Page images
PDF
EPUB
[graphic]

RAILROADS.

RIVERS.

[graphic]

Louisville to New Orleans

St. Louis..
Pittsburg
Cincinnati

Wheeling
St. Louis to New Orleans -

St. Paul.
Fort Leavenworth.

La Salle --
New Orleans to Shreveport.-

Vicksburg
Napoleon
Cairo...
Fort Towson

Fort Gibson.
Cairo to Fort Gibson...

St. Louis
Fort Leavenworth.
La Salle -
Keokuk
Dubuque
St. Paul
Tuscumbia
Nashville
Louisville
Cincinnati
Portsmouth
Wheeling
Pittsburg

Through routes.

Beaver to Erie, Pa..... Portsmouth to Cleveland Cincinnati to Toledo... Evansville to Toledo.. Lafayette to Toledo... La Salle to Chicago

872 325 263 400 560 643

911 1,005

CANALS.

Through transportation of

freight.

Through distance in

miles.

Duration of Charge per journey. ton net for

freight.

137 306 236 ? 387 ? 187 100

Days. hours.

2 8 5 0 4 0 6 12 3 0 1 16

$3 75 7 50 6 00 9 50 4 50 2 50 STEAMBOAT DISASTERS.

The statements in the foregoing tables may be regarded as nearly correct, so far as they relate to distances; but, in all other respects, and especially in relation to the duration of transits and the charges for conveyance, they are to be regarded merely as average results the stages of water, the state of the weather, and the season of the year being favorable in all cases for transportation. Moreover, in so far as relates to the conveyance of troops, the average charges in all cases may no doubt be materially reduced according to the number or magnitude of the force to be conveyed.

For the following list of steamboat accidents occurring during the year ending on the 30th of June, 1857, I am indebted in part to the pamphlet before quoted, from the office of the Missouri Republican, partly to Captain Davis Embree, supervising inspector of steamboats of the 5th district, and partly to Captain John Shallcross, supervising inspector of the 6th district.

Date.

Name of boat.

14

1856. July 1

St. Clair... 1 Grand Turk.. 1 J. M Stockwell 1 Paul Anderson 1 Saranak 1 | Southerner 6 E. A. Ogden 10 Envoy 11 Annawan... 14 Thomas H. Larkin. 20 Greek Slave

25 D. G. Taylor. Aug. 1 David Gibson

10 Arabia Sept. 5

Avondale

Audubon
20 Westerner
26 Empire...
25 Alhambra
20 Royal Arch
22 Grapeshot
22 Cuba...
22 Julia Dean

Nature of accident, &c.

-----

30 Genoa
Oct. 5 R. M. Jones.

7 Florida...
8 Midas.
10 David Tatum
20 Creole

25 Lady Franklin Nov. 1 Linden

20 Emma
21 Keystone...

23 Chancellor... Dec. 1

Defiance. 5

Delaware

Burnt at St. Louis. Loss $15,000.
Burnt at St. Louis. Loss $17,000.
Burnt at St Louis. Loss $15,000.
Burnt at St. Louis.

Do.
Burnt at St. Louis. Loss $60,000.
Sunk in Missouri river. Afterwards raised.
Sunk in Mississippi river. Loss $10,000.
Burnt at Cincinnati. Total loss.
Burnt in Mississippi river. Total loss.
Sunk in Mississippi river. Afterwards raised.
Sunk in Missouri river. Afterwards raised.
Sunk in Mississippi river. Afterwards raisod.
Sunk in Missouri river. Loss $ 16,000.
Sunk in Mississippi river. Afterwards raised.
Do.

do.
Sunk in Mississippi river. Loss $40,000.
Sunk in Mississippi river. Afterwards raised.
Do

do.
Do.

do.
Sunk in Ohio river. Afterwards raised.
Sunk in Ohio river.
Sunk in Ohio river. Afterwards raised.
Sunk in Missouri river. Loss $20,000.
Sunk in Red river.
Snagged in Mississippi. Cargo damaged.
Snagged in Mississippi.
Sunk in Missouri river. Afterwards raised.
dunk in Misrissippi river. Loss $12,000.
Sunk in Mississippi river. Afterwards raised.
Sunk in Red river. Logs $7,000.
Sunk in Ohio river. Afterwards raised.
Sunk in Missouri river. Afterwards raised.
Sunk in Ohio river. Afterwards raised.
Sunk in Muskingum river. Total loss.
Collision with Eclipse. Considerably damaged.

......

STEAMBOAT DISASTERS—Continued.

Date.

Name of boat.

Nature of accident, &c.

Collision with Metropolis. Slightly damaged.
Collision with R. F. Sass. Slightly damaged.
Sunk in Alleghany river.
Sunk in Ohio river. Total loss.
Sunk in White river. Logs $12,000.

[blocks in formation]

Sunk in Ohio river.
Lost by ice in Mississippi river.
Sunk in Mississippi river. Loss $35,000.
Sunk in Mississippi river. Loss $8,000.
Sunk in Mississippi river, by ice. Loss $20,000.
Sunk in Illinois river, by ice. Loss $12,000.
Sunk in Illinois river.
Sunk in Mississippi river.
Collision at Ozark island ; 25 lives lost.
Grounded at island 66. Much injured.
Sunk in Missouri river.
Sunk in Mississippi river.
Sunk at Merrimac. Collision with South

America.
Sunk in Ohio river by collision with Governor

Powell. Loss, $2,500. Raised. Exploded at Napoleon ; 13 lives lost. Sunk by collision with Rainbow in Ohio river;

5 lives lost.
Sunk in Missouri river.
Sunk in Ohio river. Loss $3,000.
Sunk in Ohio river by collision with Fasbion

Loss $4,000.
Sunk in Missouri river.
Sunk in Missouri river. Total loss.

[blocks in formation]

RECAPITULATION.

Grounded... Exploded

1 1

40 8 8 3 2

[ocr errors]

White Arkansas

1 1 1

27 A. C. Gordon May 16 J. P. Tweed... June 9 Alida,

12
17

Star of the West..
U. S. Mail..

Total number of accidents 63.
Sunk.
Burnt
Collisions
Lost by ice...
Snagged, but not sunk..

The accidents happened in the different rivers as follows :

Mississippi
Ohio
Missouri
Red river
Illinois
Muskingum

Total number of lives lost, 43.

31 14 10 2 2 1

63

M. P. BRECKINRIDGE.

APPENDIX D.

WILMINGTON, N. C., September 1, 1857. SIR: I have the honor to submit the usual annual report required by the regulations. By special order No. 160, dated War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, December 11, 1856, I was assigned to the charge of the improvements of Cape Fear river, and for reopening a communication between Albemarle sound and the Atlantic ocean.

The subject of reopening Roanoke inlet has been reported upon by several engineers of distinction: first, by Mr. Fulton, an English engineer, employed by the State of North Carolina, in 1820; second, by Captain Bache, topographical engineers, in 1829; third, by Mr. Gwyn, a well known civil engineer, employed by the State of North Carolina ; and, fourth, by Lieutenant Woodbury, of the corps of engineers, in 1853, all of whom agree in the necessity of building dams across Croatan sound, which, according to Lieutenant Woodbury's report, is "three miles over, and averaging 8 feet deep, with a greatest depth of 13 feet;" another communication, “east of Roanoke island, called Roanoke Sound, with a principal channel one half mile over, and averaging 4 feet deep, and several smaller channels above three-fourths of a mile over and 1 foot deep;" in addition to which are the marshes, 18 inches above ordinary level, one and three quarter mile, making the dam seven miles in length, for which the item of stone, alone, is estimated by Mr. Fulton at $2,450,000.

Lieutenant Woodbury proposes, first, to excavate a channel 150 wide commencing at 6 feet water in the sound, and continuing to the sand banks, for which he estimates $105,500 ; he then proposes to cut a canal 900 yards in length, 150 yards wide, and 6 feet deep, from the sound to the ocean, for which he estimates $40,500; the ocean end of the canal to be protected by piers of masonry extending, respectively, one-half and one-quarter of a mile into the sea, the estimate for which is $500,000, which makes in all $646,000, which, added to the estimate of Mr. Fulton, for the item of stone alone, makes $3,096,000, to which must be added other items of material, machinery, labor, contingencies, &c., which would, in my opinion, swell the estimate to $5,000,000.

Congress appropriated $50,000 to commence the operation. $40,000 have been expended, and at this time there is scarcely a trace to be seen of what has been done, the drifting sand filling in the trench as fast as it was excavated by the dredging machine. In fact, the machine was very near being imbedded in the sand, it filling in so rapidly behind it; but it was gotten out in time to save it. On my first visit to Nag's Head, in company with Lieut. Whiting, of the corps of engineers, previously in charge of the work, I was perfectly satisfied of the entire impracticability of the scheme, and in consequence reported to the bureau, recommending that the work should be bandoned, and the machinery and other public property sold, which report was approved of by the honorable Secretary of War, and th. property was sold on the 15th of August. On reference to the

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »