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Then unbelieving Priests reform’d the nation,
Learn then what MORALS Critics ought to show, For 'tis but half a Judge's task, to know. 'Tis not enough, tafte, judgment, learning, join; In all you speak, let truth and candour shine : That not alone what to your sense is due 565 All may allow; but feek your friendship too. Be filent always, when you doubt your sense ; And speak, tho' sure, with seeming diffidence: Some positive, persisting fops we know, Who if once wrong, will needs be always fo; 570
VER. 547. The author has omitted two lines which stood here, as containing a National Reflection, which in his stricter judgment he could not but disapprove on any People wbatever.
But you, with pleasure own your errors past,
'Tis not enough your counsel still be true;
Be niggards of advice on no pretence :
"Twere well might Critics still this freedom take,
VÆR. 587. And stares tremendous, etc.] This picture was taken to himself by John Dennis, a furious old Critic by profession, who, upon no other provocation, wrote against this Effay and its author, in a manner perfectly lunatic : For, as to the mention made of him in $ 270. he took it as a Compliment, and faid it was treacherously meant to cause him to overlook this Abuse of his Perfon.
Leave dang’rous truths to unsuccessful Satires,
With him, moft authors steal their works, or buy;
yard : Nay, fy to Altars ; there they'll talk you dead ; 625 For Fools rush in where Angels fear to tread. Distrustful fense with modeft caution speaks, It still looks home, and short excursions makes But rattling nonsense in full vollies breaks, And never shock'd, and never turn'd aside,
630 Bursts out, refiftless, with a thund'ring tide.
But where's the man, who counsel can bestow, Still pleas'd to teach, and yet not proud to know?
Ver, 620. Garth did not write, etc.] A common slander at that time in prejudice of that deserving author. Our Poet did him this justice, when that Nander most prevail d; and it is now (perhaps the sooner for this very verse) dead and forgotten.
Ver. 632. But where's the man, etc.] He answers, That he was to be found in the happier ages of Greece and Rome; in the
Ver. 624. Between this and 625.
In vain you shrug and sweat, and strive to fly :
Unbiassd, or by favour, or by spite ;
persons of Aristotle and Horace, Dionysius and Petronius, Quin. tilian and Longinus. Whose Characters he has not only exactly drawn, but contrasted them with a peculiar elegance ; the
profound science and logical method of Aristotle being opposed to the plain common sense of Horace, co yed in a natural and familiar negligence; the study and refinement of Dionysius, to the
gay ccurtly ease of Petronius; and the gravity and minuteness of Quino tilian to the vivacity and general topics of Longinus. Nor has the Poet been less careful, in these examples, to point out their eminence in the several critical Virtues he so carefully inculcated in his precepts. Thus in Horace he particularizes his Candour, in Petronius his Good Breeding, in Quintilian bis free and copious Instruction, and in Longinus his great and noble Spirit.-By this question and answer we see, he does not encourage us to search for the true Critic amongst modern writers. And indeed the discovery of him, if it could be made, would be but an invidious business. I will venture no farther than to name the piece of Criticism in which these marks may be found. It is intitled, Q. Hor. Fl. Ars Poetica, et ejusd. Ep. ad Aug. with an English Commentary and Notes.
VER. 643. with REASON on bis side ?] Not only on his fide, but actually exercised in the service of his profession, That