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for completing the pier at the mouth of Grand river, in the same state, one thousand dollars. And for surveys, to be made under the direction of the president of the United States, for the following purposes, to wit: to ascertain the practicability and necessity of constructing a pier, ali the mouth of the harbor of Marblehead, for the security of shipping ; and also a pier in the barbor of Holmes' Hole, for the same object, in the state fof Massachuselis, the sum of four hundred dollars. (Approved, March 3, 1825.)

ACTS OF THE NINETEENTH CONGRESS

or

THE UNITED STATES :

Passed at the first session, which was begun and held at

the City of Washington, in the District of Columbia, on Monday, the 1st day of December, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five.

John Quincy Adams, President. J. C. CalHOUN, Vice Presi

dent, and President of the Senate. NATHANIEL Macon, President of the Senate, pro tempore, from the 2014 of May. J. W. TAYLOR, Speaker of the House of Representatives.

&c.

Chap. 3. An act for altering the time of holding the district court in the northern district

of New York. § 1. Be it enacted, fc. That, from and after the next term of After the term the district court of the United States for the northern district of court for the New York, the term directed by law to be held at Albany on the northern dislast Tuesday in January, shall, instead thereof, be held at Alba-York, said ny on the third Tuesday in January in each year thereafter. (Ap

court is to hold

its sessions on, proved, February 1, 1826. Chap. 4. An act to revive and continue in force, an act, entitled " An act fixing the com

pensations of the secretary of the senate and clerk of the house of representatives, of the clerks employed in their offices, and of the librarian."

$1. Be it enacted, fc. That an act, passed the eighteenth of Act of 18th April, one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, entitled “ An revived, and to acı fixing the compensation of the secretary of the senate and continuo in

force for three clerk of the house of representatives, of the clerks employed in years. their offices, and of the librarian,” be, and the same is hereby, Yol, . p. declared to be revived, and to continue in force for three years, and until the termination of the session of congress next ensuing. (Approved, February 1, 1826.) CHAP. 5. An act to annul" An act concerning wreckers and wrecked property," passed by

the governor and legislative council of the territory of Florida. $1. Be it enacted, fc. That the act of the governor and le. Act of the legislative council of the territory of Florida, entitled “ An act cil of Florida, concerning wreckers and wrecked property," approved by the of 4th July,

Vol. iii. p.

1825, declared governor the fourth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and null and rcid.

twenty-three, be, and the same is hereby, disapproved, and declared null and void. (Approved, February 1, 1826.)

CHAP. 8. An act conerning the iransportation of the mail between Vincennes and St. Louis, 1813. So much of $1. Be it enacted, &c. That so much of the act, entitled “ An the act of 3d March, 1821, act to alter and establish certain post roads,” approved March as directs that third, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, as directs that Vincennes,

“ the mail from Vincennes, Indiana, to St. Louis, Missouri, shall &c. shall pass, pass by Vandalia," shall be, and the same hereby is, repealed. c.

(Approved, March 3, 1826.

CHAP. 9. An act for the survey of a route for a canal between the Atlantic and the Gulph

of Mexico.

&c.

The president

§ 1. Be it enacted, fc. That the president of the United States of the United be, and he is hereby, authorized to cause to be made an accuStates authorized to cause

rate and minute examination of the country souih of the St. tu be made an Mary's river, and including the same, with a view to ascertain accurate and minute exami. the most eligible route for a canal, adinitting the transit of boats nation south of to connect the Atlantic with the Gulph of Mexico, and, also, the St. Mary's with a view to ascertain the practicability of a ship channel ; cluding the that he cause particularly to be examined the route from the St.

, a View to ascer. Mary's river to the Appalachicola river or bay, and from the St. lain the most John's river to the Vassasousa bay, with a view to both the above eligible route for a canal,

objects ; that he cause the necessary surveys, both by land and along the coast, with estimates of the expense of each, accompanied with proper plans, notes, observations, explanations and opinions, of the board of engineers, and that he cause a full re

port of these proceedings to be made to congress ; and to carry 20,000 dolls. the same into effect, the suin of twenty thousand dollars be, and appropriated. the same is hereby, appropriated, out of any money in the

treasury not otherwise appropriated. (Approved, March 3, 1826.) Chap. 18. An act to confirm the supplementary report of the commissioners of the west

ern district of Louisiana. Claims mark

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the claims marked B, described ed B, describe ed in the sup- in the supplementary report of ine commissioners of the western plementary district of the state of Louisiana, dated the 11th of May, one report of the commissioners thousand eight hundred and fisteen, and recommended by them. distbie western for confirmation, be, and the same are hereby, confirmed in the Louisiana, same manner, and under the same restrictions, as the report, to

fillth May, which this was supplementary, was confirmed, by the act of the 1815,

twenty-ninth of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixteen. [ Approved, March 31, 1826.]

An act to extend the land districts in the territory of Arkansas. Tract of coun $1. Be it enacted, &c. That all that tract of country in the orphe baselino territory of Arkansas, lying north of the base line, and west of and west of the the Lawrence land district, be, and the same is hereby, attached Lawrence land

to, and made a part of, said land district; and all that part of

ed,

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the territory of Arkansas lying south of the base line, and west district, as also of the Arkansas land district, be, and the same is hereby, attach- south, &c. ated 10, and made a part of, the Arkansas land district: Provided, tached, &c. That nothing in this act contained shall be construed as author. Proviso, nothizing a survey or interference of any kind whatever upon any to interfere lands, the right whereof is in any Indian tribe. (Approved, April with the right 5, 1826.]

tribe.

remain the

CHAP. 23. An act for altering the time of holding one term of the district court for the wes.

tern district of Pennsylvania. $1. Be it enacted, &c. That the terın of the district court of Term of the the western district of Pennsylvania, now directed to be held at Pittsburg on Pittsburg, in the county of Alleghany, on the second Monday of the 20 Mon

day, to be hold October, shall hereafter be held at the same place, on the third on the 3d Monday of October, in each year thereafter.

Monday of

October. $ 2. That all actions, suits, processes, pleadings, and other All actions, proceedings, coinnenced and pending in the said district court, suits, &c, to shall have day, be heard, and determined, on the said third Mon

same as if no day of October, in the same manner as they would have been, change had

taken placo. on the second Monday of October, if the act had not passed. [Approved, April 5, 1826.] CHAP. 26. An act to equalize the duties on vessels of the republic of Colombia, and their car

goes. § 1. Be it enacted, fc. That no other or higher rate of duties The rate of shall be imposed or collected on vessels of the republic of Co- on vessels of lombia, and their cargoes, consisting of articles of the growth, their cargoes, produce, or manufacture of said republic, than are, or may be, to be the same payable on vessels of the United States, with cargoes composed bietbasepayaas aforesaid.

sels, &c. $ 2. That the secretary of the treasury be, and he is hereby, Secretary of

to authorized to return all duties which have been assessed since return all duthe twenty-ninth January, eighteen hundred and twenty-six, on vessels of the republic of Colombia, and their cargoes composed January, 1826, of articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture of the said on vessels of republic, beyond the amount which would have been payable on their cargoes vessels of the United States and cargoes, composed as aforesaid, being the imported therein ; and that the same allowances of drawback on said republic. exportations, in vessels of the republic of Colombia, be made as on the like exportations, in vessels of the United States.

$3. That ihis act shall continue and be in force during the This ace in time that the equality for which it provides shall, in all respects, force during be reciprocated in the ports of the republic of Colombia ; and if, the time that at any time hereafter, ihe said equality shall not be reciprocated for which it in the ports of the said republic, the president may, and he is provides be rehereby authorized to, issue his proclamation, declaring that fact, the ports of whereupon this act shall cease and determine. (Approved, April Colombia, &e. 20, 1826.)

ties assossed since 29th

CHAP. 28. An act giving the right of pre-emption, in the purchase of lands, to certain seuilers

in the states of Alabama, Mississippi, and ivrritory of Florida. $1. Be it enacted, fc. That every person, or the legal repre- &cwho, on or sentatives of any person, who, being either the head of a family before the lot

&c. settled on

two or more

January, 1825, or twenty-one years of age, did, on or before the first day of Jan&c. a tract of uary, in the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five, land in Flori- actually inhabit and cultivate a tract of land situated in the terbe entitled to ritory of Florida, which tract is not rightfully claimed by any the pre-empo other person, and who shall not have removed from the said terchase thereof; ritory, shall be entitled to the right of pre-emplion in the purunder the act chase thereof, under the same terms, restrictions, conditions, proof 5th February, 1813. visions, and regulations, in every respect, as are directed by the

act, entitled “ An act giving the right of pre-emption, in the purchase of lands, to certain settlers in the Illinois territory,"

passed February the fifth, one thousand eight hundred and thirProviso.

teen : Provided, That no person shall be entitled to the provisions of this section, who claims any tract of land in said territory, by virtue of a confirmation of the commissioners, or by virtue

of any act of congress. Any person,

$ 2. That any person, or the legal representatives of any pera fractional son, entitled to a preference in becoming the purchaser of a quarter sec- tract of land at private sale, according to the provisions of this the privilege act, who is settled on a fractional quarter section, shall have the of purchasing privilege of purchasing an adjoining quarter section, or the fracan adjoining one. tional quarter section, improved by them, at their option. Course to be $ 3. That, in cases where two or more persons entitled to the pursued where

right of pre-emption shall be settled on one quarter, or fractionpersons have al quarter section of land, they shall be authorized to purchase the right of pre-emption.

one or more quarter sections, which, with the quarter section, or fractional quarter upon which such persons are settled, shall be equally divided between them, in such manner as the register and receiver shall direct, so as to secure, as far as may be prac

ticable, to each person, their improvements, respectively : ProProviso; no vided, That in no instance shall any person be entitled to a preperson to be entitled to a ference in the purchase for more than one quarter section of preference in land, in addition to his portion of the fractional quarter section of more than on which he is settled. one quarter § 4. That any person, or persons, who have settled on and section, Any person

improved any of the lands in the said territory, reserved for the setiledon, &c. use of schools, and who would have had the right of pre-emption school lands, thereto by this law, had not the same been so reserved, shall have shall have the the right of pre-emption under the same terms and conditions, emption on the and subject to the same restrictions, provided for in other cases same terms, of a right of pre-emption in said territory io a quarter section of

unappropriated lands in the same township, and as near adjacent as lands of like quantity can be obtained.

§ 5. That every person, or his or her legal representative, comprised in comprised in the list of actual settlers, reported to ihe commisthe list of ac- sioner of the general land office, by the register and receiver for reported to the the district of Jackson Court House, in the state of Mississippi, commissioner under the authority of an act of congress, entitled "An act for land office, un adjusting the claims to land, and establishing land offices in the der the act of districts east of the island of New Orleans," approved the third 1814, shall be day of March, one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, not entuled to the having any written evidence of claim to land, in said district, ence on bo- and who, on the third day of March, one thousand eight hundred coming tho

and nineteen, did actually inhabit and cultivate a tract of land

Vol. iv.p.

2200.

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