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act, entitled " An act to enable claimants to lands within the limits of the state
lidity of their claims.” (a) Act of May Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 26th 1824, ch.
States of America, in Congress assembled, That the act approved the 173, continued in force. twenty-sixth of May, eighteen hundred and twenty-four, entitled “An
act to enable claimants to lands within the limits of the state of Missouri and territory of Arkansas, to institute proceedings to try the validity of their claims,” shall be, and the same hereby is, continued in force: that is to say, for the purpose of filing petitions in the manner prescribed by that act, to and until the twenty-sixth day of May, in the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, and for the purpose of enabling the claimants to obtain a final decision on the validity of their claims in the courts of Missouri and Arkansas, respectively; the said claims having been exhibited within the time above specified; the said act shall be con
tinued in force to, and until, the twenty-sixth day of May, in the year Claims to be one thousand eight hundred and thirty, and no longer; and the courts decided upon. having cognisance of said claims shall decide upon and confirm such as
would have been confirmed under the laws, usages, and customs of the Spanish government, for two years, from and after the twenty-sixth day
of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, and all the claims To be rati- authorized by that act, to be heard and decided, shall be ratified and confied.
firmed to the same extent that the same would be valid if the country in which they lie had remained under the dominion of the sovereignty in
which said claims originated. So much of Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That so much of the said act as the said act, as subjects the claimants to the payment of costs in any case where the desubjects the
cision may be in favour of their claims, be and the same is hereby repealed, claimants to the payment of
and the costs shall abide the decision of the cause as in ordinary causes costs, in any before the said court; and so much of the said act as requires the claimcase where the
ants to make adverse claimants parties to their suits, or to show the court decision may be in favour of
what adverse claimants there may be to the land claimed of the United their claims, States, be also hereby repealed. And the confirmations had by virtue of repealed. said act, and the patents issued thereon, shall operate only as relinquish
iment of title on the part of the United States, and shall, in no wise, affect the right or title, either in law or equity, of adverse claimants of the
same land. Where any
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That where any claim, founded claim, founded on concession, warrant, or order of survey, shall be adjudged against on concession, and rejected, the claimant or his legal representatives, by descent or pur&c., shall be adjudged chase, being actual inhabitants and cultivators of the soil, the claim to against and re- which shall
have been rejected, shall have the right of pre-emption, at jected.
the minimum price of the public lands, so soon as the land shall be surveyed and subdivided by the United States, of the quarter section on which the improvement shall be situate, and so much of every other quarter section which contains any part of the improvement, as shall be within the limits of the rejected claim.
APPROVED, May 24, 1828.
STATUTE I. May 24, 1828.
Chap. XCI.-An Act to authorize the legislature of the state of Indiana to sell
the lands heretofore appropriated for the use of schools in that state. Legislature
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United of the state of States of America, in Congress assembled, That the legislature of the
(a) See nutes of the act of May 26, 1824, ch. 154.
state of Indiana shall be, and is hereby, authorized to sell and convey, in Indiana authofee simple, all, or any part of the lands heretofore reserved and appro- eto, in fee simpriated by Congress for the use of schools within said state, and to invest ple, all, or any the money arising from the sale thereof in some productive fund, the part, of the
lands heretoproceeds of which shall be forever applied, under the direction of said legislature, for the use and support of schools, within the several town- by Congress for ships and districts of country for which they were originally reserved and the use of set apart, and for no other use or purpose whatsoever: Provided, said schools within land, or any part thereof, shall, in no case, be sold without the consent of the inhabitants of such township, or district, to be obtained in such manner as the legislature of said state shall, by law, direct: And provided, also, That in the apportionment of the proceeds of said fund, each township and district aforesaid shall be entitled to such part thereof, and.no more, as shall have accrued from the sum or sums of money arising from the sale of the school lands belonging to such township or district. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, if the proceeds accruing to
Where proany township, or district
, from said fund, shall be insufficient for the sup- semici care fin port of schools therein, it shall be lawful for said legislature to invest the the support of same, as is hereinbefore directed, until the whole proceeds of the fund schools in any belonging to such township or district shall be adequate to the permanent township. maintenance and support of schools within the same.
APPROVED, May 24, 1828.
STATUTE I. CHAP. XCIII.-An Act supplementary to the several acts providing for the adjust- May 24, 1828.
ment of land claims in the state of Mississippi. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Claimants of States of America, in Congress assembled, That the claimants of lands lands within within that part of the limits of the land district of Jackson Courthouse, limits of the
part of the in the state of Mississippi, lying below the thirty-first degree of north land district of latitude, whose claims have been presented to the commissioners appointed Jackson Courtto receive and examine claims and titles to lands in said district of low the 31st deJackson Courthouse, or to the register and receiver of the land office at gree of north Jackson Courthouse, acting as commissioners under the provisions of the lat. whose
claims have act of third of March, one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, entitled
been presented “ An act for adjusting the claims to lands, and establishing land offices by the commisin the district east of the Island of New Orleans," and which have not sioners under
act of March been reported to Congress, or whose claims have not been heretofore
3, 1819, ch. 100. presented to said commissioners, or to the register and receiver acting as whose claims commissioners, or whose claims have been acted upon, but additional have not been evidence adduced, be allowed until the first day of January, one thousand
acted upon, al
lowed until eight hundred and twenty-nine, to present their titles and claims, and Jan. 1st, 1829, the evidence in support of the same, to the register and receiver of the to present their land office at Jackson Courthouse, in the state of Mississippi, whose titles, &c. powers and duties in relation to the same, shall, in all respects, be governed by the provisions of the acts before recited, and of the act of the eighth of May, eighteen hundred and twenty-two, entitled “An act Act of May 8, supplementary to the several acts for adjusting the claims to land, 1822, ch. 128. and establishing lạnd offices in the district east of the island of New Orleans." Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said register and receiver receiver to hold
Register and shall have power to receive and examine such titles and claims, and for their sessions that purpose shall hold their sessions at Jackson Courthouse, and the at Jackson town of Shieldsborough. They shall give immediate notice after the and the town passage of this act of the time and place of their meeting, but may ad- of Shieldsbojourn from time to time as may best suit the convenience of claimants, rough, &c. upon giving due notice thereof. And the said register and receiver
receiver to apshall have power to appoint a clerk, who shall be a person capable of point a clerk.
translating the French and Spanish languages, and who shall perform the
duty of translator and such other duty as may be required by the said Their com
register and receiver; and the said register and receiver shall each be pensation each. allowed, as a compensation for their services in relation to said claims,
and, for the services to be performed under the provisions of the several acts to which this is a supplement, the sum of eight hundred dollars each, and the clerk the sum of eight hundred dollars : which several sums of
money shall be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise apPayment of propriated : Provided, That the payment of the whole of the aforesaid the whole of
compensation shall be withheld by the Secretary of the Treasury, until the aforesaid compensation a report, approved by him, shall have been made to him by said register to be withheld and receiver, of the performance of the services herein required. by the Secreta
APPROVED, May 24, 1828.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Sums appro
States of America, in Congress assembled, That the following sums be priated, &c.
appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise
appropriated, for the objects following, viz: For payment For the payment of the sum stipulated by the sixth article of the treaty of sum
by art, 6, of the fifth of August, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, with the Chippewas the Chippewa tribe of Indians, one thousand dollars. of Aug. 5, 1826. For paying the annuity and providing the means of education, stipulat
For annuity, ed by third article of the treaty with the Patawatima tribe of Indians, 3 of treaty with made the sixteenth of October, one thousand eight hundred and twentythe Patawatima six, four thousand dollars. of Oct. 16, 1826.
For supporting a blacksmith and miller, and also for furnishing one For supporting a black- hundred and sixty bushels of salt, in conformity with the aforesaid article, smith, &c. one thousand five hundred and twenty dollars. For payment
For the payment of the annuity stipulated by the fourth article of the of annuity by
treaty with the Miami tribe of Indians, made the twenty-third day of treaty with the Miamies of Oct. October, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, for the year one 23, 1826. thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, thirty thousand dollars.
For delivery For the delivery of two thousand pounds of iron, one thousand pounds of two thousand of steel, one thousand pounds of tobacco, and for the employment of &c.
labourers, in conformity of the said fourth article of the said treaty,one
thousand one hundred dollars. For support For the support of the poor and infirm, and the education of the youth of the poor and of the said tribe of Indians, under the sixth article of the said treaty, infirm.
two thousand dollars. For carrying For carrying into effect the treaty with the Creek nation of Indians, into effect
concluded the fifteenth of November, one thousand eight hundred and treaty with Creek nation of twenty-seven, forty-seven thousand four hundred and twenty-nine dollars. Nov. 15, 1827. To the Thornton party of Miami Indians, by virtue of the second
To the Thorn- article of a treaty made with them on the eleventh of February, one ton party of
thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, at the Wyandot village, for by treaty of
goods delivered and to be delivered, as provided for by the second article Feb. 11, 1828.
of the said treaty, ten thousand dollars. For building For building twelve houses, clearing and fencing forty acres of land, twelve houses, and furnishing wagon,oxen, labourers, provisions, horses, and saddles, and &c.
bridles, as stipulated for by same article of said treaty, five thousand four
hundred and eighty-five dollars. For payment For payment of money and goods to Peter Langlois, as stipulated for &c., to Peter by the third article of said treaty, four thousand dollars. Langlois. For the fol
For the following sums and objects, being necessary to carry into lowing sums,
effect the treaty concluded on the sixth day of May, one thousand eight
hundred and twenty-eight, between the United States and the Cherokee &c. necessary nation of Indians, west of the Mississippi:
to carry into
effect the treaty In consideration of the inconvenience and trouble of removing, as with the Cheroprovided for in the fifth article of said treaty, fifty thousand doslars. kees.
For three years annuity, as provided for in the same article, six thousand dollars. For spoliations committed on them, as provided for in the same arti
committed on cle, eight thousand seven hundred and sixty dollars.
them. For the use of Thomas Graves, same article, one thousand two hun- Use of Thodred dollars.
Use of For the use of George Guess, same article, five hundred dollars.
George Guess. For two thousand dollars, for ten years, for the education of their chil- Education of dren, same article, twenty thousand dollars.
their children. Towards the purchase of a printing press, and types, same article, one Printing press. thousand dollars. For the compensation proposed to be paid to emigrating Cherokees Compensation
to Cherokees from within the chartered limits of Georgia, for the year one thousand
for 1828. eight hundred and twenty-eight, upon the supposition that five hundred may emigrate within the year; that is to say: For rifles, six thousand two hundred and fifty dollars.
For rifles. For five hundred blankets, two thousand five hundred dollars.
For blankets. For five hundred kettles, one thousand dollars.
For kettles. For two thousand five hundred pounds of tobacco, two hundred and For tobacco. fifty dollars.
For property that may be abandoned, upon the estimate that, of the For abandonfive hundred, one hundred may be heads of families, and have property
ed property. worth twenty dollars, each, two thousand dollars.
For cost of For cost of emigration of five hundred, at ten dollars each, five thou
emigration. sand dollars.
Provisions for For provisions for a year, fifteen thousand dollars.
a year. For ten dollars for each emigrant, as provided for by the eighth article Ten dollars of the aforesaid treaty, five thousand dollars.
for each emiFor Captain James Rogers, as provided for by the tenth article, five grant.
For Captain hundred dollars.
James Rogers. For the expense, in part, of running the boundary lines, as provided for For expense by the third article, two thousand dollars.
boundary lines. APPROVED, May 24, 1828.
STATUTE I. CHAP. XCV.-An Act making appropriations for the purchase of books, and May 24, 1828. for other purposes.
(Obsolete.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
5000 dollars States of America, in Congress assembled, That the sum of five thou- appropriated sand dollars be, and the same hereby is appropriated, to be paid out for the purof any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the pur- for the library chase of books for the library of Congress.
of Congress. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the librarian of Congress
Librarian aube authorized to employ an assistant, who shall receive a yearly com- ploy an assist
thorized to empensation of eight hundred dollars, commencing March fourth, one thou- ant. sand eight hundred and twenty-seven; to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated. APPROVED, May 24, 1828.
STATUTE I. CHAP. XCVI.–An Act supplementary to an act, entitled "An Act providing for May 24, 1828.
the correction of errors in making entries of lands at the land offices,” passed
Provisions of States of America, in Congress assembled, That the provisions of the act of March 3,
have issued or
1819, ch. 98, to act, entitled "An act providing for the correction of errors in making en
to where patents
tries of lands at the land offices," approved March third, one thousand
eight hundred and nineteen, are hereby declared to extend to cases shall hereafter
where patents have issued, or shall hereafter issue : upon condition that issue.
the party concerned shall surrender his or her patent, to the commissioner of the general land office, with a relinquishment of title thereon, executed in a form to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury.
APPROVED, May 24, 1828.
STATUTE I. May 24, 1828.
CHAP. XCVII.—An Act lo enable the President of the United States to hold a
trealy with the Chippewas, Ottawas, Pattawattimas, Winnebagoes, Fox and Sacs [Obsolete.)
nutions of Indians. 15,000 dol. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United lars appropri- States of America, in Congress assembled, That the sum of fifteen thouated to defray the expenses of
sand dollars be, and the same is hereby appropriated, to defray the extreating with penses of treating with the Chippewas, Ottawas, Pattawattimas, Winnebathe Chippewas, goes, Fox and Sacs nations of Indians, for the purpose of extinguishing &c.
their titles to lands within the state of Illinois and the territory of Michigan, situated between the Illinois river and the lead mines, on Fever river, and in the vicinity of said lead mines; and, also, certain reservations on the south-east border of Lake Michigan; and that the President of the United States, if he shall deem it expedient, may apply a part of the aforesaid appropriation, for the purpose of holding a treaty with the Choctaw nation of Indians, to extinguish their title to the tract of land, which lies in the territory of Arkansas, east of the western boundary line of said territory; the said sum to be paid out of any money in the treasury
not otherwise appropriated. Commission- SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose of negotiating ers appointed to said treaty, on the part of the United States, the President shall be, and treaty. he is hereby, authorized to appoint commissioners, by and with the advice
and consent of the Senate, as soon as practicable, and to fix their compensation, so as not to exceed what has been heretofore allowed for like services.
APPROVED, May 24, 1828.
May 24, 1828. Chap. XCVIII.- An Act making an appropriation for the suppression of the 1830, ch. 218.
slave trade. (a) 30,000 dollars Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United appropriated for the sup
States of America, in Congress assembled, That the sum of thirty thoupression of the sand dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of slave trade. any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, to the suppression
Act of March of the slave trade, pursuant to the act of Congress of the third day of 3, 1819, ch.101.
March, one thousand eight hundred and nineteen. Secretary of Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Navy be the Navy to
authorized to pay, out of the sum herein appropriated, the claim of the satisfy the claim of Taliaferro administrator of the estate of Taliaferro Livingston, late United States' Livingston. marshal for the district of Alabama, for the maintenance of sundry AfriProviso. cans, captured in one thousand eight hundred and eighteen: Provided,
The said administrator shall produce satisfactory evidence of the reason-
(a) For acts relating to the slave trade, see vol. i. 347.