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in New Mexico, Kanzas, and Nebraska, and donations to actua settlers therein, - making provision for Postal Service in California, Oregon, and Washington, to graduate and reduce the price of the Public Lands to actual settlers and cultivators, to increase the pay of the rank and file of the Army, — and to carry into effect the Reciprocity Treaty between the United States and Great Britain. The tabular view of the railroads in the country is continued from the last volume : and the comparative view of the debts, property, and general financial condition of all the States, has been corrected with great care from the latest official returns. The information concerning the Individual States is as full as in former years. It is believed that nowhere else can be found such full details respecting the Executive and Judiciary, the finances, schools, charitable institutions, and pauperism and crime, of the several States. Should any one note inaccuracies or deficiencies therein, he is urgently requested to correct them. The European part of the work,"revised from the best authority to late dates, gives the several States of Europe, with their form of government, the name, title, and date of accession of the reigning sovereigns, the area and population of the several countries. It also gives the Royal Family, the Ministry, and the Judiciary of England. The Ministry of France is added. A Foreign Obituary for 1853 and 1854 is given, which it is intended to continue hereafter. The obituary notices and Chronicle of Events have been prepared with care. The space is so limited, that many names and events which otherwise would be given are necessarily omitted.

The thanks of the Editor are particularly due to the Heads of Department at Washington, and to his many contributors and correspondents, to whom the work is indebted for a great part of its value. A continuance of their favors is respectfully solicited. A work embracing such a multitude of facts must necessarily contain errors; persons who may detect any are earnestly requested to communicate them to the Editor. It is particularly desirable that these communications should not be anonymous. It is frequently a source of regret to the Editor, that he cannot suitably acknowl. edge the valuable hints and assistance of anonymous correspondents. It is a matter of some public interest, that a periodical which circulates so widely, both in Europe and America, and which is so universally trusted as a manual for reference, should be rendered as accurate as possible ; and this end can be obtained only by the co-operation of many individuals. Communications should be addressed to the “Editor of the American Almanac,” Boston.

Boston, Mass., December, 1854.

CONTENTS.

.... 105

107

..

Debt of the United States, :

149 Foreign Magazine and Pamphlet

U. S. Expenditure from 1789 to 1853, 150 Postage,..

178

U. S. Revenue from 1789 to 1853, 151

Receipts and Expenses from and for

Imports, Exports, and Debt, for 63

Postages in each State in 1853, . 179

Years,

152 13. Congress,..

179

11. Commerce and Navigation,

Senate,

............ 180

Value of Imports, 1852-53,

House of Representatives,.......... 182

Value of Imports for five Years,.....

156

Alphabetical List of Representatives, 185

Value of Exports, 1850 - 1853, ..... 157 | 14. Population of the United States,..... 187

Imports from and Exports to Foreign 15. Slaves in the United States,

Countries in 1852 - 53,

159 16. Seventh Census of United States,.... 188

Indirect Trade,...

160 17. Population of some Principal Cities, 189

Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign Trade, 160 18. Mint,

189

Imports and Exports of each State, 162 Officers of Mint, and Coinage,... 190

Vessels built in U. States, and their

Coinage of the Mint since 1792, 191

Tonnage, in 1853,

162 19. Religious Denominations,...

192

Comparative View of Tonnage from 20. State Elections, &c.,

192

1815 to 1853,

163 21. Governors of States and Territories, 193

Commercial Marine of United States, 163 22. Finances of the States,

...191, 195

Vessels built, and their Tonnage, from 23. Colleges, &c., in the United States, . 196

1815 to 1853,

161 Annual College Expenses,..

199

12. Post-Office Department,

161 Theological Schools,

200

Mail-service for 1853,

166 Law Schools,

200

No. of Post-Offices, &c., since 1790,.. 167 Medical Schools,

201

Foreign Mail Service, .

163 24. Smithsonian Institution,

201

Receipts and Expenditures for Con 25. Railroads in the United States, . 202-208

tract year, in detail,

169 26. Public Lands,.....

208

Du. under old and new Laws,

169 Sales of Public Lands,

Revenue under Postal Treaties, 170 27. Banks in the United States,

210

Compensation of Postmasters, 171 23. American Securities held abroad, .... 215

Rates of Postage in United States, .. 172 29. Fineness and Value of certain Foreign

Privilege of Franking,

173 Coins, .

217

Rates of Foreign Letter and News.

paper Postage, &c., ....... 174-178

.... 209

Reigning Sovereigns of Europe,

States of Europe,

EUROPE.

317 | Great Britain, .

.. 318 | Ministry of France,

319

323

American Obituary,

Foreign Obituary,

323 Chronicle of Events..

336 Additions and Corrections,

343

352

285

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... 168

66

PAGE

PAGE
Abstracts of Public Laws
127 Engineers in Navy, Pay of.....

107
Additions and Corrections

352 Envoys Extraordinary, &c. ........ 116, 120
Alabama..

275 Ephemeris of the Sun............... 47 - 52
American Obituary.
..... 323 Eras, &c...

3
American Securities held abroad
215 European States

318
American States

......... 315 Events, General, in 1853. .............. 336
Arkansas.

1854.

346
Apportionment of U. S. Representatives 188 Executive Government of U. S........... 87
Appraisers at Large....

88 Expenditures of U. S. for 65 years ...... 150
Appropriations, U. S., for 1854, 1855.. 127, 128 Expenditures of each State

195
Army List.

100 Exports of each State for 1852 - 53 ...... 162
Army Officers, Pay of.................... 110 Exports, Value of, in 1850 - 53

...... 157
Army Pension Agents..
98 Exports to Foreign Countries

159
Army, Act to increase pay of rank & file of 141 Exports for 63 Years.....

152
Arsenals in the United States....

102 Federal Representative Population. 188
Assistant Treasurers
88 Festivals of the Church ......

5
Atmospherical Electricity.

65 Finances of the States......

....194, 195
Attorneys of U.S. Courts...

112 Fixed Stars, Apparent Places of Principal 55
Banks in the United States
210 Florida.

274
Banks. See the several States.

Flowering of Fruit-trees in 1854

84
Barometrical Observations ...........76-83 Foreign Goods imported in 1832.... 153 - 156
Cabinet, Officers in the

87 Foreign Mail Service
Calendar : January, &C.......... .. 8-31 Foreign Ministers, &c., in U. S..... 120
California.

310 Foreign Nations, Intercourse with ...... 115
California Gold...
.... 190 Foreign Obituary.

336
California Land Claims, Commission 90 Foreign Trade, Countries of ........159- 161
Capitals of States..
192 France.

323
Census of U. States (Seventh).. ........ 188 Franking Privilege ................ 173
Celestial Phenomena, Signs, &c. ........ 3 General Events in 1853

................ 343
Chronicle of Events ................... 343

1854 ................ 345
Chronological Cycles
4 Georgia

272
Church Festivals ...................... 5 Government, Seats of, in different States. 192
Circuit Courts...

110, 111 Governments, Annual Expenses of State. 195
Cities, Principal, Population of... 189 Governors of States, &c. Terms and Salaries 193
Clerks of Circuit Courts of U. S......... 113 Great Britain.
Clerks of District Courts of U. S......... 113 Illinois.

301
Clouds and Winds in 1853
........ 76-83 Imports, Value of, in 1852-53

153
Coinage of Mint since 1792
191 Imports for 63 Years.

152
Coins, Fineness and value of certain foreign 217 Imports of each State for 1852 - 53 ...... 162
Collectors of Customs.

93 imports paying ad valorem Duties...153 - 156
Colleges in United States. .............. 196 Imports free of Duty

153
Colleges, Annual Expenses in

199 Indian Superintendents and Agents...... 97
Commerce of U.S.
153 Indiana

296
Commercial Agents in Foreign countries 117 Supervising Inspectors of Steam-vessels . 99
Commercial Marine of the U.S.

163 Intercourse with Foreign Nations ....... 115
Commissioners, U.S., in Foreign countries 116 Interior, Department of the ............. 89
Congress, Thirty-Third, 2d Session 179 - 185 Iowa.

306
Connecticut
240 Jewish Calendar

5
Consuls, Foreign, in U. S.

121 Judges of U.S. Circ. and Dist. Courts 110-115
Consuls in Foreign Countries ...... 117 - 120 Judiciary, U. S.

110
Corrections and Additions ........... 352 Jupiter's Satellites, Eclipses of..........

39
Countries whence Goods are brought 159 Kanzas Territory

314
Debt of the United States ....... 149 Kanzas Territory, Act establishing

130
Debts of the States

194, 195 Kentucky
Delaware.

............ 258 Land-Office, Registers, Receivers, &c. 95
Department of the Interior. ............. 89 Lands, Public

208
Department of State

88 Lands, Public, Act to graduate and reduce
Departments, Officers in the
88-90 Price of

141
District Courts.

112-115 Latitude and Longitude of Observatories 41
District of Columbia

315 Latitude and Longitude of Places.... 42 - 46
Eclipses in 1855
....... 35, 37 Law Schools

200
Eclipse of Moon, May 1 & 2

35 Laws, Titles and Abstracts of Public
Eclipse of Moon,'October 25...

36 Legislatures, State, Meeting of.... 192
Eclipse of Sun, Partial, May 15

36 Leiters, by Sea-going Vessels ........... 172
Eclipse of Sun, Partial, November 9 37 Libraries, College...................... 196
Elections, State.
192 Lighthouse Board.....

99
Electricity, Atmospherical.....
65 Louisiana .....

280
Elements of the Eclipses of Sun ..

37 Mahometan Calendar.
Engineers, Corps of, &c.

166
100, 105/ Mail Service for 1853.

...... 319

... 288

.... 127

6

..............

fect ..

.................

.........

Mail Service, Foreign................... 168 Public Lands, and Sales of.........

... 208, 209
Maine...

219 Public Lands, Surveyors-General of... 96
Marine, Commercial, of the U. S........ 163 Public Laws, Titles and Abstracts of..... 127
Marine Corps.

109 Public Resolutions of Congress....... 143
Mars and Venus, Discs of.

39 Railroads in New England..... 202- 204
Marshals, U. S...................... ... 113 Railroads in Construction in New England 204
Maryland.

259 Railroads in the U.S............... 202 - 208
Massachusetts

229 Receivers and Registers of Land-Office .. 95
Massachusetts, Railroads of ............. 202 Reciprocity Treaty, Act to carry into Ef-
Medical Schools
201

142
Meteorological Information.......... 76-83 Religious Denominations

192
Michigan

................ 294 Representatives, Alphabetical List of.... 185
Military Commands .....
101 Representatives, House of....

182
Military Posts

102 Representatives, State, No. of, and Terms 193
Militia Force of the U. S. .............. 101 Representatives, U. S., Apportionment of 188
Minnesota Territory.

313 Resolutions, Public, of Congress... 143
Ministers of U. S. in Foreign countries.. 116 Revenue and Expenditure. ......... 144 - 152
Ministers, Foreign, in U. Š..... 120 Revenue, U. S., for 65 Years.......... 15
Mint.

189 Rhode Island..

............ 236
Mint, Officers of, Coinage, &c.
190 Saturn's Rings

41
Mississippi..
278 School Fund of States...

195
Missouri......................
304 Seasons, Beginning and Length of

4
Naval Officers.................

95 Secretaries of Legation

116, 120
Navigation ....................... 160, 161 Senate of the U. Š.

180
Navy Department.

89 Senators, State, No. of, and Terms....... 193
Navy List ...........................
106 Slaves in the U. S.

187
Navy Officers, Pay of..................
107 Smithsonian Institution.......

201
Navy, Vessels of War in .......
105 South Carolina ......

268
Navy Pension Agents..................
99 Southern Railroads ..

207
Navy Yards, Commanders of ........... 106 Sovereigns of Europe

317
Nebraska Territory

314 Specific Duties. See Imports.
Nebraska Territory, Act establishing.... 132 State Department....

88
New Hampshire
222 State Elections, &c.....

192
New Jersey.
251 State Finances, Debts, &c.

194, 195
New Mexico Territory
313 Steamboat Inspectors

99
Newspapers, Postage oņ......... .172-178 Sun, Ephemeris of the .............. 47-52
New York.
243 Sun's Parallax in Altitude.....

64
New York, Railroads in................

205 Supreme Court, U. S.................. 110
North Carolina
267 Surveyors of Land-Office.

96
Obituary, American, in 1853..

323 Surveyors General in New Mexico, Kanzas,
1854...

329
and Nebraska .....

137
Obituary, Foreign, in 1853 and 1854 336 Tennessee

286
Observatories, Latitude and Longitude of 41 Texas ..

283
Occultations
38 Theological Schools..

200
....... 290 Tides, Height of Greatest, in 1855........ 7
Oregon Territory

313 Titles and Abstracts of Public Laws ... 127
Oregon Territory, Postal service in 138 Tonnage of the U. S...

160 - 164
Pamphlets and Magazines, Postage on.... 178 Tonnage, Comparative View of, for 39
Parallax in Altitude of the Sun..........

64
Years

163
Pennsylvania.

253 Trade, Foreign, Countries of ........... 160
Pension Agents, Army and Navy...... 98, 99 Treasurers, Assistant,.................. 88
Planets, Signs of the......
3 Treasury Department ................

88
Pole Star, Apparent Places of the .......

53 United States, Seventh Census.......... 188
Population of the Globe ..........

316 Utah Territory

............ 313
Population of the U.S. ....... 187, 189 Venus and Mars, Discs of .............. 39
Population of Chief Cities in U. S....... 189 Vermont.

226
Postage, Rates of Inland..

172 Vessels and Tonnage from 1815-1853 163-164
Postage, Foreign
...174 - 178 Vessels of War in U. S. Navy

108
Postage to Oregon and California, Foreign 174 Virginia

263
Postmasters in Chief Towns and Cities... 90 War Department ..

89
Postmasters, Compensation of .. 135, 167, 171 Warehousing System, Act concerning, 130
Post-Office Department ........ ..... 90, 164 Washington Territory,

314
Post Office Distributing Offices........90-93 Washington Territory, Postal Service in.. 138
Post-Office Rec's and Expend's in 1852,'53 169 Western Railroads

208
Post-Office Statistics since 1790........ 167 West Indian Governments............ 316
Post-Office Revenue...

169 Winds and Clouds .................. 76-83
Presidents of the U.S..
87 Wisconsin.

308
Property of States....
195 Young's Refractions...................

63
Public Lands, Act to graduate and reduce Zodiac, Signs of the............

4
Price of ..

141

................

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Ohio .......

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