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only we wait upon him with humility, and listen to his voice, “he will speak peace unto usa.” The writer of this psalm, which was most probably composed after the return of the Jews from their captivity in Babylon, records for our instruction, that he sought not the Lord in vain. The people, though restored, found many difficulties to encounter: and the Psalmist earnestly entreated God to perfect for them what he had begun, and to establish the nation in righteousness and peace". In answer to this prayer, God assured him, not only that the blessings which had been solicited should be conferred, but that the more glorious redemption, which was shadowed forth by those events, should in due time be accomplished. In this sense of the passage all the best interpreters concur: and it perfectly accords with the general language of the Prophets, which, in addition to the literal meaning, has also a spiritual or mystical sense ; and which, under images apparently relating only to one peculiar people, has respect to Christ and his Church to the end of time. Taking the words then in a prophetical sense, we may notice in them, I. The obstacles on God's part to the salvation of
When man fell, the “truth and righteousness” of God required that the penalties of his transgression should be executed upon him
[To man in Paradise, God gave liberty to eat of every tree in the garden, except the tree of the knowledge of good and evil: but in reference to that tree he said, “In the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die.” This death comprehended not merely the dissolution of the body, but the destruction also of the soul, even that everlasting destruction from which the second Adam has delivered us: according as it is written, “ The wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord." From the moment therefore of his transgression, man became obnoxious to this punishment; and the truth of God was pledged to inflict it. Moreover, God as a righteous Governor could not but maintain the honour of his law. His justice was engaged not to suffer the violations of that law to pass unpunished.]
a ver. 8. ver. 1-7. c Rom. v. 12-19. and vi. 23.
This presented an apparently insurmountable obstacle to man's salvation[To say
that God could not have found some other means of satisfying the demands of truth and righteousness, would be presumptuous, because the resources of his wisdom are infinite: but we are perfectly justified in saying, that he could not save man unless some way of satisfying the demands of truth and righteousness were found. However God might desire to exercise mercy, and to be at peace with man, he could not do it at the expense of any other of his perfections. St. Paul himself frequently assigns this limit to the divine procedure: “God cannot lie," says he: and again, “ It is impossible for God to lie:” and again, “God cannot deny himself." Again
“ Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid." It is plain, therefore, that unless a way could be found for “mercy and truth to meet together, and righteousness and peace to kiss each other," no hope could be entertained for fallen man: the judgments denounced against him must be executed; and, having partaken with the fallen angels in their guilt, he must partake with them also in their misery.]
But, formidable as these obstacles were, we behold in our text, II. The way in which they are removed , All has been done for man that was required of man-
[A substitute has been provided for our guilty race. The Son of God himself has come down from heaven, and been made under the law, that, in the very nature that had sinned, he might bear the penalty of sin, and fulfil the utmost possible demands of that law which we had broken. True it is, that the law denounced eternal death; and that Christ bore that penalty only for a season : but then it must be remembered, that he was God, as well as man: and from his godhead is derived a virtue on all that he did or suffered, a virtue which is fully adequate to the obedience or sufferings of the whole world. Indeed the law gains more honour by the sufferings of our incarnate God, than it ever could have gained from the sufferings of the whole human race: for, if man had undertaken to pay the penalty, no time could ever have arrived, when it might be said, “ Now divine justice is satisfied, and the law has received a full compensation for the dishonour done to it :" but in the sufferings of God's co-equal Son there is “ a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation and satisfaction for the sins of the whole world." In his obedience also to the law there is an honour done to it far beyond all that could have accrued to it from the obedience of man. That God himself should become subject to his own law, and fulfil in his own person all that is required of his creatures, is such an exalted honour to the law, that it may well be regarded as a sufficient substitute for the obedience of man, and as an adequate ground for the justification of all who shall trust in itd.]
Thus a way is opened for man's salvation, in perfect consistency with every perfection of the Deity
[“ Truth and righteousness” are now completely satisfied. They demanded a perfect fulfilment of the law; and the law has been perfectly fulfilled: they demanded the penalty of death to be inflicted on account of sin; and it has been inflicted on the sinner's substitute. Now as a debt, discharged by a surety, can no longer be demanded of the principal, so can our debt no longer be demanded of us, if we plead what Christ has done and suffered for us. And, as a thing purchased for any person, belongs to him for whom it was purchased, so we, who have all the glory of heaven purchased for us by our adorable Emmanuel, have a right to it, if we plead the purchase he has made. Hence it appears that truth and righteousness are no longer against us, but are rather on our side; and, instead of demanding, as before, the destruction of our souls, are become advocates for our free and full salvation. Justice now says, Pay them, O God, what their Redeemer has purchased for them: and Truth says, Fulfil to them, O Lord, all that thou hast promised to those who believe in Jesus.]
But let us more particularly consider, III. The blessed consequences of the removal of them
[Salvation is now accessible to all : it is come both to Jews and Gentiles : “ It is near unto us.” To those especially“ who fear the Lord,” it is near, even “in their mouth and in their hearte.” No longer does the fiery sword prohibit our access to the tree of life. “Mercy” has now full scope for the freest exercise. God can now be a just God, and yet a Saviour'.” He “declares his righteousness," no less than his mercy," in the forgiveness of sins; and is just, and yet the justifier of all who believe in Christe.” Hence he proclaims "peace” to all that are afar offh. He establishes his tabernacle in the midst of us: and invites all to come unto him, even to his mercy-seat, in full assurance of faith. “ In every corner of the land his glory dwellsi: ” and all who truly fear him may have daily
fellowship with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.” The manner in which this assertion is made, deserves particular atention : “Surely his salvation is nigh them that fear him." This blessed truth admits not of the smallest doubt: it may be
d Isai. xlii. 21.
e Rom. x. 8, 9.
f Isai. xlv. 21.
fully and firmly depended upon. A spring of great elastic force does not more certainly rise up when the superincumbent pressure is withdrawn from it, than mercy issues from the bosom of our God now that the obstacles to its exercise are removed.] Behold then how replete this passage is with, 1. Instruction to the ignorant
[Men differ much about the way of salvation: but this passage clearly determines who is right. That plan of salvation, and that alone, is right, which is carried into effect in perfect consistency with all the attributes of God. But there is no way that provides for the honour of God's truth and righteousness, but that which is revealed in the Gospel, the way of salvation by faith in Christ. Nothing but Christ's obedience unto death ever did, or ever could, answer the demands of law and justice: nothing but Christ's completion of that work in the quality of our Surety could enable the sinner to say to the supreme Governor of the universe, “ Avert thy wrath from me; for I have already endured it in my Surety; and give me everlasting glory, for I, in the person of my Surety, have fulfilled all righteousness, and perfectly obeyed thy law.” But the Believer may adopt this language; since God himself has said, that“ Christ, who knew no sin, was made sin for us, that we, who had no righteousness, might be made the righteousness of God in him." Let the uninstructed bear this in mind, and “ determine to know nothing” as a ground of hope towards God, “but Jesus Christ, and him crucified.") 2. Terror to the presumptuous
[It is surprising what a measure of confidence some will express, notwithstanding neither their principles nor their conduct at all accord with the Scriptures of Truth. But we must declare to all, that both in the foundation of our hope, and in the superstructure built upon it, “ Mercy and truth must meet together, and righteousness and peace must kiss each other.” We have before shewn, that no one perfection of the Deity will display itself at the expense of another: all must unite and harmonize in every work of his : it is as impossible for God in any one instance to violate his righteousness or truth, as for him to cease from his existence. In us also must
graces which correspond with his perfections be found in united and harmonious exercise: we must be just and true, and merciful and kind: yea, it is by our conformity to the Divine image in righteousness and true holiness, that we must judge of our state before him : for, however accurate our views of his Gospel may be, it is a certain truth, that “ without holiness no man shall see the Lord :" “ Truth must spring out of the earth, if ever righteousness shall look down from heavenk."]
ver. 11. with Isai. xlv. 8.
3. Consolation to the timid
[It is frequently amongst those who truly “fear God” a matter of doubt and anxiety, whether God can pardon them: they see their manifold imperfections in so strong a light, that God appears to them bound, as it were, in justice, to banish them from his presence, yea, and bound in truth also to execute his threatenings upon them. But let such persons view God, not as he is in himself, but as he is in Christ Jesus. There it is that he must be seen as a God of love and peace. There it is that the drooping penitent may behold him “as a reconciled God, who will never impute to him his trespasses !.” Yes, in Christ Jesus, "God is not only merciful and kind, but faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness m.” Dismiss then your fears, ye trembling saints; and put your trust in Him, who has in so wonderful a way removed all the obstacles to your salvation. The veil of the temple was rent in twain on purpose to shew you, that henceforth there is free access to God for every sinner upon earth, and that all who approach him in that new and living way, by faith in Christ Jesus, shall surely find acceptance with him. If God will be just in punishing the ungodly, he will be no less just to his Son in pardoning all who plead the merit of his blood : and if he will be true in executing his threatenings, he will be no less true in fulfilling his exceeding great and precious promises. Only rely on them, and plead them at a throne of
shall never, never be disappointed of your hope.] 1 2 Cor. v. 19, 20.
m 1 John i. 9.
A PRAYING SPIRIT EXEMPLIFIED. Ps. lxxxvi, 1–5. Bow down thine ear, O Lord! hear me ; for I am poor and needy. Preserve my soul; for I am holy. O thou my God, save thy servant that trusteth in thee! Be merciful unto me, O Lord! for I cry unto thee daily. Rejoice the soul of thy servant : for unto thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul. For thou, Lord, art good, and ready to forgive; plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee.
TRUE and genuine piety cannot always be certainly known by men's intercourse with their fellowcreatures. Appearances may be so plausible, that they cannot, except by Him who searcheth the heart, be distinguished from realities. But in their intercourse with the Deity, the truth or falsehood of their