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(xi)

INTRODUCTION.

It is now the greater part of four years since I first came to South Africa with the intention of carefully studying at first hand its various problems-political, racial, economical and legal. I had determined on a year's travel, deciding on South Africa instead of Australia or America on account of the fact that for many years past I have known as personal friends or acquaintances most South Africans of British or Dutch descent who have studied law at the Inns of Court in London-a connection which I have found of the utmost value and interest in my travels, as South Africa, whether Dutch or British, has been for a long time, and seems likely to continue to be, ruled largely by lawyers.

My purpose was to write an impartially worded statement of the various burning questions, some of the developments of which have now fixed on South Africa the eyes of the civilised world-Boer and Uitlander in the TransvaalImperial or Republican factor, Dutch or British predominance in all South Africa-black and white-missionary and anti-missionary - Indian and anti-Indian — capitalist and labourer at the diamond fields of Kimberley and on the Gold Reef of the Witwatersrand-Roman-Dutch and British law in all South Africa.

With such an object in view I have visited every State and Colony and territory south of the Zambesi River, and I have had the privilege of discussing most pending political questions-of so much greater magnitude since then than I quite realised at the beginning as possible—with nearly every

(xi)

INTRODUCTION.

It is now the greater part of four years since I first came to South Africa with the intention of carefully studying at first hand its various problems-political, racial, economical and legal. I had determined on a year's travel, deciding on South Africa instead of Australia or America on account of the fact that for many years past I have known as personal friends or acquaintances most South Africans of British or Dutch descent who have studied law at the Inns of Court in London-a connection which I have found of the utmost value and interest in my travels, as South Africa, whether Dutch or British, has been for a long time, and seems likely to continue to be, ruled largely by lawyers.

My purpose was to write an impartially worded statement of the various burning questions, some of the developments of which have now fixed on South Africa the eyes of the civilised world-Boer and Uitlander in the TransvaalImperial or Republican factor, Dutch or British predominance in all South Africa-black and white-missionary and anti-missionary - Indian and anti-Indian — capitalist and labourer at the diamond fields of Kimberley and on the Gold Reef of the Witwatersrand-Roman-Dutch and British law in all South Africa.

With such an object in view I have visited every State and Colony and territory south of the Zambesi River, and I have had the privilege of discussing most pending political questions-of so much greater magnitude since then than I quite realised at the beginning as possible-with nearly every

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