Two Years' Residence in the Settlement on the English Prairie, in the Illinois Country, United States: With an Account of Its Animal and Vegetable Productions, Agriculture, &c. &c., a Description of the Principal Towns, Villages, &c. &c., with the Habits and Customs of the Back-woodsmen

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Longman, Hurst, Reessa, Orme, and Brown, 1822 - 310 էջ

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Էջ 290 - In testimony, whereof I, Rutherford B. Hayes, President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the Seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto affixed.
Էջ 100 - ... but these notes are far from being current with strangers, nor were the large ones in good credit, being much below the value of state notes or specie. No copper money to be seen here. There are two large market houses, one in the upper, and one in the lower part of the town ; there is a daily market held alternately at one of them. It was the upper market day when we were there; it was well supplied, and most articles were good and cheap, but the tradesmen perfect Jews in their dealings. Meat...
Էջ 244 - ... slightest incivility from them. In selling, they always take care to ask enough, as they can fall their price with a good ^ grace; in short, they are Jews in this respect, nor are they very punctual in their payments. Most of them are well acquainted with law, and fond of it on the most trifling occasions: I have known a law-suit ^ brought for a piggin or pail, of the value of 25 cents, (is.
Էջ 184 - Ibs. weight will fetch from two dollars fifty cents to three dollars; whereas, at five cents per lb., the very top price for mutton, the same sheep would only fetch two dollars fifty cents. Very few sheep are therefore killed here, as the butcher cannot afford to sell for five cents per lb., the same as beef, as their skins are of little or no value. Fat for candles sells high, ten cents a lb., twice the price of meat.
Էջ 238 - The tavern, stores, and a few others, are also brick. erful eight-horse threshing-machine, with a winnowing one attached to it, so that the grain was cleaned at one operation. Many men were employed putting up the wheat and taking away the straw. Near the barn there was a capacious granary, that would contain some thousand quarters of grain. We saw more than fifty women and girls breaking flax in the streets, and all seemed fully employed. They are a most industrious people; but the greater part...
Էջ 183 - ... spinning, and weaving going forward ; for to give the American women their due, many of them are truly industrious, as they manufacture most parts of their dress ; and as they grow the cotton, flax, and wool, it comes reasonable. These Americans hold mutton in the utmost contempt, and I have heard them say, people who eat it belong to the family of wolves.
Էջ 177 - I shall now proceed to give a short description of the domestic and wild animals. Most of the horses are of Spanish origin; they are light and clean, but not very handsome; their coats are fine, when kept up and well cleaned, but this is seldom the case; active, but not good in the collar, being too light for heavy draught. I have bought three since my arrival, for two hundred and ten dollars...
Էջ 252 - ... caution, and lived on a moderate establishment. But this is not the country for fine gentlemen, or those who live in a grand style, nor for tradesmen at present; but hard-working people, who are sober, may do well, and settle their families in a plain way.
Էջ 175 - Cow and pig pens, with cart and waggon lodges, are yet scarce. When pigs are shut up for fatting, it is common to make a fence for them of rails, in the same manner as for fields; sometimes one corner is covered over for a lodging place for them, but it is more common for them to be left to the mercy of the winds and weather. But as they are hardy animals, and accustomed to hard living and lodging, it does not appear to hurt them. There are but few cattleyards and sheds; and the cattle are mostly...
Էջ 300 - ... reason of scattering the English emigrants for some miles round. But if this had been the only effect, it had been of no consequence, as many of the settlers so dispersed, have procured as good situations as they would otherwise have done. But the evil of two villages so near each other has been great; for had they been united, there would have been better taverns, stores, &c. In point of situation and water, Wanborough, in my estimation, has the advantage; but Albion, at present, appears most...

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