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in this county designated in this order, by the time of the opening of the polls at the ensuing election, on the 5th instant, to act as a posse comitatus, in aid of the civil authorities in the due execution of the laws and for the preservation of the public peace :

1st. Two companies (D and H) of the 1st cavalry, (dismounted,) under the command of Captain Edward W. B. Newby, 1st cavalry, to the city of Leavenworth.

2d. Two companies (A and H) of the 6th infantry, under the command of Captain Thomas Hendrickson, 6th infantry, to Kickapoo.

3d. One company (M) of the 2d artillery, under the command of Brevet Major H. J. Hunt, 2d artillery, to Easton.

Special instructions for their guidance will be given the commanding officers in each case.

II. The quartermaster, subsistence, and ordnance departments at this post will furnish the necessary transportation and supplies for the proper execution of this order. Subsistence for three days will be required. By order of General Harney:

A. PLEASONTON,
Capt. 2d Dragoons, A. Asst. Adjutant General.

HEADQUARTERS TROOPS SERVING IN KANSAS,

Fort Leavenworth, October 3, 1857. MAJOR: You are instructed by special orders No. 85, of this date, from these headquarters, to proceed with your company to the town of Easton, some eleven miles from this, on the road to Fort Riley, to be in time for the opening of the polls at the ensuing election in that place, on the 5th instant.

You are further instructed by the general commanding to report your force, upon your arrival at Easton, to the proper civil authorities, to act as a posse comitatus in execution of such orders as may be deemed proper to give you in that capacity.

Before leaving this post you will report to his excellency the governor, for certain instructions he is desirous of giving to you concerning the above civil duties. After the election is over, you will return with your command to this post, unless detained by the proper civil authorities for a longer period. I am, major, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

A. PLEASONTON,

Capt. 2d Dragoons, A. Asst. Adjutant General. Brevet Major HENRY J. HUNT, Capt. 2d Artillery, Commanding Company M,;

Fort Leavenworth, K. T.

.

HIEADQUARTERS TROOPS SERVING IN KANSAS,

Fort Leavenworth, October 5, 1857.

Official:

A. PLEASONTON,
Capt. 2d Dragoons, A. Asst. Adjutant General.

HEADQUARTERS TROOPS SERVING IN KANSAS,

Fort Leavenworth, October 3, 1857. CAPTAIN: By special orders No. 85, from these headquarters, of this date, you are instructed to proceed, in command of companies A and H, 6th infantry, to the town of Kickapoo, to be in time for the opening of the polls at the ensuing election in that place, on the 5th instant.

You are further instructed by the general commanding to report your force, upon your arrival at Kickapoo, to the proper civil authorities, to act as a posse comitatus in the execution of such orders as may be deemed proper to give you in that capacity.

Before leaving this post you will report to his excellency the governor for certain instructions he is desirous of giving to you concerning the above civil duties. After the election is over, you will return with your command to this post, unless detained by the proper civil authorities for a longer period. I am, captain, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

A. PLEASONTON, Capt. 2d Dragoons, A. Asst. Adjutant General. Captain Thomas HENDRICKSON, 6th Infantry, Fort Leavenworth, K. T.

HEADQUARTERS TROOPS SERVING IN KANSAS,

Fort Leavenworth, October 5, 1857. Official :

A. PLEASONTON,
Capt. 2d Dragoons, A. Asst. Adjutant General.

HEADQUARTERS TROOPS SERVING IN KANSAS,

Fort Leavenworth, October 3, 1857. CAPTAIN: By special orders No. 85, from these headquarters, of this date, you are instructed to proceed, in command of companies D and H, 1st cavalry, to the city of Leavenworth, to be in time for the opening of the polls at the ensuing election in that place, on the 5th instant.

You are further instructed by the general commanding to report your force, upon your arrival at the city of Leavenworth, to his excellency the governor as a posse comitatus to execute such orders as he may deem proper to give to you in that capacity. After the election is over, you will return with your command to this post, unless detained by the proper civil authorities for a longer period. I am, captain, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

A. PLEASONTON,

Copt. 2d Dragoons, A. Asst. Adjutant General. Captain E. W. B. NEWBY, 1st Cavalry, Fort Leavenworth, K. T.

HEADQUARTERS TROOPS SERVING IN KANSAS,

Fort Leavenworth, October 5, 1857. Official:

A. PLEASONTON,
Capt. 2d Dragoons, A. Asst. Adjutant General.

HEADQUARTERS TROOPS SERVING IN KANSAS,

Fort Leavenworth, October 11, 1857. SIR: I have the honor to report, for the information of the department, that the general election in this Territory, which took place on the 5th and 6th instants, has passed off very quietly, no disturbance or tumult having occcurred at any of the polls which have been heard from to mar the peace of the Territory:

The troops have returned from the different election precincts, with the exception of Sherman's battery of artillery and one company of foot artillery, and these companies have been retained in the vicinity of Lawrence, at the request of his excellency the governor of the Territory.

In view of these facts, I addressed a communication to his excellency the governor, desiring to be informed as to the length of time the present force under my command would, in his opinion, be required; to which he replied, that it would be unsafe to diminish the force now here before the spring. I enclose copies of both these communications.

The important bearing of the governor's answer upon the interest of the military service of this command is so great that I deem it most essential to inform the department of it at the earliest moment. I have therefore instructed Captain Pleasonton, acting assistant adjutant general on my staff, to deliver this despatch, that his thorough knowledge of the service, as connected with the troops serving in Kansas, may be at the disposal of the department, and that my views, of which he is fully possessed, may be the more distinctly and clearly submitted.

Should it be deemed advisable to retain the troops now here until spring, I cannot urge too strongly the necessity of sending immediately an ample supply of lumber to this post from St. Louis, for the purpose of building temporary shelter for the additional nineteen companies that are at present here in camp for the want of quarters.

The increasing demand for the services of our troops on this frontier requires the adoption of every measure which will retain the men in the service when the season of their labors approaches; and I am confident that a timely provision of shelter, with a due regard to the comtort of my command this winter, will render it effective for any emergency that may arise in the spring. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. S. HARNEY, Colonel 2d Dragoons, Brevet Brig. Gen. Commanding. Hon. John B. FLOYD,

Secretary of War.

HEADQUARTERS TROOPS SERVING IN KANSAS,

Fort Leavenworth, October 9, 1857. GOVERNOR: The War Department having assembled a large number of troops at this place under my command, with instructions to

Vol, ii -9

fill your requisitions at any time for their services as a posse comitatus, it is necessary I should know the probable length of time the presence of this force will be required, that arrangements may be made for their accommodation.

The limited allowance of quarters at this post, and the approach of winter, urge upon me to request of you such information relating to this subject as will enable me to suggest advisedly to the department the proper measures to secure the comfort and efficiency of the troops of this command. I am, governor, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. S. HARNEY, Colonel 2d Dragoons, Brevet Brig. Gen. Commanding. His Excellency R. J. WALKER,

Governor of Kansas Territory, Fort Leavenworth, K. T.

HEADQUARTERS TROOPS SERVING IN KANSAS,

Fort Leavenworth, October 10, 1857.

Official.

A. PLEASONTON, Captain 2d Dragoons, Assistant Adjutant General.

FORT LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS TERRITORY,

October 10, 1857. Sir: In reply to your communication of this date, requesting my views as to the disposition of the large force new here or daily expected, I have the honor to make the following suggestions :

So far as we have heard, the late election in Kansas has led to no violence or tumult. For this result the country is mainly indebted to the just policy adopted here, to the moral influence of the presence of the troops at various points, and to the good judgment evinced by the officers in command.

The prospect of the permanent pacification of Kansas, has been greatly improved by the events to which I have referred. There are, however, important questions still pending here connected with the action of the constitutional convention and territorial legislature of Kansas, which would render it unsafe, before next spring, to diminish the military force now here. I would, therefore, suggest, that this force be retained here for the present, and that it be stationed partly at Fort Riley, and the remainder at Fort Leavenworth, or some point in the immediate vicinage.

If no untoward circumstances should occur this fall or winter in Kansas, it is my belief that thereafter no military force will be required in connexion with the administration of affairs in this Territory. I am, general, most respectfully, your obedient servant,

R. J. WALKER,

Governor of Kansas Territory. Brevet Brigadier General W. S. HARNEY,

Commanding Troops in Kansas, &c.

HEADQUARTERS TROOPS SERVING IN KANSAS,

Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, October 10, 1857. Official.

A. PLEASONTON, Captain 2d Dragoons, Acting Assistant Adjutant General.

FORT CLARK, TEXAS,

July 28, 1857. SIR: I have the honor herewith to transmit a duplicate report of a scouting party under my command, as to await until my arrival at Fort Mason would cause some two weeks delay. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JOHN B. HOOD,

Lieutenant 2d Cavalry. ASSISTANT ADJUTANT GENERAL,

Headquarters Department of Texas, San Antonio, Texas.

Fort CLARK, Texas, July 27, 1857. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following detailed report of a scouting party under my command, consisting of twenty-four men of company G, 2d cavalry.

On the 5th of July I left Fort Mason, to proceed to a point some fifteen miles west of Fort Terrett, and examined and explored a trail reported by Lieutenant Shaaff to be running north and south. I found no such trail. I then marched for the head of the south Concho. About half way between Fort Terrett and this point, I found a water hole, which is a general camp for Indians passing from Fort Terrett to the head of the Concho, avoiding the San Saba. I proceeded from the head to the mouth of the south Concho, up the main Concho, to Royal creek; thence to its source, and from there to the mouth of Kioway creek, where I struck an Indian trail, about three days old, leading south, with some fifteen animals in the party. I followed it south, then east, to a water hole two miles south of the head of Lipan creek. I then followed them due south, to water holes from thirty-five to fifty miles apart, (this line of water holes being their main route from the lower to the upper country,) and on the morning of the 20th instant, which was my fourth day in their pursuit, I came to a water hole some seven miles above the head of Devil's river, where a second party had joined them ; their camp showed that some thirty or forty had camped there. I hurried on, although my horses were very much wearied, and trailed over the bluffs and mountains, down the river, but some three miles from it; late in the afternoon, from the extreme thirst of my men, I left the trail to go to the river and camp. About one mile from the trail I discovered, some two miles and a half from me, on a ridge, some horses and a large white flag waving. I then crossed over to the ridge, without water, supposing they were a party of Tonkaways, as instructions had been received at Fort Mason that a party of Tonka

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