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UNIVERSAL GAZETTEER

AND

GEOGRAPHICAL
DICTIONARY.

BY JOHN THOMSON,

IDITOE OF THE "NEW GENERAL ATLAS," "CLASSICAL HISTORICAL ATLAS,"
"ATLAS OF SCOTLAND," *c. *c.

v •' -

A NEW EDITION,

REVISED AMD COMPLETED TO THE PRESENT TIME.


ILONDON:
HENRY G. BOHN, YORK STREET, COVENT GARDEN.

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ADVERTISEMENT.

As the utility of works of the kind here offered to the public is abundantly obvious, and generally felt and acknowledged, it may be sufficient here to premise in a few words what are its peculiar claims to public favour.

In consequence of the vast additions which of late years have been made to the general stock of Geographical knowledge, as well as of our more intimate relations with other countries in all regions of the globe, the addition of innumerable references to the repertories formerly in common use has become indispensable; and, for the same reason, a much more careful selection and condensation of the requisite materials has been rendered necessary, in order to bring a compilation of this popular description within the reach of those for whom it is mainly intended.

In attempting to accomplish these different objects, the Editor of the following Work may fairly claim to himself the merit of having laboriously and faithfully availed himself of all the accessible means of accurate information, and he ventures to hope that within a very moderate compass, and in a form as commodious as has appeared to be practicable, he has been able to accumulate a larger store of minute and exact information than will be found in any recent publication of similar extent

In pursuing this humble track of investigation, he does not pretend to emulate the peculiar merits of the statistical work for which the world is indebted to the most distinguished political economist of the present age, and for the accomplishment of which he has possessed pre-eminent advantages: he rests his claim to public patronage and support on less lofty but not less solid grounds; and, in comparison with any other previous publication of similar extent, he is confident that the quantity as well as the quality of his materials will be found to justify the most sanguine hopes of success.

Explanation of the less common contractions of words in this work.

Au. geo.

Bo.

Chap.

C.

Dig.

Div.

Ham.

ancient geography.

borough.

chapelry.

county.

district.

division.

hamlet.

Hun.

M. t.

Pa.

Par.

Pop.

To.

Vil.

hundred, market-town, parish.

parliamentary.] population, town, village.

THE

NEW UNIVERSAL GAZETTEER;

OR,

GEOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.

A A L

A Aiscs, in ancient geography, a town of Nether Asia, supposed to be the Anassus of Ptolemy.

Aa, three rivers of Switzerland; one runs into Lake Lucerne -, smother into lake Wallenstadt; and a third into the Aar.

Aa, rivers of France; one falls into the sea below Gravelines; another joins the canal of Dunkirk and Mardyck; while a third joins the canal of Calais.—2d, In the Dutch province of Overyssel, which falls into Lake Gitcr.

Aa, or Aadb, a river of Dutch Brabant, ■which runs into the DomraeL

A A, the name of several rivers of less note, in Holland, Dutch Brabant, Westphalia, Saxonj, Zutphen, Bavaria, bishoprick of Monster, Switzerland, &c. In some of those countries there are many rivers of like name.

Aa, a river of Semigallia, Courland, which falls into the Gulf of Riga.

.Urn, two rivers in Suabia which fall, the one into the Dler, and the other into Lake Constance.—Also one in Switzerland, which falls into Lake Constance.

A Ah Iu s, or Anus, a rich bailiwick in Mun-
ster, Germany. Population 1600.
Aakiab, a village in Jutland.
Aalboro. one of the four bishopricks of
North Jutland. Population 90,000.

Aalboro, the capital of the preceding Jutland bishoprick, situated on the Liimfiord. It is an old, large, and populous town, has various manufactories, and a good harbour.

Aalek, a bailiwick in the circle of Juxt, in the kingdom of Wurtembnrg. Its extent is 108 square miles, or 69,120 acres. It is well wooded and watered, and produces small quantities of corn and cattle. It contains a city, market town, and 190 smaller villages, with about 17,899 inhabitants.

1 a city, the capital of the baili

tof the same name. Its trade consists of lens, brewing, and the spinning of cot

AAR

ton. It contains 2370 inhabitants. I.at. 43. 47. 20. N. Long. 10. 7. 27. E.

Aalsmer, a village of Holland. Population 1800.

Aaltek, a town of Dutch Guclderland, on the frontier of Munster. Population 3625.

Aahis, one of the former military governments of France, and remarkable for being the smallest of these divisions. It is a country fertile in corn, wine, and wood; several rivers flow through it to the ocean. There are some fine marshy meadow lands, on which cattle are fed, as also salt marshes, which produce the finest salt, of three kinds,—white, grey, and reddish.

Aar, a river of Switzerland, which falls into the Rhine.—2d, Of the Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine, which falls into the Rhine.— 3d, Of Nassau, which falls into the Labn.

Aarau, a circle in the canton Aargau in Switzerland, containing a town from whence its name is derived, with twelve other considerable places. Population 11,820.

Aabburo, a city in Switzerland, in the circle of Zofingen, and canton of Aargau, on the confluence of two rivers. It has a castle, used as a depot for military stores, and about 1000 inhabitants, who are manufacturers of cotton goods and hosiery.

Aabdemburo, a town of Holland. Population 1060. 11 miles N.E. Bruges.

Aaroau, a Swiss canton, containing 650 square miles. Pop. 132,763.

Aabhucs, or Aarhusbn, one of the four bishopricks of North Jutland. Population 140,000.

Aariidcs, the capital of the preceding bishoprick. It has a good trade and a safe harbour; and exports chiefly corn. 48 miles S. Aalborg. Long. 10. 18. E. Lat. 56. 10. N.

Aaroxsbckgii, apost-township of the United States, in Centre County, Pennsylvania.

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