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Railroad.

been entitled to if they had connected their said line with the Union Pa

cific railroad on the one hundredth degree of longitude as now required Point of con- by law: And provided further, That said company shall connect their nection with Union Pacific

line of railroad and telegraph with the Union Pacific railroad, but not at a point more than fifty miles westwardly from the meridian of Denver in Colorado.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Union Pacific Railroad

Company, with the consent and approval of the Secretary of the Interior, Location of are hereby authorized to locate, construct, and continue their road from Union Pacific Railroad Com

Omaha, in Nebraska Territory, westward, according to the best and most pany from Oma- practicable route, and without reference to the initial point on the one ha westward; hundredth meridian of west longitude, as now provided by law, in a con

tinuous completed line, until they shall meet and connect with the Central of Central Pa- Pacific Railroad Company of California ; and the Central Pacific Railcific Railroad

road Company of California, with the consent and approval of the SecreCompany eastward.

tary of the Interior, are hereby authorized to locate, construct, and continue their road eastward, in a continuous completed line, until they shall meet and connect with the Union Pacific Railroad : Provided, That each

of the above-named companies shall have the right, when the nature of Work may be the work to be done, by reason of deep cuts and tunnels, shall for the exdone on not over peditious construction of the Pacific railroad require it, to work for an vance of contin- extent of not to exceed three hundred miles in advance of their continuuous completed ous completed lines. lines.

APPROVED, July 3, 1866.

July 3, 1866. CHAP. CLX. - An Act granting certain Lands to the State of Michigan to aid in the

Construction of a Ship Canal to connect the Waters of Lake Superior with the Lake known as Lac La Belle, in said State.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United

States of America in Congress assembled, That there be, and is hereby, Lands granted granted to the State of Michigan, for the use and benefit of the “ Lac La to Michigan to Belle Harbor Improvement Company,” a company organized under and aid in the comin by virtue of the laws of the State of Michigan, for the struction of ship

of aiding

purpose canal between in the construction of a ship canal to connect the waters of Lake Superior Lake Superior with the lake known as Lac La Belle, in said State, one hundred thouand Lac La Belle.

sand acres of the public lands of the United States in the upper peninsula Amount, and of Michigan, to be selected from the odd-numbered sections of land where to be se

nearest the location of the said canal, not otherwise reserved or approprilected.

ated, nor designated by the United States as “mineral lands” prior to the

passage of this act, nor to which the rights of pre-emption or homestead Size of canal, have attached : Provided, That the said canal shall be at least one hunand depth of dred feet wide at the top, seventy-five feet wide at the bottom, and shall

have, when completed, a depth of water through its entire length of at least twelve feet, running from sixteen feet of water in Lake Superior to

fourteen feet of water in Lac La Belle : And provided further, That said Canal be a canal shall be and remain a public highway for the use of the governpublic highway, ment of the United States, free from toll or charge upon the vessels of and be free to the United

said government, or upon vessels employed by said government in the States. transportation of any property or troops of the United States.

Lands, how to SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the lands hereby granted shall be disposed of be subject to the disposal of the legislature of the State of Michigan for by Michigan;

the purposes aforesaid and no other ; that as soon as the governor of the said State shall file, or cause to be filed, with the Secretary of the Inte

rior, a map or plan showing the location of the said canal, then it shall be when to be

the duty of the Secretary of the Interior to withdraw from market the withdrawn from market.

lands applicable and subject to the provisions of this act; and whenever the governor of the State of Michigan shall certify to the Secretary of the Interior that the said ship canal has been completed, in a good, sub

water.

stantial, and workmanlike manner, in all respects in conformity with the

Patents when

to issue. provisions of this act, and to his satisfaction, then it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Interior to issue patents to the said State of Michigan for the lands hereby granted. Sec. 3. And be it further enucted, That if the said ship canal shall not

If canal is not be completed within two years from and after the passage of this act, the completed in

two years, lands lands hereby granted shall revert to the United States.

APPROVED, July 3, 1866.

to revert.

Amount.

How to be selected.

CHAP. CLXI. — An Act granting Lands to the State of Michigan to aid in the Con- July 3, 1866.

struction of a Harbor and Ship Canal at Portage Lake, Keewenaw Point, Lake Superior, in said State.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there be, and hereby is, Lands granted granted to the State of Michigan, to aid in the building of a harbor and to Michigan for ship canal at Portage lake, Keewenaw Point, Lake Superior, in additional harbor and to a former grant for that purpose, approved March the third, eighteen Portage Lake. hundred and sixty-five, two hundred thousand acres of land in the upper peninsula of the State of Michigan, and from land to which the right of homestead or pre-emption has not attached : Provided, That one hundred and fifty thousand acres of said lands shall be selected from alternate oddnumbered sections, and fifty thousand acres from even-numbered sections of the lands of the United States. Said grant of lands shall inure to the

To whose use use and benefit of the Portage Lake and Lake Superior Ship Canal Com- to inure. pany, in accordance with an act of the legislature of the State of Michigan, conferring the land granted to the said State, by the act herein referred to, on said company: And provided further, That the time allowed

Time for comfor the completion of said work and the right of reversion to the United pleting work exStates, under the said act of Congress, approved March the third, eigh- 1865, ch. 102, $6. teen hundred and sixty-five, be extended three additional years

And

Vol. xiii. provided further, That no lands designated by the United States as

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Mineral lands eral” before the passage of this act shall be included within this grant. not granted.

APPROVED, July 3, 1866.

P.

520,

CHAP. CLXII. An Act to regulate the Transportation of Nitro-Glycerine, or Glynoin July 3, 1866.

Oil, and other Substances therein named. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That hereafter it shall not be . The transportalawful to transport, carry or convey, ship, deliver on board, or cause to be tion, &c., of nidelivered on board, the substance or article known or designated as nitro- &c., forbidden. glycerine, or glynoin oil, nitroleum or blasting oil, or nitrated oil, or powder mixed with any such oil, or fibre saturated with any sueh [article] or substance upon or in any ship, steamship, steamboat, vessel, car, wagon, or other vehicle, used or employed in transporting passengers by land or water between a place or places in any foreign country and a place or places within the limits of any State, territory, or district of the United States, or between a place in one State, territory, or district of the United States, and a place in any other State, territory, or district thereof; and

Penalty. any person, company, or corporation who shall knowingly violate the pro- One half of fino visions of this section, shall be liable to a fine of not less than one thou- to the informer. sand nor more than ten thousand dollars, at the discretion of the court, one half to the use of the informer.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That in case the death of any per- If the death of son shall be caused, directly or indirectly, by an explosion of any quantity any person is of said substances or articles, or either of them, while the same is being explosion of niplaced upon or in any such ship, steamship, steamboat, vessel, car, wagon tro-glycerine, or other vehicle, to be transported, carried, or conveyed thereon or therein &c., while transin violation of the foregoing section, or while the same is being so trans- sons knowingly VOL. XIV.

6

concerned there ported, carried, or conveyed, or while the same is being removed from inans le venter of such ship, steamship, steamboat

, vessel, car, wagon, or other vehicle, every person who knowingly placed or aided, or permitted the placing of the said substance upon or in such ship, steamship, steamboat, vessel, car, wag

on, or other vehicle, to be so transported, carried, or conveyed, shall be Punishment. deemed guilty of manslaughter, and on conviction thereof shall suffer im

prisonment for a period not less than two years.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall not be lawful to ship, Those substan- send, or forward any quantity of the said substances or articles, or to ces not to be car- transport, convey, or carry the same by a ship, boat, vessel, vehicle, or closed, &c.

conveyance,

of any description, upon land or water, between a place in a foreign country and a place within the United States, or between a place in one State, Territory, or district of the United States, and a place in any other State, Territory, or district thereof, unless the same shall be securely enclosed, deposited or packed in a metallic vessel surrounded by plaster of paris, or other material that will be non-explosive when satur

ated with such oil or substance, and separate from all other substances, Package, how and the outside of the package containing the same, be marked, printed, to be marked. or labelled in a conspicuous manner with the words “ Nitro-Glycerine,

Dangerous”; and any person, company, or corporation, who shall know

ingly violate the provisions of this section, shall be liable to a fine of not Penalty.

less than one thousand nor more than five thousand dollars, at the discreOne half of fine to the informer. tion of the court, one half to the use of the informer.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the district court of the United District court to have jurisdic

States within the district in which any offence against this act shall be tion of offences committed, or if committed in or upon any ship, boat, vessel, or vehicle, under this act.

beyond the territorial limits of any district, then within the district from which the same departed, or that in which it shall first arrive, shall have jurisdiction to try and punish the offender under the provisions of this act.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That this act shall not be so conRights of

strued as to prevent any State, Territory, District, city, or town within States, &c., to regulate or pro

the United States from regulating or from prohibiting the traffic in or hibit traffic or transportation of the said substances between persons and places lying or thereof not af- being within their respective territorial limits, or from prohibiting its in

troduction into such limits for sale, use, or consumption therein.

APPROVED, July 3, 1866.

fected.

ment lowa vol

July 3, 1866. CHAP. CLXIII. – An Act for the Relief of the Members of the Thirty-seventh Regiment

of Iowa Volunteer Infantry. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Bounty to

States of America in Congress assembled, That there shall be paid to the members of thir members of the thirty-seventh regiment of Iowa volunteer infantry the ty-seventh regi

same bounty provided by law, or which may bereafter be provided by law unteer infantry. to soldiers enlisted into the volunteer forces of the United States during

In case of the year eighteen hundred and sixty-two; and in case any of the memdeath, &c. bers of said regiment are dead or may die before the payment of said

bounty, the same shall be paid to their representatives in the same order provided by law for the payment of bounty in other cases.

APPROVED, July 3, 1866.

July 3, 1866.

Additional land district in Oregon established.

CHAP. CLXIV. - An Act to create an additional Land District in the State of

Oregon. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Unitea States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to establish an additional land district in the State of Oregon, and to fix from time to time the boundaries thereof, wbich district shall be named after the place at which the office

shall first be established; and the President shall be authorized hereafter, Boundaries from time to time, as circumstances may require, to adjust the boundaries and location of of any and all of the land districts in said State, and change the loca- offices may be tion of the land office from time to time when the same shall be expe- changed. dient.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the President is hereby authorized to appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, or Register and during the recess thereof, and until the end of the next ensuing session, a

Residence. register and receiver for said land district, who shall be required to Pay and fees. reside at the site of the office, shall be subject to the same laws and responsibilities, and whose compensation and fees shall be respectively the same per annum, as are now allowed by law to other land officers in said State.

APPROVED, July 3, 1866.

receiver.

road.

Alternate sec

CHAP. CLXV.. An Act making a Grant of Lands in alternate Sections to aid in the July 4, 1866.

Construction and Extension of the Iron Mountain Ruilroad, from Pilot Knob, in the
State of Missouri, to Helena, in Arkansas.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United

Lands granted States of America in Congress assembled, That there be, and is hereby,

to Missouri for granted to the State of Missouri, for the purpose of aiding in the con- extension of Iron struction and extension of the Iron Mountain railroad, from its present Mountain railterminus at Pilot Knob to a point on the southern boundary line of the State of Missouri, every alternate section of land, designated by odd tions. numbers, for ten sections in width on each side of said road; but in case it shall appear when the route of said road is definitely fixed that the United States have sold any sections or parts thereof, granted as afore- lands have been

* If any of the said, or that the right of pre-emption has attached to the same, then it before granted shall be lawful for any agent or agents to be appointed by the Governor or pre-empted, of said State to select, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the selected in lieu Interior, from the lands of the United States nearest to the tiers of sec- thereof. tions above specified so much land in sections or parts of sections, to be selected as aforesaid, as shall be equal to such lands as the United States have sold or otherwise appropriated or to which the rights of pre-emption have attached, which lands thus selected shall be held by the State of Missouri for the use and purposes aforesaid, and for none other: Provided, That the lands so located shall be within the Ironton land district as now Lands to be in

Ironton land disestablished and not more than twenty miles from the line of said road: trict, and within And provided, further, That all mineral lands except those containing twenty miles of

the road. coal and iron, and any lands heretofore reserved to the United States by

Mineral lands, any act of Congress or in any other manner by competent authority for

except coal and the purpose

of aiding in any object of internal improvement, or for any iron, reserved. other purpose whatever, be, and the same are, reserved to the United States from the operation of this act, except so far as it may be found necessary to locate the routes of said railroad through the same, in which Right of way case the right of way only shall be granted, subject to the approval of the granted. President of the United States. · Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there be, and is hereby,

Lands granted granted to the State of Arkansas, for the purpose of aiding in the con- to Arkansas for struction and extension of a railroad from the point where the Iron extension of rail

road to Helena. Mountain railroad intersects the southern boundary line of Missouri, by the nearest and most practicable route, to a point at or near the town of Helena, on the Mississippi river, every alternate section of land, desig- . Alternate secnated by odd numbers, for ten sections in width on each side of said road; but in case it shall appear, when the line of said road is definitely fixed, that the United States have sold any sections or parts thereof, granted as aforesaid, or that the right of pre-emption has attached to the same, then it shall be lawful for any agent or agents to be appointed by the Gov

tions.

ernor of said State, to select, subject to the approval of the Secretary of

the Interior, from the lands of the United States · nearest to the tiers of Lands may be sections above specified so much land, in alternate sections, designated as selected in lieu aforesaid, as shall be equal to such lands as the United States lave sold of those before granted, &c.;

or otherwise appropriated, or to which the rights of pre-emption have attached, which lands thus selected shall be held by the State of Arkansas

for the use and purposes aforesaid, and for none other: Provided, That to be within

the land so selected and located shall in no case be further than twenty twenty miles of railroad. miles from the line of road when the same shall be located: And provided

Mineral lands, further, That all mineral lands, except those containing coal and iron, and except coal and iron, reserved.

any lands heretofore reserved to the United States by any act of Congress, or in any other manner by competent authority, for the purpose

of aiding in any object of internal improvement, or for any other purpose whatever, be, and the same are, reserved to the United States from the

operation of this act, except so far as it may be found necessary to locate Right of way. the routes of said railway through the same, in which case the right of

way only shall be granted, subject to the approval of the President of the

United States. Sections of Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the sections and parts of sec land remaining tions of land which shall remain to the United States within ten miles on States not to be either side of said road, and the even sections and parts of sections corsold for less than responding to the odd ones selected within twenty miles of the same, shall double mini.

not be sold for less than double the minimum price of the public lands mum price ;

to be first of- when sold, nor shall any of the said lands become subject to private enfered at public try until the same shall have been first offered at public sale to the highauction.

est bidder at or above the minimum price as aforesaid : Provided, That Bona fide set- actual bona fide settlers under the pre-emption laws of the United States tlers under pre- may, after the proof of settlement, improvement, and occupation, as now emption laws.

provided by law, purchase the same at the increased minimum price ; And Settlers under provided, also, That settlers under the provisions of the homestead law, homestead law.

who comply with the terms and requirements of this [said) act, shall be entitled to patents for an amount not exceeding eighty acres each, any

thing in this act to the contrary notwithstanding. These railroads Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the said railroads shall be, and to be public high ways, and

remain, public highways, so far as the same may be constructed under

this act, for the use of the government of the United States, free of all United States; toll or other charges upon the transportation of any property or troops of

the United States, and at the costs in all respects of said railroad compato be built in nies; and the said roads are hereby required to be constructed within the five years. term of five years from and after the first day of July, anno Domini

eighteen hundred and sixty-six. Lands hereby Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the lands hereby granted to granted, how to said States of Missouri and Arkansas shall be disposed of by said States be disposed of.

for the purposes aforesaid only, and in manner following, namely: WhenWhen the goverer the governor of either of said States shall certify to the Secretary fy that a section of the Interior that any section of ten consecutive miles of either of said of ten consecu- roads is completed in a good, substantial, and workmanlike manner, as a tive miles is

first-class railroad, and the said Secretary shall be satisfied that said State completed, &c. ;

has complied in good faith with this requirement, the said Secretary of the Interior shall issue to the said State patents for all the lands granted and selected as aforesaid, not exceeding ten sections per mile, situated opposite to and within a limit of twenty miles of the line of said section of road thus completed, extending along the whole length of said completed section of ten miles of road, and no further. And when the governor of

said State shall certify to the Secretary of the Interior, and the Secretary that another shall be satisfied that another section of said road, ten consecutive miles section of ten consecutive

in extent, connecting with the preceding section or with some other firstmiles, &c.

class railroad which may be at the time in successful operation, is completed as aforesaid, the said Secretary of the Interior sball issue to the

free for the

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