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War, transmitting estimates for the repair of works in Plymouth
harbor. Letter of the Secretary of......

9

War, transmitting a report relative to the costs of the completion
of the Delaware breakwater, &c. Letter of the Secretary of 9
War, transmitting abstract of the returns of the militia of the
United States. Letter of the Secretary of

War, transmitting a statement of the expenses of the national ar-
mories, &c., for the year ending June 30, 1857. Letter of
the Secretary of .....

War, transmitting statement of contracts for the year 1857. Letter

of the Secretary of ....

War, transmitting a list of clerks and other persons employed in
the War Department during the year 1857. Letter of the
Secretary of..

War, transmitting a statement of the contingent expenses of the
military establishment during the year 1857. Letter of the
Secretary of......

War, transmitting a transcript of the official Army Register for
1857. Letter of the Secretary of.....

War, relative to the military expedition ordered into the Territory

of Utah. Report of the Secretary of..

War, transmitting a report relative to the improvement of the Des
Moines rapids. Letter of the Secretary of....

War and Major General John E. Wool. Message of the President
of the United States, transmitting correspondence between
the late Secretary of....

War, relative to the sale of the military reservation at Fort Ripley.
Letter of the Secretary of.

War, transmitting a statement of all contracts made in connexion
with the Utah expedition. Letter of the Secretary of....
War, transmitting the report of Colonel Johnston's survey of the
southern boundary line of Kansas. Letter of the Secretary
of

War, transmitting reports of Captains Sitgreaves and Woodruff of
the survey of the Creek Indian boundary line. Letter of
the Secretary of......

War, in answer to a resolution of the House, calling for the report
on the wagon road from Fort Defiance to the Colorado
river. Letter of the Secretary of.

War, transmitting the report of the superintendent of the wagon
road from Fort Defiance to the Colorado river. Letter of
the Secretary of ....

Warehouse from July 1, 1856, and on each succeeding month, to
June 30, 1857. Statement of the amount of goods in....
Washington Territory for the year 1857. Annual report of the sur-

veyor general of public lands in...

Washington during the year 1857. Report of the colonel of topo-
graphical engineers on the condition of the military roads
in the Territory of...

Washington Territories. Letter of the Secretary of the Interior,
transmitting a report of J. Ross Browne on the subject of
the Indian War in Oregon and.....

Washington. Letter of the Secretary of the Interior, transmitting
a report of J. Ross Browne, special agent, on the subject of
Indian affairs in the Territories of Oregon and
Washington Territories. Letter of the Secretary of War, transmit-
ting a report of the commissioners to ascertain the expenses
incurred in the Indian wars in Oregon and.....
Washington Territories, &c. Message of the President of the
United States, transmitting correspondence and documents
relating to Indian affairs in Oregon and

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Title.

Washington Territories. Message of the President of the United
States, transmitting geological surveys of Oregon and...... 13
Wheeler, late minister to Nicaragua. Letter of the Secretary of
the Treasury, transmitting copies of papers relating to the
claim of John H...

Wheeling Letter of the Secretary of the Interior, relative to the
claim of Joseph E. Johnson and F. J

Wool from 1840 to 1857, inclusive. Statement of the foreign im-
portation and exportation and home consumption, and the
consumption of domestic....

Wool. Message of the President of the United States, transmit-
ting correspondence between the late Secretary of War and
Major General John E..

Wines, spirits, &c., imported annually from 1843 to 1857. State-
ment of the value of the...

Wisconsin. Statement of the quantity of land selected under the
several acts for the improvement of the Fox and Wisconsin
rivers, in..

Wool from 1840 to 1857, inclusive. Statement of the foreign im-
portation and exportation and home consumption, and the
consumption of domestic.........

Wool. Message of the President of the United States, transmitting
copies of correspondence between the late Secretary of War
and Major General John E...
Wurtemburg during the year 1857. Commercial relations of the
United States with..

Y.

Yards and Docks of the Navy during the year ending June 30,
1859. Estimates for appropriations for the support of the
Bureau of.....

Yards and Docks of the operations of his bureau during the year
ending June 30, 1857. Report of the Chief of the Bureau
of...

Papers accompanying the above report.

A. General estimate from Yards and Docks....
No. 1. Estimate for the support of the bureau
No. 2. Estimate for recruiting stations

No. 3. Estimate for officers and others at yards and stations
No. 4. Statement showing the sums which make up the
first and second items in paper A......
No. 5. Estimate for improvements and repairs at yards and
stations.....

No. 6. Estimate for improvements and repairs at hospitals
and naval asylum

Vol. Part. Doc. Page.

No. 7. Estimate for improvements and repairs of magazines
Yards and Docks during the year 1857. Abstract of the offers
and contracts made to furnish articles coming under the
cognizance of the Bureau of .

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Vol. II.

Ex. Doc.
No. 2.

DECEMBER 8, 1857.-Read, and committed to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, and ordered to be printed.

DECEMBER 16, 1857.-Resolved, That there be printed, for the use of the members of the House of Representatives, twenty thousand extra copies of the President's Annual Message and accompanying documents.

WASHINGTON:

CORNELIUS WENDELL, PRINTER.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR.

WAR DEPARTMENT, Washington, December 5, 1857.

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the condition and operations of the army during the past year.

The army consists of nineteen regiments, divided into ten of infantry, four of artillery, two of dragoons, two of cavalry, and one of mounted riflemen. The whole strength of the army, as posted, consists of about 17,984 men; and the actual strength, on the first of July last, was 15,764. In addition to the movements which the troops have been called on to make this year, which are set forth in a separate paper, prepared by the Adjutant General and herewith transmitted, this force is called upon to garrison 68 forts of a large and permanent character, so far, at least, as it is possible to supply men for the purpose; and to occupy 70 posts less permanently established, where the presence of a force is absolutely required. The area over which these forts and posts are spread embraces a circuit of about 3,000,000 square miles, and requires a journey of many thousand miles to visit the principal ones of them.

The external boundary of our country, requiring throughout a more or less vigilant military supervision, is 11,000 miles in length, presenting every variety of climate and temperature, from the inclement cold of our Canada frontier to the tropical regions of southern Texas. But the occupation of this long line of frontier is a trifling difficulty in comparison with that of protecting the double line of Indian frontier, extending from the Lake of the Woods to the banks of the Rio Grande, on the east side of the Rocky mountains, and from beyond the river Oregon on the British frontier to the head of the Gulf of California, on the western slope of those mountains. Superadded to these lines, requiring to be occupied, are the great lines of intercommunication between the valley of the Mississippi and the Pacific ocean, which imperatively demand that protection which only the United States troops can furnish. These lines are very long, and are now extremely important, whilst every year renders them more and more. From our western frontier of settlements to those of northern Oregon the distance is about 1,800 miles; from the same frontier to the settlements of California, via Salt Lake, is 1,800 miles; from the frontier of Arkansas, at Fort Smith, by Albuquerque or Santa Fé, to Fort Tejon, is about 1,700 miles; and from San Antonio, by El Paso, to San Diego, near the borders of the white settlements, is 1,400 miles; constituting an aggregate line of 6,700 miles which ought to

80.

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