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and is carried up no higher, they have confessedly failed in morally elevating the people for whom they were designed. Christianity appeals to utility. It says, "Godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come." But Christianity has constrained influences, and adequate provisions, of which other systems are destitute. It has a line to reach the very lowest depth of human viciousness; and in thousands of cases it has turned the will to choose virtue, brought the affections to delight in it, and all the active powers to practise it, where appeals to the mere" artistic sense," or to the mere sense of utility have left men depraved and vile. The great and good things to be effected by secularism are only suspended in promise -not so surely suspended indeed as atheism is suspended in secularism itself but the good deeds of Christianity are broad palpable realities, marking off the regenerated from the unregenerated world. It is only in proportion as the race of man is leavened by it, that we find guarantees in human nature for morality, that a true culture is promoted, and that the lovely and the useful meet together. This is no mere assertion We appeal to the out-lying world for proof.

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INDEX.

Addison, his opinion of atheists, 7.
Arnold, Dr., his opinion of atheism, 7;
extract from his life, 23; on the
moral fault of unbelief, 174; on so-
cial disaffection, 202; his influence
on education, 288; on the Oxford
Tractarians, 313.

Atheism, its characteristics, 6; its
existence doubted, 7; no man of
straw, ib.; its prevalence in France,
8; the worst form of infidelity, 11;
character of among the people, 12;
a negation incapable of proof, 12-15.
Atonement, doctrine of the, misrepre-
sented, 97, 103, 107, 127.

Bacon, Lord, his opinion of atheism, 7.
Bailey's "Festus," its bad theo-
logy, 41, 139.

Baird, Dr., on American unitarianism,
90, n.

Bible, claims of the, 76; treatment of,

by modern rationalists, 88.
Bolingbroke, Lord,' on the doctrine of
atonement, 127.

Bost, M., on the schools of Geneva,
299, n.

Brougham, Lord, on the "Système de
la Nature," 8; on the design argu-
ment, 20; on non-responsibility, 140.

Carlyle, religious bearing of his writ-
ings, 37; idealism of, 197; his in-
fluence injurious, 257.

Chalmers, Dr., his opinion of d'Hol-
bach's work, 9; on the theology of
conscience, 21; on the development
theory, 58; on the astronomical
objection, 81; on intolerant pro-
fessors, 233; on a Christianized uni-
versity 300

Cheap literature, classification of, 265.
Christianity, a second creation, 68;
distinguished by simplicity and
spirituality, 162; based on evidence,
and why, 176.

Christian Times, on the penny press,
267, n.

Church of Christ, its disunion an oc-
casion of infidelity, 237; is really
one, ib.

Clubs, as an agency of infidelity, 273;
a characteristic of the age, ib.; the
principle of, employed for good, 274;
irreligious character of many, 275;
political and socialist, 276; infidel
character of French, ib. ; their spread
on the continent, 278; secret, 279, n.;
use made of workmen's, 280; fo-
reigners', in London, 282; counter-
active agencies, ib.

Coleridge, extract from, 42; his opi-
nion of unitarianism, 89.
Combe, character of his "Constitution
of Man," 61; his notions of Provi-
dence, 64; of prayer, ib.; disastrous
influence of his writings, 259.
Comte, Auguste, huge materialism of
his system, 9; denies a Divine Pro-
vidence, 52; his system of worship,
54, n. t

Corruptions of Christianity, an occasion
of infidelity, 209; their sources, ib.;
not to be confounded with itself, 210;
various forms of, 213; produce aver-
sion to Christianity, 215; expose
the people to infidel leaders, 220;
supply weapons to attack Chris-
tianity, 221.

Cousin, his pantheistic leanings, 32;
extract from, ib. n. ‡

Cowper, on the Christian's enjoyment,

136; on geology, 228; on the press,
253; on the pulpit, 302.
Journal, character of,

Chambers'

272.
Creation, pantheistic notions of, 40.

D'Aubigné's "History of the Reforma-
tion," 54; on modern spiritualism,
117, n.; on the ecclesiastical theory,
164, 172.

Development Hypothesis, Hugh Mil-
ler's opinion of, 11, 59; theory of,
57; Oken on, ib.; testimony of
geology against, 58.
D'Holbach, Baron, atheism of, 8.
Disunion of the Church, a popular
argument against the gospel, 238.
Divine Influence indispensably neces-
sary, 128; admitted by Seneca and
Plato, 129; does not interfere with
moral freedom, ib.; testimonies to
its reality, 131.
Doctrines of religion, 5.
Dumas, M., character of his writings,
262.

"Eclipse of Faith "

on modern spiri-

tualism, 110, 121, n.
Emerson, a pantheist, 34; a dreamer,
35; his notions of moral evil, 41.
Evidence, Christianity founded on, and
why, 176; not irresistible, ib.
Existence, the Divine, nature of the
arguments for, 16, &c.; indications
of, in the material universe, 18; in
the human mind, 19; the testimony
of the Bible, 22; the practical proof,
23; does not admit of demonstrative
but of moral certainty, 174.

Family Herald, character of, 267, 268.
Feuerbach, his pantheistic opinions, 33.
Fichte, his pantheism, 30.

Formalism, infidelity in practice, 156;
its nature, 157; prevalency, ib.;
philosophy of, 158; of the ancient
heathens, 159; of many men of
science, ib.; of the ancient Hebrews,
161; its appearance in the early
Christian church, 162; of the Romish
Church, 163; of the Tractarians,
164; not peculiar to any system,
ib.; utterly worthless, 165; desti-
tute of real happiness, 167; tends to

intolerance, 169; diametrically op-
posed to the gospel, 171; D'Aubigné
on, 172.

Foster, John, on atheism, 14; on na-
turalism, 51; on formalism, 160; on
socialist publications, 263.

Garbett, Professor, on the Personality
of God, 39, 45, 47.
Geology, opposed to the development
hypothesis, 58, 82; evidence of, in
harmony with Scripture, 228.
Germany, prevalence of pantheism in,
28; its rationalism, 68.

God, existence of, an intellectual ne-
cessity, 14.

Hampden, Dr., on the influence of
Platonism, 185; on the scholastic
philosophy, 186.

Harris, Dr., quotations from his "Pre-
Adamite Earth," 15, 81.

Hegel, pantheism of, 30, 195; influ-
ence of in Germany, 296.
Humboldt, naturalism of his "Cosmos,"
60.

Hume, fallacy of his reasoning, 72.

Ideal Philosophy, its character and in-
fluence, 192; German, 193; Leib-
nitz, Wolf, Kant, Hegel, Strauss,
193-195; its influence on English
literature, 196.

Immortality, individual, lost in pan-
theism, 43.

Indifferentism, a diluted kind of scep-
ticism, 136; Dr. Krummacher's re-
marks on, 137; in the continental
churches, 138; prevalency of in
our own literature, 139: implies a
weakened sense or an actual denial
of responsibility, 137, 140; see
Responsibility, Moral."

66

Infidelity, a system of negations, 5;
its various forms, 5; atheism, 6; pan-
theism, 23; naturalism, 48; spiri-
tualism, 88; indifferentism, 136;
formalism, 156.

-, causes of, 173; moral rather
than intellectual, ib.; speculative
philosophy, 182; social disaffection,
199; corruptions of Christianity,
209; religious intolerance, 222; dis-
union of the church, 237.

Infidelity, its agencies, 251; the press,
252; the clubs, 273; the schools,
286; the pulpit, 300.
Intolerance, much, without the church,
222; not chargeable on Christianity,
223; religious, the worst, 235.

Kant, principle of his philosophy, 194.
Krummacher, Dr., on atheism, 12, n.;
account of indifferentism, 137; on
pedagogy, 295, n.

Laplace, his hypothesis, 18.
Lewes, his "Biographical History of
Philosophy," 54.

Locke, use made of his metaphysics,
188.

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Macaulay, remark of, on popery, 217;
his review of Gladstone's Church
and State," 245.
Mackay, his notion of prayer, 65; his
idea of the origin of Messiah, 85,
n. t; his "Progress of the Intel-
lect," character of this book, 104;
examination of his assertions, ib.;
&c.; his scripture references, 107,
n.; guilty of deception, 109.
Mayhew, Mr., on the literature of the
masses, 266; on the state of the
costermongers, 274, n.

Miller, Hugh, on development, 11;
quotations from his "Footprints,"

59.

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the process of Sensationalism, 190;
on the ideal philosophy, 196, 197.
Mystery, inseparable from God's works,
87; in nature and in revelation,
123.

Naturalism, distinctive characteristic
of, 48; no novelty, 51; works on phy-
sical and moral science in which it is
manifested, 52, 68; its effect on Bible
theology, 68; interdicts Divine Pro-
vidence, ib.; denies inspiration of
the Scriptures, 74; remarks on the
theory of, 80; based on false analogy,
ib.; is chargeable with anthropomor-
phism, 81; opposed to the evidence
of geology, 82; assigns no adequate
cause for Christianity, 84; opposed to
the religion of the Bible, 86; most
unnatural, 87; its argumentative
weakness, 175.

Nebular hypothesis, Whewell on, 56.
Newman, Dr., on miracles, 69.

-,F. W., his "Phases of Faith,"
98; character and analysis of this
book, 99, &c.; his progress in unbelief,
ib.; on the character of Christ, 102;
his unfairness, 103.

Newton, Sir Isaac, his testimony to a
Divine Providence, 53.

Oken, Professor, on development, 57.
Owen School, philosophy of, 65; shal-
lowness of, 66.

Paley, Dr., on natural laws, 57.
Pantheism, distinguished from athe-
ism, 23; its real character, 24;
dangerous to Christianity, 26; an
ancient error, 27; its prevalence in
Germany, 28; progress of, 29; the
faith of many Frenchmen, 32; the
element of continental socialism, 33;
an exotic in England, ib.; bearings
of, 40-44.

Parker, Theodore, extract from, 42;
denounces the Old Unitarian School,
89, 190; his theological opinions, 92;
fallacy of his theory, 95; unfairness
of his representations, 97.
Personality of God, Prof. Garbett on,
39; proofs of, 44-46; more rational
than pantheism, 174.
Philosophy, not opposed to faith, 199.

Philosophy, Speculative, an occasion
of infidelity, 182; its rise inevitable,
and marks progress, ib.; has ever
tampered with Christian truth, 183;
gnosticism, Origen, platonism, phi-
losophy of Aristotle, 183-187; sen-
sationalism and idealism, 188. See
"Sensational Philosophy," "Ideal
Philosophy."

Phrenology, does not affect human
liberty, 151; case of Alexander VI.,
152.

Prayer, shut out by pantheism, 42;
Combe's view of, 64; Mackay's
notion of, 65.

Press, The, a powerful agent, 252; its
beneficent doings, 253; powerfully
employed on the side of infidelity,
254; character of, in Germany, 256;
immense power of the periodical,
260; the periodical, greater for evil
than for good, 261; character of
in France, 262; statistics of, 263;
signs of improvement, 270; appeal to
the church, 272.
Providence, Divine, denial of,

creases difficulties, 62; instance from
Combe, 64; denied by rationalists,

68.

objections, 150; essential to human
improvement, 153; Taylor on, 154.
"Restoration of Belief," extract from,
36, n. t; 94, n. †

Robinson, Dr.. on the influence of Ge-

senius, 296, n.; on examinations for
the pastoral office in Germany, 305,
n. t

Rogers, Mr. Henry, his opinion of the
Straussian theory, 85; on the fathers,
86, n.; on modern infidel writers, 258.
Ruskin, Mr., on unity of the church,
243, n.

Schelling, pantheism of, 30.
Schools, an agency of infidelity, 286;
attention now given to, 287; influ-
ence of Oxford and Cambridge, 288;
the northern, 293; of France, 294;
of Germany, 295; of Holland, 297;
Geneva, 298.

Sectarianism, the bane of the church,
248.

Secularism, its real nature, 281; re-
marks on, 315.
in-Sensational Philosophy, its influence,
188; its evil effect on science and
literature, 190; in France, 191.
Smith on Pantheism, 26, 27.
Smith, Dr. Pye, his "Scripture and
Geology" referred to, 226, 229.
Social disaffection, an occasion of infi-
delity, 199; agitation not always an
evil, ib.; when injurious, 200; causes
of, 201; leads to visionary theories,
203; employs infidelity, 208.
Socialism, Mill on, 202; a religion of
political liberty, 203; "Daily News"
on, 204; ignores three palpable facts,
ib.; seeks identity with Christianity,
205; its tendency to pantheism, 206.
Spinoza, the father of modern pan-
theism, 29.

Pulpit, The, state of, a criterion of the
state of religion, 300; at one time
almost the only means of instruction,
301; main instrument of propa-
gating religious truth, ib.; is exten-
sively employed for evil, 302; state
of, in Germany, ib.; state of, in
Hungary, 306; in Switzerland, ib.;
in Holland, 307; in Belgium, 308; in
France, ib.; in our own country, 311.

Rationalists, dishonesty of, 75.
Religious Intolerance, a cause of infi-
delity, 222; not chargeable on
Christianity, 223; 1st form of, jea-
lousy in reference to science, 225;
2nd form of, jealousy in reference
to accommodation in preaching, 230;
3rd form of, intolerance of different
rites and ceremonies, 234; Isaac Tay-
lor on, 236; Vinet on, ib.
Responsibility, Moral, matter

of

consciousness, 141; rests on free
agency, 144; is measured by privi-
lege, 148; indestructible amid all

Spiritualism, the denial of redemption,
88; its mode of explaining Bible
doctrines, 89; fallacy of its theory,
95; see "Moral Argument."
Strauss, his opinions, 31; on miracles,
69, &c.; his convenient morality,
304, n. t

Superstition, connected with unbelief,

212.

"Système de la Nature," an atheistical
work, 8; Chalmers' opinion of, 9.

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