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IV. American naturalization.

1. Regulated by Congress. $381.

2. Committed to the courts. $382.

3. Persons capable of naturalization. $ 383.

4. Usual legal conditions. $384.

5. Declaration of intention.

(1) Usual requirement. $385.

(2) Exceptions. $ 386.

Immigration during minority.

Service in Army.

Service in Navy or Marine Corps.

Special case in Hawaii.

(3) Does not confer citizenship. $ 387.

Judicial decisions.

Executive action.

Cases of Italians.

6. Residence.

(1) Five years' rule. $ 388.

Meaning of “continued term.

(2) Exceptions. $ 389.

Seamen.

Service in Army.

V. Conventional arrangements.

1. Treaties with the German States.

(1) Negotiations. $ 390.

(2) Conditions of change of allegiance. $ 391.

(3) Question as to Alsace-Lorraine. $ 392.

(4) Practice of expulsion. $ 393.

(5) Operation of treaties. $ 394.

2. Belgium. $ 395.

3. Sweden and Norway. 396.

4. Great Britain. $ 397.

5. Austria-Hungary.

(1) Conditions of change of allegiance. $ 398.

(2) Practice of expulsion. $ 399.

6. Denmark; Ecuador. $ 400.

VI. Naturalization not retroactive.

1. General priciples. $401.

2. German treaties.

(1) Military cases. $ 402.

(2) Statutes of limitation. $ 403.

3. Austro-Hungarian treaty. $ 404.

4. Belgian treaty. $ 405.

5. Danish treaty. $ 406.

6. Treaty with Sweden and Norway. $ 407.

VII. Nationality of married women.

1. Marriage of American women to aliens.

(1) Effect on status. $ 408.

(2) Reversion of nationality. $ 409.

2. Marriage of alien women to Americans.

(1) American law. $ 410.

(2) Reversion of nationality. $ 411.

3. Law in other countries. $ 412.

VIII. Effect of parents' naturalization on infants.

1. American law. $ 413.

2. Marriage of alien widow to American. § 414.

3. Adoption of children. $ 415.

IX. Naturalization internationally ineffective as to absent family.

1. Married women.

$ 416.

2. Infants. $ 417.

3. Good offices for emigration. $ 418.

X. Proofs of nationality.

1. Evidences of citizenship. $ 419.

2. Proof of naturalization.

(1) The judicial record. $ 420.

(2) Loss or destruction of record. $ 421.

Question of fact.

Practice of Department of State.

3. Impeachment of naturalization.

(1) Rules of municipal courts. $422.

(2) Rule of international action. $ 423.

Repudiation of naturalization improperly obtained.

(3) Authority to make decision. $ 424.

(4) Disposition of fraudulent certificates. $ 425.

XI. Double allegiance.

1. Foreign-born children.

(1) Act of 1855. § 426.

(2) Particular applications of principle.

§ 427.

2. Native-born children.

(1) Double allegiance at birth. $ 428.

(2) Change of parents' nationality. § 429.

3. Election at majority. $ 130.

XII. Question of expatriation.

1. Common-law doctrine. $ 431.

2. Judicial decisions.

(1) Prior to 1868. § 432.

(2) Since 1868. $ 433.

3. Governmental doctrine.

(1) Executive declarations down to 1845. § 434.

(2) Mr. Buchanan's assertion of unqualified right. $ 435.

(3) Reversion to earlier doctrine. $ 436.

(4) Reassertion of unqualified right, 1857–1861. § 437.

(5) Course during civil war. $ 438.

(6) Act of 1868. § 439.

(7) Subsequent statements. $ 440.

4. Law of particular countries.

(1) China. 441.

(2) France. $ 442.

(3) Germany. $ 443.

(4) Greece. $ 444.

(5) Guatemala. $ 445.

(6) Italy. $ 446.

(7) Morocco. $ 447.

(8) The Netherlands. $ 448.

(9) Nicaragua. $.449.

(10) Persia. $ 450.

PASSPORTS.

I. Nature and functions. $ 492.

II. Authority to issue.

1. In the United States. $ 193.

2. In foreign countries. $ 494.

III. To whom issued.

1. Issuance forbidden to any but citizens. $495.

2. Inhabitants of annexed or occupied territory. 496.

3. Indians. $ 497.

4. Persons of color. 198.

5. Persons included in passport. § 499.

6. Women. $ 500.

7. Minor children. $ 501.

8. Declaration of intention. $ 502.

IV. Applications.

1. Forins and evidence. $ 503.

2. Native citizens. $ 504.

3. Naturalized citizens. $ 505.

4. Citizenship through parent's naturalization. $ 506.

5. Evidence of previous passport. $ 507.

6. Oath of allegiance. $ 508.

7. Name of applicant. $ 509.

8. Titles, personal or official. $ 510.

9. Fees. $ 511.

V. Grounds of refusal.

1. Discretion as to issuance. $ 512.

2. Renunciation of allegiance. $ 513.

3. Effect of foreign domicil or residence. $ 514.

4. Foreign residence of citizens by birth.

(1) Persons born in the United States. $ 515.

(2) Persons born abroad. $ 516.

5. Foreign residence of naturalized citizens.

(1) In country of origin. $ 517.

(2) In third country. $ 518.

6. Statement as to intention to return.

$ 519.

7. Connection with American business interests. $ 520.

8. Missionaries. $ 521.

9. Effect of extraterritoriality. $ 522.

VI. Duration of passports.

1. Time limit. $ 523.

2. Cancellation. $ 524.

VII. International effect.

1. Evidential force. $ 525.

2. Visé. S 526.

3. False use.

$ 527.

VIII. Special passports. $ 528.

• IX. Local papers.

1. European countries. $ 529.

2. American countries. $ 530.

3. China. $ 531.

X. War regulations.

1. American civil war. $ 532.

2. Other cases.

$ 533.

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