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7 Lit. For I do not trust in my bow; and my sword doth not obtain for me the victory. Verse 3. Comp. Ps. 45:4-6. "I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen Hos. 1:7.

8 Lit. But thou hast given us the victory over our enemies, and hast put them to shame that hate us.


Lit. In God have we made our boast all the day. Selah (at end).

God has forgotten His people. Their enemies hate, insult, and slay them. vv. 10-17. 10 Lit. But (now) thou hast cast us off and put us to shame; and hast not gone forth with our armies. "Wherefore the LORD his God delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria; and they smote him, and carried away a great multitude of them captives, and brought them to Damascus. And he was also delivered into the hand of the king of Israel, who smote him with a great slaughter" 2 Chr. 28:5.

II Lit. Thou hast made us turn back from the adversary; and they which hate us have spoiled for themselves.

12 Lit. Thou hast delivered us up as sheep for food (i. e. slaughter). Verse 22.

13 Lit. Thou hast sold thy people for nought, and hast not increased (thy wealth) by their price. "Thy substance and thy treasures will I give to the spoil without price, and that for all thy sins, even in all thy borders" Jer. 15:13. See Judg. 2:14.

14 Lit. Thou hast made us a reproach to our neighbours ; a scorn and a derision to them that are round about us. 15 Lit. Thou hast made us a by-word among the heathen; a shaking of the head among the peoples.

6 Lit. Do we overthrow,-do we tread. 7 Collect for Sexagesima Sunday.



74:3 80:12,13 23:4

9:17 16:4 139:1-4

derer and blasphemer: for the enemy and avenger,

18 And though all this be come upon us, yet do we not forget thee: nor behave ourselves frowardly in thy covenant.

19 Our heart is not turned back: neither our steps gone out of thy way;

20 No, not when thou hast smitten us into the place of dragons: and covered us with the shadow of death.

IO,II 60:5, II 79:9 80:2

44:5 89:19-30

21 If we have forgotten the Name of our God, and holden up our hands to any strange god : shall not God search it out? for he knoweth the very secrets of the heart.


23 Up, Lord, why sleepest 35:23 thou awake, and be not absent from us for ever.



24 Wherefore hidest thou thy 88:14 face and forgettest our misery 74:20 and trouble?



25 For our soul is brought low, even unto the dust: our belly cleaveth unto the ground. 9:19 26 Arise, and help us : and deliver us, for thy mercy's sake.


22 For thy sake also are we killed all the day long and are counted as sheep appointed to be slain.

Vv. 1, 26 in Litany, vv. 3, 4, 6 in 4th Cant., and v. 26 in Special Prayers at Sea. Rom., vv. 1, 23-26, Sex.; vv, 8, 9, 23d-25th Sun. af. Pent. P.

PSALM XLV. Eructavit cor meum.

My heart is inditing of a good

The people still cleave unto God and are faithful even unto death. vv. 18-21.

18 All this is come upon us; yet have we not forgotten thee, neither have we dealt falsely in thy covenant.

20 Lit. Thou hast crushed us in the place of jackals (i. e. a dreary wilderness). "The LORD brought Judah low because of Ahaz king of Israel" 2 Chr. 28:19.

21 Lit. If we had forgotten the Name of our God, and stretched out our hands to a strange god; would not God find this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart. "For he sacrificed unto the gods of Damascus, which smote him: and he said, Because the gods of the kings of Syria help them, therefore will I sacrifice to them, that they may help me. But they were the ruin of him, and of all Israel" Chr. 28:23.


Prayer that God would again be gracious. vv. 22-26. 22 We are counted as sheep for the slaughter. Verse 12. Quoted in Rom. 8:36. "For we which live are alway delivered unto death for Jesus' sake, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our mortal flesh" 2 Cor. 4:11. "I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death I Cor. 4:9.


23 Awake, why sleepest thou, O Lord? arise, cast us not off for ever. Verse 26.

24 And forgettest our affliction and our oppression. 26 Arise for our help, and redeem us for thy mercies' sake. "Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need" Heb. 4:16. 25, 26


Heavy grief our soul abaseth,
Prostrate it on dust doth lie:
Earth our body fast embraceth,
Nothing can the clasp untie.
Rise, and us with help supply;
Lord, in mercy so esteem us,

That we may Thy mercy try,
Mercy may from thrall redeem us.'
Countess of Pembroke.



For the Chief Musician. To "The Lilies." A Song of Instruction of the Sons of Korah. A Song of the loved


Second Great Messianic Psalm. (Pss. 2, 45, 72, 110). Probably written during the reign of Jehoshaphat. 2 Chr. 19 & 20.

A Marriage Song for Royal Espousals.-Compare the Song of Solomon.

CHRIST AND HIS BRIDE THE CHURCH. Praise of the Royal Bridegroom. vv. 1-10. I Lit. My heart is bubbling over with goodly song; I

21 "Almighty God, unto Whom all hearts are open, all desires known, and from Whom no secrets are hid."-Collect in Comm. Off. 23 In the time of the Maccabees it is said the Levites each day ascended the pulpit, and cried, "Awake, why sleepest Thou, O Jehovah ?" 26 Collect for Fourth Sunday in Advent.

Ps. XLV. Title; "The Lilies" (Heb. Shoshannim) may be the name of a melody; see Pss. 60, 69, 80, titles.



24:8 96:6

matter I speak of the things which I have made unto the King.


2 My tongue is the pen of a ready writer.

3 Thou art fairer than the children of men: full of grace are thy lips, because God hath blessed thee for ever.


4 Gird thee with thy sword upon thy thigh, O thou Most Mighty according to thy worship and renown..

5 Good luck have thou with thine honour: ride on, because of the word of truth, of meekness, and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.

110:5,6 6 Thy arrows are very sharp, 120:3 and the people shall be subdued unto thee: even in the midst among the King's enemies.

9:4 11:4 21:3-5

7 Thy seat, O God, endureth 93:3 for ever: the sceptre of thy king110:2 dom is a right sceptre.

11:8 33:5


8 Thou hast loved righteous21:6 ness, and hated iniquity: where92:10 fore God, even thy God, hath 110:4 anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.


71:20 9 All thy garments smell of myrrh, aloes, and cassia: out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.

87:3-6 10 Kings' daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in a vesture of gold,

speak: my work (i. e. poem) is for a King. Pss. 47, 72, 95-100.

2 "The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue 2 Sam. 23:2


3 Grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever. "Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty " Is. 33:17: "The light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ" 2 Cor. 4:6. God, hath in these last days spoken unto us by his who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person" Heb. 1:1-3. How great is his goodness, and how great is his beauty!" Zech. 9:17. "And all wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth" S. Lu. 4:22. "Never man spake like this man " S. Jo. 7:46.


3, 4" My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand" (lit. lifted up as a banner among a myriad; i. e. a leader of ten thousand warriors). Cant. 5:10.

Lit. Gird thy sword upon the thigh, O mighty One, (gird on) thy glory and thy majesty.

Thou mighty Warrior, gird
Thy sword upon Thy side,

Thy glory, and Thy majesty."-Keble. "Out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations" Rev. 19:15. "The word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword" Heb. 4:12. See Eph. 6:17.

5 Lit. And in thy majesty ride on prosperously in the cause of truth, and righteous meekness, and let thy right hand teach thee terrible things. "I saw heaven opened, andbehold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war" Rev. 19:11.

6 Lit. Thine arrows are sharp,-peoples fall under thee, (sharp) in the heart of the enemies of the King. Ps. 2. "I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and he went forth conquering, and to conquer" Rev. 6:2. "Strong is his right hand that bendeth the bow, his arrows that he shooteth are sharp" 2 Esd. 16:13.

7 Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever. Quoted of Christ in Heb. 1:8. "" Christ, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen" Rom. 9:5;, Ps 145

8 Quoted in Heb. 1:9. Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth" Cant. 1:3. "God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power" Acts 10:38. "The firstborn among many brethren" Rom. 8:29.


9 Lit. Myrrh, aloes, and cassia are all thy garments: out of ivory palaces music hath made thee glad. Ps. 150. cheeks are as a bed of spices, as sweet flowers: his lips like lilies, dropping sweet smelling myrrh " Cant. 5:13.

10 Lit. Kings' daughters are among thy beloved ones; upon thy right hand stands the queen-consort (clad) in gold Ophir. Verse 14.

Instruction; Heb. Maschil. Sons of Korah; see Ps. 42, title, n. 7 Right sceptre, lit. sceptre of uprightness. 9 Myrrh and cassia (see Ex. 30:23-25). 10 Kings' daughters, í. e. foreign nations brought into willing subjection to the

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