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Passed at the Second Session, which was begun and held at the City of Washington, in the District of Columbia, on Monday,

the 4th day of December, 1854, and ended on Sunday, the 4th day of March, 1855.

FRANKLIN PIERCE, President; JESSE D. Bright, President of the Senate pro tempore ; Linn Boyd, Speaker of the

House of Representatives.

Public,I.-An Act for the better preservalion of Life consin Territory to form a constitution and State sentatives of the United States of America in Congress

and Property from Vessels shiprorecked on the coasts government, and for the admission of such State assembled, That the President be, and he is hereby, of the Uniled States.

into the Union,”approved the sixth day of August, authorized to cause negotiations to be entered into Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- || in the year eighteen hundred and forty-six, there with the Chippewa Indians for the extinguish. sentatives of the United States of America in Congress be, and hereby is, granted to the said State of Wis- ment of their title to all the lands owned and assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, I consin, to be selected by the Legislature of said claimed by them in the Territory of Minnesota and he is hereby, authorized to establish such State out of any public land subject to private and State of Wisconsin, which treaties shall conadditional stations on the coasts of Long Island | entry, and to be sold in such manner as the Legis- tain the following provisions, and such others as and New Jersey, for affording aid to shipwrecked | lature may direct for the benefit and in aid of the may be requisite and proper to carry the same vessels thereon, to change the location of the ex.

university of said State, and for no other purpose into effect: isting stations, and to make such repairs and to

whatever, seventy-two sections of land: Provided, First. Granting to each head of a family, in feefurnish such apparatus and supplies as may, in That any selections of land heretofore made under simple, a reservation of eighty acres of land, to be his judgment, be best adapted to give effect to the

the act entitled "An act to extend the time for se- selected in the territory ceded, so soon as surveys objects of this act.

lecting land granted to the State of Wisconsin for shall be completed, by those entitled; which said Sec. 2. And be il further enacted, That the Sec- saline purposes," approved the fourth day of May, reservation shall be patented by the President of retary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, au

eighteen hundred and fifty-two, and which shall the United States, and the patent therefor shall thorized to appoint a keeper, at a compensation

not have been sold by®the United States, and is expressly declare that the said lands shall not be not exceeding iwo hundred dollars, at each of the not legally claimed by preëmption or otherwise, || alienated or leased by the reservees, or their heirs stations to be established under the provisions of shall be, and hereby are, granted and confirmed to and legal representatives, until otherwise ordered the first section of this act, and a superintendent, said State for the use of the university of said by Congress, and no change of location shall be who shall also have the powers and perform the State ag a part of the seventy-two sections hereby | made without the assent of the President of the duty of an inspector of the customs for each of granted.

United States. the coasts therein mentioned, and to give said

APPROVED, December 15, 1854.

Second. The annuities to which said Indians are keepers and superintendents proper instructions

entitled under existing treaties with the consent of relative to the duties to be required of them. PUBLIC, III.-An Act allowing the further Time of said Indians, together with such as may be allowed

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That no boat shall be purchased and located at any point other

two years to those holding Lands by entries in the them for the cession or cessions under the provisVirginia Military District in Ohio, which were made

ions of this act, shall be equally distributed and than on the coasts of Long Island and New Jer. prior to the first of January, eighteen hundred and paid them at their villages, or seulements, within sey, unless the same be placed in the immediate fifty-two, to have the same surveyed and patented.

ihe limits of the ceded ierritory, but the President care of an officer of the Government, or unless bond shall be given by proper individuals, living sentatives of the United States of America in Congress articles of goods, provisions, stock, cattle, imple

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre ties to be commuted from time to time for such

shall be invested with power to cause said annui in the neighborhood, conditioned for the care and

assembled, That the officers and soldiers of the preservation of the same and its application to the Virginia line or Continental establishment, their

ments of agriculture, the clearing and fencing of uses intended. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the Sec- || have, prior to the first day of January, anno Domini heirs or assigns, entitled to bounty lands, which land, and the erection of buildings and other im

provements, as, in his discretion, will conduce retary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized to establish stations at such light-houses within the tract reserved by Virginia between the

most to promote their comfort, civilization, and eighteen hundred and fifty-two, been entered

permanent welfare, as, in his judgment, he shall deem best, and the Little Miami and Sciota rivers, for satisfying the

Third. All the benefits and privileges granted to keepers of such lights shall take charge of such | legal bounties to her officers and soldiers upon

said Indians shall be extended to and enjoyed by boats and apparatus as may be put in their charge Continental establishment, shall be allowed the

the mixed bloods belonging to or connected with respectively as a part of their official duties. time of two years from and after the passage of ceded lands.

the tribe, and who shall permanently reside on the APPROVED, December 14, 1854. this act, to make and return their surveys and

Fourth. The laws of the United States and the warrants or certified copies of warrants, to the Territory of Minnesota shall be extended over the Public, II.-An Act to relinquish to the State of Wis. General Land Office.

Chippewa territory in Minnesota whenever the consin the Lands reserved for Salt Springs therein. APPROVED, December 19, 1854.

same may be ceded, and the same shall cease to be Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre

“ Indian country,” except that the lands reserved sentatives of the United Slates of America in Congress Public, IV: An Act to provide for the Extinguish

to said Indians, or other property owned by them, assembled, That in lieu of the “ twelve salt springs

ment of the Title of the Chippewa Indians to the shall be exempt from taxation and execution, and with six sections of land adjoining to each,” here.

Lands owned and claimed by them in the Territory that the act passed thirthieth June, eighteen huntofore granted to the State of Wisconsin for its use

of Minnesota and State of Wisconsin, and for their dred and thirty-four, " to regulate trade and interby the fourth clause of the seventh section of the

domestication and civilizalion.

course with the Indian tribes,” &c., be inoperative act entitled "An act to enable the people of Wis- Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- ll over the said ceded territory, except the twentieth

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section, which prohibits the introduction and sale to the person or persons, body-politic or corporate, | give information to some justice of the peace in of spirituous liquors to Indians.

that made, emitied, issued, uttered, signed, drew, said District of every violation of this law which Fifth. The President shall have power to pre- or indorsed the same, and if, upon such present- may come to his knowledge. scribe and enforce such rules and regulations, not ment, the person or persons, body-politic or cor- Sec. 8. And be il further enacted, That on the inconsistent with the foregoing provisions, as he porate, that made, emitted, issued, uitered, signed, trial of any cause other than a criminal prosecu. may deem necessary for the effectual execution of || drew, or indorsed the same, neglect or refuse to tion, under the provisions of this act, it shall be the purposes of this act, which said rules and redeem the came in gold or silver, such party so

lawful for the court before whom such cause is regulations shall be annually reported to Congress. neglecting or refusing shall forfeit and pay the || pending to cause to be brought before said court,

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, for the sum of twenty dollars for each and every such and examined as a witness, any defendant to any purpose of defraying the expenses of said nego- bank note, promissory note, or instrument in writ. such suit, his agent, or employer, touching the ciations, the sum of $10,000 be, and the same is | ing so presented, and payment thereof neglected matters and things in controversy, and to employ hereby, appropriated out of any money in the or

refused as aforesaid to the use of the person or such process to effect the object aforesaid as is Treasury not otherwise appropriated. persons, body-politic or corporate holding and pre

usual in other cases. APPROVED, December 19, 1854. senting the same as aforesaid.

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That this act

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That each and shall be in force from and after the first day of PUBLIC, V.-An Act to authorize the issue of Patents | every forfeiture under the foregoing provisions of November next; and that so much and such parts to Lands in any State or Territory in certain cases.

this act shall be recovered in an action of debt of all former acts as may be repugnant to this act Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- | Columbia, in the name of any person who shall

before any justice of the peace in the District of be, and the same are hereby, repealed. sentatives of the United States of America in Congress

APPROVED, December 27, 1854. assembled, That in case of any claim to land in given to each and every justice of the peace in the Public, VII.-An Act vesting the Title of the United

sue therefor; and jurisdiction is hereby expressly any State or Territory which has heretofore been confirmed by law, and in which no provision is

District of Columbia to try and adjudicate each Siates to certain Land in the city of Cincinnati. made by the confirmatory statute for the issue of

and every such case.
Sec. 5. And be il further enacted, That all con-

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre

sentatives of the Uniled States of America in Congress for the land have been or may hereafter be made, tracts, whether written or verbal, hereafter made, assembled, That the title and interest of the

United to issue patents for the claims so confirmed, upon thing purporting to be a valuable thing, the con

to pay or deliver money or any valuable thing, or States to the unsold land (if any there be) in fracthe presentation to the Commissioner of the Gen

tional section number eleven, in fractional town. eral Land Office of plats of survey thereof duly 1l part, any paper currency or circulating medium | ship number four, in fractional range number one,

whereof may bewholly by the Territory, if the same be found correct by the said under five dollars, or other paper or currency pro- ll in the now State of Ohio, be, and the same hereby

John Cleves Symmes's , :

hibited by this act, shall be deemed and held to be is, vested in the corporate authorities of the city only operate as a relinquishment of title on the part illegal and void; and the person or persons suing of Cincinnati, and their successors in office, and in of the United States, and shall in no manner interfere with any valid adverse right, if such exist, to court of law or equity; and, in any suit brought any other occupants of the same in severalty

, upon the same land, nor be construed to preclude a legal defendant, under the general issue, or any appro. on such contract, it shall be competent for the

payment to the Commissioner of the General Land Office of the minimum price of land subject to

entry: Provided, That nothing in this act shall be tribunal between adverse claimants to the same priate special plea, to offer evidence of the nature land.

so construed as to impair the legal or equitable or of the consideration of the contract so sued on; APPROVED, December 22, 1854.

and on the defendant's making oath that he or she rights of any other person or persons to the said has not evidence sufficient to prove the nature or

land, or to any part thereof.

APPRUVED, December 29, 1854. consideration of such contract, it shall be the duty Public, VI.-An Act to suppress the Circulation of of the court before which such suit may be brought | Public, VIII.-An Act to provide for the Contingent

Small Notes, as a Currency, in the District of Co- l to require the plaintiff or plaintiffs, or either or any
lumbia,
of them, to be sworn to testify the truth in regard

Expenses of the Territory of Nebraska. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- || to the transaction; and if the plaintiff or plaintiffs

Be it enacled by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress shall not be present at the trial, to compel the sentatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That if any person or persons, body attendance of such plaintiff or plaintiffs as a wit- | assembled, That the sum of one thousand dollars politicor corporate, within the District of Columbia, ness or witnesses, and to postpone or continue the

be appropriated to defray the contingent expenses shall make, emit, issue, utter, sign, draw, or in- cause until such attendance can be procured; and for the government of the Territory of Nebraska dorse, any bank note, promissory note, or any | if, after the whole evidence shall have been heard,

for the remainder of the present fiscal year, the instrument of writing, for the payment or delivery it shall appear that the consideration, either wholly | having been drawn from the Treasury by the late

former appropriation of fifteen hundred dollars of money, or other valuable thing, or of anything púrporting to be a valuable thing, of a less amount rency or circulating medium prohibited by this act,

Governor Burt, and by reason of his death unihan five dollars, to be used as a paper currency, l judgment shall be rendered for the defendant or available for the present, it being the true intent or as a circulating medium, either as money, or defendants, and for costs againęt the plaintiff or

and meaning of this act that not more than fifteen in lieu of money or of any other currency, every plaintiffs.

hundred dollars shall be expended for said code such person, and every member, officer, or agent Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That if any

tingencies within this fiscal year. of such body-politic or corporate, concerned in, | merchant, hotel-keeper, shop-keeper, grocer, com

APPROVED, December 30, 1854. or assenting to such making, emitting, issuing, mission merchant, or insurance agent, any owner uttering, signing, drawing, or indorsing as afore- or driver of a hackney carriage, omnibus, cart, | PUBLIC, IX.-An Act giving the consent of Congress said, for any of the purposes aforesaid, shall for

wagon, or dray, any huckster, butcher, auctioneer, to the cession, by the State of Massachusetts to the feit and pay the sum of ten dollars for each and livery-stable keeper, any owner or keeper of a bil

State of New York, of the District of Boston Corner. every such bank note, promissory note, or instru- liard-table or ten-pin alley, any pawnbroker, any Whereas, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, meni of writing so made, issued, emitted, uttered,

manager or agent of theatrical or other amuse. by an act of its Legislature, approved May foursigned, drawn, or indorsed, one half to the use of ments, any hawker or pedlar, transacting business teenth, A. D. eighteen hundred and fifty-three; any person who shall sue therefor, and the other under a license granted by the corporation of the ceded the sovereignty and jurisdiction over that half to the county of Washington, District of city of Washington or of Georgetown, in the Dis- portion of its Territory known as the district of Columbia. And, on the trial of any such cause, trict of Columbia, or any other person or persons Boston Corner, situated in the south westerly corif the promissory note, bank note, or other instru- transacting business under such license, shall either ner of said Commonwealth, and westerly of the ment in question, be in part or in the whole printed receive or pay out any paper under the denomina- south west line of the town of Mount Washington, or engraven, it shall be deemed sufficient evidence

tion of five dollars, or any other paper not payable the county of Berkshire and Commonwealth · of an intention to put the same in circulation in in specie on demand, so prohibited as aforesaid, it | aforesaid, to the State of New York; said act not violation of this act, unless the contrary be shown. shall be the duty of the attorney of the United to take effect, however, until the Congress of the

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall States for the District of Columbia to sue out pro- United States shall consent to such cession and be unlawful for any person or persons, body-pol..cess in the nature of a scire facias, or to institute annexation. itic or corporate, to pass, or offer to pass, within other suitable proceedings, in the circuit court of And whereas, the State of New York, by an act the District of Columbia, any bank note, prom- the District of Columbia, against such offender or of its Legislature, passed July twenty-firsi, A.D. issory note, or any instrument in writing of a less offenders, returnable to the said court immediately, | eighteen hundred and fifty-three, accepted the sov: denomination or amount than five dollars, either if said court be then sitting, or to the next term of ereignty and jurisdiction over that portion of the as money, or in lieu of money or of any other cur- | said court, if there be then a vacation of the terms Territory of Massachusetts above described, and rency, and any other person or persons, and every of said court, requiring such offenders to show known as the district of Boston Corner, upon the member, officer, or agent of such body.politic or cause why his, her, or their license aforesaid, shall terms and subjece to the provisions expressed in corporate, violating the provisions of this section, not be forfeited; and on proof exhibited to said said act of cession, as appears by certified copies shall forfeit and pay a sum of not less than five court of such receiving or paying out of such pro- of said acts filed in the office of the Clerk of the nor more than ten dollars for every such offense, || hibited paper as aforesaid, said court shall forfeit, House of Representatives. one half to the use of the person who shall sue annut, and vacate such license, and no other license and whereas, for the better defining the limits therefor, and the other half to the use of the county for any purpose shall be granted to such

offender and extent of the Territory above mentioned, comof Washington, District of Columbia.

or offenders until one year thereafter shall have missioners on behalf of said States of MassachuSec. 3. And be it further enacted, That any per- || passed and expired.

setts and New York, duly authorized for that purson or persons, body-politic, or corporate, hold- Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That it shall pose,

have caused an accurate survey and map to ing any such bank note, promissory note, or instru-l be the duty of the marshal of the District of Co- be made of said Territory, and sufficient monument in writing, may present the same for payment ll lumbia, and of every constable of said District, to ments to be erected in and along its eastern bound

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ary line, as required by said acts—a copy of said ant counsel, and the clerical force aforesaid, not to which said person is responsible, and return any survey and map, duly authenticated, having also | continue beyond the exigencies of the service, nor amount of money which may be due said person been filed in the office of said Clerk: Therefore- || longer than the term of one year from the period on the books of the company; and such person Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- ll of their several appointments.

shall be debarred from all claims on this company sentatives of the United States of America in Congress Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said for any loss or damage by fire subsequent to the assembled, That the consent of the Congress of the commissioners, or either of them, may issue the time of such withdrawal and the canceling such United States be, and the same is hereby, given | writ of subpena, requiring the attendance of wit- || insurance: Provided, That such premium note or to the said cession and annexation.

nesses before the said board, and that for any notes shall not be canceled, or in any manner disAPPROVED, January 3, 1855.

contempt in refusing obedience to such writ, the charged or given up, until ah such arrearages are

said board shall have the same power to inflict paid, and also all assessments thereupon to be PUBLIC, X.-An Act for the Liquidation of the Peni- punishment now possessed by the district court thereafter made on account of liabilities of the lentiary indebtedness. of the United States.

company incurred before or at the time of such Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- APPROVED, January 10, 1855.

withdrawal. senlatides of the United States of America in Congress

Sec. 6. And be il further enacled, That the affairs ,

of said corporation shall be conducted by a board hundred and eighty-six dollars and ninety-two PUBLIC, XIV.-An Act to incorporate the Mutual consisting of seven managers, to be elected at the

Fire Insurance Company of the District of Columcenis is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys

annual meetings of the members, and to continue

bia. in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to

in office until successors are chosen; not less than enable the Secretary of the Interior to liquidate the

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- a majority of whom shall be a quorum to do busipresent indebtedness of the penitentiary in the

sentatives of the United States of America in Congressness, but a less number may adjourn from time to District of Columbia.

assembled, Tnat Ulysses Ward, Thomas Blaguen, time. Vacancies happening in said board may be APPROVED, January 3, 1855.

F. Howard, J.C. McKelden, John Van Reswick, | filled by the remaining managers for the remainder

P. W. Browning, and Matthew G. Emery, and of the year for which they were elected. The Public, XI.-An Act authorizing the Washington | their present and future associates, are hereby board shail choose one of their number as presiGas-Light Company to increase the Capital Stock of declared to be a body-politic and corporate under dent, and appoint a secretary and treasurer and said Company.

the name and style of the Mutual Fire Insurance such other officers as may be necessary for conBe it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- Company of the District of Columbia; and by the ducting the affairs of said corporation. sentalives of the United States of America in Congress shall be able to sue and be sued, plead and be same name shall have perpetual succession; and Sec. 7. And be il further enacted, That the per

sons named in this act be, and they are hereby, assembled, "That the Washington Gas-Light

Com- impleaded, in all courts of law and equity in the appointed a board of managers of the said Mutual pany be, and the same hereby is, authorized to increase the capital stock thereof one hundred and

District of Columbia and elsewhere; and to make Insurance Company until the first annual meeting, filty thousand dollars.

and to have a common seal, and the same to break, | and until their successors are chosen, as herein Sec. 2. And be il further enacted, That the said alter, and renew at pleasure; to ordain and estab- | provided; and such of them as shall be present at stock shall be subscribed on the books of said

lish such by-laws, ordinances, and regulations, their first meeting may proceed to organize, by company, in shares of twenty dollars, and the and generally to do such acts and things as are or

electing a president and secretary thereof, and as holders of the said increased certificates of stock may be necessary to carry into effect ihis act and soon thereafter as practicable, adopt by-laws, proshall be held subject to the same liability as is promote the objects and designs of this corpora - vide the necessary books, and otherwise prepare provided in the eleventh section of the original act

the company for the transaction of business, and, of incorporation, approved July eight, eighteen

Sec. 2. And be il further enacted, That the pur- l when so prepared, to exercise a general superin hundred and forty-eight.

poses and designs of this corporation shall be to tendence of ihe affairs of the company: Provided, APPROVED, January 3, 1855.

insure the respective dwelling houses and other That the said by laws shall only be made by the

buildings, furniture, and every description of concurrent vote of at least two thirds of the whole PUBLIC, XII.-An Act to amend an act entitled property of the members thereof, againsi loss or board of managers, exclusive of the president; and " An act to establish an Auxiliary Watch for the damage by fire.

any alteration or amendment shall only be made protection of Public and Private Property in the city

Sec. 3. And be il further enacted, That the cap- | by a general meeting of the members of the comof Washington,” approved August twenty-three,

ital stock of this company shall consist of the pany at any annual meeting, and two thirds of the eighteen hundred and forty-two.

premium notes given by the insured and of the votes shall decide; and any alteration thus made

cash paid in as interest on said premium notes, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- ) which cash shall never exceed twenty thousand

shall be binding on all the members of the com

pany. sentatives of the United States of America in Congress dollars. Said notes shall be payable on demand, Séc. 8. And be it further enacted, That the man. assembled, That each of the said auxiliary watch

and shall constitute and be a lien to the amount agers may determine the rates of insurance, the shall receive an annual compensation of six hun.

thereof, respectively, upon all buildings insured sum to be insured, and the rate of interest to be dred dollars, commencing with the present fiscal

by said company, and the land upon which they | paid upon the deposit notes, provided it shall not year, to be paid out of any money in the Treas-stand, and the appurtenances to such land, and exceed six per centum per annum; but no more ury not otherwise appropriated.

upon the estate and interest, legal or equitable, of || than five thousand dollars shall be insured on any Sec. 2. And be il further enacted, That so much

the assured in such buildings, lands, and appur- one risk, unless the premium notes shall amount to of the above recited act, and of the act approved March three, eighteen hundred and fifty-three, said company in consideration thereof: Provided, tenances, and upon the other property insured by over one hundred thousand dollars, and in that case

no risk to exceed five per centum the whole fixing the compensation of the said Auxiliary That said company shall file in the office of the amount of premium notes. Watch, be, and the same is hereby, repealed. clerk of the circuit court of the District of Colum- Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That every APPROVED, January 3, 1855.

bia a memorandum of the name of the individual | person who shall become a member of said corPUBLIC, XIII.-An Act to continue in force for a

insured, a description of the property, and the || poration by effecting insurance therein, shall, be

amount of the premium note unpaid; and the said fore he receives a policy, deposit his promissory limited time the provisions of the act of Congress of note, upon the filing of said memorandum, shall be note for such sum and upon such interest, not third March, eighteen hundred and fifty one, and deemed and taken to be in all respects as a judg. exceeding six per centum per annum, as may be the second seclion of its supplement of eighteenth

ment entered upon confession by virtue of a war. determined by the managers; and said note, and January, cighteen hundred and fifty four, so as to enable the Board of Land Commissioners in Cali-' || be had thereon for so much as by virtue of the the whole, åt any time, when the managers shall

rant of attorney, and execution may at any time | all interest paid thereon, shall be liable, in part or fornia to close their adjudicalions of Private Land Titles in that State, and for other purposes.

provisions of this act may be due and demeanable; | deem the same requisite for the payment of losses

but the lien thereof shall commence with the filing and such incidental expenses as may be necessary Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- l of the memorandum in the said office: Provided, for transacting the business of said company, in sentatives of the United States of America in Congress That such lien shall not be construed to take from proportion to the amount of said notes. assembled, That the provisions of the act of Con such person insured as aforesaid the privilege of a Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That suits gress approved third March, eighteen hundred and freeholder: Provided further, That the privileges, may be commenced by any member against this fifty-one, to ascertain and settle the private land immunities, and franchises granted by this act corporation for damages sustained by fire, if payclaims in the State of California," and of the sec- shall be confined to the District of Columbia. ment is withheld for more than sixty days after ond section of the act of eighteenth January, Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That all per- | the company are duly notified of the same; and no eighteen hundred and fifty-four, continuing the sons who shall bereafter insure with said corpora- | member of this corporation, not being in his indisame in force, be further continued in force for the tion, and also their heirs, executors, administra- || vidual capacity a party to such suit, shall be incomterm of one year, and no longer, from the third of tors, and assigns, continuing to be insured by said | petent as a witness in such suit on account of his March, eighteen hundred and fifty-five,

corporation, shall thereby become members there being a member of said company. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Uni- || of during the period they shall remain insured by Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That whented States district attorney for the northern district said corporation, and no longer.

ever the managers shall deem it necessary, for the of California be, and he is hereby, authorized to Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That any purpose of paying losses, or the current expenses employ assistant counsel to aid him in defending member of the said corporation shall have full of said company, or both, to call for the payment the interests of the United States in the land suits power to withdraw therefrom at any time by ap. | of any portion of the principal of the deposit for the adjudication of such claims before the dis- plying to the proper officer thereof, and paying any || notes, they shall settle and determine the sum to trict court, at a salary not exceeding three thou- i arrearages of assessments that he may then owe | be paid by the several members of said company, sand six hundred dollars per annum, and also to the company, when the said officer shall cancel which shall always be in proportion to the original employ such clerical force not exceeding two per- || such insurance or insurances as may be in the amount of the respective deposit notes, and shall sons, at a compensation of one hundred and fifty name of the person or persons so withdrawing; I give each of said members notice thereof, in such dollars per month each, the services of said assisi- || and also cancel such premium note or notes for hi manner as the by-laws shall have prescribed; and

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if any member shall, for the space of thirty days to register the bark Foundling, of Boston, she at any one time, and may manage and dispose of after receiving such notice, refuse or neglect to having been picked up at sea with no one on board, | the same at pleasure, and apply the same, or the pay the sum assessed upon him, in such case the and brought into the port of Boston, libeled and || proceeds of the sales thereof, to the uses and purmanagers may proceed to collect the whole amount sold at auction by the United States marshal, and poses of the said corporation, according to the of such deposit note, with all costs accruing thereon; purchased by William C. Fay, of Boston, her rules and regulations which now are, or may hereand the amount thus collected shall remain in the present owner, and put in perfect repair by him. after be, established. treasury of the company, subject to the same lia- APPROVED, January 25, 1855.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That Congress bilities as said note or notes would have been liable

may at any

time hereafter alter, amend, or repeal to.

PUBLIC, XVII.-An Act to authorize the issue of a the foregoing act. Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the gen- Register to the Bark Colonist, by the name of The Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That nothing eral meetings of this company shall be held annu- Lilly.

in this act shall be so construed as to authorize ally, the time and place to be determined by the

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- the said corporation to issue any note, token, managers; also, it shall be the duty of the presi- sentatives of the United States of America in Congress device, scrip, or other evidence of debt, to be used dent to call a meeting of the company whenever | assembled, That there be issued, under the direction

as a currency. requested to do so by twenty of its members. The of the Secretary of the Treasury, a register to the

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That each of election of managers shall be held at the annual

British brig Colonist, by the name of The Lilly, the trustees in the said corporation shall be held meetings, and be by ballot, each member having

now owned by Christian F. Funch, of the city of liable in his or her individual capacity for all the one vote for each risk held by him. It shall also

New York, in the State of New York: Provided, debts and liabilities of the said company, however be the duty of the managers of said corporation to

It shall be proved to the satisfaction of said Seco contracted or incurred, to be recovered by suit, as cause to be published annually, in a newspaper retary that the cost of the repairs made in the other debts or liabilities, before any couri of compublished in the city of Washington, the amount

United States after the purchase of the said vessel | petent jurisdiction. of the premium notes and cash on hand, and securities held by them, and the amount of losses, the value of said vessel at the time of said repairs. Public, XXI.-An Act changing the Appropriation

by the present owner is equal to three fourths of APPROVED, February 6, 1855. if any, during the previous year, and such other

APPROVED, January 31, 1855. matters relating to the business of said company,

for the erection of a Building in the City of Milas they may think proper; said publication to be | Public, XVIII.-An Act making Appropriations

waukie for a Custom-House, Post Office, and the at least two weeks previous to the annual meeting for the construction of certain Military Roads in

United States Courts. of the members of the company; and of said meet- the Territories of Nebraska and Washington. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Reprcings notice shall be given in two newspapers published in the city of Washington, at least two

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representalives of the United States of America in Congress sentatives of the United States of America in Congress

assembled, That in lieu and place of the appropriweeks previous thereto.

Sec. 13. And be il further enacted, That nothing assembled, That the following sums of money be, I ation and provision in section two of chapter two in this act shall be construed to grant banking and the same are hereby, appropriated for the hundred and forty-two, approved August fourth, privileges, or the right to issue any note in the

construction of military roads in the Territories eigliteen hundred and fifty-four, for the erection of Nebraska and Washington, to wit: For the con

of a building therein described, in the city of Milnature of a bank note, or to circulate as money or currency. It shall, however, be lawful for said struction of a military road from the Great Falls waukie, the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby company to employ and improve all moneys re

of the Missouri river, in the Territory of Nebraska, authorized and directed to cause to be constructed, to intersect the military road now established lead

at the said city of Milwaukie, for the accommoceived by themthe , manner as the managers deem best for the interest | ing from Walla-Walla to Puget's Sound, thirty | States courts, a building of stone or brick, with

of the customhouse, post office,

dollars; for the construction of a of the company, except as above prohibited, and except in the purchase of real estate. And all real road from the Dalles of the Columbia to Columbia fire-proof floors constructed of iron beams and estate purchased by said company for the purposes

City barracks, twenty-five thousand dollars; for brick work, iron roof, shutters, and sills; eighty. of collecting or securing debts, shall escheat to the

the construction of a military road from Colum- five feet by sixty feet, sixty feet in height from Government of the United States, unless the same

bia City barracks to Fort Steilacoom

or Puget's the foundation; to cost not more than eighty-eight shall have been sold and disposed of, and passed Sound, thirty thousand dollars. The said mili- 1 thousand dollars, which said sum of eighty-eight

thousand dollars, with ten per cent. on the said bona fide from the possession and ownership of tary, roads shall be constructed under the direction of the Secretary of War.

sum for cost of superintendence of erection, and said corporation, within three years next succeed. ing such purchase: Provided, Said company may

APPROVED, February 6, 1855.

other contingent expenses, is hereby appropriated hold property that may be absolutely necessary | Public, XIX.–An Act to change the Names of the

for this object, out of any moneys in the Treasury

not otherwise appropriated. for the transaction of their corporate business.

American-built vessels J. H. Holmes and Franklin

APPROVED, February 10, 1855. Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That this act

Pierce. shall be in full force and effect from its passage. Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That Con- Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre. | Public, XXII–An Act to secure the right of Cilisentatives of the United States of America in Congress

zenship to Children of Citizens of the United States, gress reserves to itself the right to change, alter, assenbled, That the Secretary of the Treasury be,

born out of the limits thereof. repeal, or annul this act, or any part thereof, at

and he is hereby, authorized to grant a register to their pleasure.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Reprethe schooner J. H. Holmes, an American-built Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That the

sentatives of the United States of America in Congress members of said corporation shall each be liable

vessel, now owned by Henry Gerdts and Carston rassembled, That persons heretofore born, or berein his or her individual capacity for all debts

Nohrden, citizens of Charleston, in the State of after to be born, out of the limits and jurisdiction created by said corporation in favor of persons

South Carolina, and that the name of the said of the United States, whose fathers were, or shall

schooner be changed to that of Effort. not members thereof.

be at the time of their birth, citizens of the United APPROVED, January 10, 1855.

Sec. 2. And be il further enacted, That the Sec- States, shall be deemed and considered, and are retary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, au- hereby declared, to be citizens of the United

thorized to grant a register to the steamer Franklin Public, XV.-An Act to authorize the Secretary of | Pierce, an American-built vessel, now owned by zenship shall not descend 'to persons whose fathers

States: Provided, however, That the rights of citi. the Treasury to issue a Register to the Bark Mariha.

L. T. Murdock, and W. W. Witherbury, citizens never resided in the United States. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- of the city of Cincinnati, in the State of Ohio; that Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That any sentatives of the United States of America in Congress the name of the said boat be changed to that of woman who might lawfully be naturalized under assembled, That there be issued, under the direction | Tesana.

the existing laws, married, or who shall be marof the Secretary of the Treasury, a register for the APPROVED, February 6, 1855.

ried, to a citizen of the United States, shall be bark Martha, of Charleston, in the State of South

deemed and taken to be a citizen. Carolina, formerly a British vessel, called the Public, XX.- An Act to Incorporale St. Joseph's APPROVED, February 10, 1855. Aquatic, but now owned by John W. Caldwell, a

Male Orphan Asylum, in the District of Columbia. citizen of the State of South Carolina, the said ves

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- | Public, XXIII.-An Act for the relief of the West sel having been brought into the port of Charlessentatives of the United States of America in Congress

Feliciana Railroad and the Georgia Railroad and ton in a disabled condition, and condemned as unassembled, That Thomas Carbery, James S. Har

Banking Companies. sea worthy and sold, and which he caused to be

vey, Thomas Feran, Gregory Ennis, Nicholas Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Reprerepaired and refitted for sea: Provided, It shall be

Callan, Hugh B. Sweeny, John Carroll Brent, 1 sentatives of the United States of America in Congress proved to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Richard H. Clark, and William 11. Ward, and assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasures United States, after the purchase of the said vessel | body-politic and corporate forever, by the name

and he is hereby, authorized to refund to the West by the present owner exceeds three fourths of the of the Trustees of St. Joseph's Male Orphan Asy- | them in judgments obtained against said company

Feliciana Railroad Company the amount paid by original cost of building a vessel of the same ton

lum, for purposes of charity and education, and by suits instituted on duty bonds given by said nage in the United States.

by that name may sue and be sued, prosecute and company for the importation of certain bars of APPROYED, January 25, 1855.

defend, and may have and use a common seal, and railroad iron imported at New Orleans in the month

the same alter and renew at pleasure; may adopt of July, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, and at PUBLIC, XVI.-An Act to authorize the issue of a and establish rules, regulations, and by-laws, not New York in the same month of the same year:

Register to the Bark Foundling, of Boston. repugnant to the Constitution and laws of the Provided, That it shall appear to the satisfaction Be il enacted by the Senale and House of Repre- || United States, for properly conducting the affairs sentatives of the United States of America in Congress of said corporation; may inke, receive, purchase, road bars have been and are now permanently

of the Secretary of the Treasury that the said rail

. and he is hereby, authorized and directed to admit ll exceeding in value one hundred thousand dollars || pany,

excepe such part thereof as may be proved.

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to the satisfaction of said Secretary to have been causes removed, as hereinbefore provided, shall each year; and the said courts are hereby authorlost by the sinking of the steamboat Choctaw in an be issued from, and made returnable to the proper ized to hold adjourned terms, when the business attempt to transport the same from New Orleans court for the northern district of Illinois, and may before the court shall, in the opinion of the court, to Bayou Sara.

be directed to and executed by the marshal of the require it. Sec. 2. And be il further enacted, That the Sec- said northern district in any part of the said State. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all suits retary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, au- Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That there be and other proceedings, of whatever name or nathorized to refund to the Georgia Railroad and appointed a district judge for the (the) said south- || ture, now pending in the circuit or district courts Banking Company the duties collected on certain ern district of Illinois, and the district judge of of the United States for the district of Ohio, shall railroad iron imported by said company: Provided, each of the said districts shall be entitled to an be tried and disposed of in the circuit and district That the said company shall prove to the satisfac- || annual salary of twenty-five hundred dollars. courts, respectively, for the southern district of tion of the Secretary of the Treasury that the rails Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the Ohio, in the same manner as the same would have so imported were actually laid down at or about present district attorney for the district of Illinois been in case said State had not been divided into the time when the rails of the Red River Compa- shall be the district attorney for the northern dis- two districts; and for that purpose the jurisdiction ny, the Central Railroad and Banking Company trict; the present marshal of the district of Illi- lis reserved to said courts in the southern district, of Georgia, and the Monroe Railroad Company nois shall be the marshal for the northern district; and the clerk of the circuit and district courts, for were laid down on the rails of which companies and the present clerk of the courts for the district | the present district of Ohio, shall remove the recCongress has already remitted the duties.

of Illinois, shall be the clerk of the courts for the ords and files of the said circuit and district courts APPROVED, February 10, 1855.

northern district during their respective official to the city of Cincinnati, and do and perform all terms.

the duties appertaining to his office within the

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That there be southern district, and all process and other proPUBLIC, XXIV.-An Act to divide the State of Nli

appointed a district attorney, a marshal, and a ceedings taken or issued, or made returnable to nois into troo Judicial Districts. clerk of the court for the southern district.

the circuit or district court for the present district Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- APPROVED, February 13, 1855.

of Ohio, shall be returnable at the next term of sentatives of the United States of America in Congress

the said courts, respectively, in the southern disassembled, That the State of Illinois be, and the Public, XXV.An Act to continue temporarily the trict of Ohio. same is hereby, divided into two judicial districts,

Offices of Register and Receiver at Vincennes. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That upon in the manner following, to wit: The counties of

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre-ing, which would have been commenced in the

the application of any party to any súit now pendHancock, McDonough, Peoria, Woodford, Liv. sentatives of the United States of America in Congress northern district, if this act had been in force beingston, and Iriquois, and all the counties in the said State north of them, shall compose one disassembled, That the offices of register and receiver

fore the commencement of said suit, the proper shall be continued at Vincennes, Indiana, until trict, to be called the northern district of Illinois, after a final report shall have been made by the

court may, and, if all parties consent, shall order and courts shall be held for the said district at the commissioners pursuant to the act of Congress,

that the same be removed for further proceedings city of Chicago; and the residue of the counties | approved July twenty-seventh, eighteen hundred

to the proper court for the northern district; and of the said State shall compose another district, to

therefore the clerk shall transmit all the papers and fifty-four, entitled “An act to ascertain and be called the southern district of Illinois, and

adjust the titles to certain lands in the State of in the cause, with a transcript of the order of the courts shall be held for the same at the city of Indiana, "and the act of Congress approved twelfth removal, to the clerk of the court to which the suit Springfield. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall

June, eighteen hundred and forty, for the discon- | shall be removed, and all further proceedings shall tinuance of land offices under certain circum

be had in said court as if the suit had been origine be two terms of the circuit and district courts begun and held in each of said districts, to wit: stances shall not apply to the offices at Vincennes | ally commenced therein.

Śec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the presAt the city of Chicago, for the northern district

, twenty-seventh July, eighteen hundred

and fifty: || by, assigned to hold said courts in the southern until the services required, by the aforesaid act of

ent judge of the district of Ohio be, and he is hereon the first Monday in July and third Monday || four, of the commissioners shall have been fully district of Ohio, and shall exercise the same juris. in December; and at the city of Springfield, for the southern district, on the first Monday in March performed.

diction and perform the same duties, within said and the first Monday in October, in each year;

APPROVED, February 13, 1855.

district, as he now exercises and performs within and the said courts are hereby authorized to hold

his present district. adjourned terms when the business shall, in the POBLIC, XXVI. - An Act to Refund to the Officers of

the Customs and others, of the District of Passama.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That final proopinion of the courts, require it. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all suits,

quoddy, certain Moneys.

cess upon any judgment or decree entered in the

circuit or district court of the United States for the and other proceedings, of whatever name or na.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- || district of Ohio, and all other process, for the entore, now pending in the circuit or district courts

sentatives of the United States of America in Congress || forcement of any order of said courts, respectively, of the United States for the district of Mlinois, assembled, That the Secretary of

the Treasury be, in any cause now pending therein, except causes shall be tried and disposed of in the circuit and

and hereby is, authorized and directed, out of any removed as hereinbefore provided, shall be issued district courts, respectively, for the northern district moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropri- | from, and made returnable to the proper court for of Illinois, in the same manner as the same would ated, to pay to the late officers of the customs of the southern district of Ohio, and may run and be have been in case said State had not been divided the district of Passamaquoddy, and informers, executed by the marshal of said southern district into two districts, and for that purpose the juris- | their proportion of the net proceeds of sale, by in any part of said State. diction is reserved to the said courts in the north

virtue of existing laws, arising from the condemna. Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That there be ern district; and the clerk of the circuit and dis- tion of the schooners L'Etang and Josephine, | appointed a district judge for the said northern trict courts for the present district of Illinois shall and the bark Phenix, for a violation of the reve- district of Ohio, who shall possess the same powremove the records and files of the said circuit and nue laws in the district of Maine; the same having ers, and do and perform all such duties in his disdistrict courts to the city of Chicago, and do

been wrongfully paid into the Treasury of the trict as are now enjoined or in any wise appertainand perform all duties appertaining to his office United States through mistake.

ing to the present district judge for the district of within the northern district. And all process or

APPROVED, February 14, 1855.

Ohio, and the district judge of each district shall

be entitled to the same compensation as by law is turnable

to the circuit or district courts of the Public, XXVII.–An Aci to divide the State of Olio provided for the present judge for the district of present district of Illinois, shall be returnable at

into two Judicial Districts, and to provide for holding | Ohio. the next term of the said courts, respectively, in the

the District and Circuit Courts of the United States

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That there be, northern district of Illinois.

therein.

appointed one person as district attorney, and one Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That upon Beit enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- || person as marshal, for said southern district, whose application of any party to any suit now pending sentatives of the United States of America in Congress terms of appointment and service, as well as duties which would have been commenced in the south || assembled, That the State of Ohio be, and the same and emoluments, shall be the same with those ern district if this act had been in force before the || is hereby, divided into two judicial districts, in the respectively appertaining to the said offices in the commencement of the said suit, the proper court following manner, to wit: The counties of Bel- | district of Ohio; and said marshal shall give the may, and if all parties consent, shall order that mont, Guernsey, Muskingum, Licking, Franklin, same bond that other marshals are required to give, the same be removed for further proceedings to | Madison, Champaign, Shelby, and Mercer, to- to be approved and recorded as now directed by the proper court for the southern district; and there- gether with all that part of the State lying south | law: Provided, That the present district attorney upon the clerk shall transmit all the papers in the of the above mentioned counties, shall compose of the district of Ohio shall be the district attorney cause, with a transcript of all orders taken therein one district, to be called the southern district of of the northern district, but shall retain the charge to the clerk of the court to which the suit shall | Ohio, and a court shall be held for the said district of all suits already commenced until final termbe removed, and all further proceedings shall be at the city of Cincinnati, and all the remaining | ination, unless the President of the United States had in said court as if the said suit had been ori- | part of the said State shall compose another dis- | shall otherwise direct, and the present marshal of ginally commenced therein.

trict, to be called the northern district of Ohio, | the district of Ohio shall be the marshal of the Seo. 5. And be it further enacted. That the and a court shall be held for the same in the city northern district, during their respective official present judge of the district of Illinois be, and is of Cleveland, in said State. hereby, assigned to the northern district of Illinois. | Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there Sec. 9. And be il further enacted, That all suits SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That final pro- || shall be two terms of the circuit

and district courts hereafter to be brought in either of said courts, not cess on any judgment or decree entered in the cir- | begun and held in each of said districts, to wit: of a local nature, shall be brought in the court of cuit or district courts of the United States for the At the city of Cincinnati, for the southern district, the district where the defendant resides; but if district of Illinois, and all other process for the on the third Tuesdays of April and October, and there be more than one defendant, and they reside enforcement of any order of said courts, respect at the city of Cleveland, for the northern district, || in different districts, the plaintiff may sue in either ively, in any cause now pending therein, except ll on the second Tuesdays of July and November, in II and send a duplicate writ against the defendants,

terms.

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