The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious, Institutional and Intellectual Contexts
Cambridge University Press, 28 окт. 1996 г.
Contrary to prevailing opinion, the roots of modern science were planted in the ancient and medieval worlds long before the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century. Indeed, that revolution would have been inconceivable without the cumulative antecedent efforts of three great civilisations: Greek, Islamic, and Latin. With the scientific riches it derived by translation from Greco-Islamic sources in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the Christian Latin civilisation of Western Europe began the last leg of the intellectual journey that culminated in a scientific revolution that transformed the world. The factors that produced this unique achievement are found in the way Christianity developed in the West, and in the invention of the university in 1200. As this 1997 study shows, it is no mere coincidence that the origins of modern science and the modern university occurred simultaneously in Western Europe during the late Middle Ages.
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In The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages, Edward Grant argues that the Scientific Revolution ignited in Western Europe during the 17th century had historical roots in the late Middle ... Читать весь отзыв
The seven liberal arts
Educationandlearning in thetwelfthcentury Latin translations from Arabic and Greek
THE MEDIEVAL UNIVERSITY
Teaching in theartsfaculty The curriculum ofthearts faculty Logic
The three philosophies The higher facultiesoftheology and medicine The social andintellectualroleof theuniversity
Incorruptible and changeless
WHAT THE MIDDLE AGES DID WITH ITS ARISTOTELIAN LEGACY
The celestial region
MEDIEVAL NATURAL PHILOSOPHY ARISTOTELIANS
What is natural philosophy? The questions in natural philosophy
The contextual preconditions that made the Scientific Revolution possible
Scienceandnatural philosophy in the ByzantineEmpire The substantive preconditions thatmadethe Scientific Revolution possible
Atriumphofthree civilizations Notes
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