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Ode to Impudence, by Croaker & Co. 288 | Sea Serpent, re-appearance of the .

Oak, a remarkable

|| State politics, Bird's Eye view of

161

Ontario's cruise
374 Supreme Court, decisions of the

145
Official Notices, &c.

385 Spencer, J. C. declines his election as senator 173

Pirates of the Plattsburg

24 Seed of grain received at Albany from Spain 174

Portraits, American gallery of, No. 1.

33 Spain, decree of the king of, concerning fo-

Peace establishment, report of the Secretary

reigne!'s in the service of the patriots 248

of War concerning the military

35 || Spectacle of a beautiful night in the deserts of

Prizes not to be sold at St. Bartholomews

39

the New World

295

run on sbore designedly
249 Scotch literature, courts, &c.

312

Painting of the battle near Paris

89 Sumatra, island of

283

Poetry

59, 208, 336 South America,--Morillo's invitation to British

sacred effusions

224

partizans

332

, addressed to Napoleon

304

-, general Bollivar's address to
-, the American flag

352

the congress on the form-
-, the Sentinel Isle

416

ation of a constitution 342

Poem, with notes

176

-, late intelligence

355

Press, corruption of the

209 Steam boats, mode of towing rafts of timber by 338

Prince Maurice,

220 Snake, sympathy of a

President's tour

221

found in the maw of a cod fish 382

Parker, death of Charles H.

249 Syracuse

Pennsylvania legislature, public acts of the 255 St. Augustine, description of

Pensacola, evacuation of

268 Suicide

port of
353 Slavery, Adams' sentiments on

403

Pedestrian tour

278 Treaty with Spain

129

Park, Mungo

281

- , contents of the

- conjectures on the fate of 386 | Treaty between the United States and Sweden

Potato root, origin of the

328 || Trial by jury and liberty of the press

Printing in Palestine

390 || Tragedy of John Howard Payne

Potomac navigation in 1756

393 || Tathem, sketch of the life of col. Wm.

156

Paris, statistics of

391 || Theon, Thomas, sufferings of

Portuguese commerce

398 Treasury rules

Privateering

406 || Trial, amusing

Rescue of a boy at Kingsale

Riot on proclaiming the Shiloh

218 Tombuctoo

Receipe for curing the Murrain in horned cattle 284 Ugly wife or a gibbet

Ruta Baga, culture of the

284

Usury

Red River, sketch of the

Verses, selected

Prussian Ukase, directing a reduction of ten - by Moore

253

per cent. on all imports and exports from

-, by Croaker & Co.

271

thence

338 || Various articles of intelligence

Revel, navigation of the, open during winter 354 || Venezuelian congress, installation of the 356

Ross', captain, narrative

358 Volcano in Jamaica

383

Song

14 Vevay, account of

Skeletons, dwarf

Venezuela, state of affairs in

408
Sailing, rapid

40 Wheat, India

Seminole war, address to the American people Western country, trade with the

relative to the

Weights and measures, British government

documents relating to the 113, 130, collecting information relative to

146, 162, 178, 193, 211, 227, 244, || Waverly, conjecture as to the author of

260, 273, 290

Il Writing Rock

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No. 1.]
WASHINGTON CITY, JANUARY 2, 1819.

(Vol. VII
Printed and Published, every Saturday, by Lawrence, Wilson, & Co. at five dollars per annum.

Il to absolute purity of thinking and writing, a bope
Contents of this No. of the National Register.

may be allowed to the Proprietors of the National
ORIGINAL.-Address to Patrons, 1-Song, 14--Minor Cri-
tieism, 14-Editor's Cabinet-For igu News, 15-History

Register, tha:, is aiming to acquire an accurate
of Congress, 15--Bank of the United States, 16.

diction and a sound mode of reasoning in their
SELECTED)- Miscellany-- Astronomica Calculation, 2-

Dwael Shelesons, 2- Breach of projnise of marriage, ll pages, they recommend their print more effectu.
3-Progress of Crime, 3--- Stati tirg-Boundary line of
the state of Georgi, 4- Affairs of the Pank of the limit!
States, 5– Foreign Af'airs-Number and rank of British
maral officers, 7-Rutes and duties ou articles imported

|| suppose, if it be an object to improve the intel-
from the United States into l'pper Canada, 7 - Home

ne best
Joirs- Message of Gov. Find ay to the Legislature of
Pennsylvania, 7.-Proceedings of Congress, 11.

manner; especially where the means of doing so

i are as cheap and convenient as in cases where the
Address of the Proprietors of the National means are worse.
Rgister to their Patrons.

In discariling reports, rumors, and surmises,
In comniencing a new volume of the National nothing is lost to the reader; he, on the contrary,
REGISTER at the beginning of a new year, the l gains by just so misch as there would subsequent-
Pronrietors feel themselves called upon to thank ly be a necessity of contradicting in the perusal
their friends and the public for the liberal patron of some of the daily gazettes, half a man's time is
age which, for the short time they have had any ll lost in unreading what he had previously read..
conccm in it, has been bestowed upon their pa | They exist ipon all kinds of absurdities and con-
per. Their industry will keep pace with this tradictions, and the extent of their devouring co-
hberalitv; and their efforts will be unceasing to llunng requires such garbage wherewith to fill
render the Register the first print of its class in them, as more salutary nutriment is not generally
the United States. Time, however, must test within their reach.
that fact.

! When it is considered how very few people
It may have been observed by the reader, per- | reason vigorously upon every thing which they
haps, that the National Register deals very ll peruse, and how much easier it is barely to re-
little in surmises, rumors, and reports, which a. member than to reason efficientiy, the fairness and
bound so much in the ordinary newspapers, and the force of these observations must be admitted.
which are mostly inserted, in the first instance, | The human mind is never engaged, honever
with a view to deceive, or for the purpose of slightly, with impunity; if it is does not detect and
speculation, and are copied to fill up dull col resist error and falsehood, it is sure to receive
lumns. The great object with the Proprietors of them, and to give to them a sanction, more or less
this paper is to make it a record of political and weighty, bv recollection.
other truths, as far as truth is attainable from the Like most others who have a commodity to dis-
various publications which give currency to the pose of, the Proprietors do not altogether rely for
incidents of human life and the transactions which success on mere utili.y: they seek, of course, to
mark the course and characters of nations. After make the contents of their sheet as .pleasant, as
the greatest care and sifting, however, the degr. ll various, and thereby as agreeable, as possible, so
of truth acquired is in most cases very imperfect, ll that the freshness of novelty may yield a zest to
arising from either ignorance or design. The || What is useful in the publication of some of the
propagation of error is wonderfully facilitated in larger documentary coinmunicacions made by the
the common journals, from the ease with which President to Congress during the session of that
knavish and unlettered men glide into the ma. | body, this print will not, it is probable, be so
argement of thein. A certain bold and flippant rapid as some of its cotemporaries; but they will,
air put on in a paragraph gives to it an apparent | in it, be more correctly and completely printed.
value, although it may be full of unjust thoughts || The garbled state in which some of tlie documents
and ungrammatical expressions, which tend tol are now thrown before the public by the daily
corrupt the understanding and debase the lan- newspapers, has determined the Publishers of the
guage of the reader; for an ignorant and illiterate National Register to insert them entirely, and in
press has the same pernicious effect on the mind |their regular order.
that low company has on the manners.

With the best compliments of the season to
The preceding reflections are not made with their Pairons, the Proprietors take this occasion
any particular view of assuming a superiority in || to remind them of the conditions of subscription
these respects over many other publishers of rello their paper. All who are in arrears on the 1st
riodical works: but whilst no pretension is made of January, 1819, either by dues up to, or adə

vances from, that date, will oblige the concern by about 15 miles from this place, discovered, on the renitting or calling and paying the ainount at an site wliere he had fixed his dwelling, a number

"Il of graves, the size of which appeared uncommonearly day This request will, it is likely: be more liv small. This awakened his curiosity, and led particularly attended to, when it is recollected lihim to a minute examination, which convinced that the Register does not reap any profit from an him they were the remains of human beings much

smaller than those of the present day. lle seemed advertising custom. Another request, which is

warranted in this conclusion, as well from the equally a condition, and very essential to the Publi uniform

| uniform appearai ce of the skeletons (the length lishers, is, that all letters addressed to them re of which in no case exceeds 4 feet) as from the specting the paper should be post-paid. They teeth, which bore the evident marks of those be.

I longing to adult persons He communicated these Wie been italy Sjeca " "cary c^penses fucts Lorentlems of this, lace who on Sunday on this account.

hast, together with two other gentlemen, accompaLAWRENCE, WILSON, & Co. Il nied Drs. \valler and Grayson to the place of in. City of Washington,

terment. They found, as had been stated, in a · January 2, 1819.

wood acljacent to the house, a great number of

graves, situated on small tumuli or billocks, raised MUSCELLANY.

about three feet above the surface; they examined.

several we first of which, by actual measurement, ASTRONOMICAL. of the difference, on the parallel of 45 degrees,

was discovered to be only 25 inches in length. of the latitude by observation (with a sextant. The grave was carefully cased on both sides, as quadrant, or other instrament proper for the

well as at the head and foot, with Hat stones; in purpose,) and the trile latitude on that parallel,

the bottom also a stone was fixed on which the taking into view the spheroidal figure of the

| body was lying, placed on the right side, with the

head to tlie east. Time had completely destroyed Earth li' we admit a degree of latitude on the Earth's

this all the soft parts of the body, as well as decom. surface to be equal to 69 2 of our miles, the cir.

U posed the bones, which, however, still preserved

their relative situation. . cunterence, supposing its form to be that of a perfict sphere, is 219.12, and the diameter

The teeth, which were expected to furnish the 7929.735 miles.

Il best and perhaps only data to judge, were found But it has been ascertained, upon principles

ll in a state alınost perfect, being detended by the

slemel, which seems only to vield to chemicalde. that will not, probably, be now controverted, that

composition, To the astonishment of all, they the true figure of the Earth is that of an oblite

proved to be teeth of a being, why, if it had not spheroid, the ratio of whose polar axis to the

attained the age of puberty, had imquestionably equatorial diameter is as 318 to 319 The polar

arrived at that period of hfe when the milk teeth diameter, according to this proposition, is 7904 877

Vield in the second or permanent set. The mo. of our miles. The diameter of a perfect sphere equal to the

lares and incisores were ofihe ordinary size of the

second teeth. The jaw bone seemed to have its spheroid above stated, is found, by taking a geo.

ful complement, unless it was the dentis sapienta, metrical meal of these two diameters, to be 1917. |

Il or what is beiter understood by the wisdom teeth, 206 miles: if we divide this by 636, twice the ra

which make their appearance from 18 to 22 or 23. tio of the pular : sis, we have 12 4485 miles, equal

the next grave examined was on an adjacent to the difference, on the parallel of 45 degrees of the la:itude by obscrvation, supposing the Earth

mound, and measured 27 inches; it resembled in

every respect the first, except that the top of it to be a perfect sphere, and the true lavitude, al

was covered with flat stones plac: d horizontally. lowing for its real spheroidal form. The latitude

several others were opened, all of which present by observation should, therefore, be 43° 10 47"!

an untuim appearalice, anni none, although many 61 dec. The following rule will give the corresponding la fcel 2 or 3 inches

were incasurer, proved to be in length more than

from these facts the mind Jatitude, by observation, on any parallel, from 0° 1

His brought to the presistible conclusion, that these to 90 degrees: . .

are the remains of beingsdiffering altogether from, Let x represent the equatorial diameter, and ya. the polar axis of the earth

y and inferior in general size 10, ourselves. For, if

in the subject first mentioned, we suppose it to be tangent of the true latitude on the paral- a being of the usual growth, the fact of its having 114 Ich.-- tangent latitude, by observation Accord. I atined the age of 7 or 8 years, as seems proved ing to this rule, 45 degrees (ollowing for the

from the teetli, is directly opposite to and at war spheroidal form of the Earth, and the ratio of the with the circunstalice of its being only 23 inches diameters above stated) will correspond with 450 li long, the distal length of a child 8 or 10 months 10' 47" 606 dec. by observation

old, and justifies the conclusion that, by nature, WILLIAM LAMBERT. it was destined to be of interior size. December 28, 1818.

As to the time that those bodies have been de.

posited, there is no clue by which to form any Explanation of the algebraical signs. Je square ii certain opinion. The bones have been thoroughof:lic equatorial diameter, divided by le squarely changed by time, nothing remaining but the oi ine poiar avis; I multiplied by, - equal to. line or carthy particles of them, which can under.

ligo no further change, and may as well be supDWARF SELETONS.

posed to have been in this state five centuries as Hon the liv souri Gazette, printed at St. Louis, on one. It is certain they have been there an imthe oth of loveinber, 1818.

mense length of time from the large growth of A sliort time since, vir. Long, the proprietor or d er on the mounds, and the roots of trees that a farm on the south bank of the Meramec river, ll had made their way through the graves. This

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subject certainly invites the attention of the || That she considered marriage as the sacier in. learned and curious, and opens an ample field for Istitution of Heaven, and it would be betraving investigation, at least to form some plausible con- || the feelings of her heart if she ever bestowed jecture of a race of beings who have inhabited our her hand on another. She breathed forth pray. country at a period far beyond that of which tra- l ers for his happiness, and wished hiin to remem. dition gives us any account.

ber her in his supplications to the Throne of

Grace. There never was a more pathetic and From the Abany Daily Advertiser of Dec. 2, 1818. eloquent appeal to the feelings of an audience, MONTGOMERY CIRCUIT.

or which called more loudly for exemplary damaBreach of Promise of Marriage.

ges from a jury. The tear of sympathy stole from The circuit court in and for the county of every eye, the glow of honest indignation Qushed Montgomery, was opened before his honor Mr. | every countenance. The counsel of the defenJustice Spencer, on Monday, the 16th inst. and dant, by the introduction of this letter, were continued during the week. Among the trials truly heaping damages on the head of their which excited a great degree of interest and client. The letter of the lady evinced a mind feeling, was that of an action brought by a lady || highly cultivated and refined, a heart possessing, residing in Canajoharie, against a physician living in an eminent degree, the softness of her sex, ava at Saratoga, for a breach of promise of marriage. Il a composure and tranquillity, which could alone The respectability and standing of the parties, ll be derived from religion and virtue. the novelty of the case, and the peculiar circum His honor the judge, in a very feeling and elo. stances attending it, engaged a more than ordi- | quent charge to the jury, after remarking on the nary attention on the part of the plaintiff it was rare occurrence of actions of this mature, dwelt proved that the defendant had paid his ad with inuch force on the peculiar circumstar.ce's at, dresses to her, and even solicited the consent of tending the one before them. A lady of refined her father to a univn, whicii was given. num. manners and good education, alive to every noble ber of letters written by the defendant to the sentiment, and, to add to the interest which sile plaintiff, were read in evidence, which contaired excited, being in delicate health, had been made the warmest professions of friendship and esteem, l to pine in solitude, and consigued to celibacy. and breathed in every line the soft accents of love.through the faithless conduct of one who had This correspondence, which had continued for a gailed her affections, and solemnly promised to considerable length of time, was broken off byl be her companion and protector through life. In the defendant. From some pretended cause, his summing up the evidence, he adverted, with inach heart became est ranged from the former object emotion, to the letter of the lady, to which he of his love-he had met with another young lady paid the highest tributes; observing, at the same (the friend of the plaintiff,) whose glittering time, that so far from evincing a disposition to re. purse perhaps dazzled his eyes, and with a mag-lease the defendant from his engagement, it netic power attracted bis wavering heart. lle showed the very reverse--it presented the de. addressed her-gained her heart-and added to fendlant in a more odious view, and exhibited the bis faithiess conduct the sanction of inatrimony, brightest part of the lady's character. That the leaving the former idol of his affections a prey to receipt of such a letter, written under such cire tender anguish.

lcunistances, was enough to break the heart of any The defence relied on was, that the plaintiff other man. He told the jury that this was the had released him from his engagement, by ad- most aggravated case which had ever come bevising him to marry her friend. As evidence of fore him, and that it was their duty to lay a hea. this, but most fatally for the defendant, and most vy band on the defendant. To the Honor of a ju. unfortunately for his learned counsel, a letter was ry, composed of the honest veomapry of the counintrodaced written by the plaintiff to him. Ittry, be it said, they retuuned to the bar with a was the last which she had addressed to him, veruict for the fair plaintiff of five thousand dol. composed at a time when her heart was wrung lars. with the painful conviction that she had ceased Breach of Promise of Marriage.--In the report to interest him, and when the more painful intel of this trial in our paper of yesterday, the names Tigence was communicated that he was on the eve of the parties were omitted. Many inquiries have of being united to another. Under these truly been since made respecting them, which it was afflicting circumstances, so trying to the tender not in our power to answer; but we learn by i sensibilities of the female bosom-she addressed Johnstown paper now before us, that the name of hin--not with harsh epithets of censure and re. the lady is Miss Lucy subbard, of Cmajonarie, proach; but in the most tender and affectionate and that of the defendant Dr. John 11. Steele, of language. In the spirit of grief, she told him of Saratoga.---[El. Alb. D. Adv. the information which she had received, requesting him to inform her without reserve, whether

PROGRESS OF CRIME. he was indeed about to be united to another; and From the Charleston City Gazrlie of the 14th Dewithout evincing a spark of jealousy or resent.

cember, 1818. ment, she offered the warmest tribute of friend!

HIGHWAY ROBBERY! ship and respect to the amiable qualities of her ! On Saturday last, two men, named Solomon friend-recommending her as every way calculat-|| Cumbo and Daniel James, were brought before ed to make him happy, and if he had determined || J. H. Mitchell, esq. justice of peace, for having to make her üis wife, telling him to do so with committed a robbery on the Georgetown road, out delay. As for herself, she had become re near this town. The subjoined are the particu. conciled to her unhappy situation, though lan. lars, as they came out on the examination: guage was inadequate to describe the deep an It appears that fuur men, of the names of Danguislı which had rent her bosom The fair pros liel James, John Robin 301), and Jim ---, sea. pects of connubial happiness which siniling hope men, and am Bell, a jeweller by trade, left had held up to her view, were blasted forever.

this city early on Friday evening, in a small boat, ir

STATISTICS.. and m ed opposite the barracks, near Haldrell's From the Georgia Journal of December 15, 1818. Point, where they secured their boat, and left

REPORT her, crossing over, through the woods, to the l of the State Commissioners to the Executive, renorthern post road. Having reached it, they dis. lative to the Boundary between this State and guised themselves, by blacking their faces with the Creek Indians. gunpowder, and hanging moss round their bats, | Villiam Rubun, Governor, &c. of the State of which hung down over their faces. Soon after

Georgia. they arrived at the road, Solomon Cumbo, who | Sin,—The honorable Wilson Lumpkin, United had been down to market, came up: they stopped States' commissioner for determining the lines of and robbed him of about 25 dollars During the the Creek lands, treated for by general liichell, act, Cumbo's horse took fright, and ran back to in January of the present year, having notified us, the Ferry, leaving him with the robbers. They | that he should leave Milledgeville on the 20th ult. took him with them into the bushes, and if the for the purpose of visiting the southern tract, and evidence of Daniel James is to be relied upon, || designating the boundary between that part of the who was admitted as States' evidence, Cumbo state and the Indians, we accompanied him to joined them in eating and drinking through the Fort Hawkins The route by Fort Hawkins was night. and proposed 10 them that they should | adopied, that he might obtain necessary explana: way-lay the mal, which would pass that spot about tion from the agent, arrange the attendance of the 7 o'clock next morning, and rob it-stating to lulian commissioners, an interpreter and a mili. them at the same time, that he left a traveller at lary escort. These dispositions being effected. the Ferry house, who was to coine on early in the |we lefi Fort Ilaw kins for Hartford, which place morning, and who had a considerable sum of mo. ll we reacired on Monday, 23d uit, and were inere ney with bim, of wbich they might easily becoine dictained until Friday, the Indian deputation not possessed -He accordingls blacked his face, as presenting themselves to accompaay lis before the others had done, and decorated his head with that time. Receiving no intelligence from our moss. When the mail came along in the morn escort, it was resolved to pursue our course down ing in a sulkey, driven by a lad of 15 or 16 years the Ocmulgee without theni, leaving directions old, they all went out into the road, and stopped for them 10 follow us. We "crossed the river the boy, making some inquiries of him how soon about 27 miles below Hartford, piloted by maior the stage from Charleston might be expected Cothran, a gentleman minutely acquainted with along, prelending they were desirous of getting all he country we were about investigating. Propassage in it to Georgetown. They did not take l gressing about 8 miles further down, brought us hold of the horse, although Cumbo advanced very lw a creek, which the Indians had been accus. near to his head; but one of the sailors told thie | tomed to call the Al.ca-sak-a li-kic, and on which boy they would not trouble him, and he might the whites, who explored the country some years drive on. James, in his deposition before the back, ppeared to have bestowed the name of magistrate, said it was him who gave this order, || Bighouse creek. This stream, from its position, as "he conceived it would be a pity to rob the bearings, length and direction of its prongs, and mail, thereby breaking the chain of correspond indeed in most of its localities and natural circumence throughout the Union."

stances, presents a striking correspondence with Soon afier the mail had passed on, the expect. I the signification of its Indian name, the map fored traveller, mentioned above, rode up-ihey | warded from the war department, and with the stopped him, and, according to their account, li ageni's description; "the first considerable creek, robbed him of 17 dollars--when, getting alarmed, || above Blackshear's road,” given in conversation the four first named retreated through the woods ll with the United States' commissioner, and still to their boat, pushed off, and pulled towards Il more particularly in his communication to the ex. James Island. Cumbo immediately went down ecutive of Georgia, under date February 30, 1818. to the Ferry, and informed that he had been rob. Though these coincidences, and an accumulation bed, as above stated, (carefully concealing, howe- lot evidence derived from the most respectable ver, that he had any agency in the second rob | sources, that this creek, had been commonly menbery) and that the iobbers were then pulling a- tioned by the Indians as the Al.ca-sak a li-kie. cross the harbor for the opposite shore. A fer. | left no doubt in our own minds of this being the ry-boat was instantly manned, into which three | identical creek contemplated in the treaty, yet it or four public spirited inhabitants of the village was judged eligible to accompany the Indian comjumped, and pushed off in pursuit; but before || missioners to the one, which they were instructed they could overtake them, they had landed on to designate, on the present occasion. They at James Island, and fed into the bushes. After length conducted us to a small water course, some time spent in the search, one of them, Dan about 5 miles below Blackshear's road, presenting iel James, came out from bis hiding place, sup. more the appearance of a gully, or branch, than posing they were gone, and was secured. The a considerable creek, and bearing so much down rest have not yet been taken. James immediate the river, thai a line passing by its head must inly charged Cumbo, who had also gone in the pur tersect the Ocmulgee from 10 to 12 miles below suing boat, with being an accomplice, and with the before mentioned road, and informed us that having recommended the robbery of the mail; this was the Al ca-sak-a-li-kie. As a line passing and this was in part confirmed by the depositlon by any point of this creck would completely deof the post-boy, who described Cumbo as being feat the objects of the purchase, and its position disguised like the others, and of having evinced flaily contravened the agent's criterion of "the some disposition to stop his horse. On his part, I first considerable creek above Blackshear's road," liowever, Cumbo disclaimed all intention to par Al-ca-sa-ka-li-kie, signifies, we are informed, " a kettle ticipate in the robbery, and asserts that they had l boiling in a crech"-and the creek called by the whits, Bigmade a prisoner of him, and compelled him to l house, has several springs, rising from limestone cavities,

nearly circular, which imitating torrents of gas, present a take the part he did in the business.

I striking resemblance to a large Kettle in a state of'ebullition.

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