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3 Lit. For the wicked boasteth of his soul's desire, and he blesseth the covetous, he despiseth the LORD. "They that forsake the law praise the wicked" Prov. 28:4. "Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them" Rom. 1: 32.
4 Lit. The wicked in the height of his scorn, saith, He will not punish, there is no God; such are all his thoughts. Verses 12, 14. "They did not like to retain God in their" knowledge" Rom. 1:28, "Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God" 2 Thess. 2: 4.
5 Lit. His ways are always established (or, sure); on high are thy judgments out of his sight. As for all his adversaries, he puffeth at them.
6 Lit. He hath said in his heart, I shall not be moved; to generation and generation I am he who will never be in evil case. "She saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow" Rev. 18: 7. say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry
" S. Lu.
7 Lit. Under his tongue is mischief and iniquity. See Ps. 14: 4-8. "Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness 99 Rom. 3: 14.
8 He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily set against the poor.
9 Lit. He lieth in wait in his hiding-place as a lion in his lair; he lieth in wait to catch the afflicted. "Let us lie in wait for the righteous; because he is not for our turn, and he is clean contrary to our doings" Wisd. 2: 12. "The Pharisees, laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth, that they might accuse him" S. Lu. 11: 53, 54.
10 Lit. He doth catch the afflicted, when he draweth him into his net.
II Lit. So he is crushed, sinks down, and falls; the forlorn (perish) by his strong ones.
"Crush'd they sink down, the poor and mean;
12 Lit. He saith in his heart, God hath forgotten, he hath hidden his face, he hath never seen. Verses 4, 14. "Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil" Eccles. 8: 11.
3 The word GOD in the Heb. is Jehovah. See Introd. to Book I. 7 Fraud, lit. oppression, violence.
9:4 31:6 68:5 82:3
11:5-8 15 Surely thou hast seen it: 66:6 for thou beholdest ungodliness and wrong,
16 That thou mayest take the matter into thy" hand: the poor committeth himself unto thee; for thou art the helper of the friendless.
hideth away his face, and he will never see it.
13 Arise, O LORD God, and lift up thine hand: forget not the poor. 14 Wherefore should the wicked blaspheme God: while he doth say in his heart, Tush! thou God carest not for it?
18 The LORD is King for ever 47:2-8 and ever: and the heathen are perished out of the land.
34:6 19 LORD, thou hast heard the 69:34 desire of the their heart, and thine ear hearkeneth thereto :
poor: thou preparest
17 Break thou the power of the ungodly and malicious: take away his ungodliness, and thou shalt find none.
20 To help the fatherless and poor unto their right: that the man of the earth be no more exalted against them.
P. (with IX).
PSALM XI. In Domino confido. IN the LORD put I my trust: how say ye then to my soul, that she should flee as a bird unto the
16 Thy; in English Psalter, thine.
13 Lit. Arise, O LORD; O God lift up thine hand. 14 Lit. Wherefore hath the wicked despised God; wherefore hath he said in his heart, Thou wilt not punish. Verses
15 Lit. Thou hast seen, for thou beholdest grievousness and wrong. 66 Say not, I have sinned, and what harm happened unto me? for the Lord is long-suffering, he will in no wise let thee go "Ecclus. 5:4. See Eccles. 8:12, 13.
16 Lit. To put it in thy hand, (i. e. thou layest it up in thy hand to cast it back on the head of the wicked).
Verse 20. "Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls to him in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator" 1 S. Pet. 4:19. "In thee the fatherless findeth mercy "Hos. 14:3.
17 Break thou the arm of the wicked and the evil man: seek out his wickedness till thou find none (i. e. till no wickedness be left).
18 Perished out of his land.
"For ever and for evermore
Are perish'd all and gone."-Keble.
"He is the living God, and stedfast for ever, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed, and his dominion shall be even unto the end" Dan. 6:26.
19 Lit. Thou hast heard the desire of the humble, O LORD: thou establishest their heart, thou causest thine ear to hear. "Da blessed the LORD before all the congregation and David said,-prepare" (or stablish) "their heart unto thee" I Chr. 29:10, 18.
20 To judge the fatherless and the oppressed, that the man of the earth may no more terrify. Verse 16. "I will not leave you orphans: I will come to you " S. Jo. 14:18. "The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven" I Cor. 15:47.
For the Chief Musician. (A Psalm) of David. Security of the righteous in God, and judgment against His enemies.
THE CONFLICT CONSUMMATED IN THE PASSION OF OUR LORD.
Timid counsels of the faint-hearted. vv. 1-3.
I Lit. In the LORD do I take refuge: how shouldest thou say to my soul, Flee ye to your mountain like a bird? hold, God is my salvation: I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation" Is. 12:2. See words quotedin Heb. 2:13.
16 To put, &c. i. e. the "grievousness and wrong the preceding verse. Friendless, lit. orphan, fatherless. Ps. XI. 1 Ye, i. e. David and his friends.
2 For lo, the ungodly bend their bow, and make ready their arrows within the quiver: that they may privily shoot at them which are true of heart.
3 For the foundations' will be cast down and what hath the righteous done?
2:4 8:1 9:7 18:6
4 The LORD is in his holy tem871 ple: the LORD's seat is in heaven. 5 His eyes consider the poor: 34:15,16 and his eyelids try the children 66:6,9 of men.
138:6 6 The LORD alloweth the right7:10 17:3 eous: but the ungodly, and him that delighteth in wickedness, doth his soul abhor.
7 Upon the ungodly he shall 21:9 rain snares, fire and brimstone, storm and tempest: this shall be their portion to drink.
17:16 8 For the righteous LORD 140:13 loveth righteousness: his countenance will behold the thing that is just.
Eng. P. B. v. 7, in Commination Off. Int.
Salvum me fac
HELP me, LORD, for there is 69:1 not one godly man left: for the faithful are minished from among the children of men.
Ps. XI. 4 The first half of the verse is repeated in Hab. 5 His eyelids try; the partial closing of the eyelids in reflective scrutiny. 6 Alloweth" is used in the sense of approving after trial. 7 All Scripture figures retribution as burning. Engedi, one of David's hiding places, overlooked the site of Sodom and Gomorrah. Shall rain, lit. let him rain.
2 Lit. They have made ready their arrow upon the string, that they may privily shoot at the upright of heart. "And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people. Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve. And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them " S. Lu.
3 If the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do? "Master, the Jews of late sought to stone thee; and goest thou thither again?" S. Jo. 11: 8. "On the Lord my soul depending
Smiles to hear the taunting cry,,
-To thy shelt' ring hills ascending
Answer of faith. vv. 4-8.
4 Lit. The LORD, in heaven is his throne. "Behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one sat on the throne" Kev.
5 His eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men. 6 The LORD trieth the righteous: but the wicked and him that loveth violence his soul hateth. "Shall I not visit for these things? saith the LORD and shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?" Jer. 5: 9. "He knoweth the way that I take: when he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold" Job 23: 10.
7. And a burning tempest: this shall be the portion of their cup. Cont. Pss. 16: 6; 23: 5. "The LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven" Gen. 19: 24.
8 Lit. For righteous is the LORD, he loveth righteousness; the upright shall behold his face.
"The just with open eye
His face shall ever see."-Keble. "Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is" 1 S. Jo. 3: 2. "And they shall see his face "Rev. 22: 4.
For the Chief Musician. On the lower octave. A Psalm of David.
Refuge in God from the treachery and falsehood of ene
CHRIST BESET BY HYPOCRITES AND DECEIVERS. S. Mat.
26: 49; S. Mar. 12: 13-15.
1 Lit. Save, LORD, for the godly man has ceased; for the faithful have failed from among the children of men.
Ps. XII. Lower octave, Heb. Sheminith; see Ps. 6 title, 'n. The first word in the original recalls the Name of the Saviour. Ps. 69 begins with the same cry to God for help. Sense of desertion common to sufferers in