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5 Lit. Gather to me my beloved ones. "He shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other" S. Mat. 24:31. Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads " Rev. 7:3. See Ex. 24:5-8.

4, 5 "He sits His people's Judge, and thus commands:
Gather Me hither that beloved line,
Whom solemn sacrifice's holy bands
Did in eternal league with Me combine."

Countess of Pembroke.

6 Lit. And the heavens have declared his righteousness. Selah (at end of verse). "The Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son." "And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man" S. Jo. 5:22, 27. See Acts 17:31. Arraignment of the people for neglect of the spirit of the First Table of the Law, viz:-the Worship of God. vv. 7-15.

7 "Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me Is. 1:2.


8 Lit. Not because of thy sacrifices do I reprove thee, and thy burnt-offerings have been before me continually. "To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats" Is. 1:11. "I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings " Hos. 6:6. See Mic. 6:6, 8.

9 Verse 13.

11 Lit. That which moveth in the field is with me (i. e. is mine). "Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father" S. Mat, 10:29. .

12 If I were hungry, I would not tell thee: for the world is mine, and the fulness thereof. See 1 Cor. 10:26; 2 Macc. 14:35.


Will I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats? Verse 9. See 1 Sam. 15:22. 14 Verse 23. Ps. 15. Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven" S. Mat. 7:21. "Let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name" Heb. 13:15.

15 I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me. Verse 23. Ps. 20. See 2 Chr. 20:9.

Arraignment of the people for neglect of the Second Table of the Law, viz:-Man's duty to his neighbour. vv. 16-23.

16 But unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth? Comp. Rom. 2.

6 "We believe that Thou shalt come to be our Judge." -Te Deum. 14 Offer, lit. sacrifice. "We earnestly desire Thy Fatherly goodness, mercifully to accept this our sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving."-Invocation in Comm, Off.

78:11,57, 58



52:3 58:2

19 Thou hast let thy mouth 59:12 Speak wickedness: and with thy 62:4 tongue thou hast set forth deceit. 20 Thou sattest and spakest against thy brother: yea, and hast slandered thine own mother's son.

12:2 28:20 69:8


17 Whereas thou hatest to be reformed: and hast cast my words behind thee?

18 When thou sawest a thief, thou consentedst unto him: and hast been partaker with the adul




21 These things hast thou done, and I held my tongue, and thou thoughtest wickedly, that I am even such a one as thyself: but I will reprove thee, and set before thee the things that thou hast done.

9:17 28:3

22 O consider this, ye that for89:31,32 get God: lest I pluck you away, and there be none to deliver you. 27:7 23 Whoso offereth me thanks 37:40 and praise, he honoureth me: 85:9 and to him that ordereth his conversation right, will I show the salvation of God.




Rom., vv. 2, 5, 2d Sun. in Adv. Annunc. T. (Tues.). Hy. 11. 16-23, 3d Day Feast of Tabernacles. See p. x.

Gk. v. 3,

In Temple vv.


Miserere mei, Deus (secundum).

86:5,13, HAVE mercy upon me, O God,



119:132 after thy great goodness: accord106:44 ing to the multitude of thy mer130:4,7 cies do away mine offences.

19:12 2 Wash me throughly from

17 Seeing thou hatest instruction, and castest my words behind thee.

18 Lit. When thou seest a thief, thou takest pleasure in him, and with adulterers is thy portion. See S. Jo. 18:40.

19 Thou givest thy mouth to evil, and thy tongue frameth deceit.

20 Lit. Thou sittest and speakest against thy brother; thou slanderest thy mother's son. "The chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death" S. Mat. 26:59.

21 Lit. These things thou hast done, and shall I keep silence? Thou thoughtest that I was such an one as thyself: but I will reprove thee, and set them in order before thine


22 Lest I tear you in pieces, and there be none to deliver. "I, even I, will tear and go away; I will take away, and none shall rescue" Hos. 5:14.

23 Lit. Whoso sacrificeth thanksgiving glorifieth me: and whoso prepareth his way, I will make him see the salvation of God. Or,-And prepareth a way in which I may show him the salvation of God. Verses 14, 15.



For the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet came unto him, after he had gone in to Bath-sheba. 2 Sam. 11:2, 4; 12:1-14.

Fourth Penitential Psalm.

The Voice of the Penitent. A Model of Confession, and a Test of Repentance.


Prayer for forgiveness, with confession of sin. vv. 1-5. "I have loved thee with an everlasting love"

I Verse 9. Jer. 31:3.

2 Verse 7. "If we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin. If we con

fess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness" 1 S. Jo. 1:7, 9. "In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace Eph. 1:7. See 1 S. Pet. 1:19; 1 S. Jo. 2:2; Acts 22:16. "Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood" Rev. 1:5.


20 Mother's son; stronger than "brother," and marking the unnaturalness of such conduct. 21 "The things that thou hast done;" these words follow a Latin translation (Münster). 23 Conversation, i. e. conduct.

Ps. LI. I Do away mine offences; K. J. blot out my transgressions.

my wickedness: and cleanse me from my sin.

41:4 90:8


3 For I acknowledge my faults: and my sin is ever before me. 4 Against thee only have I 18-21 sinned, and done this evil in thy sight that thou mightest be justified in thy saying, and clear when thou art judged.

32:5 38:18

5:9 5 Behold, I was shapen in wickedness and in sin hath my mother conceived me.


6 But lo, thou requirest truth in the inward parts: and shalt make me to understand wisdom secretly.

7 Thou shalt purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean : thou shalt wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.



32:12 6:2


8 Thou shalt make me hear 102:3 of joy and gladness: that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.

65:3 85:2 9 Turn thy face from my sins : and put out all my misdeeds.

10 Make me a clean heart, O God and renew a right spirit within me.


16:12 11 Cast me not away from thy presence and take not thy holy Spirit from me.

12 O give me the comfort of thy help again and stablish me with thy free Spirit.


Then shall I teach thy ways


4 Lit. Against thee, against thee only. 7 "Hyssop is associated with the types of Christ's cleansing and saving blood at the Passover. Ex. 12:22."- Blunt. Used as an instrument of sprinkling in Levitical purifications, as after touching a corpse (Num. 19:18), and more especially for


3 "God be merciful to me a sinner" S. Lu. 18:13. transgressions are multiplied before thee, and our sins testify against us" Is. 59:12.

4 That thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest. S. Paul applies these words as follows:-"Let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged. But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (I speak as a man) God forbid: for then how shall God judge the world?" Rom. 3:4-6. "David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD" 2 Sam. 12:13. "The son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son " S. Lu. 15:21.

5 "That which is born of the flesh is flesh" S. Jo. 3:6. "All have sinned, and come short of the glory of God" Rom. 3:23.

A supplication for forgiveness and renewal. vv. 6-12. 6 Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom.

7 Lit. Purge me with hyssop, that I may be clean: wash me, that I may be whiter than snow. Verse 2. "Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool" Is. 1:18. "If the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: how much more shall the blood of Christ purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?" Heb. 9:13, 14. "These have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb" Rev. 7:14.

8 Lit. Make me to hear gladness and joy; that the bones which thou hast crushed may exult. Verse 12. Ps. 126. "Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted " S. Mat. 5:4.

9 And blot out all mine iniquities. Verse 1.

10 "And be renewed in the spirit of your mind; and that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness" Eph. 4:23, 24. "If any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new 99 2 Cor. 5:17.

12 Lit. Restore again to me the gladness of thy salvation; and uphold me with a spirit of willingness.

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VV. 13-17.

The promise of thankful service.


13 Lit. Let me teach transgressors thy ways. thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren" S. Lu. 22:32.




leprosy, the special type of sin (Lev. 14:1-9). Thou shalt wash me; the ceremonial of purification consisted moreover in the washing of the clothes, and bathing (Num. 19:19). everlasting benediction of Thy heavenly washing." tify this Water to the mystical washing away of sin."- Prayers in Office for Holy Baptism. See Titus 3:5. 9 Turn, K. J. hide. 10 Make, K. J. create; the Hebrew word is always strictly used of the creative power of God. whole spiritual being of the man had, as it were, fallen into chaos." Perowne. Right, lit. steadfast; i. e. firm in faith. Collect for Ash-Wednesday. 11 The only use in the Psalms of the Name, HOLY SPIRIT. 12 Spirit of willingness; i. e. give me a sustaining spirit of willingness, or, a noble impulse towards that which is good.

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