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danger and glory, to ambition, rank and titles and honours ; to avarice the mines of Mexico. To each person whom he addresses, he presents the object adapted to his taste : his recruiting officers are appointed; men are engaged throughout the continent : civil life is indeed quiet upon the surface; but in its bosom this man has contrived to deposit the materials which with the slightest touch of his match produces an ex. plosion to shake the continent. All this his restless ambition has contrived ; and in the autumn of 1806, he goes forth for the last time to apply this match. On this excursion he meets with Blennerhassett.

Who is Blennerhassett? A native of Ireland, a man of letters, who fled from the storms of his own country to find quiet in ours. His history shews that war is not the natural element of his mind ; if it had been, he would never have exchanged Ireland for America. So far is an army from furnishing the society natural and proper to Mr. Blennerhassett's character, that on his arrival in America, he retired even from the population of the Atlantic States, and sought quiet and solitude in the bosom of our western forests. But he carried with him taste and science and wealth; and “lo, the desert smiled.” Possessing himself of a beautiful island in the Ohio, he rears upon it a palace and decorates it with every romantic embellishment of fancy. A shrubbery that Shenstone might have envied, blooms around him ; music that might have charmed Calypso and her nymphs, is his ; an extensive library spreads its treasures before him; a philosophical apparatus offers to him all the secrets and mysteries of nature ; peace, tranquility and innocence shed their mingled delights around him ; and to crown the enchantment of the scene, a wife, who is said to be lovely even beyond her sex, and graced with every accomplishment that can render it irresistible, had blessed him with her love and made him the father of her children. The evidence would convince you, sir, that this is but a faint picture of the real life.

In the midst of all this peace, this innocence, and this tranquility, this feast of the mind, this pure banquet of the heart the destroyer comes he comes to turn this paradise into a hell yet the flowers do not wither at his approach, and no monitory shuddering through the bosom of their unfortunate possessor, warns him of the ruin that is coming upon him. A stranger presents himself. Introduced to their civilities by the high rank which he had lately held in his country, he soon finds his way to their hearts by the dignity and elegance of his demeanor, the light and beauty of his conversation, and the seductive and fascinating power of his address. The conquest was not a difficult one. Innocence is ever simple and credulous, conscious of no design itself, it suspects none in others, it wears no guards before its breast : every door and portal and avenue of the heart is thrown


and all who choose it enter. the state of Eden, when the serpent entered its bow

Such was


The prisoner in a more engaging forın, winding himself into the open and unpractised heart of the unfortunate Blennerhassett, found but little difficulty in changing the native character of that heart and the objects of its affection. By degrees he infuses into it the poison of his own ambition; he breathes into it the fire of his own courage ; a daring and a desperate thirst for glory ; an ardor panting for all the storm and bustle and hurricane of life. In a short time the whole man is changed, and every object of his former delight relinquished. No more he enjoys the tranquil scene ; it has become fat and insipid to his taste ; his books are abandoned; his retort and crucible are thrown aside ; his shrubbery in vain blooms and breathes its fragrance upon the air—he likes it not; his ear no longer drinks the rich melody of music; it longs for the trumpet's clangor and the cannon's roar; even the prattle of his babes once so sweet, no longer affects him; and the angel smile of his wife, which hitherto touched his bosom with ecstacy so unspeakable, is now unfelt and upseen. Greater objects have taken possession of his soulhis imagination has been dazzled by visions of diadems, and stars and garters and titles of nobility : he has been taught to burn with restless emulation at the names of Cromwell, Cæsar, and Bonaparte. His enchanted island is destined soon to relapse into a desert; and in a few months, we find the tender and beautiful partner of his bosom, whom he lately “permitted not the winds of” summer “ to visit too roughly," we find her shivering, at midnight, on the winter banks of the Ohio, and mingling her tears with the torrents that froze as they fell. Yet this unfortunate man, thus deluded from his interest and his happiness-thus seduced from the paths of innocence and peacethus confounded in the toils which were deliberately spread for him, and overwhelmed by the mastering spirit and genius of another this man, thus ruined and undone, and made to play a subordinate part in this grand drama of guilt and treason this man is to be called the principal offender ; while he, by whom he was thus plunged and steeped in misery, is comparatively innocent-a mere accessory.

Sir, neither the human heart nor the human understanding will bear a perversion so monstrous and absurd ; so shocking to the soul ; so revolting to rea

0! no sir. There is no man who knows any thing of this affair, who does not know that to every body concerned in it, Aaron Burr was as the sun to the planets which surround him; he bound them in their respective orbits, and gave them their light, their heat and their motion. Let him not then shrink from the high destination which he has courted; and having already ruined Blennerhassett in fortune, character and happiness forever, attempt to finish the tragedy by thrusting that ill-fated man between himself and punishment.


Section VII.




In such a situation of affairs, and in such disorder, as you yourselves are sensible of, the only method of saving the wrecks of government, is, if I mistake not, to allow full liberty to accuse those who have invaded your laws. But if you shut them up, or suffer others to do this, I prophecy that you will fall insensibly, and that very soon under a' tyrannical power. For you know, Athenians, that government is divided into three kinds ; monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy. As to the two former, they are governed at the will and pleasure of those who reign in either ; whereas established laws only, reign in a popular state.

I make these observations, therefore, that none

you may be ignorant, but on the contra. ry, that

every one may be entirely assured that the day he ascends the seat of justice, to examine an accusation upon the invasion of the laws, that very day he goes to give judgment upon his own independence. And, indeed, the legislature, which is convinced that a free state can support itself no longer than the laws govern, takes particular care to prescribe this form of an oath to judges, “I will judge according to the laws."

The remembrance, therefore, of this, being deeply implanted in your minds, must inspire you with a just abhorrence of any person whatsoever who dare transgress them by rash decrees ; and that far from ever looking upon a transgression of this kind as a small fault, you always consider it as an enormous and capital crime. Do not suffer, then, any one to make you depart from so wise a principle-But as, in the army, every one of you would be ashamed to quit the post assigned him by the general; so let every one of you be this day ashamed to abandon the


post which the laws have given you in the commonwealth. What post ? that of protectors of the gov.

Must we in your person crown the author of the public calamities, or must we destroy him ? And, indeed, what unexpected revolutions, what unthought of catastrophes have we not seen in our days ?- The king of Persia, that king who opened a passage through Mount Athos ; who bound the Hellespont in chains; who was so imperious as to command the Greeks to acknowledge him sovereign both of sea and land ; who in his letters and dispatches presumed to style himself the sovereign of the world from the rising to the setting of the sun ; fights now, not to rule over the rest of mankind, but to save his own life.Do we not see those very men who signalized their zeal in the belief of Delphi, invested both with the glory, for which that powerful king was once so CODspicuous, and with the title of the chief of the Greeks against him? As to Thebes, which borders upon Attica, have we not seen it disappear in one day from the midst of Greece ?-And with regard to the un. happy Lacedæmonians, what calamities have not befallen them only for taking but a small part of the spoils of the temple.

They who formerly assumed a superiority over Greece, are they not now going to send ambassadors to Alexander's court ; to bear the name of hostages in his train; to become a spectacle of misery ; to bow the knee before the monarch; submit themselves and their country to his mercy; and receive such laws as a conqueror, they attacked first, shall think fit to prescribe them ? Athens itself, the common refuge of the Greeks ? Athens formerly peopled with ambassadors, who flocked to claim its almighty protection, is not this city now obliged to fight, not to obtain a superiority over the Greeks, but to preserve itself from destruction ? Such are the misfortunes which Demosthenes has brought upon us, since his intermeddling with the administration.

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