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Fort Independence, Boston harbor, Massachusetts, in charge of Captain H. W. Benham until July, since then of Lieutenant C. S. Stewart.Owing to the presence of a garrison at this work, occupying all the quarters until quite recently, nothing has been done the present

It is believed that the amount appropriated already will be sufficient for the contemplated repairs, and therefore nothing further is now asked.

Fort at entrance to New Bedford harbor, Massachusetts, in charge of Captain H. W. Benham. -At the last session of Congress an appropriation of $150,000 was made for a fort to be erected at the entrance of this harbor. A large portion of this appropriation has been expended in the purchase of the site ; the balance will be applicable to the preliminary measures and the commencement of the work next spring. The survey of the locality is complete ; the plans have been long ready. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857.....

$70,500 00 Probable amount to be expended by June 30, 1858....... 70,500 00

Fort Adams, Newport harbor, Rhode Island, in charge of Lieutenant E. B. Hunt.— The chief operations during the past year at this work, aside from ordinary repairs, have been the application of oakum, saturated with mineral tar, for pointing the cordon and coping of the west and north fronts; the repairing of 5,412 running feet of breastheight wall, and the construction of the same extent of salt marsh sod breast-height slopes. It is important that the south west breakwater should be rebuilt, and that the permanent wharf should be paved. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857...

$8,009 00 Probable amount to be expended by June 30, 1858...... 8,009 00 Estimate of amount required to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1859......

35,000 00

Forts Griswold and Trumbull, New London harbor, Connecticut; in

charge of Brevet Major J. G. Barnard. Battery at Fort Griswold.—Nothing has been done on this work, which is in good order, and ready for its armament.

Fort Trumbull.This fort, which has been kept in excellent condition by the labors of a very efficient fort keeper, needs only the platforms in its west exterior battery to be ready for all its armament.

Fort at Willett's Point, opposite Fort Schuyler, New York. - To complete the purchase of the site of this fort, cover the expense of an accurate survey of the ground, and permit a commencement of the fort itself during the next fiscal year, an appropriation of $100,000 will be necessary. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857....

$32,000 00 Probable amount to be expended by June 30, 1858...... 32,000 00 Estimate of amount required to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1859.....

100,000 00 Fort Schuyler, East river, New York, in charge of Brevet Major J. G. Barnard.—The sea-wall, throughout its exposed portion on the north and east, of 1,200 feet in length, has been thoroughly repaired and raised by an additional coping course 2 teet thick. All the rest of the wall has been repointed and repaired where necessary:

A large portion of the masonry of the work has been pointed. A building for guard house and prison has been built over the exterior redoubt. The wood work of the quarters, casemates, gates, and posterns, and the iron work of balconies, have been painted. Wooden houses have been built over the stair towers.

The asphalting of the floors of casmates in the cover-face is in progress, and will be complete this season. The amount remaining available will be applied to completing all unfinished work of the above, and, next season, in altering the barbette platforms and repairing roofing of arches, &c. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857.........

$27,499 56 Probable amount to be expended by June 30, 1858...... 27,499 56

Fort Wood and sea-wall of Bedlow's island, New York harbor, in charge of Brevet Major J. G. Barnard. -The season's operations have been confined to procuring stone to complete the coping of the scarp. The work remaining yet to be done consists in the completion of the sea-wall, and altering the barbette platforms, grading the glacis and terrepleins of the exterior battery, construction of new bridges and drawbridges, &c. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857.....

$3,000 00 Probable amount to be expended by June 30, 1858...... 3,000 00 Estimate of amount required to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1859....

20,000 00 Governor's island, New York harbor, in charge of Brevet Major J. G. Barnard.Construction and repairs of barracks, quarters, and hospital at Fort Columbus.—The unfinished block of officers quarters has been complete l and turned over for occupation; the hospital thoroughly overhauled and placed in perfect repair, and painted; the east barracks, Fort Columbus, altered according to plans, and all remaining repairs on the other buildings done, and the painting of the whole commenced, and will be completed this season.

The soldiers' barracks of the south battery have undergone some slight repairs. No further appropriation asked.

Repairs of Fort Columbus and Castle Williams.- Towards these repairs no other work has been done than the fitting up of the light and dark prisons in the east building, Fort Columbus, and making a survey of the shore of the island, preparatory to building a sea-wall.

These works require their barbette platforms altered for the new armament, and Castle Williams requires new balconies. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857.........

$2,976 09 Probable amount to be expended by June 30, 1858..... 2,976 09 Estimate of amount required to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1859.....

6,000 00

Fort Hamilton, New York harbor, in charge of Brevet Major J. G. Barnard.-A new permanent wharf has been commenced, and most of the piers set, and the structure will be nearly or quite completed this season; small repairs have been made on the redoubt and main work. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857.....

$10,000 00 Probable amount to be expended by June 30, 1858 10,000 00

Fort Lafayette, New York harbor, in charge of Brevet Major J. G. Barnard.Nothing has been done at this work except to make some necessary repairs of small magnitude to the sea-wall. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857...

$10,000 00 Probable amount :o be expended by June 30, 1858...... 10,000 00

Fort Richmond, Staten Island, New York harbor, in charge of Brevet Major J. G. Barnard.—The operations in progress at the date of the last annual report were actively prosecuted. The scarp of the north curtain, including the construction of the embrasures of the second and third tiers, has been carried from reference (25' 10") to (45' 11",) and the scarp of the east and south curtains, including the construction of the embrasures of the second tier, and the setting of the sills and embrasure irons for the greater part of the third tier, from reference (23' 4") to (40' 9".) The pan-coupés of the north and east channel bastions have been arranged; the gun embrasures and howitzer embrasures for the second tier constructed, and the masonry carried to reference (36' 10".) All the communication and main casemate arches of the second tier, including those of the north channel and north gorge bastions have been turned, and those of the east channel and south gorge bastions commenced. The masonry of the service magazine for the second tier has also been completed, and a portion of the granite flagging in the gun room recesses set Balance in treasury October 1, 1857....

$118,169 97 Probable amount to be expended by Júne 30, 1858...... 118,169 97 Estimate of amount required to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1859..

100,000 00 Fort Tompkins, Staten Island, New York.—The appropriation of $150,000, made at the late session of Congress, for the erection of a work on the site of this old fort, will permit a good beginning to be made in the reconstruction, as soon as the plans can be perfected by the board of engineers.

The appropriation of $42,300, made for the purchase of an extension of the site, the acquisition of which has for mažy years been recommended as indispensable to the security of the rear of this and the other works of defence on Staten Island, has been thus applied, and the United States has now the title to this important position. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857.....

$150,000 00 Probable amount to be expended by June 30, 1858..... 100,000 00

Batteries Hudson and Morton, Staten Island, New York.—These batteries are in good condition. No further appropriation is asked.

Fortifications at Sandy Hook, New Jersey, outlet of New York harbor.— The necessary steps have been taken preliminary to commencing the construction of the work at this highly important position, for which Congress at its last session made an appropriation of $250,000, which sum will suffice for the commencement of operations next year. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857 .....

$230,000 00 Probable amount to be expended by June 30, 1858...... 130,000 00

Fort Mifflin, Delaware river, in charge of Brevet Major John Sanders.—This work, though in a state of general efficiency, needs some repairs; they are not so pressing, however, but they may be postponed another year.

Fort Delaware, Delaware river, in charge of Brevet Mojor John San ders.—The face of the scarp from bastion (5-1) to the officers' quarters on front (3,) now of irregular heights, will be carried up to the cordon course before the close of fall operations, and all the casemates in rear of this part of the scarp will also be covered in and their roof surfaces partially formed. The stair towers (1—2) and (2—3) will be completed. The quarters and barracks are now carried above the sills of the second story windows The permanent gateway and postern have been advanced but little during the year, but will be pushed to completion as soon as practicable. All the embrasure irons required for the work have been procured, those of the lower and part of those of the upper tier have been set, leaving only 17 sets to be still put in place.

The funds still unexpended will suffice to cover in bastions (5—1) (3—4,) and (4–5,) and to raise the whole scarp, except that of curtain (5,) to the cordon reference. An appropriation of $250,000 is asked for by the officer in charge, which would, he thinks, bring the main work to such a state of completion as to prepare it for the reception of its armament; but, in consequence of the necessity of restricting the general estimates, I am compelled to reduce this to $100,000.

The sites for batteries on either shore, to afford the requisite cross fires with the fort for the more perfect defence of the channel of the river, are yet to be provided. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857 .....

$115,000 00 Probable amount to be expended by June 30, 1858...... 115,000 00 Estimate of amount required to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1859........

100,000 00 Fort Carroll, Soller's Point Flats, Baltimore harbor, in charge of Major H. Brewerton.—The piling of the foundation has been completed, and the piles sawed off on fronts 2, 3, and 4. The grillage has been completed on fronts 3 and 4; and on front 2, the whole of the lower course of timber of the grillage, three-fourths of the upper course, and about one-fourth of the 6-inch planking have been laid. The opening left in front 5 has been closed and the sea-wall completed, as has also the eighth course of the scarp wall. The exterior of the ninth course of scarp has been laid, with the exception of about five-sixths of front 2. The interior of the ninth course has been laid on front 3, and 200 feet on front 4. The exterior of tenth course has

been laid on front 3 and part of front 4, together with 200 running feet of the interior of the same course on the latter front. The foundations of six of the piers on front 3, and eight on front 4, have been raised one foot six inches above the top of the grillage. Fifty-two thousand three hundred and nineteen cubic yards of sand have been taken from the bed of the river and placed within the area of the fort, making the whole quantity of filling, to include the 30th September, 85,561 cubic yards. An artesian well, for the purpose of procuring a supply of pure, fresh water, was commenced in March last, and iron pipes (20 inches in diameter) have been sunk to the depth of about 109 feet below the plane of ordinary low water. The permanent wharf has been commenced, and it is hoped to sink the wooden portion in place this year. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857 .....

$155,505 48 Probable amount to be expended by June 30, 1858..... 155,505 48 Estimate of amount required to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1859.....

100,000 00 Fort Madison, Annapolis harbor, Maryland, in charge of Captain M. C. Meigs.-An appropriation towards the completion of this fort was made at the last session, but the plans having been destroyed by fire no operations of construction could be undertaken till a survey and a plan of the ground and work were made. This is now in hand, and will be completed so as to allow the commencement of work early next season. The work has been in care of a fort keeper, who reports all in good condition.

Fort Washington, Potomac river, Maryland.—This fort continues in good condition, and has required no work except in some repairs of the wharf. These have been made.

Fort Monroe, Old Point Comfort, Virginia, in charge of Brevet Col. John L. Smith. The magazines of front No. 6 are nearly finished. Old and defective pipes have been removed and new pipes have been laid for the drainage of the roofs of fronts No. 1 and No. 2, and of the roofs of the caps de garde, and of the magazines of front No. 5. The masons have been engaged mostly in re pointing the masonry of the exterior of the casemates. The counterscarp at the sluice, near the batardeau, that had been undermined during a gale some years ago, is nearly rebuilt, with piles and a bedding of béton to support the foundations. Extensive repairs have been made to the gutters of the roof of the water battery in advance of front No. 4. Nothing has been done to the redoubt.

The pierhead of the permanent wharf has been finished. Its stability was thoroughly tested during the ice period, of three weeks duration, in January and February last. The bridge between the pierhead and shore needs immediate temporary repair to render it safe. The wharf is an indispensable appendage to Fort Monroe. The bridge ought to be rebuilt without delay, and in a permanent manner. Balance in treasury October 1, 1857........

$31,000 00 Probable amount to be expended by June 30, 1858...... 31,000 00

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