sir, in my opinion at that time? I say that, in the gubernatorial election there, they took Mr. WASHBURNE. I suppose the gentleman | that I was. Recent developments have proved the distinguished Democratic candidate, Governor refers to the election of an anti-Nebraska Senator ? this beyond all doubt. The Know-Nothing party Bigler, from one county to another, and his pre- || (Renewed laughter.]

of the North has never aided in the election of a tended friends of one lodge handed him over if I Mr. RUFFÍN. No, sir; I do not; but I will single friend of the Nebraska bill to either House Inay use the expression) to the tender care of his come to his election by and by.

of the Congress of the United States. I again professed friends of another lodge, who would take Mr. FLORENCE. will say to the gentleman, assert that it has not. I challenge successful con

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in this and other States of the Union show the liberal ten

tradiction from any quarter, and pause for a reply. to the hungry Israelites in the wilderness. But sary to establish their secret societies to protect They have elected no man who is willing to give how was it to the southern Know-Nothings? Ah! ourselves against foreign influence. In the section the South the rights guaranteed to it by the Con- it was a bitter pill for them. They had to swal- of the country in which I live, we have none of stitution of the United States. Maine, Pennsyl- low it down; but oh! what rueful grimaces and this foreign influence, and we are not troubled with vania, New York, Ohio, Indiana, Iowa and Wis- contortions of countenance; it was like gall and anything of the kind. What foreigners we have consin have returned to this House men who are wormwood to a sick and fainting girl.

among us are generally intelligent and educated pledged to vote for the repeal of the fugitive slave Now, sir, let us see what is thought of Seward | people, men of character, and I suppose one reason law, which we regard as the very bond which as a national man in the North. I read an extract of it is owing to the fact of the existence of the binds the Union together. In the above named from one of the New York journals. I do not “ peculiar institution ” among us, which I regard States it has aided Abolitionism in striking down know whether it is Know-Nothing or not, but I as one of the greatest moral, social, and political the true friends of the Constitution, and filling their suppose it is, at all events it was allied with them blessings that was ever vouchsafed to man, and places with a dangerous class of politicians. Let | in the grand contest. Speaking of the Senator another reason is owing to the fact that we have us see what a northern editor says about its doings from New York, it says:

not encouraged these men to come as they have in in the North:

“ He has pressed with equal ardor the claims of com- some of the northern States where they are now " But if we lacked positive proof of the feelings of the merce, agriculture, and manufactures. He has vindicated

complaining of them so much. Why, do we not masses of the party in regard to slavery, the late elections

with equal zeal, the just rights and interests of the West
and South, and those of the East and of the North. There

know that two or three years ago the people of some dencies of the whole party. In New York the American is not in this day, in the Senate or in public life, a states

of the northern cities regarded foreign fiddlers and party polled one hundred and twenty-two thousand votes,

man of more ability-more laborious and conscientious in show-girls as beings worthy of adoration, almost but they aided the anti-Nebraska party in that State in rehis discharge of public duties, or more thoroughly and truly

of worship; their coming from the other side of the turning to the next Congress twenty-nine men opposed to national in all his views, than Governor Seward."

Atlantic was of itself a certain passport to the highthe admission of slavery into Kansas. In Pennsylvania we And again, what a Know-Nothing journal means est honors. We all recollect wiih what exultation it saw a like result ; while in Ilinois, by the aid of this move

by conservatism: incnt, the Douglasites were compleiely routed: and so in

was heralded through the land when the "Swedish Michigan, where the whole State was carried for freedom "The slavery question cannot affect the American party | Nightingale” touched the American shores. No by the council.fires of the American party.for its whole power and all its hopes are north of Mason and

one has forgotten the grand demonstration that was Dixon's line. Its aspirations are for freedom, and when the But, sir, we are sometimes pointed by southern party is accused of being pro-slavery, let its defenders point

made in the great commercial emporium of New Know-Nothings to the Massachusetts election, ihe men who uttered tbe base lie to every election thai has York; when the literati, the elite, aristocracy, and and gravely told that the Know-Nothings in that occurred since the party sprung into existence.”

upper-tendom of that city flocked in her train in State have sent a new delegation to Congress with Also, what is meant by “ignoring slavery:" greater numbers than ever ihe Pagans followed after but two exceptions. I am not aware of any “The party never has, and we hope never will, fulminate the car of Juggernaut. It was but a few years ago alteration in this respect, so far as liberality and anti-slavery resolves for the purpose of humbugging the that they introduced at the North, a member of the nationality are concerned. No, sir, these Yankees masses, but it will do right, move right, and act right, and

British Parliament, to lecture upon the subject of of Massachusetts are cunning men, and they fol

in every free State in the Union it will give new protection

to every citizen within its borders. Its first great national Abolitionism. The people of the North are alone low the example of the skillful huntsman who, aim is to procure an alteration of the naturalization laws ; responsible for the introduction into this country when his hounds are flagging in the chase, blows and upon that point they will know no sectional division; that class of turbulent and vicious foreigners of them off, lets slip the leashes and hies on a fresh

but upon the great question of freedom and slavery every
northern American freeman will raise his voice for liberty,

whom they now complain so loudly. pack, the more speedily, to hunt down his prey. and Banks, De Witt, and Trafton will ulter upon the floor

Here, sir, I will say, that I am as much opposed The people of Massachusetts no doubt thought of Congress the sentiments of this new party. That foreign as any man can be, to the introduction into this that their Representatives here, being removed element that has given the pro-slavery Democratic party the

country of the vagabonds, felons, paupers,

and from the fanaticism which surrounds them at

control of this country will soon lose the means of aug-
menting its numbers; and when that is effected freedom in

convicts of the Old World. I say, let the Govhome, had become less zealous, and were rather

this Republic is secure. The prize we are batiling for is ernment pass such laws as it has authority and flagging in the chase, and therefore considered it liberty to all;' and when Americans rule America we power to do under the Constitution, let the States better to send on a new set. (Laughter.). shall obtain it, and not till then."

and your municipal corporations pass such laws But, sir, if anybody has doubted this A bolition Thus, we learn what is meant by their “ad as they please, to suppress the introduction of this sentiment of Know-Nothingism, let us look at the captandum" expressions. Conservative indeed! class of foreigners; but do not persecute the wellrecent elections carried by these Know-Nothings. Lucus a non lucendo"-Called conservative for the disposed foreigners on this account. You will find Look at the men elected by them-Harlan, the same reason that a certain mythological character it no easy matter to stop the importation of confusionist in lowa: Trumbull, the man of "isms," was called Midas, from a Greek word meaning to victs and paupers; and when you try it, you will in Illinois, over the gallant Shields, whose body is eat, because he could not eat. What can southern | ascertain that it will be something like the slave scarred with wounds received in defense of the flag men promise themselves by affiliating with this trade. Mercenary men will fit out vessels in the of his adopted country: Durkee, the Abolition " order?" If the people of the South act with port of New York to bring convicts and paupers agrarian in Wisconsin: Wilson, the embodiment their usual foresighi, they will fly from it as from of Europe to this country, as they now fit out of rampant Free-Soilism in Massachusetts, the a raging pestilence, and shun a " Know-Nothing" | slavers to sail to the coast of Africa to get slaves latter elected by a Legislature in which there was lodge room as they would the charnel-house of a for the markets of Brazil and Cuba. I do not care but one Democrat; and, it is said, but some five small-pox. hospital.

what kind of laws you pass against the importaor six old-line Whigs. Are the Know-Nothings I have thought from the beginning of this new tion of felons and convicts, you will find Yankee not responsible for the election of these men? Are movement that it was an emanation from the filth || captains visiting the ports of Europe, and having they not responsible for the election of this Mr. and corruption of rotten and festering isms, and their agents in its cities to contract secretly with Wilson to the Senate of the United States? Yet that it was a mere ignis fatuus, fetid miasma spring. the public authorities to rid them of their convicts another election ! that of Seward, the "Jupitering up from moral and political decay, corrusca- and vagabonds by bringing them to our seaportsTonans" of abolition, the “ higher law" Senator, ting and shining in the darkest hour of night, but the more risk the higher will be the price of paswho in the intensity of his hatred of the South, disappearing before the light of morn. It is not sage, and a brisk trade will soon be " opened up” stands a head and shoulders above them all. The to be expected that the people of the South are to by these enterprising men. You may have laws Know-Nothings had made a boast that they would be blinded and led by this jack with a lantern into upon your statute book, for punishing in the defeat him; that they would show their nationality the bogs and marshes of Abolitionism; nor will severest manner those who engage in the importain that election; that they were going to take the they follow Sam with his dark-lantern into the tion of foreign criminals. You may for what I arch-agitator from the Senate of the United States, midnight conclave of the Know-Nothings. But care, if you can find warrant for it in the Constiand put a conservative in his place. That election they tell us that these men are native Americans, | tution, put this importation of felons on the same was looked to with probably more interest than, and that we are not to suspect them. Is it not footing with piracy-you may take the vessels of any senatorial election ever held in any of the true that much the larger portion of the Abolition- | the Navy and scour the high seas in search of the States of this Union. We all recollect Tuesday, ists of this country are native-born Americans? | violaters of the law-you may, whenever you find the 6th of February-I believe that was the day. Some of the leading spirits who figure in this a “live cargo" of criminals on board a ship, string It was, at all events, a dark and gloomy day. It Know-Nothing party are foreigners, although the up your Yankee skipper to the yard-arm, and was known that the election for United States party itself profess such a holy horror for all for- || pitch his body to the fishes of the sea. Even then, Senator from New York was to be held that day in eigners. The Crusader, a Know-Nothing paper sir, I fear it will be difficult to stop the importaAlbany. The hour had arrived. The telegraphic | at New York, is edited by one Caselli, and has fortion. Sir, there are now men at the North who office in this capital was, on that occasion, an its chief contributor Father Gavazzi. It would have grown rich by the importation of this class interesting place. Numbers of politicians might | require but little credulity for one to infer from the of foreigners. Punish those who engage in it. Do be seen wending their way there—your southern columns of the New York Herald, that a leading not adopt the plan recently proposed by the phiKnow-Nothings, and your northern Know-Noth- spirit in the councils of the order might be found losopher, Horace Greeley. That amounts, in subings. They were there about the time when they in its editor. Bennett, an unnaturalized foreigner, || stance, to reducing the poor class of foreigners to expected the announcement to come. They were and a political Ishmaelite, whose hand has been slavery; and if it is carried out, New York will watching with straining eyes, and palpitating againsi every man, and every man's hand against ! become a great slave-market-white men will be hearts, and half-suppressed respiration. The him, has probably done more towards furthering | sold at the block. mystic wire is watched with the fixed gaze of in- | the progress of this order, than any man in the I am opposed to making slaves out of any class tense anxiety. A message comes rushing upon United States, History will record two remark- of white men on earth. I know of no good reason the wings of the lightning: The suspense is but able things of this order: one is, that, professing for prohibiting the immigration of well-disposed short. “ The sybil speaks, the dream is o'er.to be composed entirely of native Americans, its foreigners to this country, to assist in developing The dispatch is read. It was a sweet morsel to chief pillars of support are foreigners; and the its resources. A large portion of the foreigners in your free-soil Know-Nothings. They hearkened other is, that it is a society of political Jesuits, pro- the West are German farmers, and they are known to it as the prodigal son to his father's testament. fessedly formed for the purpose of waging war to be good citizens. I, for one, can sce no reason They gulped it down with all imaginable avidity. | against religious Jesuits.

why an orderly and well-disposed class of our It was as sweet to them as the manna from Heaven The friends of the "order" say that it is neces- population should be persecuted because merce330 CONG.... 20 Sess.

Know-Nothingism-Mr. Ruffin.

Ho. OF REPs.

He was

conscience."

nary men in the commercial cities will violate the No Catholic signed that petition. But, sir, this the places within its gift. Yes, sir, if all the men rules of decency and propriety by bringing a dif- seems to be an effort either to make them join the who aspire to these offices were formed into regiferent class of foreigners - here. Enforce your Abolition party, and engage in an Abolition cru- ments and drilled for a few weeks, General Scott naturalization laws. We hear a great deal said sade against the South, or that they will drive could take them to the Crimea and carry Sebasabout its having been always customary to natu- them from the country by persecution. Opposi- topol by storm. They are looking after all the ralize any man who desired to be naturalized. In tion to this religion is held out to us of the South places, from the Speaker's chair down to the humthat part of the Union in which I reside, 1 rejoice as the reason why we should join this “ Know- ble office held by the sable high-priest who minto say that the naturalization laws of the Federal | Nothing." order. As the Catholics do not wage a isters at the altars of the temple of Cloacina, in Government are enforced to the very letter-just war against us, I, for one, am opposed to waging the basement of this Capitol. (Laughter.] Look as strictly as any law we have upon the statute- war against them. As long as they obey the at their election in this city! It was an extraordbook of our State. If you will impeach your Constitution and the laws, their rights should be inary affair. They seemed to be after the exjudges when they violate their duty, and make respected by every man. It is a deep laid scheme, chequer, the first thing, like Sir John Falstaff. ihem enforce the law, we can then have none but all these ghost tales, cock-and-bull stories, and old They desired to get the control of the funds of the a good class of naturalized citizens, and no man, wives' fables about the Jesuits and Catholics of Washington National Monument. They banded unless he proves a good character, and is well the United States. All designed to operate on the together in this capital and proscribed such men disposed to our institutions, &c., can get his natu- | prejudices of the people. They expect them to as General Winfield Scott, William W. Seaton, ralization papers. I do not understand this sudden operate as a charm upon the South, and in that General Walter Jones, Hon. Elisha Whittlesey, change of opinion in regard to foreigners. Twelve way to throw us off our guard. We have much and others, to make room for such renowned and months ago, the case of Martin Koszta was before stronger reasons for apprehending danger from august individuals as Vespasian Ellis, French S. this House, and gentlemen then seemed to be ex the machinations of the three thousand and fifty Evans, et id omne genus. 'Yes, sir, General Scott ceedingly anxious to curry favor with foreigners. || woolly. headed Abolition clergymen who, with the was proscribed; the eagle was stricken from his Why this sudden change? Is it because military wierd sanctity of bigotry and fanaticism, are dis- aerie to put the mousing owl there. This plot is companies, composed of naturalized citizens, stood | seminating treason from their pulpits, than from said to have been concocted at the National Counin serried ranks in Boston, to maintain the laws, | the tiara that encircles the brow of the feeble and cil of Know-Nothings held at Cincinnati. What and protect the officers of the Government in dis- harmless old man at Rome, thousands and thou- right had these intolerant proscriptionists to take charge of their duties, when a southern man was sands of leagues by land and sea, far, far away in charge the monument to Washington? Let his there seeking to claim his property under the Con- from our shores.

own words rebuke them. I read from a letter stitution? Is it because these naturalized Irish- But, sir, in this connection let us see what is written by the Father of his country to a com. men prevented a bloodthirsty mob of native-born | going on in New England. A newspaper has this mittee of the Baptist church of Virginia. After traitors from rescuing a fugitive slave? Is is be- advertisement:

paying a high and just compliment to the Baptists cause Bachelder, who was assassinated by that “SLAVERY AND POPERY.—Rev. Thomas James, a fugi

for their patriotism and liberality, he says: mob, was a native of Ireland? Yes, Mr. Chairman, tive slave, will address the citizens of various towns upon

“If I could have entertained the slightest apprehension because these men kept off Abolition traitors, we

Slavery and Popery, and show their bearing on the nation.” that the Constitution framed in the convention where I had hear this cry against them. The fact is notorious

And then follows a list of appointments. If a | rights of any ecclesiassical society, certainly I would lever

the honor to preside might possibly endanger the religious that one of the first acts of the present Know- southern minister should desire to preach from one have placed my signature to it; and if I could now conNothing Governor of Massachusetts was to dis- l of their pulpits the privilege would be denied him; ceive that the General Government might ever be so admin. band these military companies. I suppose another yet this negro can use them.

istered as to render the liberty of conscience insecure, I beg reason for the outcry against foreigners is because I have seen it stated frequently in the papers,

you will be persuaded that no one would be more zealoug

ihan myself to establish effectual barriers against the horthey generally vote the Democratic ticket. In the that in the great State of New York free negroes rors of spiritual tyranny, and every species of religious last presidential canvass the Whig candidate pro- || had actually formed Know-Nothing lodges. This persecution; for you doubuess remember I have oftea claimed a new principle on this subject. is the conservative party which the people of the expressed my sentiments that every man, conducting him

self as a good citizen, and being accountable to God alone for admitting to the rights of citizenship all who | South are invited to join, so as to war against the

for his religious opinions, ought to be protected in worhad served in the Army for a certain length of Pope. Sir, we have enemies, a plenty at our own shipping the Deity according to the dictates of his own time, and but a short time at that. The Whigs | doors, without looking across the waters to find then said he was right-they then said that ser- others. How is it proposed to sustain the Know- Mr. Chairman, I have heard many strange vice for a few months in camp—(the last place to Nothing party? By boasting and threats. The Bentiments expressed in this Hall, but there was learn the operation of our institutions)-should I gentleman from Maryland (Mr. SOLLERS) would one uttered by the gentleman from Massachusetts, entitle a foreigner to citizenship. Such of them have us believe that this party is one of gigantic (Mr. Banks,) which, for boldness and originality, as have joined this “new movement,” now say, power, and that he who has any hopes of a politi- surpasses all others. After speaking of the power, let no one who is born abroad ever be naturalized. cal future should not be so rash as to combat it. the secret plans, the covered cavernous ways of Yes, sir, it is because they cannot get the sturdy He says, "it has gone sweeping like a whirl- the order, he says: Germans and generous Irish to sing the peans wind" and "annihilating all its opponents.”. He “Sir, it is the people who are passing through these of Federalism, that they are prejudiced against appeals to the fears of gentlemen, and talks to

avenues, those who make judges and district attorneys, and them. The ways of Federalism are the ways of them of political graves, let him take heed lest

they will take care of them all. They will take care of tbe inconsistency; before an important election it has when looking around for burial places for others; juries and sherifia as well as the judges." a high appreciation of adopted citizens—it is then he shall himself be consigned to a political grave as

The startling announcement has been made by

a Representative on the floor of the American greatly fascinated with the rich Irish brogue, and deep as the gloom where dreary chaos reigns,'

Congress, that this secret order is to take charge of the sweet German accent," but the election over, and where he may be even beyond the reach of and how is it then? Why, Paddy becomes a that politico geological explorer of whom he spoke, | is to lay its ruthless hand upon the

judicial ermine.

the judges and juries of the country. Yes, sir, it "splay.footed Irish bog trotter," and Hans a who, at some future day, is to search for the op

When that is done, our laws will not be worth "damned lop-eared Dutchman.". (Laughter.] / ponents of Know-Nothingism among the fossil Why are efforts now ' made to raise a party opremains of an extinct race. I, sir, tender my

the paper on which they are written. If the posed to religious toleration?

thanks to the eloquent gentlemen from Mississippi | judges of the courts are to be overawed by the And here, sir, I must be permitted to say that and South Carolina (Mr. Barry and Mr. Keitt]

combinations and machinations of midnight conI have no relation or connection, so far as I know, ll for their exposition of the objects and aims of the

spirators, what becomes of our individual safety?

such, an association fit for American citizens ? either among the living or the dead, who ever was Know-Nothings, and for their moral courage in

Can it be commended to the South? The judicia member of any Catholic church; and while I being first on this floor to assail the principles of yield to no man in the ardent and sincere hope this new order. With keen blades and stalwart | it, and the Constitution would be no more than a

ary is the great shield of our protection. Destroy that the day will come when the Protestant religion blows they shivered into fragments the crazy mail shall have its churches and altars in every part of that but feebly protected this staggering carcass

rope of sand. the globe, yet; sir, I do not believe that either the of galvanized Federalism, and exhibited it in its

These people took care of Judge Loring. This fostering hand of the Government, or a persecunakedness and hideous deformity to the gaze of

is an illustration of the feeling existing in what tion of other churches, would expedite its onward the world. The order had not then so fully de

is called the Athens of America. There a judge progress. I never will join in persecuting any veloped its anti-slavery sentiment. The gentleman | believed to be his duty. He did his duty; and I

is prescribed for doing what he conscientiously man for his religious opinions. That is a matter claimed for it "intense nationality.

We were to between him and his God. In the part of the hear no more of the invasion of southern rights;

presume that no man will here deny it. He decountry in which I live, and I dare say in the if they dared make the attempt he himself would

livered up to his owner, after a patient hearing of whole State which I have the honor, in part, to meet his northern friends at Mason and Dixon's

all the facts, the fugitive slave, Anthony Buros;

and for this he is proscribed and hunted down represent, there is not a master who would dictate | line, not as brothers, but with a banner, brand to his slave the manner in which he shall worship and bow.”. Let him adhere to this determination taking care of judges.

as a wild beast. This is what is meant by the God, or the church to which he shall belong. I when the rights of the South are invaded; let him This new-fangled doctrine of the Know-Nothings be prepared to defend them; when the Scots cross

Is not a Know.Nothing association illegal? It

has been so held by one of the ablest jurists of the to hunt down men on account of their religious | the border line, let him, as a true knight, wind the opinions, is a monstrous proposition. It is at cornage horn.

country. Judge Porter, of Pennsylvania, once a aiter variance with the whole spirit of our Gov. Know-Nothingism professes to be eminently

member of the Cabinet, in a late charge to a grand ernment.

patriotic, struggling for the

common weal, not for jury in reference to it, used this language: And where did this proscription against the office. Well, Mr. Chairman, why is it, that

“ If any number of men combine to form themselves into

an association by agreements, vows, or oaths, to control Catholic religion originate? It' originated in the wherever they have reached power they have the opinions and votes of any portion of our citizens in the same section of the country, at the North, where proscribed all, from the highest officials even down exercise of their suffrages, so that they shall vote not acthose three thousand and fifty Abolition clergy- io the hog constables of the little towns. Antici- ii cording to their own choice or the dictates of their own men got up a traitorous petition to the Congress pating a majority in the next House of Repre determine, it is a conspiracy, and punishable as such by

consciences, but as a majority of such asoociation sball of the United States. No Catholics joined them. I sentatives, there are already hosts of applicants for indictment,

330 CONG....20 Sess.

The Collins Steamer, &c.Mr. Mallory.

SENATE.

“ And you will remember that it is the agreement to do General Pierce has proved true to the principles || the friends of the Collins line were strong, and the act that constitutes the criminality, even if the act itseif be noi done. It may be well here to observe, that, if any

upon which he was elected, true to the Constitu- they triumphed. Congress yielded to their deperson or persons shall have unthinkingly, unadvisedly, or

tion, and consequently true to the South. If he mands, but, in doing so, reserved the right of willlout being aware of the criminal character of such an has lost ground, he has lost it by maintaining the giving the notice in question. In this condition act, joined such association, or taken upon himself any rights of the South. He has proved himself a of the subject, sir, while the reprefentatives of the such vows, obligations, or oaths, they are not binding upon

friend to the South. Ingratitude is not a trait in people and the States here assembled are strugthe part of a good citizen by eschewing all such fellowship southern character, and every true Democrat in | gling to restrict the public expenditure within wise or association, and abandoning the illegal enterprise." the southern States will sustain his Administration and legitimate limits, we receive a proposition for This Know-Nothingism is a step in advance of

so long as he stands on that great platform, the il this very mail service which, if accepted, will save Jesuitism. It combines higher-law “ism”-it

“ Constitution of our country," and administers some $300,000 of the public money per annum. claims supremacy over all laws. Is such an in

the Government upon the principles of that instru- Sir, from whom does this come? Not from a

ment. stitution to be tolerated ?

mere speculator or unknown adventurer, certainly,

but from an American citizen, whose reputation “ Is law to be perverted from its course? Is abject fraud to league with brutal force ?

as an enterprising, accomplished, and successful

THE COLLINS STEAMERS, &c. Is freedom to be crushed, and every son

projector of ocean steam navigation is universally Who dares maintain her cause to be undone ?

conceded in this country, and is familiar to Eu. Is base corruption creeping through the land SPEECH OF HON. S. R. MALLORY, | rope. His offer is to perform the same service, in To plan and work her ruin undervand ?”

OF FLORIDA,

the same time and manner in which it is now Mr. Chairman, in the sincerity of my heart, I hope the people of the South will take warning,

IN THE SENATE, February 27, 1855.

performed by the Collins ships, for $19,250 per

trip, or $500,000 per annum. If we accept this and not affiliate with such an organization. I

The Senate having under consideration the bill offer we save to the public Treasury $357,500 per have reason to believe that many good and patri- | providing for the transportation of the United

annum, a sum more, I apprehend, ihan the total otic men in the South, of both political parties, States Mail in Ocean Steamers

expenditures within my own State for postal serhave joined this new movement. It is to be hoped Mr. MALLORY said:

vice. Now, sir, why should we not accept this they will take warning in time. I beseech them Mr. PRESIDENT: Before the motion to adjourn offer? Are we at liberty to reject it? Can any to study more closely the aims of this order, be- was made, I was proceeding to say that I should doubt exist that it is not made in good faith, made fore deciding in its favor. I beseech them to test have contented myself with a silent vote but for with a bona fide intention of complying with its “Sam” by his principles, and they will find that, the observations of the honorable Senator from terms? Why, sir, if the national reputation, like the evil spirit when touched with the spear of Michigan (Mr. Stuart) upon the condition of the enterprise, and wealth of Mr. Vanderbilt afford us Ithuriel, he will squat, toad like, to the earth. Navy, and the incidental reflection on the pro- no security upon this point, certainly, the declaraThey will find that "Sam,"the good genius of this priety of the recommendations of the Committee | tions of the Senator from Tennessee must remove Know-Nothing order, has flirted and caressed with on Naval Affairs in regard to the service. If any | all reasonable doubt. That Senator rises in his every "ism” of the day. Sir, 1 proclaim it with other member of the committee would now rise to place here, and upon his responsibility indorses pride, that the State which I have the honor, in respond to the assertions of that Senator, it would ihis proposition, and declares further, that the part, to represent has, at all times and under all afford me greater pleasure to keep my seat than | party in question stands ready, if his offer be accircumstances, been true to the Constitution and lo say a word in response.

cepted, to enter into bonds in the sum of $2,000,000 the Union. She is eminently conservative, and I confess, Mr. President, that the proposition for the faithful performance of its stipulations. no“ ism" ever got foothold there, and for this she now before the Senate, coming as it does from the This we must regard as conclusive; and that the has been charged with being always asleep. Bet- House of Representatives, struck me with sur- Senate so regards it is evident from the fact that ter, far better, that she should sleep on, than to prise; and I concur in every word uttered by the the honorable Senator's declarations have been arouse from her slumbers to find herself locked in honorable Senator from South Carolina (Mr. Buto | received unquestioned, and no Senator here doubts the meretricious embraces of that graceless liber- || LER] on that subject. I very much mistake the || his authority or the sincerity with which the tine, dubbed by its godfathers with the eupho- sentiment of this body if it will, upon a full discus- || proposition is made. nious and classical sobriquet of " Sam.I have sion of the question, surrender the power which Mr. President, to myself this proposition and too high a regard for my native State, to suspect, it now holds over this question of notice. In look- these statements are as new as they were unexfor even a moment, that her people will be con- ing at the facts of the case, I find that they lie in | pected; nor was I aware that this service could be trolled by such influences. Norih Carolina will a nut-shell, and I propose to state them briefly to performed upon terms so favorable to the country. do nothing to endanger the liberties of her people the Senate.

Of Mr. Vanderbilt I know personally nothing, and the union of these States-nothing to tarnish The offer of Mr. Collins made on the 6th of || never having seen him to my knowledge; but for the bright escutcheon of her ancient renown. In March, 1846, contemplated the building of five the reasons stated I do not feel at liberty, nor do I the olden time she was the first to rise up against ships. Whether this offer was induced by the understand how others can, to disregard his propthe oppressions of the British King. Within her Postmaster General or not, I am unprepared to osition. borders the first declaration of independence was say. It is enough that Mr. Collins came to Wash- The honorable Senator from Delaware, (Mr. made-the hills of Mecklenberg first echoed the ington with this offer to build five ships of not || BAYARD,) who submitted a few brief remarks on hosannas of a people who had declared themselves less than two thousand tons each. The minimum the question a short time since, but who, I trust, free and independent, and along Carolina's mount- size was fixed to suit his convenience and not that will give us his views in full before the vote is ain passes first reverberated the sacred hymn of of the Government. Another stipulation was, ihat || taken, said that the difference between the offer of freedom, "nature's melodious anthem," as her they were to be of great speed and sufficiently || Mr. Vanderbilt and the amount we are now paypatriotic sons hailed with soul-stirring shouts the streng for war purposes.This provision will strike ing, is more than compensated by the postages we new-born Goddess of American liberty. The men the mind of every Senator who looks to the char- now receive, which postages he indicated would of that day met openly and boldly; and God for. acter of the contract. I suppose the term “war be less than they are at present, if the vessels took bid that their descendants should discard the noble purposes” embraces every possible incident and a longer time to make the trips. In reply to that example.

contingency of naval warfare, from the transport- I have merely to say, that whatever the time may If there are laws requiring repeal or amendment, | ation of troops and munitions of war, to fighting be which is made by Mr. Collins's ships, Mr. Vanwhy not go about the work openly as heretofore? battles upon ihe high seas, yard-arm to yard-arm. derbilt undertakes to make. But, sir, it must be The time is not auspicious for the southern people We are left to float on the sea of conjecture as to remembered that time was not an element of the to inaugurate new practices. It is said, that in the exact understanding of the contractors; but we Collins contract, and he was at liberty to cross the the Know-Nothing councils the majority govern may by examining the specifications by which Atlantic in whatever time his own interest might absolutely, and that the national council governs these vessels were constructed determine for our- dictate; and that, under his existing contract, the State councils. Who can tell what mandatory selves whether they are fit for war purposes or should the speed of his ships, with increasing age edicts this National Council may issue? Northern noi, and to what extent.

or decay, be diminished one half, the Government Know-Nothir.gs control it; northern Know-Noth- T'he Collins contract provided for the construc- would be powerless to accelerate it; and hence, sir, ings are in favor of excluding all persons who tion of five steamships, which should carry the you will at once perceive that Mr. Vanderbilt's cannot read and write from voting. Will their mails, making twenty trips per annum, for the offer to make the time of the Collins line, fixing, southern brethren stand with them on that plat- | annual compensation of $385,000. Four ships

as it does, a minimum time, is more favorable to form ? The North has kept the South poor by only were constructed. In 1852 the contractors the Government than the existing contract with high protective tariffs and navigation laws; has appealed to Congress, alleged their inability to con- Mr. Collins. I have no doubt that he would excel drawn from it that wealth which would have ena- tinue their service without ruinous loss, produced the Collins time, sir; for in this progressive age, bled it to educate all its people, and now, because their exhibits to show receipts and disbursements, when the ingenuity of man is devising means to we have a large number of persons who have not and asked to be paid (if my recollection be cor- annihilate time, when the telegraph is becoming a received the benefits of an education, the northern rect, for I have no data before me) $858,000 per “slow coach” to our impatience, the ship which Know-Nothings arrogantly propose to add insult annum, they agreeing to make twenty-six instead makes the run between New York and Liverpool to injury, by declaring to us who are to be admit- 11 of twenty trips per annum. This proposition but one hour quicker than all others, will necested to the right of suffrage. They had as well let started the country at the time. The dispropor- sarily have the preference of mails and passenus alone; we can manage our own affairs. The tion between the proposed increase of compensa- gers. Whigs of the South have, heretofore, advocated | tion and the service to be performed was remark- My honorable friend from Delaware, I think, principles. Why quit them now? Why should able. Rival companies, contractors, and proprie is in error as to the question of postage. The any southern Democrat quit his party now? It tors of ocean steamers came to Washington, active postage stated in our official returns for the past has proved itself equal to every emergency. Under || competition was awakened, and it was soon ascer- fiscal year, from the Collins contract, is $153,377; its principles the country has prospered. It is the || tained that the service then actually performed by while the difference, as I have heretofore shown, party of progress, of States-rights, of the Consti- | the Collins ships could be performed by others for between the Collins and Vanderbilt offers, is tution; pledged to maintain all its guarantees. ll the same compensation, with an increase. But Il $357,500. Upon this point I will not dwell, for

NEW SERIES.—No. 23.

330 CONG....20 SESS.

The Collins Steamers, c.Mr. Mallory.

SENATE.

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the figures speak for themselves; but I will ask I deem it proper to reply to it somewhat in de- acter of their element renders successful fighting gentlemen to examine them and determine whether tail.

at any distance out of the question; and of what they should be disregarded.

Sir, depend upon it, my friend from Texas has benefit to war ships would be the speed of the With me, sir, the propriety of our appropria- never examined either the ships or this view of the locomotive, if with its speed were combined the tions of the public money is controlled, not by subject; for I know too well, and have too much locomotives exposure and vulnerability? But, sir, their amount, but by their legality and national respect for his judgment to suppose that he would the argument in favor of this great speed is fallapolicy and expediency. But, while for legitimate thus speak if he had done so, or that he would vote cious. Great speed in large ships can only be objects of appropriation, a wise liberality may fre- an appropriation to place one of these ships in our attained by great boiler surface, and great con. quently be the soundest economy, I trust I may 1 Navy.

sumption of fuel, and while the first exposes the never be found voting away a dollar of the public Mr. RUSK. I would most cheerfully. This boiler to every shot, the latter deprives the ship of money without justification upon these premises. day, if we wanted a war steamer, I should regard the power of remaining at sea beyond a few daya.

That the Collins steamers appeal to our national them as not only better for service in war than Now, sir, the Collins ships burn from eighty to pride, and merit, to a certain extent, national sup- any we have in our Navy, but better than any in one hundred tons of coal every twenty-four hours, port, I am ready to admit; and in all that has been the British or any other navy.

and this enormous consumption must ever present Baid here of the enterprise, boldness, and success Mr. MALLORY. I am glad that my honor- them from carrying our flag into distant seas; for of their projector, their thorough adaptation to the able friend announces his opinions so unequivo- they could not carry sufficient coal to sustain transportation of mails and passengers, and of || cally, because I am more than ever convinced that themselves; nor can we belive for a moment that, their superiority of speed and details of structure, he has not examined the condition of our Navy, sharp and lean as they are, anything like present I fully concur. As carriers between the shores of or that of Great Britain; that he has not duly con- speed could be maintained, if armed and provisGreat Britain and the United States they stand sidered the requisites of war steamers; and that I ioned, and strengthened as ships of war. But, unequaled. Nor have I failed to observe the shall be able, perhaps, to show even to himself apart from all this sir, their construction as shown national advantages derived from that bold and the error of his judgment. He regards them, as by the specifications accompanying the contract, superior effort in the casting and construction of war steamers, superior to the naval ships of Bri- prove them to be extremely weak and light in engines and machinery among us which the enter- tain or France.

comparison to vessels built as war ships; and to prise and success of Mr. Collins originated. We Mr. RUSK. Of equal tonnage.

make this apparent, we have but to examine and have made rapid progress in our means and ability Mr. MALLORY. That is equivalent to saying compare them with the construction of the steam to meet, in our machine shops, the wants of ocean that they are equal to the largest British or French frigates now in progress. While these frigates are steam navigation; and I know that the construc- war steamers--for, if my memory be correct, the timbered with the best of seasoned live oak, and tion of the engines, shafts and cylinders for these Baltic's tonnage is not exceeded by that of the planked with white oak, the frames of the Collins ships developed and encouraged these means and Royal Albert, the John Watt, the Agamemnon, ships are composed of white oak, locust, chesnut this ability in a remarkable manner.

the Napoleon, or by many of the first-rate ships of and cedar, and they are planked with pine. These But, sir, in admitting this we cannot fail to see those navies.

different woods are all of unequal durability; their that every day develops some new and useful ad- The contract between the Government and Mr. decay under the various modifications of wear and dition to our ineans of ocean navigation, and that Collins contains a stipulation that these steamers tear must be unequal; and the result is, that repairs we are upon the threshold of startling discoveries should have great speed" and be built “suffi- must always be needed. Their pine bottoms are or improvements which will bring all parts of the ciently strong for war purposes. Now, sir, I an insuperable objection. Not that pine is less earth in closer proximity, and which must neces- have never understood what was meant by “war durable than the white oak in our naval ships, but sarily advance ihe general good of our race. Even | purposes," nor was it understood by the Govern- because it does not hold the bolts, or what is techwhile we are here speaking, a steamer of twenty ment examiners of these vessels. T'he transport- nically called the fastenings, so well. The action thousand tons, or six times the size of either of ation of troops, provisions, mails, dispatches, or of the powerful engines of these ships produces a the Collins ships, is being constructed in Great munitions of war, during the existence of a mari- constant tremulous action upon the hull, which, Britain for the Australian trade; and the genius of time war, are embraced within the term “war in addition to other obvious causes tends to shake man is devising the means of crossing the Atlantic purposes;" yet the contracting parties must have or disturb the bolts which hold the planking to the in six days. Now, sir, since, through the judi- meant more than this, for such duties may be per- timbers; and the fibre of the oak resists this tencious aid of this Government, the Collins ships ) formed by any steamship in our ports, and by dency far better than pine. have been created and maintained, why should many of them, under certain circumstances, better The specifications alluded to show the frames we declare in advance, that similar aid shall not than the Collins ships. Bul, sir, these duties are of these ships to be “ four feet from center to be extended to others? Why should we, by sur- required only during actual hostilities, whereas center, and the timbers to ride len inches;”, that rendering our right to terminate this contract, and the most eficient, as well, perhaps, as the most is, to a surface of twenty inches of timber there declaring it absolute for the next five years, de- | glorious, service of a war vessel is to cruise in is immediately adjoining an opening of twentyprive ourselves of the power of making a better times of peace and to exhibit such a readiness and eight inches. Here it will be seen that solidity one within that time? Suppose next year steam. adaptation for war as to make peace preferable to was sacrificed to speed, and to these mixed tim, ers should be built to cross the Atlantic in eight our enemies,

bers of light cedar, locust, and chestnut-planked days, what chance of profitable competition could But, sir, to me these terms, if they imply anythey possibly have while the Collins ships receive | thing, must be understood to mean an ability to

with pine-and having between them these extraor.

dinary spaces (extraordinary for war vessels) of this $858,000? In such an event, we would be fighi the battles of our country upon the high seas. twenty-eight inches, must we look for the causes compelled to purchase the Collins ships to get Upon this ground we can all 'stand without mis- of the Arctic's loss. The Vesta which sunk her, them out of our way. But, sir, what right have we apprehension; for these terms at once recall to the was about two hundred tons burden, and her cutthus gratuitously, io tie the hands of our succes- mind not only the glorious struggles of our own water, it will be remembered, remained wedged sors, and to preclude them from availing them; Navy-when ship to ship and yard-arm to yard- in between the timbers of the Arctic. Every man selves of all the advantages which science and arm, we snatched the sceptre of invincibility from conversant with this subject--nay, every sensible discovery may hold out in ocean navigation? Britain-but those memorable fleet battles and man in the country-must see that, had the ArcNone whatever, sir; and depend upon it, that this single combats of ships upon the great deep which tic's sides been constructed as our naval ships are, proposition will sound strangely in the ears of our have been treasured in the songs of every age.

such a thing could not have occurred. The thickpeople.

And here let me ask my honorable friend (Mr. ness of the sides of the new steam frigates is But, Mr. President, it was not my design to RUSK) if he has any knowledge of decided naval discuss this branch of the subject, but to reply to

twenty-four inches at the water line-a solid wall battles having been fought at a grenter distance of live oak frames and white oak planks—and to those who have deemed

proper upon this occa- between ships than pistol shot? Why, sir, I twenty-six inches of timber there is a space only sion to denounce our Navy, and incidentally to could recall a hundred to his mind, in which the of eight inches. Such a mass of the best timber, condemn your naval committees.

strugele was hand to hand; and he well knows tweniy-four inches thick, thoroughly bolted and The honorable Senator from Texas (Mr. Rusk] speaks of the great advantages our commercial deep only through her habit of close fighting injury from such an encounter. But, when the marine derives from our appropriations to the Col. The two actions which most distinguished our Vesta struck the Arctic, stem on, in the fore lins steamers. I do not perceive this so clearly, naval courage and seamanship were those between channels, she unfortunately struck between the sir; nor do I see any advantage which would not the Bonhomme Richard and the Serapis, and be- frames, or in the open space, and the pine planko equally accrue to it from appropriations to any tween the Constitution and Guerriere.' In the first ing offered the only resistance. When these gave other steamships. If we appropriated money the rammers of our guns had to be thrust through | way the ship filled. generally to steamships, I could readily under the ports of the enemy to enable us to load; and I have seen an account of a collision between an stand how the shipping interest would be devel. not a gun disturbed the deathly stillness of the iron steamer and a merchant ship, which was so oped and fostered; but so long as the business Constitution's decks until the enemy was within remarkably like the case of the Arctic that I den between New York and Liverpool remains as it pistol range. In such a contest, sir, when the de- || it worthy of quotation. It is this: is, supporting one line only, I am unable to un- structive character of sea batteries is augmented a derstand the Senator's argument that when we hundred fold, when rapidity and accuracy in gun.

The ship Young Brander, Hamilton, of and from New Orleans, which was in contact

with the iron screw steainer declare that one set of ships exclusively shall nery practice are in full development, what would Pactolius, off Tuskar, was struck in the fore channels, cutreceive $858,000 per annum, and shall continue

ting the ship from the water up to five planks on deck, to receive it for five years to come, wherein the shafts, boilers, and machinery, whose very life,

carrying away mizen top mast, back stay, lanyard, and

main-brace ; eight timbers were stove in, and all the thick encouragement to other ships consists. The honor- in short, are all defenseless upon the surface, and able Senator speaks in exalted terms of these ships exposed to atter annihilation by a single shot? | filty knees, were broken, starting almost every but in the

work and water ways between decks, and from fortyo as war steamers; the same judgment is pronounced My friend speaks of their great speed. Let me ship. The iron cutwater of the steamer, weighing about by the Senator from Michigan, (Mr. Stuart,] ask him to point out the advantages of speed in

iwo tons, was driven clean through the side of the ship, and as this argument is made and relied upon in such contests as I have described. To fight at all,

till it reached the cargo of cotton, when it broke, and re

mained hanging to the ship after the collision--the steamer both Houses to sustain appropriations for them, ships must be in close proximity. The very char- was going

at the rate of thirteen knots

at the time. Captain

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