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themselves in the multitude of their riches.

50:22 7 But no man may deliver his brother: nor make agreement unto God for him ;

8 For it cost more to redeem their souls: so that he must let that alone for ever;


39:7 82:7


9 Yea, though he live long: and see not the grave.


10 For he seeth that wise men also die and perish together.: as well as the ignorant and foolish, and leave their riches for other.

II And yet they think that their houses shall continue for ever and that their dwellingplaces shall endure from one generation to another; and call the lands after their own names.


12 Nevertheless, man will not 90:3-9 abide in honour: seeing he may be compared unto the beasts that perish; this is the way of them.


13 This is their foolishness: and their posterity praise their saying.

14 They lie in the hell like sheep; death gnaweth upon them, and the righteous shall have dominion" over them in the morning their beauty shall consume in the sepulchre out of their dwelling.



15 But God hath delivered my 56:13 Soul from the place of hell: for 116:8,9 he shall receive me.



16 Be not thou afraid, though

14 Dominion; in English Psalter, domination.

7 None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him. Verse 15. "A great ransom cannot deliver thee. Will he esteem thy riches?" Job 36:18, 19. "What shall a man give in exchange for his soul?" S. Mat. 16:26. "The Son of man came to give his life a ransom for many " S. Mat. 20:28.

8 Lit. Too costly is the redemption of their soul, and he must give it up for ever. "Ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, but with the precious blood of Christ" 1 S. Pet. 1:18, 19. I 9 That he should still live for ever, and not see corruption. 10 Lit. Yea, but he must see (i. e. corruption); wise men die, likewise the fool and brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others. "I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry. But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?" S. Lu 12:19, 20. "Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare raiment as the clay; he may prepare it, but the just shall put it on, and the innocent shall divide the silver " Job 27:16, 17. See Ecclus. 11:19. Baruch 3:17-19.

11 Their inward thought is, that their houses shall continue for ever. "Cain builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch " Gen. 4:17. 12 Nevertheless man being in honour abideth not: he is like the beasts that perish.

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The end of the righteous, as contrasted with that of the worldly. vv. 13-20.

13 Lit. This their way is their folly (or, confidence); and after them men delight in their mouth (i. e. their words). Selah.

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14 Lit. Like sheep they are laid in the unseen world. Death is their shepherd. And the upright rule over them in the morning, (i. e. of the Resurrection). Their beauty shall the nether world consume, that it have no more dwellingplace.

"Like sheep in Sh'ol are they ranged-their shepherd shall be Death.

The upright ones shall tread them down at the great Mornng's breath."-Bp. Alexander.

"Together now, behold them laid;

As sheep when night extends her shade,
While death, within the vaulted rock

Stern shepherd, guards the slumb'ring flock."


And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do


8 This verse must be read as a parenthesis, as in K. J. Too costly; i. e. no wealth can save a man from death; therefore he must give up any idea of such a redemption. 9 This verse must be joined with verse seven, and the connection is, no man can give God a ransom that shall protect another against death. I God's people dwell in tents. By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles" Heb. 11:9. 12 The words "this is the way of them" belong to the next verse. 14 "The high and mighty ones of the earth must one day crowd the grave,-in multitude and impotence, though not in innocence, resembling sheep."-Bp. Horne. 14, 15 Hell, lit. Sheol; see Ps. 6:5, n.

73:12,16- one be made rich: or if the glory of his house be increased;




9:8 49:1

Irish P. B. Cons. Churchyard. Gk. vv. 1, 3,

4, Asc. See p. x.


Deus deorum.

THE LORD, even the most mighty God, hath spoken and called the world, from the rising up of the sun unto the going down thereof.

48:2 76:2 80:1,3,

2 Out of Sion hath God ap7,19 peared in perfect beauty. 122:5 3 Our God shall come, and 7 shall not keep silence: there shall 21:9 go before him a consuming fire, 831,15 and a mighty tempest shall be 97:3,4 stirred up round about him.


17 For he shall carry nothing away with him when he dieth: neither shall his pomp follow him.

18 For while he lived, he counted himself an happy man: and so long as thou doest well unto thyself, men will speak good of thee.

19 He h all follow the generation of his fathers and shall never see light.

20 Man being in honour hath no understanding: but is compared unto the beasts that perish.

9:7 76:8

4 He shall call the heaven from above and the earth, that he may judge his people.

Ps. L. Title. The Asaphic Psalms, 50, 73-83, are generally regarded as the composition of one of the choir of the Sons of Asaph. See Introd. Book II. These psalms are retrospective in their nature, and are characterized by exceeding solemnity, a high judicial tone, and awful warnings and admonitions. In the original there are three Names of God,-El, Elohim, and Jehovah. The first signifies God in His might; the second, in His manifold attributes;

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this, saith the LORD of hosts" Mal. 4:3. Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world?" Cor. 6:2. that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations" Rev. 2:26.

15 Lit. But God will redeem my soul from the hand of the unseen world: for he shall take me. Selah.

"My soul from touch of deadly doom

The Lord redeems: He takes me home."-Keble. "I will ranson them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death" Hos. 13:14. "I will come again, and receive you unto myself " S. Jo. 14:3. "He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption " Acts 2:31. See Rev. 5:9.

17 His glory shall not descend after him. "But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented" S. Lu. 16:25. "We brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out" 1 Tim. 6:7. See 1 Tim. 6:9, 10, 17-19.

18, 19 Lit. Though in his life he should bless his souland men praise thee, when thou doest good to thyself-it would go to the generation of his fathers; they shall not see light for evermore. "But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness" S. Mat. 8:12.

20 Man that is in honour, and understandeth not, is like the beasts that perish. Verse 12.


A Psalm of Asaph.

God's searching judgments.


God's coming to judge His people. vv. 1-6.


2 Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God hath shined. Ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, and to God the Judge of all"


Heb. 12:22, 23.

3 Lit. Our God comes, and let him not be silent: a fire before him devours, and round about him it is very tempestuous. "Our God is a consuming fire" Heb. 12:29. The day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat" Pet. 3:12. See 1 Cor. 3:13; 2 Thess. 1:7, 8.

2 S.

4 Lit. He calls to the heavens from above, and to the earth, that he may judge his people. "When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory" S. Mat. 25:31. "I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books" Rev. 20:12.

and the third, which is His Covenant Name, signifies that God is the Self-Existent One. This same combination occurs twice in the Heb. in Josh. 22:22. 2 "The perfection of beauty"; quoted in Lam. 2:15. 3 Collect for First Sunday in Advent. 4 "The heavens being called to attend the judgment seems of course to imply the Angels being summoned."-Isaac Williams.

5 Gather my saints together unto me those that have made a covenant with me with sacrifice. 6 And the heavens shall declare his righteousness: for God 96:10,13 is Judge himself.

19:1 97:6 75:8 76:9




7 Hear, O my people, and I 78:1 will speak I myself will testify against thee, O Israel; for I am, God, even thy God.

111:9 51:17,19 107:22


40:8,9 8 I will not reprove thee because of thy sacrifices, or for thy burnt-offerings: because they were not alway before me.

51:19 9 I will take no bullock out of thine house: nor he-goat out of thy folds.


10 For all the beasts of the 21 forest are mine: and so are the cattle upon a thousand hills.

II I know all the fowls upon the mountains: and the wild beasts of the field are in my sight.

24:1 95:5

12 If I be hungry, I will not 89:12 tell thee: for the whole world is 146:5 mine, and all that is therein.





13 Thinkest thou that I will eat bulls' flesh: and drink the blood of goats?



14 Offer unto God thanksgiv51:17 ing and pay thy vows unto the 69:31,32 Most Highest.




116:13 15 And call upon me in the time of trouble: so will I hear 91:15 thee, and thou shalt praise me. 16 But unto the ungodly said



138:3 God: Why dost thou preach my laws, and takest my covenant in thy mouth;

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