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"Which of you
3 O LORD my God, if I have done this. convinceth me of sin?" S. Jo. 8:46. "If I have walked with vanity, or if my foot hath hasted to deceit; let me be weighed in an even balance, that God may know mine integrity. If my step hath turned out of the way, and mine heart walked after mine eyes, and if any blot hath cleaved to mine hands; then let me sow, and let another eat; yea, let my offspring be rooted out". Job. 31:5-8. "David said unto them, If ye be come to betray me to mine enemies, seeing there is no wrong in mine hands, the God of our fathers look thereon, and rebuke it" Chr. 12:17. Some bade me kill thee: but mine_eye spared thee" 1 Sam. 24:10. "David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against the LORD'S anointed, and be guiltless?" 1 Sam. 26:9.
6 Lit. Lift up thyself against the rage of mine adversaries; and awake for me (i. e. to help me). Thou hast commanded judgment.
7 Lit. Over it (i. e. the congregation) return thou on high. "The realms shall compass Thee around,
A glorious company.
And o'er them, with dominion crown'd,
"He hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead" Acts 17:31.
8 Judge me, O LORD, according to my righteousness. 10 "I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts" Rev. 2:23. 'I the LORD search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings" Jer. 17:10.
11 My buckler is upon God, which saveth the upright in
"God, of true hearts the Guardian tried,
12 Lit. God is a righteous Judge, and God is angry every day.
4 The second part of the verse should be enclosed in a parenthesis as in K. J. 8 These words remind us that the six psalms of Judgment (9-14) follow. 9 Guide, K. J. establish. 10 Reins, i. e. inmost mind.
will whet his sword: he hath bent his bow, and made it ready.
14 He hath prepared for him the instruments of death: he ordaineth his arrows against the persecutors.
9:15 35:7 57:7
15 Behold, he travaileth with mischief: he hath conceived sorrow, and brought forth ungodli
16 He hath graven and digged up a pit: and is fallen himself into the destruction that he made for other.
17 For his travail shall come upon his own head: and his wickedness shall fall on his own pate. 75:1,2 18 I will give thanks unto the LORD, according to his righteousness and I will praise the Name of the LORD most high.
Sar. Vig. Dead. Rom., Off. Dead; v. 1, 2d Sun. af. Pent. ; v. 12, 3d af. Pent. P. C.
Domine, Dominus noster.
24: I O LORD, our Governor, how excellent is thy Name in all the world thou that hast set thy glory above the heavens! 148:12 2 Out of the mouth of very babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength, because of thine enemies; that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. 19:1 3 For I will consider thy heav104:19 ens, even the works of thy fingers.
13 "If I whet my glittering sword, and mine hand take hold on judgment; I will render vengeance to mine enemies, and will reward them that hate me 99 Deut. 32:41. "Out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations" Rev. 19:15. His severe wrath shall he sharpen for a sword, Then shall the right aiming thunderbolts go abroad; and from the clouds, as from a well drawn bow, shall they fly to the mark. And hailstones full of wrath shall be cast as out of a stone bow" Wisd. 5:20-22.
14 Lit. His arrows he maketh fiery.
16 Lit. He hath digged a pit and hollowed it out; and falleth into the pitfall he is making.
GOD'S GLORY IN HIS WORLD AND CREATURES, AND ABOVE ALL IN MAN. (VIII.)
For the Chief Musician. After the Gittite manner. A Psalm of David.
Probably the earliest of David's Psalms. CHRIST MAGNifies the FatHER, THE LORD OF HEAVEN AND EARTH.
I O LORD our Lord.
2 Christ repeated these words when the children were crying "Hosanna" in the Temple-"Yea; have ye never read, Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise?" S. Mat. 21:16. Jesus having given the Seventy authority over all the power of the enemy," 'rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes" S. Lu. 10:19, 21. "God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty" Cor. 1:27.
3 Lit. When I see thy heavens, the works of thy fingers.
15 An abrupt change of subject. The pronoun "he" refers to David's enemy. Ungodliness, K. J., falsehood. 16 Graven, i. e. hollowed out like a grave. 17 Wickedness, K. J., violent dealing. Pate, lit. top, crown of the head.
Ps. VII. Title, compare Pss. 81, 84. After the Gittite manner, or manner of Gath; i. e. some measure or style of music which had been borrowed from the Philistines. 2 Collect for Holy Innocents' Day. Ordained, K J. (marg.) founded. Avenger, lit. the revengeful man. "David's stripling combat with Goliath may be the historical basis of this verse."-Thrupp.
4 What is man, that thou art mindful of him: and the son of man, that thou visitest him?
5 Thou madest him lower than 132:19 the angels: to crown him with glory and worship.
6 Thou makest him to have dominion of the works of thy hands: and thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet;
7 All sheep and oxen: yea, and the beasts of the field;
8 The fowls of the air, and the fishes of the sea: and whatsoever walketh through the paths of the
the moon and the stars which thou hast ordained.
9 O LORD our Governor: how excellent is thy Name in all the world!
Prop. Ps. Asc. M. Am. P. B. in Sel. IX. Int. Christmas 2d Comm. Rom., Asc., Michaelmas, All Saints, Days Martyrs; v. 1, Trin.; vv. 1, 2, Holy Innocents. P. V. Hy. 517. See p. x.
PSALM IX. Confitebor tibi (Domine, in toto corde meo : narrabo).
8:6 111:1 I WILL give thanks unto thee, O LORD, with my whole heart: I will speak of all thy marvellous works.
Ps. IX. Title. "Death of the Son" (Heb. Muth-labben) may be the name of a melody. There is in the Heb. an alphabetical arrangement begun in this psalm, which with some irregularities is completed in the next. The letters of the alphabet follow each other at irregular intervals at the beginning of verses.
4-6 These words are repeated of Christ in Heb. 2:6-8, where the first part of v. 6 of the psalm is thus given,"And didst set him over the works of thy hands."
4 Lit. What is mortal man, that thou shouldest be mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou shouldest visit him? "What is man, that thou shouldest magnify him? and that thou shouldest set thine heart upon him? and that thou shouldest visit him every morning?" Job. 7:17, 18.
5 For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. "We see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man Heb. 2:9.
6 Lit. Thou hast made him to have dominion over the works of thy hands. "And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth Gen. 1:28. For he hath put all things under his feet" 1 Cor. 15:27.
7 And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever" Rev. 5:13.
8 Jesus said to Peter,-"Go thou to the sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up" S. Mat. 17:27.
9 Verse 1.
8-9 "The bird, free burgess of the air,
And what things else of water traceth
How through the world Thy Name doth shine."
PSALMS OF JUDGMENT UPON THE WICKED. (IX-XIV.)
For the Chief Musician. To "The Death of the Son." A Psalm of David.
Associated with the vietory over Goliath, but written after David was made king.
Thanksgiving for God's righteous judgment of the nations. CHRIST IS BOTH THE MEEK AND PATIENT MAN, AND THE RIGHTEOUS Judge.
4 What is man; the Heb. word here used signifies man in his weakness and frailty. 5 Worship. See Ps. 3:3, n. 6-7 David "in his own person had exercised dominion alike over the sheep that submitted to his authority, over the beast of the field that resisted it, and over the bestial avenger that defied it."-Thrupp. 8 "We behold in Him the Lord of nature, able by the secret yet mighty magic of His will to guide and draw the unconscious creatures, and make them minister to the higher interests of His kingdom; we recognize in Him the ideal man, the second Adam, in whom are fulfilled the words of the Psalmist."-Abp. Trench on S. Lu, 5:4-6. See S. Jo. 21:6.